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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 328514 matches for " Aleida Zaida Alvarez Sánchez "
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Comportamiento del embarazo prolongado en el servicio de cuidados perinatales
álvarez Ponce,Vivian Asunción; Lugo Sánchez,Ana María; Alvarez Sánchez,Aleida Zaida; Mu?iz Rizo,Milagros Eusebia;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2004,
Abstract: prolonged pregnancy is still a controversial topic. a retrospective, longitudinal and descriptive study of all patients with prolonged pregnancy that were admitted at the perinatal care service of the gynecoobstetric teaching hospital of guanabacoa during 2002, was conducted. a control group of the first four births of every month with a gestational age between 37 and 41 weeks was selected. 60.4 % of the total of patients were nulliparas and 49.4 % began the labor spontaneously. induced delivery prevailed (67.4 %) in patients from the study group. a total of 30 women underwent cesarean section and of them, the highest percentage, 46.5 %, corresponded to the study group. the meconial amniotic fluid predominated in the study group, 46.6 %. there were no severely depressed newborn infants in the study. only 5.4 % of the newborn infants had low apgar score at the minute of extrauterine life. in 16.2 % of the study group, birth weight was 3 4 000 grams.
Comportamiento del embarazo prolongado en el servicio de cuidados perinatales Behavior of prolonged pregnancy at the perinatal care service
Vivian Asunción álvarez Ponce,Ana María Lugo Sánchez,Aleida Zaida Alvarez Sánchez,Milagros Eusebia Mu?iz Rizo
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2004,
Abstract: El embarazo prolongado es todavía un tema lleno de controversias. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo longitudinal y descriptivo de todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de embarazo prolongado que ingresaron en el servicio de cuidados perinatales del hospital docente ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa durante el a o 2002. Se seleccionó un grupo control de los 4 primeros nacimientos de cada mes con una edad gestacional entre 37 y 41 semanas. El 60,4 % del total de pacientes fueron nulíparas y el 49,4 % comenzó el trabajo de parto espontáneamente; prevaleció el parto inducido, 67,4 % en las pacientes del grupo estudio. Hubo un total de 30 mujeres a las que se les realizó cesárea y de ellas el mayor porcentaje, 46,5 %, correspondió también al grupo estudio. En este grupo se apreció líquido amniótico meconial en un mayor número de mujeres con relación al grupo control, no hubo recién nacidos severamente deprimidos y en el 16,2 % de estas pacientes el peso de sus productos fue mayor o igual a 4 000 g. Se concluyó que el comportamiento del embarazo prolongado en el hospital ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa fue similar en lo fundamental en lo descrito a la literatura médica revisada. Prolonged pregnancy is still a controversial topic. A retrospective, longitudinal and descriptive study of all patients with prolonged pregnancy that were admitted at the perinatal care service of the Gynecoobstetric Teaching Hospital of Guanabacoa during 2002, was conducted. A control group of the first four births of every month with a gestational age between 37 and 41 weeks was selected. 60.4 % of the total of patients were nulliparas and 49.4 % began the labor spontaneously. Induced delivery prevailed (67.4 %) in patients from the study group. A total of 30 women underwent cesarean section and of them, the highest percentage, 46.5 %, corresponded to the study group. The meconial amniotic fluid predominated in the study group, 46.6 %. There were no severely depressed newborn infants in the study. Only 5.4 % of the newborn infants had low Apgar score at the minute of extrauterine life. In 16.2 % of the study group, birth weight was 3 4 000 grams.
Comportamiento del bajo peso al nacer en la parroquia "Castor Nieves Ríos"
González Pantoja,Yarelis; álvarez Sánchez,Aleida Zaida;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: the low birth weight is multifactorial problem affecting many countries in the world. objective: to identify the maternal factors related to low birth weight in the "castor nieves ríos" parish church. methods: a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted of 32 low birth weight births occurred in the "josé maría benítez" public maternity hospital during the 1st semester of 2006. the mother's obstetrical histories were reviewed and some sociodemographic variables were identified. results: the 90,62 % of low birth weight births corresponded to smoker mothers during pregnancy. the 53,1 % of them had a preterm labor; the 40,62 % had anemia during this period, and the 59,3 % of pregnants had a insufficient weight gain. conclusions: the low birth weight was determined by smoking, preterm labor, anemia, as well as a insufficient weight gain during pregnancy.
Comportamiento del bajo peso al nacer en la parroquia "Castor Nieves Ríos" Behavior of low birth weight in the "Castor Nieves Ríos" parish church
Yarelis González Pantoja,Aleida Zaida álvarez Sánchez
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2010,
Abstract: INTRODUCCIóN: el bajo peso al nacer constituye un problema multifactorial que afecta a muchos países del mundo. OBJETIVO: identificar los factores maternos que se relacionan con el bajo peso al nacer en la parroquia Castor Nieves Ríos. MéTODOS: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal de los 32 nacimientos con bajo peso ocurridos en la maternidad del Hospital Público "José María Benítez", pertenecientes a la parroquia "Castor Nieves Ríos", en el 1er. semestre de 2006. Se revisaron las historias obstétricas de las madres, y se identificaron algunas variables sociodemográficas. RESULTADOS: el 90,62 % de los nacimientos con bajo peso correspondían a madres que fumaron durante la gestación. El 53,1 % de ellas, tuvo un parto pretérmino; el 40,62 % presentó anemia durante este período, y el 59,3 % de las gestantes tuvo una ganancia de peso insuficiente. CONCLUSIONES: el bajo peso al nacer estuvo determinado por el hábito de fumar, parto pretérmino, anemia, así como ganancia insuficiente de peso durante la gestación. INTRODUCTION: the low birth weight is multifactorial problem affecting many countries in the world. OBJECTIVE: to identify the maternal factors related to low birth weight in the "Castor Nieves Ríos" parish church. METHODS: a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted of 32 low birth weight births occurred in the "José María Benítez" Public Maternity Hospital during the 1st semester of 2006. The mother's obstetrical histories were reviewed and some sociodemographic variables were identified. RESULTS: the 90,62 % of low birth weight births corresponded to smoker mothers during pregnancy. The 53,1 % of them had a preterm labor; the 40,62 % had anemia during this period, and the 59,3 % of pregnants had a insufficient weight gain. CONCLUSIONS: the low birth weight was determined by smoking, preterm labor, anemia, as well as a insufficient weight gain during pregnancy.
La infección en el factor cervical y su relación con la infertilidad
álvarez Sánchez,Aleida Zaida; Rivero Llonch,Lucila; Martínez Murguía,Josefina; álvarez Ponce,Vivian;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2004,
Abstract: the current concepts attribute a function of biological valve to the cervix uteri that in certain moments of the reproductive cycle allows the introduction of the spermatozoid into the uterus and, in others, doesn't. the role of infections in infertility has not been completely defined. a longitudinal retrospective study of 1 020 patients was conducted at the gynecoobstetric teaching hospital of guanabacoa from january 2001, to june, 2002, aimed at assessing the possible causes of infertility, starting from the study of the cervical factor. the objective of this paper was to determine how the infection of the cervical mocus influences on the infertility cases. in 121 patients (11.1 %), the cause was just the cervical factor. in the microbiological study, it was attained 41 % of positivity and the most frequently isolated germs were e. coli (36 %), coagulase-negative staphylococcus (22,4 %) and coagulase-positive staphylococcus (10 %). 30 % of pregnancies were obtained after treatment with antibiotics, and 16 % more after treatment with antibiotics plus homologous insemination.
La infección en el factor cervical y su relación con la infertilidad Infection in the cervical factor and its relation with infertility
Aleida Zaida álvarez Sánchez,Lucila Rivero Llonch,Josefina Martínez Murguía,Vivian álvarez Ponce
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2004,
Abstract: Los conceptos actuales asignan al cuello uterino una función de válvula biológica que en ciertos momentos del ciclo reproductivo permite la entrada del espermatozoide dentro del útero y en otras, cierra su admisión. No está completamente definido el rol de las infecciones en la infertilidad. En el hospital docente ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa, durante el período de enero de 2001 a junio de 2002, se realizó un estudio longitudinal retrospectivo de 1 020 pacientes con la intención de valorar las posibles causas de la infertilidad a partir del estudio del factor cervical. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar cómo influye la infección del moco cervical en los casos de infertilidad. En 121 pacientes (12 %) la causa fue el factor cervical puro; en el estudio microbiológico se obtuvo el 41% de positividad y los gérmenes más frecuentemente aislados fue la E. coli (36 %), el Estafilococo coagulasa negativa (24 %) y el Estafilococo coagulasa positiva (10 %). Se logró un 30 % de embarazos después del tratamiento con antibióticos según antibiograma y un 16 % más luego de tratamiento con antibióticos más inseminación homóloga. The current concepts attribute a function of biological valve to the cervix uteri that in certain moments of the reproductive cycle allows the introduction of the spermatozoid into the uterus and, in others, doesn't. The role of infections in infertility has not been completely defined. A longitudinal retrospective study of 1 020 patients was conducted at the Gynecoobstetric Teaching Hospital of Guanabacoa from January 2001, to June, 2002, aimed at assessing the possible causes of infertility, starting from the study of the cervical factor. The objective of this paper was to determine how the infection of the cervical mocus influences on the infertility cases. In 121 patients (11.1 %), the cause was just the cervical factor. In the microbiological study, it was attained 41 % of positivity and the most frequently isolated germs were E. Coli (36 %), coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (22,4 %) and coagulase-positive Staphylococcus (10 %). 30 % of pregnancies were obtained after treatment with antibiotics, and 16 % more after treatment with antibiotics plus homologous insemination.
Infecciones hospitalarias: Gastos sobrea?adidos por antibióticos de uso parenteral. Análisis del cuatrenio 2000-2003
Rivero Llonch,Lucila; álvarez Sánchez,Aleida Zaida; Delgado Fernández,Caridad; Pérez Díaz,Brenda;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2005,
Abstract: year after year hospital costs increase considerably due to the rise of infections associated with procedures in health institutions. it is an unquestionable indicator of the quality of care. a descriptive and retrospective study was conducted to analyze hospital infections in our center, the global rates and the rates by services, the circulating germs and the microbial maps of the 3-year-period. 284 medical histories from patients with hospital infections were analyzed searching for the used antibiotic therapy. the expenses in injectable antibiotics were calculated in these cases. it was concluded that in 3 years, the most common germs were the enterobacteria, the bnf and the staphylococcus. penicillim was the most resistant antibiotic. the services with the highest consumption of injectable antibiotics were the gynecology service in the year 2000, and the obstetrics service in 2001, 2002 and 2003. the expense in injectable antibiotics, in the septic cases, was as follows: 2000: $13493.09; 2001: $20547.32; 2002: $24842.62; and 2003: $14850.05.
Infecciones hospitalarias: Gastos sobrea adidos por antibióticos de uso parenteral. Análisis del cuatrenio 2000-2003 Hospital infections: Overadded expense due to the use of parenteral antibiotics. Analysis of the 4-year-period 2000-2003
Lucila Rivero Llonch,Aleida Zaida álvarez Sánchez,Caridad Delgado Fernández,Brenda Pérez Díaz
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2005,
Abstract: A o tras a o los costos hospitalarios se elevan considerablemente debido al incremento de las infecciones asociadas a procederes en instituciones de Salud, que son un indicador indiscutible de la calidad de la atención. Se realiza un trabajo descriptivo y retrospectivo, para analizar las Infecciones hospitalarias de nuestro centro, las tasas globales y por servicios, los gérmenes circulantes y los mapas microbianos del trienio. Se analizaron 284 historias clínicas de los pacientes con Infección hospitalaria en busca de la antibióticoterapia utilizada; se calcularon los gastos en antibióticos inyectables en estos casos. Se concluye que en los 3 a os, los gérmenes más frecuentes fueron las enterobacterias, los más resistentes frente a los antibióticos fueron los BNF y los estafilococos, el antibiótico que presentó mayor resistencia fue la penicilina, los consumos mayoritarios de antibióticos inyectables los tuvieron el servicio de ginecología en el a o 2000, mientras que en el a o 2001,el 2002 y el 2003 fue el Servicio de Obstetricia; el gasto en antibióticos inyectables, en los casos sépticos fue: a o 2000: $13493.09; a o 2001: $20547.32; a o 2002: $24842.62; a o 2003: $14850.05. Year after year hospital costs increase considerably due to the rise of infections associated with procedures in health institutions. It is an unquestionable indicator of the quality of care. A descriptive and retrospective study was conducted to analyze hospital infections in our center, the global rates and the rates by services, the circulating germs and the microbial maps of the 3-year-period. 284 medical histories from patients with hospital infections were analyzed searching for the used antibiotic therapy. The expenses in injectable antibiotics were calculated in these cases. It was concluded that in 3 years, the most common germs were the Enterobacteria, the BNF and the Staphylococcus. Penicillim was the most resistant antibiotic. The services with the highest consumption of injectable antibiotics were the Gynecology Service in the year 2000, and the Obstetrics Service in 2001, 2002 and 2003. The expense in injectable antibiotics, in the septic cases, was as follows: 2000: $13493.09; 2001: $20547.32; 2002: $24842.62; and 2003: $14850.05.
Análisis de la mortalidad fetal tardía
álvarez Sánchez,Aleida; Mu?iz Rizo,Milagros; Lugo Sánchez,Ana María;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2005,
Abstract: a retrospective study of late fetal mortality was undertaken at the gynecoobstetric hospital of guanabacoa from january 1997 to december 2000. the lowest late fetal mortality was that of 1999 and the highest that of 1998. 53.4 % were between 25 and 34 years old. the health area with less late fetal deaths was "machaco ameijeiras" polyclinic, whereas the highest incidence was found in the extra-area cases by transit or affinity. the preterm (28-36 weeks) predominated in the first 3 years studied; however, in 2000 there was an increase of term pregnancies (37-41 weeks) and the greatest percentage was observed in the intrahospital fetal deaths (ante- and intrapartum) with 52.6 %. it was found that 73.2 % of the late fetal deaths were caused by asphyxia and, within them, the highest percentage corresponded to asphyxia non-related to a known maternal or ovular disease.
Análisis de la mortalidad fetal tardía Analysis of late fetal mortality
Aleida álvarez Sánchez,Milagros Mu?iz Rizo,Ana María Lugo Sánchez
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2005,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de la mortalidad fetal tardía en el hospital ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa, en el periodo comprendido desde enero de 1997, hasta diciembre del 2000. La mortalidad fetal tardía más baja fue la de 1999, y la más alta la de 1998; el 53,5 % tenían entre 25 y 34 a os de edad. El área de salud con menos número de defunciones fetales tardías fue el policlínico "Machaco Ameijeiras" y la mayor incidencia la encontramos en los casos extraárea por tránsito o afinidad. En los 3 primeros a os estudiados predominó el pretérmino (28-36 semanas); sin embargo en el 2000 hubo un incremento en los embarazos a término (37- 41 semanas) y el mayor porcentaje se presentó en las fetales intrahospitalarias (ante e intraparto) con 52,6 %. Se encontró que el 73,2 de las muertes fetales tardías tuvo como causa la asfixia y dentro de estas el mayor porcentaje correspondió a la asfixia no relacionada con enfermedad materna u ovular conocida. A retrospective study of late fetal mortality was undertaken at the Gynecoobstetric Hospital of Guanabacoa from January 1997 to December 2000. The lowest late fetal mortality was that of 1999 and the highest that of 1998. 53.4 % were between 25 and 34 years old. The health area with less late fetal deaths was "Machaco Ameijeiras" Polyclinic, whereas the highest incidence was found in the extra-area cases by transit or affinity. The preterm (28-36 weeks) predominated in the first 3 years studied; however, in 2000 there was an increase of term pregnancies (37-41 weeks) and the greatest percentage was observed in the intrahospital fetal deaths (ante- and intrapartum) with 52.6 %. It was found that 73.2 % of the late fetal deaths were caused by asphyxia and, within them, the highest percentage corresponded to asphyxia non-related to a known maternal or ovular disease.
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