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Ethnomedicinal Wisdom Among Local Tribes in Hamirpur Valley, Himachal Pradesh, India
Swati Sharma,Akanksha Thakur,Priti Verma,Sweta Kumari
International Journal of Caring Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The current investigation was focused at documentation, analysis and interpretation of ethnomedicinal phyto wisdom in Hamirpur District of Himachal Pradesh. The impoverished tribal and rural people of Hamirpur District (Himachal Pradesh, India) do not receive satisfactory primary healthcare. They have crudely been stillexploiting traditionally the medicinal plants existing in their surrounding environment for diverse purposes including ethnomedicine use. The objective of the study was to document ethnobotanical knowledge primarily of notable herbs employed by the different backward people, whether tribal or rural, in the area under study.Ethnomedicinal data was accessed through structural interviews, and discussions with the tribal/rural informants, healers, medicine-men/women, etc. (with age between 45-65). Minimum five to eight informants were taken into consideration for each claim. This investigation brought on record that people of the study area(Hamirpur) generally utilize about 50 plants species belonging several distinct families. Different plant parts such as leaves, flowers, fruit, stem-bark and root are most commonly employed. A fair wide range of diseases are treated by people of Hamirpur district using local medicinal plants. These ethnomedicinal claims may aid in finding novel phytoconstituents for welfare of mankind. The data would be useful for further scientific exploration.
Ethnomedicinal wisdom among local tribes in Hamirpur valley, Himachal Pradesh, India
Swati Sharma,Akanksha Thakur,Priti Verma,Sweta Kumari
Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The current investigation was focused on the documentation, analysis and interpretation of ethnomedicinal phytowisdom in Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh. The impoverished tribal and rural people of Hamirpur district (Himachal Pradesh, India) do not receive satisfactory primary healthcare. They have traditionally been exploiting the medicinal plants existing in their surrounding environment for diverse purposes including medicinal use. The objective of this study was to document ethnobotanical knowledge, primarily of notable herbs employed by the different backward people whether tribal or rural, in the area under study. Ethnomedicinal data was accessed through structural interviews, and discussions with the tribal/rural informants, healers, medicine-men/women, etc. aged 45-65. A minimum of five to eight informants was taken into consideration for each claim. This investigation brought on record that people of the study area (Hamirpur) generally utilize about 50 plant species belonging to several distinct families. Different plant parts such as leaves, flowers, fruit, stem-bark and root are most commonly employed. A fairly wide range of diseases is treated by people of Hamirpur district using local medicinal plants. These ethnomedicinal claims would aid in finding novel phytoconstituents for the welfare of mankind, and therefore begs further scientific exploration.
Design of Low-Voltage, Low-Power FGMOS Based Voltage Buffer, Analog Inverter and Winner-Take-All Analog Signal Processing Circuits  [PDF]
Akanksha Ninawe, Richa Srivastava, Akanksha Dewaker, Maneesha Gupta
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.71001
Abstract: This paper proposes novel floating-gate MOSFET (FGMOS) based Voltage Buffer, Analog Inverter and Winner-Take-All (WTA) circuits. The proposed circuits have low power dissipation. All proposed circuits are simulated using SPICE in 180 nm CMOS technology with supply voltages of ±1.25 V. The simulation results demonstrate increase in input range for FGMOS based voltage buffer and analog inverter and maximum power dissipation of 0.5 mW, 1.9 mW and 0.429 mW for FGMOS based voltage buffer, analog inverter and WTA circuits, respectively. The proposed circuits are intended to find applications in low voltage, low power consumer electronics.
A Research paper: An ASCII value based data encryption algorithm and its comparison with other symmetric data encryption algorithms
Akanksha Mathur
International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext into the ciphertext where plaintext is the input to the encryption process and ciphertext is the output of the encryption process. Decryption isthe process of transforming ciphertext into the plaintext where ciphertext is the input to the decryption process and plaintext is the output of the decryption process. There are various encryption algorithms exist classified as symmetric and asymmetric encryption algorithms. Here, I present an algorithm for data encryption and decryption which is based on ASCII values of characters in the plaintext. This algorithm is used to encrypt data by using ASCII values of the data to be encrypted. The secret used will be modifying o another string and that string is used as a key to encrypt or decrypt the data. So, it can be said that it is a kind of symmetric encryption algorithm because it uses same key for encryption anddecryption but by slightly modifying it. This algorithm operates when the length of input and the length of key are same.
Comparative Analysis of Various Cloud Technologies
Akanksha Akanksha,Dr. Gurdev Singh
International Journal of Computers & Technology , 2012,
Abstract: With the increasing prevalence and demand of large scale cloudcomputing environment, a researcher has to draw more attentiontowards the services provided by the CLOUD. As the access tothe server is increasing, centralized and distributed computingarchitecture will produce bottlenecks data which affect thequality of cloud computing services and bring the huge supportto users. In this paper we are going to propose certain vitalaspects such as memory utilization, storage capacity to check theefficiency and performance of various clouds in cloudcomputing environment. This is based upon the static data. Theproposed mechanism enables users to access memories invarious systems depending on the predefined criteria. Selectionmethod for accessing the memory of a resource is properlyintroduced in this paper. Our evaluation results show that theaggregation of various clouds is effective in indicating the betterefficiency and also to reduce network traffic sent over cloudnetworks.
Polymers in Drug Delivery  [PDF]
Apurva Srivastava, Tejaswita Yadav, Soumya Sharma, Anjali Nayak, Akanksha Akanksha Kumari, Nidhi Mishra
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2016.41009
Abstract: Polymers are being used extensively in drug delivery due to their surface and bulk properties. They are being used in drug formulations and in drug delivery devices. These drug delivery devices may be in the form of implants for controlled drug delivery. Polymers used in colloidal drug carrier systems, consisting of small particles, show great advantage in drug delivery systems because of optimized drug loading and releasing property. Polymeric nano particulate systems are available in wide variety and have established chemistry. Non toxic, biodegradable and biocompatible polymers are available. Some nano particulate polymeric systems possess ability to cross blood brain barrier. They offer protection against chemical degradation. Smart polymers are responsive to atmospheric stimulus like change in temperature; pressure, pH etc. thus are extremely beneficial for targeted drug delivery. Some polymeric systems conjugated with antibodies/specific biomarkers help in detecting molecular targets specifically in cancers. Surface coating with thiolated PEG, Silica-PEG improves water solubility and photo stability. Surface modification of drug carriers e.g. attachment with PEG or dextran to the lipid bilayer increases their blood circulation time. Polymer drug conjugates such as Zoladex, Lupron Depot, On Caspar PEG intron are used in treatment of prostate cancer and lymphoblastic leukemia. Polymeric Drug Delivery systems are being utilized for controlled drug delivery assuring patient compliance.
Power Factor Pre-regulator Using Constant Tolerance Band Control Scheme
Akanksha Mishra,Anamika Upadhyay
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2008,
Abstract:
Integrating Steganography Using Genetic Algorithm and Visual Cryptography for Robust Encryption in Computer Forensics
Ravindra Gupta,Akanksha Jain
International Journal of Electronics and Computer Science Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: The proposed system highlights a novel approach for creating a secure steganographic method using genetic algorithm and visual cryptography for robust encryption in computer forensics. Although there has been an extensive research work in the past, but majority of the research work has no much optimal consideration for robust security towards the encrypted image. The proposed method encodes the secret message in least significant bits of the original image, where the pixels values of the encrypted image are modified by the genetic algorithm to retain their statistic characters, thereby making the detection of secret of message difficult. Use of Genetic algorithm has compelled the system for enhancing the security using optimal selection, mutation, and cross over. The proposed system hides data in a real image and achieve its detection after under went to visual cryptographic. The implementation is done in java platform which shows that the proposed system has better resilienc by considering the Steganalysis and bench marking with optimal visual standards.
OLD AND NEW EMERGING THEREPIES FOR MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
Akanksha Kulshreshtha,Hansraj Manda
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2012,
Abstract: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that is characterized by central nervous system inflammation, demyelination, and axon loss. It’s affect up to two million people world wide and represents a prime cause of neurological disability in young adults and has wide health, psychological, economical and social consequences. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of human MS, is a demyelinating, inflammatory disease of the CNS and is induced by the immunization of susceptible strains of rats or mice with myelin antigens combined with adjuvant. The current treatments for MS progression include disease modifying agent viz. cytostatic, immunomodulatory drugs such as mitoxantrone and cyclophosphamide (CY), biological agents such as interferon (IFN)-beta, natalizumab and the random polymer glatiramer acetate. Although clear-cut beneficial effects are observed in many patients treated with these drugs, in addition, all of these compounds have potentially serious side effects, some require systemic administration and the biological agents are costly and immunogenic, causing response failure during prolonged treatment. The present review compiled the data on those agents which shows promising affect in different clinical trial of MS and its animal model EAE and therefore used in treatment of MS in future.
Effect of Micro Size Cenosphere Particles Reinforcement on Tribological Characteristics of Vinylester Composites under Dry Sliding Conditions  [PDF]
Santram Chauhan, Sunil Thakur
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.1110092
Abstract: In this paper the friction and wear characteristics of vinylester and cenosphere reinforced vinylester composites have been investigated under dry sliding conditions, under different applied normal load and sliding speed. Wear tests were carried using pin on a rotating disc under ambient conditions. Tests were conducted at normal loads 10, 30, 50 and 70 N and under sliding velocity of 1.88, 3.14, 4.39 and 5.65 m/s. The results showed that the coefficient of friction decreases with the increase in applied normal load values under dry conditions. On the other hand for pure vinylester specific wear rate increases with increase in applied normal load. However the specific wear rate for 2%, 6%, 10% and 15% cenosphere reinforced vinylester composite decreases with the increase in applied normal load under dry conditions. The results showed that with increase in the applied normal load and sliding speed the coefficient of friction and spe- cific wear rate decreases under dry sliding conditions. It is also found that a thin film formed on the counterface seems to be effective in improving the tribological characteristics. The specific wear rates for pure vinylester and vinylester composite under dry sliding condition were in the order of 10-6 mm3/Nm. The results showed that the inclusion of cenosphere as filler materials in vinylester composites will increase the wear resistance of the composite significantly. SEM analysis has been carried to identify the wear mechanism.
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