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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3039 matches for " Alba Idaly; Rubiano Mesa "
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Proceso Salud-Enfermedad construido en torno a la Tuberculosis: un caso en Bogotá (Colombia)
Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly; Rubiano Mesa,Yurian Lida;
Index de Enfermería , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962011000300004
Abstract: the health-disease process (pse) is a category for understanding individual, collective and social attitudes against a given phenomenon, being important in its approach. this article describes the category "pse" that emerged from the viewpoint of the carriers of tuberculosis from a study conducted at bogotan locality (colombia). using a qualitative hermeneutic approach we interviewed in depth ten individuals had been carriers of tuberculosis and who had completed their treatment successfully. the results show the meanings of tuberculosis as feelings of fear and pain, and perceived as a disease of the "poverty". the stigma permeated the previous category, manifesting itself in all spheres of life of the carriers. the stigma of the disease became a limiting factor for seeking timely medical care and the actions identified in the supervised strategy for tuberculosis control.
Proceso Salud-Enfermedad construido en torno a la Tuberculosis: un caso en Bogotá (Colombia) Health-disease process built environment for tuberculosis: a case in Bogota (Colombia)
Alba Idaly Mu?oz Sánchez,Yurian Lida Rubiano Mesa
Index de Enfermería , 2011,
Abstract: El proceso salud-enfermedad (PSE) es una categoría que permite comprender las actitudes individuales, colectivas y sociales frente a un fenómeno dado; siendo importante su abordaje. Este artículo describe la categoría "PSE" que emergió del punto de vista de los portadores de tuberculosis de un estudio realizado en una localidad bogotana (Colombia). Mediante un enfoque cualitativo hermenéutico se entrevistaron en profundidad diez sujetos que habían sido portadores de tuberculosis y que habían concluido su tratamiento con éxito. Los resultados evidenciaron los significados de la tuberculosis, como sentimientos de miedo y dolor; y percibida como una enfermedad de la "pobreza". El estigma permeó las categorías anteriores, manifestándose en todas las esferas de la vida de los portadores. El estigma de la enfermedad se convirtió en un factor limitante para la búsqueda oportuna de atención médica y de las acciones definidas en la estrategia supervisada para el control de la tuberculosis. The health-disease process (PSE) is a category for understanding individual, collective and social attitudes against a given phenomenon, being important in its approach. This article describes the category "PSE" that emerged from the viewpoint of the carriers of tuberculosis from a study conducted at bogotan locality (Colombia). Using a qualitative hermeneutic approach we interviewed in depth ten individuals had been carriers of tuberculosis and who had completed their treatment successfully. The results show the meanings of tuberculosis as feelings of fear and pain, and perceived as a disease of the "poverty". The stigma permeated the previous category, manifesting itself in all spheres of life of the carriers. The stigma of the disease became a limiting factor for seeking timely medical care and the actions identified in the supervised strategy for tuberculosis control.
Adherencia al tratamiento antituberculoso: Voces de los implicados
Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly; Rubiano Mesa,Yurian Lida; Laza Vásquez,Celmira;
Index de Enfermería , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962011000100014
Abstract: tuberculosis has been a constant in human history and currently are estimated more than 9.27 million people infected worldwide, mostly concentrated in poor regions and also victims of the hiv / aids: asia, africa and the americas. one of the ongoing challenges in the fight for control of the disease is to prevent the abandonment or non-adherence to treatment by carriers. in this review article examines, from scientific literature, the meanings of the adhesion of carriers and professionals working in tb control programs. meanings revealed o the involved ones are: dramatic changes on life style, the burden generated by the treatment for carriers and their families, the social stigma of tb for both, and the implementation of a dots strategy (directly observed treatment short-course) for health professionals.
Adherencia al tratamiento antituberculoso: Voces de los implicados The adherence to antituberculosis treatment: voices of those involved
Alba Idaly Mu?oz Sánchez,Yurian Lida Rubiano Mesa,Celmira Laza Vásquez
Index de Enfermería , 2011,
Abstract: La Tuberculosis (TB) ha sido una constante en la historia de la humanidad y en la actualidad se calculan más de 9,27 millones personas portadoras en todo el mundo, concentrada en las regiones más pobres y víctimas además de la pandemia VIH/SIDA: Asia, áfrica y las Américas. Uno de los retos actuales en la lucha por el control de la enfermedad es evitar el abandono o no adherencia al tratamiento por parte de los portadores. En este artículo analiza, a partir de la literatura científica, los significados de la adherencia de portadores y profesionales que laboran en programas de control de Tuberculosis. Se develan significados de los involucrados: drásticos cambios de vida y la carga que implica el tratamiento para los portadores y sus familias; y la estigmatización social de la Tuberculosis para ambos, así como el cumplimiento de la estrategia DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment short-course) para los profesionales. Tuberculosis has been a constant in human history and currently are estimated more than 9.27 million people infected worldwide, mostly concentrated in poor regions and also victims of the HIV / AIDS: Asia, Africa and the Americas. One of the ongoing challenges in the fight for control of the disease is to prevent the abandonment or non-adherence to treatment by carriers. In this review article examines, from scientific literature, the meanings of the adhesion of carriers and professionals working in TB control programs. Meanings revealed o the involved ones are: dramatic changes on life style, the burden generated by the treatment for carriers and their families, the social stigma of TB for both, and the implementation of a DOTS strategy (Directly Observed Treatment short-course) for health professionals.
Promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo: teoría y realidad
Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly;
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S0465-546X2010000300004
Abstract: the health of workers involved complex issues because is articulated to the processes of globalization, flexibility, health system reforms and privatization, among others. these trends affect the workplace, the health-disease process in the general population and in this case a forms of work and sick in workers. the health promotion at work is theoretically based on the different strategies proposed by international organizations, however, the reality of the implementation of these strategies at workplaces is limited, there are few studies to involve the issue of health promotion in the workplace holistically. it should promote actions that involve the organization, workers, and the various sectors and disciplines to encourage the operationalization of the strategy for health promotion in the workplaces.
Bioseguridad con énfasis en contaminantes biológicos en trabajadores de la salud
Ardila,Ana Maria; Mu?oz,Alba Idaly;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232009000600020
Abstract: health workers of the emergency service are frequently exposed to different dangers, among them the contact with biological polluting agents. this is a study of descriptive character, with the objective to characterize workers on social demographic aspects, and also to verify the level of application of the bio-security norms at the emergency services of a health institution in the city of bogota, colombia. 68,3% of the workers are with a contract in the modality of benefit of services, the 31,7%, are in the modality of indefinite term. 44,6% of the personnel have not received the qualification on bio-security, and 42,4% do not apply the suitable technique of washing hands. in relation to the aspect of the return to use needles, 31% was doing this practice. all workers have the complete kit of hepatitis b vaccine, but the same percentage does not have measurement of hepatitis b antibodies. it is fundamental the provision of elements of personal protection and set of elements and containers that contribute to the bio-security. pedagogical activities can be used to sensitize and create critical awareness to all personnel who work at emergency, about dangers and consequences that are exposed in their workplace. measurements of titles of hepatitis b are necessary to verify the immunological state of the workers.
Promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo: teoría y realidad Health promotion in the workplace: theory and reality
Alba Idaly Mu?oz Sánchez
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2010,
Abstract: La salud de los trabajadores involucra aspectos complejos ya que está articulada a los procesos de globalización, flexibilización, reformas del sistema de salud y de trabajo, entre otros aspectos. Estas tendencias afectan el entorno laboral, el proceso salud-enfermedad de la población en general y en este caso las formas de trabajar y enfermar de los trabajadores. La promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo está sustentada teóricamente en las diferentes estrategias propuestas por organizaciones internacionales, sin embargo, la realidad de la aplicación de la estrategia en los lugares trabajo, es limitada, existen pocos estudios que aborden la temática de promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo de forma integral. Se deben impulsar acciones que involucren la organización, los trabajadores, diversos sectores y disciplinas que incentiven la operacionalización de la estrategia de promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo. The health of workers involved complex issues because is articulated to the processes of globalization, flexibility, health system reforms and privatization, among others. These trends affect the workplace, the health-disease process in the general population and in this case a forms of work and sick in workers. The health Promotion at work is theoretically based on the different strategies proposed by international organizations, however, the reality of the implementation of these strategies at workplaces is limited, there are few studies to involve the issue of health promotion in the workplace holistically. It should promote actions that involve the organization, workers, and the various sectors and disciplines to encourage the operationalization of the strategy for health promotion in the workplaces.
La narrativa biográfica: Opción metodológica para investigar la relación enfermera-personas viviendo con VIH/SIDA Biographical narrative: A methodological alternative to know more about the relation nurse-patient, living with HIV/AIDS
Yurian Lidia Rubiano Mesa,Alexander Ruiz Silva
Index de Enfermería , 2012,
Abstract: Ante la importancia de avanzar en el conocimiento de la relación de cuidado enfermera-paciente, y, en particular, sobre los elementos de carácter moral que la orientan y regulan, este artículo analiza, a partir de algunos referentes teóricos, la pertinencia del paradigma cualitativo -con enfoque narrativo biográfico- para estudiar los valores, los sentimientos y las acciones morales que articulan la relación entre enfermeras y personas que viven con Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirido-Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida. Being so fundamental to advance in the knowledge of the relation of care nurse-patient, and, particularly, on the moral aspects that guide and regulate such a relation, this article analyzes, based on some theoretical models, the relevance of the qualitative paradigm -with a narrative biographical approach- to study the values, feelings and moral actions that constitute the relation between nurses and persons who live with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
Condiciones acústicas de las aulas universitarias en una Universidad pública en Bogotá
Cantor Cutiva,Lady Catherine; Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly;
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S0465-546X2009000300004
Abstract: introduction: teachers complain about bad acoustic conditions in their classroom frequently. aim: to describe some classroom acoustic conditions at colombian estate university in bogotá city. material and methods: a transversal descriptive study was development in the first semester of 2009, 25 classrooms was measured at colombian university in bogota city, this classroom was selected randomized way according preview teachers evaluated reporting. results: about 25 measured classroom at faculty 1 63.63% of classroom had acoustic bad according total acoustic index, while at faculty 2 40% of classroom has bad acoustic, and faculty 3 33.3% had bad acoustic. conclusions: studies to report reverberation time (tr) and intelligibility objectives measurements are a few, this exposed it is necessary to do dissertations to investigate and to contribute tools according to determinate better health, job and life conditions in this occupational group.
Promoción de la salud en los lugares de trabajo: entre ideal e irreal
Mu?oz Sánchez,Alba Idaly; Castro Silva,Eliana;
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S0465-546X2010000400005
Abstract: workplace health promotion is an important strategy to address holistically the health and safety at work, despite the conditions of precariousness and labor flexibility, hampering the principles advocated by the strategy. objective: to describe the application of principles such as participation, social justice, integrity, sustainability and multi-sectoral in the implementation of occupational health programs in third-level hospitals of bogotá, during the second half of 2009. materials and methods: a case study, descriptive and cross-sectional, based on the fundamental principles of health promotion, using questionnaires developed to describe aspects such as organizational policy, support resources, planning, implementation and results achieved with the implementation of the strategy. results: the defined policies are consistent with the purposes of the strategies analyzed; however there is no consistency in their application in practice as seen in resource allocation constraints, lack of staff participation, lack of recognition for the work performed, traditional planning and dismantling activities with other sector institutions, among others. conclusions: conceptual limitations and resources to implement the strategy, as disjointed work in sectors such as education, insurance companies, etc.; involves the wastage of better possibilities to adapt the work environment.
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