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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 193004 matches for " Alejandra Araya G "
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SEXUALIDAD EN MUJERES HISTERECTOMIZADAS AL TERCER MES POSTERIOR A LA CIRUGíA
Urrutia S.,M. Teresa; Araya G.,Alejandra;
Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75262005000300006
Abstract: prospective longitudinal analytic study on characteristic of the sexual life of 104 histerectomized women within 3 months after surgery from a public hospital in santiago. data collection was done by means of an interview. for the analysis, t student, q cochrane and kappa test were used. the new beginning of sexual life started at an average of 46.3 ± 17.2 days. there was significant change in sexual intercourse frequency, orgasm presence, incontinence and dyspareunia prevalence. there was not significant change in sexual orgasm frequency, perception of sexual desire, degree of sexual excitement and sexual satisfaction. the 58.46% women, who refer changes in her sexual life, said that it is positives. therefore, the sexuality within 3 months is a transition stage between the basal and final sexuality and the sexual education is very important in the following to women
SEXUALIDAD EN MUJERES HISTERECTOMIZADAS AL TERCER MES POSTERIOR A LA CIRUGíA
M. Teresa Urrutia S.,Alejandra Araya G.
Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecología , 2005,
Abstract: Estudio analítico longitudinal prospectivo, sobre características de la sexualidad de 104 mujeres histerectomizadas al tercer mes posterior a la cirugía, en un hospital de Santiago. La recolección de los datos se realizó a través de una entrevista. Para el análisis se utilizó T Student, Q de Cochrane y test de Kappa. El inicio de la vida sexual fue a los 46,3 ± 17,2 días promedio. Hubo diferencias significativas en la frecuencia de relaciones sexuales, presencia de orgasmo, prevalencia de incontinencia y dispareunia. No hubo diferencias significativas en la frecuencia de orgasmo, percepción de deseo sexual, grado de excitación y satisfacción sexual. El 58,46% de las mujeres que refieren cambios en su vida sexual, se alan que estos fueron positivos. Se concluye que la sexualidad al tercer mes posterior a la HT sería una etapa de transición entre la sexualidad basal y la sexualidad definitiva postoperatoria, por lo que se plantea la importancia de la educación durante el periodo de seguimiento de estas mujeres Prospective longitudinal analytic study on characteristic of the sexual life of 104 histerectomized women within 3 months after surgery from a public hospital in Santiago. Data collection was done by means of an interview. For the analysis, t Student, Q Cochrane and Kappa test were used. The new beginning of sexual life started at an average of 46.3 ± 17.2 days. There was significant change in sexual intercourse frequency, orgasm presence, incontinence and dyspareunia prevalence. There was not significant change in sexual orgasm frequency, perception of sexual desire, degree of sexual excitement and sexual satisfaction. The 58.46% women, who refer changes in her sexual life, said that it is positives. Therefore, the sexuality within 3 months is a transition stage between the basal and final sexuality and the sexual education is very important in the following to women
EL PROCESO DE SER HISTERECTOMIZADA: ASPECTOS EDUCATIVOS A CONSIDERAR
Araya G,Alejandra; Urrutia S,María Teresa;
Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75262008000500012
Abstract: background: hysterectomy is one of the most frequent surgeries in the world. uterine fibroids are the principal cause of the surgery. although the hysterectomy is a common procedure, there is a déficit related to the education that women receive. objective: the objective of this literature review is to describe aspects that have to be considered at the time of providing an education to the histerectomized women. specific aspects related to: characteristics that the professionals should have, contents to provide, methodology to use, place, and the most appropriate moment to develop the education. conclusions: an education focused in women's care needs is an important piece of the care of the histerectomized women. ideally this education has to be provided through an established program. this program has to give opportune contents related to the real women's needs and their partner's needs. the education has to be dynamic and organized in steps in order to respond to the women's and their partner's needs during the whole surgical process.
EL PROCESO DE SER HISTERECTOMIZADA: ASPECTOS EDUCATIVOS A CONSIDERAR
Alejandra Araya G,María Teresa Urrutia S
Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecología , 2008,
Abstract: Antecedentes: La histerectomía es una de las cirugías más frecuente en el mundo entero. La principal patología causante es la miomatosis uterina. A pesar de lo común de la cirugía, existe déficit en torno a la educación otorgada a este grupo de mujeres. Objetivo: El objetivo de la presente revisión bibliográfica es describir los aspectos que deben ser considerados al momento de educar a la mujer histerectomizada, específicamente las características que debiera tener el profesional, los contenidos a abordar, la metodología a utilizar, el lugar y el momento más idóneo para desarrollar la educación. Conclusiones: Una educación centrada en las necesidades de las usuarias es una pieza clave en el cuidado de las mujeres histerectomi-zadas, e idealmente debiera ser entregada a través de un programa educativo establecido, con contenidos oportunos y atingentes a las reales necesidades de las mujeres y sus parejas. Es necesario que la educación sea dinámica y organizada para de esta forma poder realmente responder a las necesidades de la mujer y su pareja a lo largo del proceso quirúrgico. Background: Hysterectomy is one of the most frequent surgeries in the world. Uterine fibroids are the principal cause of the surgery. Although the hysterectomy is a common procedure, there is a déficit related to the education that women receive. Objective: The objective of this literature review is to describe aspects that have to be considered at the time of providing an education to the histerectomized women. Specific aspects related to: characteristics that the professionals should have, contents to provide, methodology to use, place, and the most appropriate moment to develop the education. Conclusions: An education focused in women's care needs is an important piece of the care of the histerectomized women. Ideally this education has to be provided through an established program. This program has to give opportune contents related to the real women's needs and their partner's needs. The education has to be dynamic and organized in steps in order to respond to the women's and their partner's needs during the whole surgical process.
CUERPO, TRATO INTERIOR Y ARTES DE LA MEMORIA: AUTOCONOCIMIENTO E INDIVIDUO MODERNO EN EL TEXTO DE úRSULA SAN DIEGO CONVENTO ESPIRITUAL
Araya,Alejandra;
Revista chilena de literatura , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22952008000200001
Abstract: the book convento espiritual (spiritual convent) ofthe spanish nun ursula de san diego, possibly written during the sixteenth century in granada, spain, is part of a tradition of womens' writing as an exercise in mystical-ascetic and devout religious life on both sides of the atlantic. this essay proposes a reading this text within the frame of a textual genre originated in those practices of knowledge organization derived from the arts of memory; as a textual genre, it can also be understood as aform of subject construction. these are remarkable features to be foundin this text, and though they are not exclusive to it, they are important because the convento espiritual belongs to the history of the early books printed in chile after the independence; this points out to the recognition of the educational value ?of this type of writing women in those societies belonging to the old regime.
CUERPO, TRATO INTERIOR Y ARTES DE LA MEMORIA: AUTOCONOCIMIENTO E INDIVIDUO MODERNO EN EL TEXTO DE úRSULA SAN DIEGO CONVENTO ESPIRITUAL
Alejandra Araya
Revista Chilena de Literatura , 2008,
Abstract: La obra Convento Espiritual, de la religiosa úrsula de San Diego, posiblemente escrita en el siglo XVI en Granada, Espa a, forma parte de una tradición de escritura de mujeres como ejercicio ascético-místico en la vida religiosa y devota a ambos lados del Atlántico. En este trabajo se presenta un modo de leerlo en tanto género textual derivado de prácticas de organización del conocimiento provenientes de las artes de la memoria y, como tal, una forma de construcción del sujeto. Estas características son notables en este texto, y si bien no son exclusivas de él, es importante por formar parte de la historia de los primeros impresos en Chile luego de la independencia indicando con ello el reconocimiento pedagógico de este tipo de escritura femenina en las sociedades del Antiguo Régimen. The book Convento Espiritual (Spiritual Convent) ofthe Spanish nun Ursula de San Diego, possibly written during the sixteenth century in Granada, Spain, is part of a tradition of womens' writing as an exercise in mystical-ascetic and devout religious life on both sides of the Atlantic. This essay proposes a reading this text within the frame of a textual genre originated in those practices of knowledge organization derived from the arts of memory; as a textual genre, it can also be understood as aform of subject construction. These are remarkable features to be foundin this text, and though they are not exclusive to it, they are important because the Convento espiritual belongs to the history of the early books printed in Chile after the Independence; this points out to the recognition of the educational value of this type of writing women in those societies belonging to the Old Regime.
EDUCACIóN DE MUJERES HISTERECTOMIZADAS: ?QUé DESEAN SABER?
Urrutia S,María Teresa; Riquelme G,Pía; Araya G,Alejandra;
Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75262006000600008
Abstract: background: hysterectomy is one of the most important surgeries in gynecology, therefore it is relevant to evaluate that the women want for facing this process. objective: the aim is to know the educational necessity in histerectomized women. methods: cross sectional study, in 120 women. data compilation was done by means of an interview, it was permits to know the education executed and the education wanted. results: the 100% of the partner did not receive education about hysterectomy. the physicians gives the education in the 46.7%, however the women want the midwifery in the 80%. the 45% receives the education at the moment to establish the day of the surgery, however the women want it before in the 78%. the education was given in the 47% at the hospital, and the women want it in the 46%. the individual and verbal form is the methodology in the 75% and the women prefer the audiovisual form in the 47.5%. the women were educated in 3/16 topics in more than 50%. the principal topics were not related to the ones wanted. conclusion: the education was not satisfied in the totality, for that it is important to emphasize the educational role of professional in this area
EDUCACIóN DE MUJERES HISTERECTOMIZADAS: QUé DESEAN SABER?
María Teresa Urrutia S,Pía Riquelme G,Alejandra Araya G
Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecología , 2006,
Abstract: Antecedentes: La histerectomía (HT) es una de las intervenciones más frecuentes en ginecología, por lo tanto resulta de relevancia evaluar lo que las mujeres desean para enfrentar este proceso. Objetivo: Conocer las necesidades educativas de un grupo de mujeres sometidas a histerectomía. Método: Estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal, con una muestra de 120 usuarias. Se realizó una entrevista para conocer la educación recibida y la deseada, y así establecer la necesidad educativa de las mujeres. Resultados: El 100% de ellas se ala que sus parejas no recibieron educación acerca de la HT. El 46,7% declara recibir la educación por parte del médico y el 80% desearía hubiese sido la matrona. El 45% recibe la educación al fijar la fecha de la cirugía y el 78% desearía haberla recibido antes de este momento. El 47% recibe la educación en el hospital y el 46% desea recibirla ahí. El 75% refiere recibir educación en forma verbal-individual y el 47,5% le hubiese gustado de manera audiovisual-individual. Se educa a más del 50% de las mujeres sólo en 3 tópicos de los 16 evaluados. Los principales temas en los cuales fueron educadas no coinciden con aquellos deseados por las mujeres. Conclusión: Se concluye que las necesidades de las mujeres no son satisfechas en su totalidad y se destaca la importancia del rol educativo por parte de los profesionales del área Background: Hysterectomy is one of the most important surgeries in gynecology, therefore it is relevant to evaluate that the women want for facing this process. Objective: The aim is to know the educational necessity in histerectomized women. Methods: Cross sectional study, in 120 women. Data compilation was done by means of an interview, it was permits to know the education executed and the education wanted. Results: The 100% of the partner did not receive education about hysterectomy. The physicians gives the education in the 46.7%, however the women want the midwifery in the 80%. The 45% receives the education at the moment to establish the day of the surgery, however the women want it before in the 78%. The education was given in the 47% at the hospital, and the women want it in the 46%. The individual and verbal form is the methodology in the 75% and the women prefer the audiovisual form in the 47.5%. The women were educated in 3/16 topics in more than 50%. The principal topics were not related to the ones wanted. Conclusion: The education was not satisfied in the totality, for that it is important to emphasize the educational role of professional in this area
SATISFACCIóN CON LA EDUCACIóN RECIBIDA EN UN GRUPO DE MUJERES HISTERECTOMIZADAS
URRUTIA SOTO,MARíA TERESA; ARAYA GUTIéRREZ,ALEJANDRA; RIQUELME G,PíA;
Ciencia y enfermería , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95532008000100005
Abstract: hysterectomy is one of the most important surgeries in our country, therefore it is very important to know what the women need to know to improve the quality of care, by giving them a right and timely education during the surgical process. the aim of this research is to know the satisfaction with the education in a group of histerecto-mized women. the methodology is cross sectional study, with 120 women in a public hospital of santiago. data compilation was done by means of an interview, before a consent inform was applied. 46.7% of women received education from the physician, 75% with verbal and individual way; 70% of the women received education before the surgery, at hospital and in the second level. the topics were related with the surgery and the different cares before it. none of the women received education about sexuality. 100% of the women say that their part-ners did not received education. 23.3% of the women were very satisfied with the professional that gave them education, 10% with the way, 10.8% with the place, 18.3% with the time and 7% with the topics. the satisfaction with the education was very low, therefore it is very important that our intervention will be related with the real needs that women want about the surgery.
SUPLEMENTACIóN CON COBRE ENTRE COMIDAS NO TIENE EFECTO SOBRE LA NUTRICIóN DE HIERRO EN HOMBRES
Wiedeman M,Alejandra; Olivares G,Manuel; Pizarro A,Fernando; Araya Q,Magdalena;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182009000400008
Abstract: iron deficiency is prevalent in most of the developing world where it coexists with other micronutrient deficiencies such as copper. combined supplementation with iron and copper is one of the strategies that can be used to improve the iron and copper status of a population. however, there is concern about potential negative interactions between these two micronutrients due to a competitive binding to the divalent metal transporter 1 (dmtl), a proton-coupled transporter of a variety of divalent metals including copper. the aim of this study was to measure the effect of daily supplementation with 8 mg of copper, as copper sulfate during 6 months on the iron status. sixty healthy male adults were randomized to receive a copper supplement or a placebo. fasting blood samples were obtained before and after copper supplementation to evaluate the iron and copper nutritional status. copper supplementation did not change significantly iron and copper status parameters. in conclusion, daily supplementation with 8 mg of copper during 6 months does not deteriorate iron nutrition in adult men.
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