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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1701 matches for " Alba Idaly; "
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Promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo: teoría y realidad
Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly;
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S0465-546X2010000300004
Abstract: the health of workers involved complex issues because is articulated to the processes of globalization, flexibility, health system reforms and privatization, among others. these trends affect the workplace, the health-disease process in the general population and in this case a forms of work and sick in workers. the health promotion at work is theoretically based on the different strategies proposed by international organizations, however, the reality of the implementation of these strategies at workplaces is limited, there are few studies to involve the issue of health promotion in the workplace holistically. it should promote actions that involve the organization, workers, and the various sectors and disciplines to encourage the operationalization of the strategy for health promotion in the workplaces.
Bioseguridad con énfasis en contaminantes biológicos en trabajadores de la salud
Ardila,Ana Maria; Mu?oz,Alba Idaly;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232009000600020
Abstract: health workers of the emergency service are frequently exposed to different dangers, among them the contact with biological polluting agents. this is a study of descriptive character, with the objective to characterize workers on social demographic aspects, and also to verify the level of application of the bio-security norms at the emergency services of a health institution in the city of bogota, colombia. 68,3% of the workers are with a contract in the modality of benefit of services, the 31,7%, are in the modality of indefinite term. 44,6% of the personnel have not received the qualification on bio-security, and 42,4% do not apply the suitable technique of washing hands. in relation to the aspect of the return to use needles, 31% was doing this practice. all workers have the complete kit of hepatitis b vaccine, but the same percentage does not have measurement of hepatitis b antibodies. it is fundamental the provision of elements of personal protection and set of elements and containers that contribute to the bio-security. pedagogical activities can be used to sensitize and create critical awareness to all personnel who work at emergency, about dangers and consequences that are exposed in their workplace. measurements of titles of hepatitis b are necessary to verify the immunological state of the workers.
Promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo: teoría y realidad Health promotion in the workplace: theory and reality
Alba Idaly Mu?oz Sánchez
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2010,
Abstract: La salud de los trabajadores involucra aspectos complejos ya que está articulada a los procesos de globalización, flexibilización, reformas del sistema de salud y de trabajo, entre otros aspectos. Estas tendencias afectan el entorno laboral, el proceso salud-enfermedad de la población en general y en este caso las formas de trabajar y enfermar de los trabajadores. La promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo está sustentada teóricamente en las diferentes estrategias propuestas por organizaciones internacionales, sin embargo, la realidad de la aplicación de la estrategia en los lugares trabajo, es limitada, existen pocos estudios que aborden la temática de promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo de forma integral. Se deben impulsar acciones que involucren la organización, los trabajadores, diversos sectores y disciplinas que incentiven la operacionalización de la estrategia de promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo. The health of workers involved complex issues because is articulated to the processes of globalization, flexibility, health system reforms and privatization, among others. These trends affect the workplace, the health-disease process in the general population and in this case a forms of work and sick in workers. The health Promotion at work is theoretically based on the different strategies proposed by international organizations, however, the reality of the implementation of these strategies at workplaces is limited, there are few studies to involve the issue of health promotion in the workplace holistically. It should promote actions that involve the organization, workers, and the various sectors and disciplines to encourage the operationalization of the strategy for health promotion in the workplaces.
Proceso Salud-Enfermedad construido en torno a la Tuberculosis: un caso en Bogotá (Colombia)
Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly; Rubiano Mesa,Yurian Lida;
Index de Enfermería , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962011000300004
Abstract: the health-disease process (pse) is a category for understanding individual, collective and social attitudes against a given phenomenon, being important in its approach. this article describes the category "pse" that emerged from the viewpoint of the carriers of tuberculosis from a study conducted at bogotan locality (colombia). using a qualitative hermeneutic approach we interviewed in depth ten individuals had been carriers of tuberculosis and who had completed their treatment successfully. the results show the meanings of tuberculosis as feelings of fear and pain, and perceived as a disease of the "poverty". the stigma permeated the previous category, manifesting itself in all spheres of life of the carriers. the stigma of the disease became a limiting factor for seeking timely medical care and the actions identified in the supervised strategy for tuberculosis control.
Condiciones acústicas de las aulas universitarias en una Universidad pública en Bogotá
Cantor Cutiva,Lady Catherine; Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly;
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S0465-546X2009000300004
Abstract: introduction: teachers complain about bad acoustic conditions in their classroom frequently. aim: to describe some classroom acoustic conditions at colombian estate university in bogotá city. material and methods: a transversal descriptive study was development in the first semester of 2009, 25 classrooms was measured at colombian university in bogota city, this classroom was selected randomized way according preview teachers evaluated reporting. results: about 25 measured classroom at faculty 1 63.63% of classroom had acoustic bad according total acoustic index, while at faculty 2 40% of classroom has bad acoustic, and faculty 3 33.3% had bad acoustic. conclusions: studies to report reverberation time (tr) and intelligibility objectives measurements are a few, this exposed it is necessary to do dissertations to investigate and to contribute tools according to determinate better health, job and life conditions in this occupational group.
Promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo: entre ideal e irreal
Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly; Castro Silva,Eliana;
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S0465-546X2010000400005
Abstract: workplace health promotion is an important strategy to address holistically the health and safety at work, despite the conditions of precariousness and labor flexibility, hampering the principles advocated by the strategy. objective: to describe the application of principles such as participation, social justice, integrity, sustainability and multi-sectoral in the implementation of occupational health programs in third-level hospitals of bogotá, during the second half of 2009. materials and methods: a case study, descriptive and cross-sectional, based on the fundamental principles of health promotion, using questionnaires developed to describe aspects such as organizational policy, support resources, planning, implementation and results achieved with the implementation of the strategy. results: the defined policies are consistent with the purposes of the strategies analyzed; however there is no consistency in their application in practice as seen in resource allocation constraints, lack of staff participation, lack of recognition for the work performed, traditional planning and dismantling activities with other sector institutions, among others. conclusions: conceptual limitations and resources to implement the strategy, as disjointed work in sectors such as education, insurance companies, etc.; involves the wastage of better possibilities to adapt the work environment.
Percepción de los trabajadores de salud de unidades básicas de salud de S?o Paulo (Brasil) sobre la tuberculosis
MU?OZ SáNCHEZ,ALBA IDALY; BERTOLOZZI,MARíA RITA;
Avances en Enfermería , 2009,
Abstract: objective: identify the perceptions on tuberculosis held by health workers in a region of the municipality of s?o paulo, brazil. methods: the study was conducted on the hermeneutic-dialectic theoretical reference and the research ethical precepts were met. the professional categories that formed the sample were doctors, nurses and nursing assistants. data were gathered through interviews to workers after reading and acceptance of an informed authorization. 15 semi-structured interviews of health workers were analyzed during the period october-december 2004. results: perceptions loaded with prejudices were identified in relation to the disease and its carriers, which may affect its early detection. the perceptions evidenced, as disease causes, explanations that are predominantly oriented towards the multi-coincidence; resistance and fear of interviewed workers to be infected with the disease. conclusions: perceptions about the disease may condition the care practices of the sick person, as well as control and adhesion to treatment. in addition, these perceptions marked with stigmas may affect early detection and perpetuation of the prejudice in relation to tuberculosis.
Participación: una apuesta para cuidar de los que cuidan la salud
MU?OZ SáNCHEZ,ALBA IDALY; CASTRO SILVA,ELIANA;
Avances en Enfermería , 2010,
Abstract: abstract: the health sector has not been alien to the effects inherent to the globalizing economic model that has contributed to the current conditions of precariousness and labor flexibility in that sector. objective: to identify how the principle of participation and empowerment of health promotion at the workplace, in the case of health institutions, works. methods: descriptive and transversal case study, performed in three hospitals providing third - level care in bogota, under previous ethics’ approval of the nursing school at the universidad nacional de colombia. results: low percentages of positive responses (= 30%) related to the involvement of staff in health and safety activities of the institutions predominated. only 8.5% stated that there are incentives to participate, 21.2% signed the existence of support groups or counseling to support these processes, and 23.6% stated that workers have time during their working day for occupational health - related activities. discussion: organizational policies and recruitment of staff hinder the exercise of employee participation. conclusions: as for the issue of participation in these processes of health and safety at work, health staff revealed puzzlement, as well as and a high level of skepticism, due to the lack of resonance said programs have on the administration to support improving working conditions. collective actions should be taken from the organization level, involving the health worker in pursuing activities to promote effective health promotion at the workplace.
Operacionaliza??o do conceito de vulnerabilidade à tuberculose em alunos universitários
Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly; Bertolozzi,Maria Rita;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000200031
Abstract: the objective of this study was to identify aspects that characterize the vulnerability to tuberculosis in resident students at the residential rooms of the university of sao paulo (crusp). the data relative to individual vulnerability were collected by using a questionnaire during the period of october to november, 2002. the theoretical reference and the interpretation frame to analize the issue of tuberculosis were given in the theorethical frame of vulnerability .the study sample completed 106 students being 69.8% graduated students and 30.2% postgraduated students. the proportion of emigrants (internal and external) reached 43.4%. seventy-nine students (74.5%) answered that the disease can be cured. nearly 60 (56.6%) answered that they did not know the causal agent of the disease and 72 (67.9%) said that they had already heard about tuberculosis, and for 5 of them (6.9%) it happenned at health institutions. it was also asked if they knew where to ask in order to get tests to verify the presence of the disease and 48 (45.3%) did not know. although some results are positive it is identified the individual vulnerability of the students especially as they are apparently a well differentiated group, because in thesis they would have more favourable conditions to acced to the information related to the disease.
Pode o conceito de vulnerabilidade apoiar a constru??o do conhecimento em Saúde Coletiva?
Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly; Bertolozzi,Maria Rita;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232007000200007
Abstract: the term vulnerability has been frequently used in scientific literature, especially after the 80's, in some epidemiologic studies, mainly focusing the risk perspective. the purpose of this article is to review the vulnerability concept through a systematic study of national and international circulation newspapers, to support knowledge and practices in the collective health care field. furthermore, it indicates how this concept has been revisited in studies conducted in brazil, mentioning issues which support the structural dimension of reality, linking them to the needs of a program for patients, health care users and their families. it is important to study the vulnerability concept due to the fact that an understanding of this concept will contribute to support the delivery of care, of collective health care including individual health care programs and health care policies.
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