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PERFIL GINECO-OBSTéTRICO DE MULHERES ENCARCERADAS NO ESTADO DO CEARá
Samila Gomes Ribeiro,Paula Renata Amorim Lessa,Alana Santos Monte,Elizian Braga Rodrigues Bernardo
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar el perfil ginecológico y obstétrico de mujeres encarceladas en Ceará. Estudio documental, retrospectivo con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado en el Instituto Penal de Mujer del Estado del Ceará, con 672 registros. Respecto a la edad, 62,3% de las mujeres tenía hasta 31 a os. La edad de la menarquía fue más prevalente 10 a 13 a os (57,2%). El 55,8% aseguró que la primera relación sexual fue de 11 a 15 a os. El método anticonceptivo más utilizado fue la esterilización femenina, representado por 29,5%. El comportamiento homosexual se encontró en 17,9%. Los datos todavía mostraron un alto número de embarazos y abortos. Llegamos a la conclusión de que estas mujeres necesitan más atención de los profesionales de salud y de acciones de salud que son específicos para el contexto penitenciario, pues tienen riesgos ginecológico y obstétrico.
Retrato da realidade socioecon?mica e sexual de mulheres presidiárias
Nicolau, Ana Izabel Oliveira;Ribeiro, Samila Gomes;Lessa, Paula Renata Amorim;Monte, Alana Santos;Ferreira, Rita de Cássia do Nascimento;Pinheiro, Ana Karina Bezerra;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002012000300011
Abstract: objective: to investigate the socioeconomic and sexual profile of prisoners. methods: a study using a quantitative approach, transversal and descriptive, involving 155 prisoners. data collection was performed from january to march, 2010, in the female penitentiary in the state of ceará (brazil), and included data on socioeconomic and sexual characteristics. results: most of the young brazilian women were single with low educational levels and family income, imprisoned for drug trafficking. there was early first sexual intercourse, with stability and little variety of sexual partners. being a prisoner, using drugs and possessing tattoos/piercings represented common aspects of the participants and their partners. the homo/bisexuality, and prostitution were strongly present. stds before or after the arrest showed little expression. the guarantee of achievement of conjugal visits and the obtaining of preventive screening still faces major obstacles. conclusion: despite the vulnerabilities encountered, it was concluded that strategies to promote sexual health in the prison environment should encompass the complexity of the peculiarities experienced by prisoners.
Conhecimento, atitude e prática do uso de preservativos por presidiárias: preven??o das DST/HIV no cenário prisional
Nicolau, Ana Izabel Oliveira;Ribeiro, Samila Gomes;Lessa, Paula Renata Amorim;Monte, Alana Santos;Bernardo, Elizian Braga Rodrigues;Pinheiro, Ana Karina Bezerra;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342012000300025
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices of women prisoners regarding the use of female and male condoms as a means of prevention against std/hiv. this quantitative and evaluative knowledge, attitude and practice (kap) study included 155 female prisoners. data collection was performed between january and march 2010 at the state of ceará women's penitentiary. although the women had heard of and/or knew about the purposes of the use of condoms, only 35 (22.6%) had appropriate knowledge regarding male condoms, and 11 (7.1%) in regards to the use of female condoms. their attitudes were less favorable regarding oral sex. appropriate practice was not significantly representative, particularly regarding the female condom. homo/bisexuality, gender issues, lack of knowledge, and the difficult access to condoms are obstacles that must be considered in the promotion of sexual health in the studied group.
Expression of PKC Iota Affects Neuronal Differentiation of PC12 Cells at Least Partly Independent of Kinase Function  [PDF]
Alana Doonachar, Alan R. Schoenfeld
CellBio (CellBio) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/cellbio.2014.31001
Abstract: Atypical PKC (aPKC) plays a role in establishing cell polarity and has been indicated in neuronal differentiation and polarization, including neurite formation in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells, albeit by unclear mechanisms. Here, the role of the aPKC isoform, PKC iota (PKCι), in the early neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells, was investigated. NGF-treated PC12 cells with stably expressed exogenous wild-type PKCι showed decreased expression of a neuroendocrine marker, increased expression of a neuronal marker and increased neurite formation. Stable expression of a kinase-inactive PKCι, but not constitutively active PKCι lacking a regulatory domain, had similar though less potent effects. Pharmacological inhibition of endogenous aPKC kinase activity in parental PC12 cells did not inhibit neurite formation, suggesting that some of the observed effects of PKCι expression on neuronal differentiation are kinase-independent. Interestingly, exogenous expression of wild-type and kinase-inactive PKCι had little effect on overall PKCι activity, but caused a decrease in PKC zeta (PKCζ) kinase activity, suggesting an interplay between the two isoforms that may underlie the observed results. Overall, these findings suggest that in PC12 and perhaps other neuroendocrine precursor cells, PKCι influences an early differentiation decision between the neuroendocrine (chromaffin) and sympathetic neuron cell lineages, potentially by affecting PKCζ function.
A influência postural do salto alto em mulheres adultas: análise por biofotogrametria computadorizada Postural influence of high heels among adult women: analysis by computerized photogrammetry
DH Iunes,VV Monte-Raso,CBA Santos,FA Castro
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2008,
Abstract: INTRODU O: Em nossa sociedade, temos observado uma oferta cada vez maior de modelos, cores, estilos, altura e diversos tipos de salto. OBJETIVO: Avaliar se o uso de cal ados de salto alto influencia nas altera es posturais com base em um conjunto de variáveis mensuradas por meio da fotogrametria computadorizada. MéTODOS: Vinte indivíduos que utilizam salto alto com freqüência (grupo 1) e 20 indivíduos que utilizam salto alto esporadicamente (grupo 2) foram fotografados no plano frontal anterior e sagital em três momentos: a) sem utiliza o de cal ado, b) utilizando salto agulha e c) utilizando salto plataforma, sendo estas fotografias aleatorizadas e analisadas por um experimentador cego por meio da fotogrametria. A análise estatística foi realizada a partir da análise de variancia em esquema fatorial 2x3, ou seja, comparando-se a freqüência do uso de salto com o tipo de cal ado, com 5% de significancia. RESULTADOS: Apenas o angulo protrus o da cabe a apresentou diferen a quando comparados grupo 1 e 2 (p<0,01). O efeito do tipo de cal ado ocorreu na variável alinhamento do joelho direito, sendo que houve diferen a apenas entre o sapato agulha e os pés descal os (p=0,03); também para a variável angulo tibiotársico, o efeito esteve presente em todos os tipos de cal ado. Os demais angulos avaliados n o apresentaram diferen as entre a freqüência no uso de salto e os outros tipos de sapato. CONCLUS ES: A freqüência do uso de salto e o tipo de salto praticamente n o modificam a postura estática avaliada pela fotogrametria. INTRODUCTION: In our society, it is observed an increasing number of models, colors, styles, heights and types of high heels. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the use of high heel shoes results in postural changes, based on a set of variables measured through computerized photogrammetry. METHODS: Twenty individuals who often used high heels (group 1) and 20 individuals who only used high heels sporadically (group 2) were photographed in the frontal and sagittal planes at three conditions: a) without using footwear; b) using stiletto heels; and c) using high platform heels. These photographs were randomized and analyzed by a blinded examiner, by means of photogrammetry. Statistical analysis was performed, using a 2x3 factorial analysis of variance to compare the frequency of high heel use with the type of shoe, at the 5% significance level. RESULTS: Only the head protrusion angle showed a difference between groups 1 and 2 (p<0.01). The effect of the type of shoe observed in the alignment of the right knee, which only showed a difference betw
Avalia??o de uma estratégia para ampliar a ades?o ao rastreamento do cancer de mama no Nordeste brasileiro
Barreto, Alana Soares Brand?o;Mendes, Marina Ferreira de Medeiros;Thuler, Luiz Claudio Santos;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032012000200008
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the actions of the "um beijo pela vida" program developed in a brazilian northeast city to increase adherence to breast cancer screening by women registered by the brazilian family health strategy for breast cancer screening. methods: a quantitative approach was used to evaluate the coverage of screening actions for aged 40 years-old or more. community workers from the nine family health teams of the town carried out an active search. the percentage of eligible women who were screened for breast cancer by clinical breast examination or mammography, mammogram classification according to bi-rads?, women screened who were referred for further testing and treatment, and the number of breast cancers detected were collected by means of a structured questionnaire, analyzed with the epi-infotm software and compared to previously defined patterns. results: 3,608 women were included, corresponding to 68.4% of the target population registered in the brazilian family health strategy. coverage rates of clinical breast examination for women aged 40 to 49 years-old and of mammograms for women aged 50 to 69 years-old were 58.9 and 56.7%, respectively. all women with highly suspicious mammographic lesions were submitted to fine needle aspiration or core biopsy (100%). six new cases of cancer were detected and 80% of the standards established for this evaluation were carried out. conclusions: the evaluation of the actions of the program suggests its adequacy considering the degree of fulfillment of the previously defined requirements.
Programa de cessa o ao tabagismo: perfil e resultados PROGRAM FOR THE CESSATION OF SMOKING: PROFILE AND RESULTS PROGRAMA DE INTERRUPCIóN AL TABAGISMO: PERFIL Y RESULTADOS
Claudia Helena Bronzato Luppi,Maria Virgínia Martins Faria Faddul Alves,Alana Arantes Santos
Revista Ciência em Extens?o , 2010,
Abstract: Introdu o: O tabagismo, conceituado pelo consumo de tabaco, caracteriza-se por intoxica o aguda ou cr nica decorrente do hábito de fumar e, portanto, necessita de tratamento. Objetivo: caracterizar tabagistas atendidos no Programa de Cessa o ao Tabaco do Ambulatório de Tabagismo. Metodologia: A popula o constituiu-se de 159 indivíduos, atendidos em 2003 e 2004, com participa o efetiva no programa de 92 indivíduos. A coleta de dados se processou por meio de questionário elaborado, acrescido do FTDN (Fagerstrom Test for Dependence Nicotine). Resultados: A faixa etária predominante (73%) variou entre 31–50anos. Quanto às características gerais dos participantes, 57,2% eram do sexo feminino, 57,6% casados, 54,1% possuíam grau primário de escolaridade; 45,6% procuraram voluntariamente o servi o e 43,3% vieram por indica o médica; 50% recebiam de 2 a 4 salários-mínimos. No tocante aos problemas de saúde, hipertens o, gastropatias, asma e enfisema pulmonar foram citados por 45,1% dos indivíduos. Dentre os sintomas respiratórios, 86,1% relataram a presen a de um ou mais, como tosse, catarro, chiado ou falta de ar. A maior parte dos pacientes come ou a fumar na faixa de 11–20 anos de idade (81,1%). O consumo diário se estabeleceu na faixa de 11 a 20 cigarros (57,9%). Com rela o ao tempo de tabagismo, 66,7% encontravam-se na faixa de 11 a 30 anos. Quanto à quest o sobre interrup o ao tabagismo, 74,5% efetuaram uma ou mais tentativas anteriores de cessa o. O resultado final do Teste de Fagerstrom revelou que 39% dos pacientes pontuaram com grau elevado de dependência (6-7) e 37,7% resultaram em grau muito elevado (8-10). Dentre os 92 indivíduos que completaram o programa, 35,9% obtiveram sucesso no tratamento, sendo que, quanto aos recursos utilizados, 30,3% escolheram a medica o e somente 3% optaram pela goma de nicotina. Conclus es: condi o social e grau de escolaridade podem influenciar no tratamento, em termos de compreens o do conteúdo e utiliza o adequada dos recursos. Confirmou-se a tendência mundial de aumento da prevalência do hábito de fumar entre o sexo feminino. A adolescência caracterizou-se como faixa etária predominante de inicia o, reafirmando o conceito estabelecido no meio científico. Os fumantes apresentaram maiores valores de prevalência para os sintomas respiratórios, resultado esperado em virtude da condi o tabágica e do tempo de tabagismo decorrido. Apesar da pontua o do grau de dependência, os resultados do programa apresentaram-se satisfatórios, provavelmente devido às experiências anteriores de interrup o, que contribuem gr
Communicating the right to food sovereignty: The voice of the Campesino in the Global Campaign for Agrarian Reform
Alana Mann
PRism Online PR Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Historically, the ‘campesino’ or peasant farmer has been marginalised from the public sphere. This paper explores how La Via Campesina, the world’s largest independent social movement, has employed framing techniques to legitimise the claims of a diverse membership through its Global Campaign for Agrarian Reform. It is proposed that frame strategists within the movement are effectively challenging dominant paradigms of land reform by engaging in public relations activities, including relationship management, alliance-building and strategic repositioning within a broader network or ‘counterpublic’ of social justice organisations.
Spaces for Talk: Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Genuine Dialogue in an International Advocacy Movement
Alana Mann
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v4n10p3
Abstract: Despite the digital divide that exists between the developed and developing world, communication technologies such as the Internet are providing new opportunities for transnational advocacy. This paper explores issues of identity and co-operation between actors participating in the Global Campaign for Agrarian Reform (GCAR), led by the peoples’ movement La Via Campesina, focusing on the application of Internet-based services. While the movement has successfully reframed the land reform debate within the global public sphere, and makes use of the World Wide Web in its role as a strategic bridge-builder within the Campaign, digital connectivity does not necessarily overcome challenges of participation and representation.
Una aproximación a la importancia de la elección lingüística en la configuración de la identidad hispánica en los Estados Unidos
Alana Jackson
Sintagma : Revista de Lingüística , 2007,
Abstract: In today's globalised world, advances in international travel and communication have led to higher rates of migration and intercultural contact. Therefore, communication between different groups sharing a space is of paramount importance. This article offers an insight into the link between culture and language in society, with a focus on multilingual groups, and, more specifically, Spanish-English bilingual groups who find themselves subject to generalisations and marginalisation by wider society. Theoretical investigation casts light on the inextricable link between language and identity, showing that Spanish-English bilingual groups use bilingualism, and in particular code-switching, as a means of differentiation from the dominant group. They also implement these same strategies to distinguish themselves from Spanish-speaking communities that they consider to be unlike themselves as a response to wider society's generalisation of all Spanish-speaking groups, usually under the term `latino'. Identities are fluid, and in many cases contain elements of different cultures. It is therefore important to take into account the different components, not just language, but also gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic situation, and how these vary between groups.
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