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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3993 matches for " Alain Campargue "
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Recommended isolated-line profile for representing high-resolution spectroscopic transitions (IUPAC Technical Report)
Jonathan Tennyson,Peter F. Bernath,Alain Campargue,Attila G. Csaszar,Ludovic Daumont,Robert R. Gamache,Joseph T. Hodges,Daniel Lisak,Olga V. Naumenko,Laurence S. Rothman,Ha Tran,Nikolai F. Zobov,Jeanna Buldyreva,Chris D. Boone,Maria Domenica De Vizia,Livio Gianfrani,Jean-Michel Hartmann,Robert McPheat,Jonathan Murray,Ngoc Hoa Ngo,Oleg L. Polyansky,Damien Weidmann
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1515/pac-2014-0208
Abstract: The report of an IUPAC Task Group, formed in 2011 on "Intensities and line shapes in high-resolution spectra of water isotopologues from experiment and theory" (Project No. 2011-022-2-100), on line profiles of isolated high-resolution rotational-vibrational transitions perturbed by neutral gas-phase molecules is presented. The well-documented inadequacies of the Voigt profile (VP), used almost universally by databases and radiative-transfer codes, to represent pressure effects and Doppler broadening in isolated vibrational-rotational and pure rotational transitions of the water molecule have resulted in the development of a variety of alternative line-profile models. These models capture more of the physics of the influence of pressure on line shapes but, in general, at the price of greater complexity. The Task Group recommends that the partially Correlated quadratic-Speed-Dependent Hard-Collision profile should be adopted as the appropriate model for high-resolution spectroscopy. For simplicity this should be called the Hartmann--Tran profile (HTP). The HTP is sophisticated enough to capture the various collisional contributions to the isolated line shape, can be computed in a straightforward and rapid manner, and reduces to simpler profiles, including the Voigt profile, under certain simplifying assumptions.
Carnot Factor of a Vapour Power Cycle with Regenerative Extraction  [PDF]
Duparquet Alain
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2017.811107
Abstract: The present paper describes the energy analysis of a regenerative vapour power system. The regenerative steam turbines based on the Rankine cycle and comprised of vapour extractions have been used industrially since the beginning of the 20th century, particularly regarding the processes of electrical production. After having performed worked in the first stages of the turbine, part of the vapour is directed toward a regenerative exchanger and heats feedwater coming from the condenser. This process is known as regeneration, and the heat exchanger where the heat is transferred from steam is called a regenerator (or a feedwater heater). The profit in the output brought by regenerative rakings is primarily enabled by the lack of exchange of the tapped vapour reheating water with the low-temperature reservoir. The economic optimum is often fixed at seven extractions. One knows the Carnot relation, which is the best possible theoretical yield of a dual-temperature cycle; in a Carnot cycle, one makes the assumption that both compressions and expansions are isentropic. This article studies an ideal theoretical machine comprised of vapour extractions in which each cycle partial of tapped vapour obeys these same compressions and isentropic expansions.
Essay on Playfulness and Play in Children’s Art Class: A Reflection Based on Winnicott  [PDF]
Alain Savoie
Creative Education (CE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2019.102024
Abstract: From a survey of literature, this article presents some reflections about the value of play and playfulness as, respectively, an activity and a creative attitude of mind to be fostered in art education in children. Indeed, at the heart of any artistic creative impulse sits a playful attitude of the artist towards realitya feature that has been highlighted by the psychoanalyst Winnicott. Following his line of thought, we propose that the art teacher must place the learner in a position of being able to play with her/him, in order to overlap their two areas of playing and establish a learning space. Playfulness and play tend to be confused with impulsive and disruptive behaviours and generally more tolerated at home then school. We claim that artistic activities in school should always be play-based and take place in a playful environment because art and creation emerge from and grow in and as play.
Pluto's lower atmosphere structure and methane abundance from high-resolution spectroscopy and stellar occultations
E. Lellouch,B. Sicardy,C. de Bergh,H. -U. K?ufl,S. Kassi,A. Campargue
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200911633
Abstract: Context: Pluto possesses a thin atmosphere, primarily composed of nitrogen, in which the detection of methane has been reported. Aims: The goal is to constrain essential but so far unknown parameters of Pluto's atmosphere such as the surface pressure, lower atmosphere thermal stucture, and methane mixing ratio. Methods: We use high-resolution spectroscopic observations of gaseous methane, and a novel analysis of occultation light-curves. Results: We show that (i) Pluto's surface pressure is currently in the 6.5-24 microbar range (ii) the methane mixing ratio is 0.5+/-0.1 %, adequate to explain Pluto's inverted thermal structure and ~100 K upper atmosphere temperature (iii) a troposphere is not required by our data, but if present, it has a depth of at most 17 km, i.e. less than one pressure scale height; in this case methane is supersaturated in most of it. The atmospheric and bulk surface abundance of methane are strikingly similar, a possible consequence of the presence of a CH4-rich top surface layer.
High sensitivity Cavity Ring Down spectroscopy of 18O enriched carbon dioxide between 5850 and 7000 cm-1: Part III-Analysis and theoretical modeling of the 12C17O2, 16O12C17O, 17O12C18O, 16O13C17O and 17O13C18O spectra
E. V. Karlovets,A. Campargue,D. Mondelain,S. Kassi,S. A. Tashkun,V. I. Perevalov
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/J.JQSRT.2013.11.006
Abstract: More than 19,700 transitions belonging to 11 isotopologues of carbon dioxide have been assigned in the room temperature absorption spectrum of highly 18O enriched carbon dioxide recorded by very high sensitivity CW-Cavity Ring Down spectroscopy between 5851 and 6990 cm-1 (1.71-1.43 \mum). This third and last report is devoted to the analysis of the bands of five 17O containing isotopologues present at very low concentration in the studied spectra: 16O12C17O, 17O12C18O, 16O13C17O, 17O13C18O and 12C17O2 (627, 728, 637, 738 and 727 in short hand notation). On the basis of the predictions of effective Hamiltonian models, a total of 1759, 1786, 335, 273 and 551 transitions belonging to 24, 24, 5, 4 and 7 bands were rovibrationally assigned for 627, 728, 637, 738 and 727, respectively. For comparison, only five bands were previously measured in the region for the 728 species. All the identified bands belong to the \deltaP=8 and 9 series of transitions, where P=2V1+V2+3V3 is the polyad number (Vi are vibrational quantum numbers). The band-by-band analysis has allowed deriving accurate spectroscopic parameters of 61 bands from a fit of the measured line positions. Two interpolyad resonance perturbations were identified.
Design of a Performance Measurement Framework for Cloud Computing  [PDF]
Luis Bautista, Alain Abran, Alain April
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2012.52011
Abstract: Cloud Computing is an emerging technology for processing and storing very large amounts of data. Sometimes anomalies and defects affect part of the cloud infrastructure, resulting in a performance degradation of the cloud. This paper proposes a performance measurement framework for Cloud Computing systems, which integrates software quality concepts from ISO 25010.
Software Engineering Principles: Do They Meet Engineering Criteria?  [PDF]
Kenza Meridji, Alain Abran
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.310114
Abstract: As a discipline, software engineering is not as mature as other engineering disciplines, and it still lacks consensus on a well-recognized set of fundamental principles. A 2006 analysis surveyed and analyzed 308 separate proposals for principles of software engineering, of which only thirty-four met the criteria to be recognized as such. This paper reports on a further analysis of these thirty-four candidate principles using two sets of engineering criteria derived from: A) the engineering categories of knowledge defined by Vincenti in his analysis of engineering foundations; and B) the joint IEEE and ACM software engineering curriculum. The outcome of this analysis is a proposed set of nine software engineering principles that conform to engineering criteria.
Extending Extreme Programming User Stories to Meet ISO 9001 Formality Requirements  [PDF]
Malik Qasaimeh, Alain Abran
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2011.411074
Abstract: For software organizations needing ISO 9001 certification, including those that have adopted agile methodologies, it is important that their software life cycle processes be able to manage the requirements imposed by this certification standard. However, the user stories in the XP agile methodology do not provide auditors with enough evidence that certain steps and activities have been performed in compliance with ISO 9001. This paper proposes an extension to the user story, based on four sub processes related to the CMMI-DEV model: 1) identification of the source of the user story; 2) categorization of the non functional requirements; 3) identification of the user story relationships; and 4) prioritization of the user stories. These sub processes are aligned with the XP release planning phase, and enhance the ability of user stories to accumulate the information that is mandatory for achieving ISO 9001 certification.
Multiperspective Representation of Internal Controls in Business Processes  [PDF]
Iheb Abdellatif, Alain April
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2012.512112

The internal control process, which is designed to help an organization accomplish specific control objectives, is one of the most important processes, as it can determine whether or not the organization is in compliance with its internal or external requirements. Internal controls emerge from different perspectives. Currently, experts view and act on one control perspective at a time, which creates inefficiencies and duplication. This software engineering research is aimed at proposing a multiperspective framework for representing internal controls, in order to obtain a centralized and comprehensive view of all internal control mechanisms. To carry out this research, we also needed to represent the many different stakeholder perspectives of internal controls. Based on a literature review of mathematical and psychological analysis, we searched for the most suitable multiperspective representation of internal controls, and assessed the many representation options using the AHP (analytical hierarchical process) sensitivity analysis approach. This approach has been applied to a study group which has been called to answer to a questionnaire.

Secured Transmission of ECG Signals: Numerical and Electronic Simulations  [PDF]
Gutenbert Kenfack, Alain Tiedeu
Journal of Signal and Information Processing (JSIP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsip.2013.42023

In many domains of science and technology, as the need for secured transmission of information has grown over the years, a variety of methods have been studied and devised to achieve this goal. In this paper, we present an information securing method using chaos encryption. Our proposal uses only one chaotic oscillator both for signal encryption and decryption for avoiding the delicate synchronisation step. We carried out numerical and electronic simulations of the proposed circuit using electrocardiographic signals as input. Results obtained from both simulations were compared and exhibited a good agreement proving the suitability of our system for signal encryption and decryption.

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