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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 204246 matches for " Ajey P. Jacob "
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Spin Wave Scattering in Ferromagnetic Cross
Alexander Kozhanov,Alexander Anferov,Ajey P. Jacob,S. James Allen
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: Spin wave scattering in the right angle ferromagnetic cross was measured. Shape anisotropy defined magnetization ground states at zero biasing magnetic fields. Scattering of the spin waves in the center of ferromagnetic cross is strongly dependent on the amplitude and angle of the biasing magnetic field. Micromagnetic simulations indicate that low in-plane biasing magnetic fields rotate the magnetization of the cross center while the arms stay axially magnetized due to the shape anisotropy. We discuss effect of biasing magnetic fields on the spin wave scattering and approaches to an effective spin wave switch based on the fabricated structure.
Performance of Magnetic Quantum Cellular Automata and Limitations due to Thermal Noise
Federico M. Spedalieri,Ajey P. Jacob,Dmitri Nikonov,Vwani P. Roychowdhury
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Operation parameters of magnetic quantum cellular automata are evaluated for the purposes of reliable logic operation. The dynamics of the nanomagnets is simulated via the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equations with a stochastic magnetic field corresponding to thermal fluctuations. It is found that in the macrospin approximation the switching speed does not change under scaling of both size and distances between nanomagnets. Thermal fluctuations put a limitation on the size of nanomagnets, since the gate error rate becomes excessive for nanomagnets smaller than 200nm at room temperature.
A Predicted Region based Cache Replacement Policy for Location Dependent Data in Mobile Environment  [PDF]
Ajey KUMAR, Manoj MISRA, Anil K. SARJE
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2008.11012
Abstract: Caching frequently accessed data items on the mobile client is an effective technique to improve the system performance in mobile environment. Proper choice of cache replacement technique to find a suitable subset of items for eviction from cache is very important because of limited cache size. Available policies do not take into account the movement patterns of the client. In this paper, we propose a new cache replacement policy for location dependent data in mobile environment. The proposed policy uses a predicted region based cost function to select an item for eviction from cache. The policy selects the predicted region based on client’s movement and uses it to calculate the data distance of an item. This makes the policy adaptive to client’s movement pattern unlike earlier policies that consider the directional / non-directional data distance only. We call our policy the Prioritized Predicted Region based Cache Replacement Policy (PPRRP). Simulation results show that the proposed policy significantly improves the system performance in comparison to previous schemes in terms of cache hit ratio.
Effectiveness of Zinc Supplementation to Full Term Normal Infants: A Community Based Double Blind, Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial
K. V. Radhakrishna, R. Hemalatha, J. J. Babu Geddam, P. Ajey Kumar, N. Balakrishna, Veena Shatrugna
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061486
Abstract: The study was aimed to test whether zinc supplementation, if initiated early, can prevent stunting and promote optimum body composition in full term infants. For this, full term pregnant women from low income urban community were enrolled and were followed-up for 24 months postpartum. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from maternal weight and height that were collected one month after delivery. Infants' weight, and length, head, chest and mid upper arm circumferences and skin fold thicknesses at triceps, biceps and subscapular area were collected at baseline (before randomization) and once in three months up till 24 months. Three hundred and twenty four infants were randomized and allocated to zinc (163) or placebo (161) groups respectively. Supplementation of zinc was initiated from 4 months of age and continued till children attained 18 months. The control (placebo) group of children received riboflavin 0.5 mg/day, whereas the intervention (zinc) group received 5 mg zinc plus riboflavin 0.5 mg/day. When infants were 18 months old, dietary intakes (in 78 children) were calculated by 24 hour diet recall method and hemoglobin, zinc, copper and vitamin A were quantified in blood samples collected from 70 children. The results showed prevalence of undernutrition (body mass index <18.5) in 37% of the mothers. Mean±SD calorie consumption and zinc intakes from diets in infants were 590±282.8 Kcal/day and 0.97±0.608 mg/day respectively. Multiple linear regression models demonstrated maternal weight as a strong predictor of infants' weight and length at 18 months of age. As expected, diarrhea duration impacted infants' linear growth and weight gain adversely. Zinc supplementation for a mean period of 190 days, starting from 4 months up to 18 months of age, in full term normal infants, consuming an average energy of 590 Kcal/day, had significant effect on the skin fold thicknesses, but not on their linear growth. Trial Registration Clinical Trail Registration India (CTRI) CTRI/2012/08/002884
A Novel Multilevel Inverter Employing Additive and Subtractive Topology  [PDF]
V. Prasannamoorthy, P. Sundaramoorthi, Merin Jacob
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.79209
Abstract: As the demand for high voltage, high power inverters are increasing and there is a problem of connecting a power semiconductor switch directly to a high voltage network. As a part of this the multilevel inverters had been introduced. As a part of this, several researches had been done for the development of multilevel inverters. The commercially available and extensively studied topologies for multilevel voltage output are Neutral Point Clamped (NPC), Cascaded Half Bridge (CHB) and Flying Capacitor (FC) converters. However, with these existing topologies, there is a significant increase in the number of power switches and passive components. Thus it leads to more complex control circuitry and overall cost of the system increase with increase in the output levels. In this paper, a novel multilevel inverter is proposed in which it employs additive and subtractive topology to get higher output levels. This approach significantly reduces the number of power switches needed as compared to existing topology. The present developed multilevel inverter can generate only five voltage levels. With this proposed topology the multilevel inverter can be modified to nine-level inverter. Moreover modified hybrid multicarrier Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) technique can be implemented in the proposed multilevel inverter in order to obtain uniform switch utilization and lower THD. An appropriate modulation scheme is presented and also the proposed concept is analyzed through simulation studies.
Fermi-gas interpretation of the RSOS path representation of the superconformal unitary minimal models
P. Jacob,P. Mathieu
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2008.07.004
Abstract: We derive new finitized fermionic characters for the superconformal unitary minimal models by interpreting the RSOS configuration sums as fermi-gas partition functions. This extends to the supersymmetric case the method introduced by Warnaar for the Virasoro unitary mimimal models. The key point in this construction is the proper identification of fermi-type charged particles in terms of the path's peaks. For this, an instrumental preliminary step is the adaptation to the superconformal case of the operator description of the usual RSOS paths introduced recently.
Parafermionic character formulae
P. Jacob,P. Mathieu
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(00)00454-5
Abstract: We study various aspects of parafermionic theories such as the precise field content, a description of a basis of states (that is, the counting of independent states in a freely generated highest-weight module) and the explicit expression of the parafermionic singular vectors in completely irreducible modules. This analysis culminates in the presentation of new character formulae for the $Z_N$ parafermionic primary fields. These characters provide novel field theoretical expressions for $\su(2)$ string functions.
Nonlocal operator basis from the path representation of the M(k+1,k+2) and the M(k+1,2k+3) minimal models
P. Jacob,P. Mathieu
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/41/38/385201
Abstract: We reinterpret a path describing a state in an irreducible module of the unitary minimal model M(k+1,k+2) in terms of a string of charged operators acting on the module's ground-state path. Each such operator acts non-locally on a path. The path characteristics are then translated into a set of conditions on sequences of operators that provide an operator basis. As an application, we re-derive the vacuum finite fermionic character by constructing the generating function of these basis states. These results generalize directly to the M(k+1,2k+3) models, the close relatives of the unitary models in terms of path description.
Single-channel correlators and residue calculus
P. Jacob,P. Mathieu
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/34/47/318
Abstract: Some simple (namely, single-channel) correlation functions involving an arbitrary number of fields are computed by means of a direct application of the residue calculus, through partial fraction expansions. Examples are presented in minimal models and parafermionic conformal theories. A generic factorized expression is deduced for the corresponding single-channel structure constants.
Parafermionic quasi-particle basis and fermionic-type characters
P. Jacob,P. Mathieu
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(01)00548-X
Abstract: A new basis of states for highest-weight modules in $\ZZ_k$ parafermionic conformal theories is displayed. It is formulated in terms of an effective exclusion principle constraining strings of $k$ fundamental parafermionic modes. The states of a module are then built by a simple filling process, with no singular-vector subtractions. That results in fermionic-sum representations of the characters, which are exactly the Lepowsky-Primc expressions. We also stress that the underlying combinatorics -- which is the one pertaining to the Andrews-Gordon identities -- has a remarkably natural parafermionic interpretation.
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