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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 141 matches for " Alenka ?auperl "
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The anniversary of Jo e Spanring
Alenkaauperl
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2003,
Abstract:
IFLA Principles Underlying Subject Heading Languages: strenghts and weaknesses revealed by user behaviour
Alenkaauperl
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2005,
Abstract: IFLA Principles Underlying Subject Heading Languages were published in 1995 and translated into Slovene in 2002. They try to recover the theory of indexing languages from an analysis of subject heading languages that are used in libraries around the world. These guidelines are illustrated with examples from Splo ni slovenski geslovnik (Slovene General Subject Headings, Sears List of Subject Headings, and Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH). Studies on the use of LCSH by users of library catalogs were reviewed to determine weaknesses of the IFLA Principles. Changes were suggested,which would make subject retrieval easier for users. The reviewed subject heading languages reflect the needs of traditional librarians and card catalogs. These often conflict with user needs, characteristics of online catalogs and modern librarians.Subject heading languages could be improved if we would take into account the vast knowledge of user behavior and capabilities of information technology. For a better subject access to library materials, we also need to understand the processes of subject analysis and subject description.
Matilda, where are you: subject description of juvenile fiction in the Slovenian catalogue and catalogues of neighbouring countries
Alenkaauperl
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2009,
Abstract: Differences in subject description of juvenile fiction was investigated on five examples of international classics in five library catalogues: Oton upan i Public Library (Knji nica Otona upan i a) in Ljubljana, Slovenia, Stadtbibliothek public library in Graz, Austria, integrated catalogues of libraries in the Gorizia region in Italy (Sistema bibliotecario della Provincia di Gorizia) and the Karlovac region in Croatia (Skupni katalog knji nica Karlova ke upanije) in September 2008. As Slovenian youth rarely speaks languages of neighbouring countries, British Library catalogue was added.Results show that catalogue records are inconsistent within an individual library as well as in comparision with other libraries in the sample. Librarians do not make consistent subject descriptions. Class number, which is present in all catalogues except in the Austrian one, usually represents: the author’s country, language and/or nationality,the literary genre, and the target audience.Subject headings in the sample bring information on the subject (aboutness), author’s country, language and/or nationality, the literary genre, and target audience. Summaries tell more on the story. But they can also bring information on emotional experience of the reader, information on the author or history of the literary work. It would be economically beneficial if subject description could be more consistent. But uniform subject description is not possible because of diverse library collections and users.The solution might be in the use of multiple levels of subject description regarding to the type of the libraries.
Education for cataloging and knowledge organization
Alenkaauperl
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2005,
Abstract: Just as education for cataloging has to follow functions of the catalog, education for knowledge organization needs to stem from the functions of databases. The reform of higher education in the light of Bologna Declaration (1999) has stimulated a consideration of changes in education for cataloging and knowledge organization at the Department of Library and Information Science and Book Studies at the Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana. A two level university program (3+2 years) is suggested by the Bologna Declaration. A proposed stepwise learning for cataloging and knowledge organization is intended to consider the functions of a library catalog on the one hand and to enable students for various degrees of specialization on the other. In each year of study one or more courses would be offered that would increase theoretical and scientific level of topics according to the knowledge acquired in previous courses. However, theoretical knowledge should be enhanced by practical work , therefore courses should provide practical training and internship. After graduation a period of introducing novices should remain an essential part of training. Professional librarians should see continuing educaiton as an integral part of their careers.
Odzivi
Alenkaauperl
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2007,
Abstract:
Structure of sociological abstracts
Janko Klasinc,Alenkaauperl
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2006,
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the suitability of SIST ISO 214 instructions for writing sociological abstracts. Through analysis of a sample of abstracts (N=200) obtained from the journals Dru boslovne razprave and International Sociology it has been possible to determine whether the instructions are consistent with the actual structure of abstracts. Examination of presence of ISO content categories in the sample showed high presence of category R (results) and low presence of categories P (purpose/ scope) and H (hypothesis). Coding with alternative Ranganathan facets based Spanring outline showed high presence of broadly defined Hu-bit element (energy, action) that captures large portions of text and consecutively loses meaning. Other, more specifically defined elements (active and passive elements, motivation, space, time) show good presence, but rather than describing text structure demonstrate better use for capturing key content factors. Both outlines can aid in writing sociological abstracts, but only introduction of a new T (topic) category makes ISO outline reflect the actual abstracts structure. A narrower definition or a division of Hu-bit element would improve the consistency of the Spanring outline, which could serve as means for abstract based indexing of documents.
Subject analysis during the cataloging process: the case of academic libraries
Jelka Kos,Alenkaauperl
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2011,
Abstract: Purpose: The study tried to answer how catalogers determine the subject of a document.The aim of the research is to understand: (1) which parts of document are most important in the subject analysis process, (2) which approaches in the subject determination are involved, (3) which features of document are most significant, (4) which stages and cognitive processes are present, and, (5) if and how the subject analysis process of catalogers at Slovenian academic libraries differ from conceptions described in textbooks and ISO 5963 standard.Methodology/approach: Ten catalogers from nine Slovenian academic libraries were included into the qualitative research. Observation, think-aloud procedures, diaries and follow up discussions (non-structured interviews) were used for collecting the data.Results: Regarding the parts of the document, the participants mostly examine the title,the table of contents, the introduction/preface, they also check the entire document.The document-oriented approach to subject determination was predominant. There were four stages in the process noted: the data input, data processing, text reduction and assignment of subject headings. Based on the results two general models of the subject analysis process were constructed.Research limitation: The small and convenient sample limits the generalization of findings.Originality/practical implications: It is a rare empirical study with qualitative approach in researching the subject analysis in Slovenia.
Components of abstracts in materials science and technology
Nina Jamar,Alenkaauperl
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2009,
Abstract: We investigated the structure of abstracts in Slovenian and international journals in the field of materials and technology. The aim of the study was to analyze the adherence of the abstracts published in Materials and Technology (MIT) and Materials Science and Technology (MST) to two different instructions for the preparation of abstracts (scheme based on ISO 214:1976 and Spanring system). 25 abstracts from each journal were divided into sentences. We tried to place the sentences into one of the categories of the above mentioned schemes. The research was a part of the postgraduate study in the Department of Library and Information Science and Book Studies (Faculty of Arts, Ljubljana) in September and October 2008. There are no important differences between MIT and MST. Spanring system seems more appropriate for the field of materials and technology. The place and the time of the research should be added to abstracts and the Hu-bit category should be distributed into two parts: Hu-M (method) and Hu-R (results). The recommended Spanring system should be harmonized with authors, who publish in these serials and the effect of the instructions should be analyzed, too.
Printed and electronic forms of scientific and expert serials in the technical field in Slovenia and their adherence of standards for their formation
Nina Jamar,Alenkaauperl
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2006,
Abstract: The importance of standards that determine the layout of serials and contributions is increasing. In the case of the printed format of serials the importance of standardization is also acknowledged by the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology. Adherence to ISO standards for documentation is required for the financial support of this ministry. Standardization of the emerging electronic formats of serials is still in progress. There are guidelines, but there are no standards that would determine the necessary layout, content and the data. Users of these publications need the essential information to determine the relevance of the document. For all the reasons mentioned above, the adherence to standards and other recommendations for the printed and electronic formats for some of scientific and scientific serials from the technical field published in Slovenia was analysed. The sample of seven serials revealed that the most obvious weaknesses are untimely appearance and absence of ISSN of electronic formats. The results could contribute to a better quality of serial publications in Slovenia.
Information organization on the web site of medical library
Marjeta Oven,Alenkaauperl
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2005,
Abstract: A library home page should be a document providing information about library, its various services to and activities for the users. The purpose of the present research was an evaluation of the actual state of-the-art of library home pages of Slovene medical libraries, and a set of suggestions is offered for their improvement. The results of the research, based on the sample of medical libraries partaining to the Ljubljana medical circle, indicate that posibilities offered by databases accessible on internet are unutilizied. Medical libraries mostly use their web sites for presentation of their activities in a fairly rigid and unchanging format, including general information on the library, e-mail, mailing adresses, library regulations, but without much interactive information. The article indicates the necessity for improvement of the present state and offers a few advices on how to achieve the positive change.
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