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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 21956 matches for " Al-Bedah AM "
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The Global Youth Tobacco Survey: 2001–2002 in Riyadh region, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Al-Bedah AM,Qureshi NA
Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation , 2011,
Abstract: Abdullah Mohammed Al-Bedah1, Naseem Akhtar Qureshi21Arabian Center for Tobacco Control, 2General Administration for Medical Research and Mental Health and Social Services, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaBackground: Tobacco use is a major public health problem, and its prevalence is globally increasing, especially among children and adolescents.Objective: The Global Youth Tobacco Survey aimed to explore the epidemiological trends and risk factors of tobacco smoking among intermediate school boys in Riyadh region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.Method: A two-stage cluster sample design was used to produce a representative sample of male students from selected schools. The participants (n = 1830) self recorded their responses on the Global Youth Tobacco Survey questionnaire.Results: Lifetime prevalence of cigarette smoking was 35%, while 13% of students currently used other tobacco products. About 16% of students currently smoked at home, and 84% of students bought cigarettes without any refusal from storekeepers. Thirty-one percent and 39% of students were exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke inside and outside the house, respectively, which was definitely or probably harmful to health as opined by 87% of participants, and 74% voiced to ban smoking from public places. Among current smokers, 69% intended (without attempt) to quit and 63% attempted (but failed) to quit during the past year. Almost an equal number of students saw antismoking and prosmoking media messages in the last month, and 28% of students were offered free cigarettes by a tobacco company representative. In schools, more than 50% of students were taught about the dangers of cigarette smoking in the last year. Smoking by parents, older brothers, and close friends, watching prosmoking cigarette advertisements, free offer of cigarettes by tobacco company representatives, perception of smoking being not harmful, and continuing smoking which can be easily quit significantly increased the odds of smoking by students.Conclusion: The common use of tobacco in school populations needs to be addressed by, among other tobacco control measures, a strict ban on cigarette selling to minors and intensive regular tobacco control campaigns involving health and religious messages.Keywords: tobacco use, secondhand tobacco smoke, environmental tobacco smoke, intermediate school boys, Global Youth Tobacco Survey, Saudi Arabia
RE: Water pipe (shisha) smoking among male students of medical colleges in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia
Al-Bedah Abdullah,Qureshi Naseem
Annals of Saudi Medicine , 2011,
Abstract:
Species density and diversity along geomorphic gradient in Gashaka-Gumti National Park (GGNP), Nigeria
AM Mubi, AL Tukur
Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management , 2012,
Abstract: The relevance of geomorphic forms to the conservation and protection of plant species and their territorial habitats in the Gashaka-Gumti National Park (GGNP) Nigeria was examined. The study analyzed and stratified the geomorphic features of the Park and observed species types, density and diversity distribution pattern. The variation between the landscape features and species distribution were investigated at 0.095% test level. Remotely acquired data, field investigation, Geographical Information System (GIS), and statistical approaches were adopted for the study. Data was collected on morphologic form, altitude, gradient, soil types and physical properties, species types, density and diversity from 103 units of 625m2 quadrants. Results of the analysis show low species densities of 16, 14 with corresponding low diversities of 3, 3, per 625m2 on high altitudes whereas high densities of 60, 55 and corresponding high diversities of 11, 6 exist on middle altitudes. The plains and the riparian areas have mean density of 47 and corresponding diversity of 10 per 625m2. Uapaka togoensis, Crossopteryx februfuga, Brachystigia eurycoma Andria enermis are some of the species within low altitude stratum (240-599m). The middle strata 600-959m and 960-1319m are characterized by species such as Danielia oloveri, Hymonocadia acida, Terminalia glaucocens while at the upper strata (1320- 1679 and 1680-1885) Combrutum spp, Entanda africana, and Lanea shamperi are the notable examples. Assessment of the physical features and species variation between geomorphic strata variables revealed (except for gradient), significant variation. The 'F' values show F = 27.87 altitude value, F= 4.32 for gradient, F= 4.80 for density and F= 9.13 for diversity. Variation in soil properties, altitude, hydrology and slope gradient in order of importance were noted as the causal factors for the observed variation in species distribution.
Prevention of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injury in ThyroidSurgery: Are Neuromonitoring Techniques Needed?
AM Nour, AHA Al-Momen
East and Central African Journal of Surgery , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Identification of the recurrent laryngeal nerve is the most essential in thyroid surgery. Positive identification of the nerve is essential for preservation of nerve integrity and function. Some authors recommend using of nerve monitoring techniques. Methods: 359 thyroid surgeries with obligatory exposure of the RLN were reviewed. Meticulous dissection and exploration of the nerve was the main technique in our study. Results: The nerve was identified in 97% of cases, Temporary RLN palsy was found in 6 patients and permanent palsy was found in 1 case. No neuromonitoring techniques were used. Discussion: Our results and the literature review showed that the nerve can be clearly identified and protected in thyroid surgery without using any neuromonitoring techniques. In cases without identification, capsular dissection is the safest way to protect the nerve. Neuromonitoring techniques are time consuming, have never been a substitute to meticulous dissection and were never with better results than conventional meticulous dissection.
Nitrogen fixation and chemical composition of wild annula legumes at Beni-Seuf governorate, Egypt
EA Al Sherif, HH Zahran, Am Atteya
Egyptian Journal of Biology , 2004,
Abstract:
Central pontine myelinolysis
SK Chamarthi, AL Kiranmayi, AM Mukarrab
South African Journal of Radiology , 2006,
Abstract: No South African Journal of Radiology Vol. 10 (1) 2006: pp. 23-24
Cognitive-behavioral therapy for body dysmorphic disorder: a review of its efficacy
Prazeres AM, Nascimento AL, Fontenelle LF
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S41074
Abstract: gnitive-behavioral therapy for body dysmorphic disorder: a review of its efficacy Review (1008) Total Article Views Authors: Prazeres AM, Nascimento AL, Fontenelle LF Published Date February 2013 Volume 2013:9 Pages 307 - 316 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S41074 Received: 03 December 2012 Accepted: 18 January 2013 Published: 28 February 2013 Angélica M Prazeres,1 Ant nio L Nascimento,1 Leonardo F Fontenelle1,2 1Anxiety and Depression Research Program, Institute of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 2Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Hospital Universitário Antonio Pedro, Niterói, Brazil Abstract: The aim of this study was to review the efficacy of different methods of cognitive and/or behavioral therapies used to treat body dysmorphic disorder. We evaluated all case series, open studies, controlled trials, and meta-analyses of cognitive and/or behavioral treatment approaches to body dysmorphic disorder published up to July 2012, identified through a search in the PubMed/Medline, PsycINFO, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases. Our findings indicate that individual and group cognitive behavioral therapies are superior to waiting list for the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder. While the efficacy of cognitive therapy is supported by one controlled trial, utility of behavioral therapy is suggested by one open study and one controlled relapse prevention follow-up study. There is a pressing need to conduct head-to-head studies, with appropriate, active, control treatment groups, in order to examine further the efficacy of cognitive and/or behavioral therapies for body dysmorphic disorder.
Parasitic Infections among Restaurant Workers in Mukalla (Hadhramout/Yemen)
S Haj Baswaid,AM AL-Haddad
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2008,
Abstract: "nBackground: To identify intestinal parasites among restaurant workers in Mukalla, Yemen in 2007."nMethods: Stool specimens were collected and examined from a total of 500 restaurant workers at Hadhramout University Health Center .Three types of techniques were used: direct examination, saline sedimentation and formol-ether concentration."nResults: The positivity in majority of them was single infection whereas 6 cases were double infection that constituted 1.3% of the prevalence. The prevalence was 14.8 % for Entamoeba histolytica/dispor, and 5.2 % for Giardia lamblia, while it was 4.4% for Hymenolepis nana. Other intestinal parasites including Ascaris lumbricoides, Ancylostoma duodinale were also detected. Additionally, the blood parasite Schistosoma mansoni was also detected in 4 cases. The double infection was only with E. histolytica/dispor and Giardia. The infection with these parasites was also accompanied by abdominal troubles "diarrhea, constipation", nausea and vomiting."nConclusion: These results lead to understand that sanitary measurements are not effective, and this hazardous situation facilitate parasitic agents' distribution among clients. The effectiveness of current pre-employment screening policy must be annual and systematic surveillance is needed in addition to health education.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy for body dysmorphic disorder: a review of its efficacy
Prazeres AM,Nascimento AL,Fontenelle LF
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment , 2013,
Abstract: Angélica M Prazeres,1 Ant nio L Nascimento,1 Leonardo F Fontenelle1,21Anxiety and Depression Research Program, Institute of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 2Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Hospital Universitário Antonio Pedro, Niterói, BrazilAbstract: The aim of this study was to review the efficacy of different methods of cognitive and/or behavioral therapies used to treat body dysmorphic disorder. We evaluated all case series, open studies, controlled trials, and meta-analyses of cognitive and/or behavioral treatment approaches to body dysmorphic disorder published up to July 2012, identified through a search in the PubMed/Medline, PsycINFO, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases. Our findings indicate that individual and group cognitive behavioral therapies are superior to waiting list for the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder. While the efficacy of cognitive therapy is supported by one controlled trial, utility of behavioral therapy is suggested by one open study and one controlled relapse prevention follow-up study. There is a pressing need to conduct head-to-head studies, with appropriate, active, control treatment groups, in order to examine further the efficacy of cognitive and/or behavioral therapies for body dysmorphic disorder.Keywords: dysmorphophobia, behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, literature review
Management of Complex Urogenital Fistulae in the Female
MA Al Rifaei, AM Al Rifaei, S El Salmy
African Journal of Urology , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: To present our experience in the management of complex genitourinary fistulae in the female. Patients and Methods: Between 1995 and 2004, 12 female patients with a mean age of 30 (range 6 – 40) years were managed in our department for various types of complex genitourinary fistulae caused by difficult labor in 6 cases, abdominal hysterectomy in 5 cases and car accident in one case. All patients were subjected to clinical, radiological and endoscopic examination. The fistulae were managed by open surgery. The procedures were individualized according to the existing pathology and included bladder augmentation and construction of a bladder tube. Results: The fistulae were repaired successfully and socially acceptable continence was achieved in all patients. Conclusion: Through urological evaluation of complex urinary fistulae is recommended. The treatment should be individualized based on the existing pathology and may include bladder augmentation and construction of a bladder tube. Africain Journal of Urology Vol. 14 (2) 2008: pp. 98-104
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