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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 693 matches for " Ajeet Kaushik "
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Open Journal of Applied Biosensor: Point-of-Care Biosensing and Environment Monitoring  [PDF]
Ajeet Kaushik
Open Journal of Applied Biosensor (OJAB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojab.2013.24012
Abstract: Open Journal of Applied Biosensor: Point-of-Care Biosensing and Environment Monitoring
Recent Advances in Detection of Ochratoxin-A  [PDF]
Ajeet Kaushik, Sunil K. Arya, Abhay Vasudev, Shekhar Bhansali
Open Journal of Applied Biosensor (OJAB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojab.2013.21001

Ochratoxin-A[7-(L-β-phenylalanylcarbonyl)-carboxyl-5-chloro-8-hydroxy-3,4-dihydro-3R-methyl-isocumarin, OTA] is a common food contaminant mycotoxin that enters the human body through the consumption of improperly stored food products. Upon ingestion, it leads to immuno-suppression and immuno-toxicity. OTA has been known to produce nephrotoxic, teratogenic, and carcinogenic activity (via oxidative DNA damage) in several species. This review introduces potentials of electrochemical biosensor to provide breakthroughs in OTA detection through improved selectivity and sensitivity and also the current approaches for detecting OTA in food products.

Occupational Injuries related to Sleepiness in Indian Traditional Industries
Ajeet Jaiswal
Human Biology Review , 2012,
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was done to evaluate the rate of sleepiness and its relation to occupational injuries in Indian Traditional Industries. Data was collected using pretested and structured questionnaire about eight sleep habits, symptoms of depression, occupational injury due to fatigue, demographics, presence of diseases and lifestyle factors from 920 workers between the ages of 18-65 (mean 433.5) year in small scale industries. Occupational injury was assessed by asking subjects 'Have you ever been injured during your work, including minor scratches and cuts (Yes/ No)? Both sleep and injury were assessed over the previous one year period. One-third of workers answered that they had experienced injury. Workers with sleep features of DIS, sleeping poorly at night, insufficient sleep, and insomnia had a significantly higher prevalence for injury after adjusting for multiple confounders. The findings suggest that poor nocturnal sleep habits are associated with self-reported occupational injury.
A Study on the Intake and Expenditure of Calories among the Manufacturing Workers
Ajeet Jaiswal
Human Biology Review , 2012,
Abstract: Nutrition and adequate diet plays an important role in the efficiency and welfare of the workers and non workers and in manufacturing work, the nutrient demand and energy expenditure are little high as compare to Non workers. Therefore, adequate nutrient and energy intake of manufacturing workers is of paramount importance. The interrelationship of physical activity, food intake and extremes of environmental temperature are important considerations influencing nutritional intake and physical performance in various activities of workers. Here, an attempt has been made to assess the Intake and Expenditure of Calories among the Manufacturing Worker of Uttar Pradesh.The present study assessed the nutritional status of 152 workers working in different working level under Varanasi district. The dietary status was determined by the food and nutrient intake using diet history and the energy expenditure was computed by a factorial method using activity level and time records of 7 days. Another object was to develop survey methods for assessing the proportions of the calorie intake spent by industrial workers on various activities. The opportunity was taken during the survey of collecting certain Anthropological, medical and physiological data for industrial workers. The energy expenditure during work was estimated from the energy costs of individual tasks and the time spent in those tasks. The objects of the study, which was a new development in the survey field, were in general successfully achieved. The study showed that the necessary information could be collected by survey methods, but that there are difficulties in interpretation and that, in particular, further study of job assessment and more data on standards of calorie expenditure for various activities are required
Book review
Wagle Ajeet
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 2000,
Ajeet Saoji
National Journal of Medical Research , 2012,
Abstract: Electronic waste or e-waste is one of the rapidly growing problems of the world. E-waste comprises of a multitude of components, some containing toxic substances that can have an adverse impact on human health and the environment if not handled properly. In India, e-waste management assumes greater significance not only due to the generation of its own e-waste but also because of the dumping of e-waste from developed countries. This is coupled with India's lack of appropriate infrastructure and procedures for its disposal and recycling. Putting the onus of re-cycling of electronic wastes (e-waste) on the producers, the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) has for the first time notified e-waste management rules (2011). This review article provides the associated issues and impact of this emerging problem, in the light of initiatives in India. [National J of Med Res 2012; 2(1.000): 107-110]
Management of Hemorrhagic Pseudoaneurysmal Arteriovenous Fistula of the Sphenopalatine Artery
Ajeet Gordhan
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/539196
Management of Hemorrhagic Pseudoaneurysmal Arteriovenous Fistula of the Sphenopalatine Artery
Ajeet Gordhan
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/539196
Abstract: n-Butyl cyanoacrylate (n-BCA) embolization of a hemorrhagic pseudoaneurysmal arteriovenous fistula of the sphenopalatine artery in a patient with paranasal sinus squamous cell carcinoma treated with regional surgery and radiation has, to our knowledge, not been previously reported. 1. Introduction Pseudoaneurysms of external carotid artery branch vasculature are rare and occur consequent to trauma, infection, iatrogenic injury, and radiation therapy. Concurrent presence of a pseudoaneurysm with an arteriovenous fistula is unusual. This to our knowledge is the first report describing n-butyl cyanoacrylate embolization of a sphenopalatine artery pseudoaneurysmal arteriovenous fistula to arrest active oronasal bleeding in a patient with recurrent paranasal sinus squamous cell carcinoma. 2. Case Report A 53-year-old female chronic smoker presented to the emergency room with acute onset large volume active oronasal bleeding. She was diagnosed previously with (T4 N2?M0, AJCC Stage IVA, 1997) moderately differentiated invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the left alveolar ridge, left nasal cavity, and maxillary sinus. Gross total surgical resection of the tumor was performed with subsequent radiation and chemotherapy 6 months prior to presentation. Radiotherapy was given by 3 dimensional external-beam radiation with a dose of 68?Gy to the head and neck region. Concurrent chemotherapy consisted of cisplatin. Recurrence of her malignancy was identified 1 month prior to presentation and she was treated initially with Bisphosphonate and subsequently with Carboplatin and Taxol. Her medications included Omeprazole, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Prochlorperazine, and Ibuprofen. She was on self-medicated Ibuprofen of 6400?mg per day for pain relief. Her blood pressure on admission was 134/41?mm of Hg and her heart rate 128?bpm. She was not in apparent distress with normal blood oxygen saturation. On direct inspection, active bleeding within the oral cavity was noted from the the posterior buccal margin of the left maxillary region. Her physical examination was otherwise noncontributory. Her hemoglobin was 10.9?gm/dL, and the hematocrit was 32.4%. Her platelet count was 198?K/uL. A platelet function test was not performed. An emergency room attempt to arrest the bleeding by localized epinephrine injection and direct pressure failed. The bleeding was initially attributed to platelet dysfunction from Ibuprofen usage. Due to ongoing refractory hemorrhage, a catheter-based diagnostic angiogram was requested for. This was performed under endotracheal general anesthesia with
Electronic Band Structure and Heat Capacity Calculation of Some TlX (X = Sb, Bi) Compounds  [PDF]
Neetu Paliwal, Vipul Srivastava, Ajeet Kumar Srivastava
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2016.63005
Abstract: The tight binding linear muffin-tin-orbital (TB-LMTO) method within the local density approximation (LDA) has been used to calculate structural and electronic properties of thallium pnictides TlX (X = Sb, Bi). As a function of volume, the total energy is evaluated. Apart from this, equilibrium lattice parameter, bulk modulus, first order derivative, electronic and lattice heat co-efficient, Debye temperature and Grüneisen constants, band structure and density of states are calculated. From energy band diagram, we observed metallic behaviour in TlSb and TlBi compounds. The equilibrium lattice constants agreed well with the available data.
Post Operative Sensorineural Hearing Loss Following Middle Ear Surgery—A Study of 100 Cases  [PDF]
Antony Abraham Paulose, Ajeet Kumar, Nishi Sonkhya
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2018.73009
Abstract: Background: Drill and surgical tools can cause noise induced hearing loss when used on or adjacent to the ossicular chain and stapes footplate or while working on the mastoid bone. Therefore the drill generated noise has been incriminated as a cause of sensorineural hearing loss in the operated ear. Objective: This study has been undertaken to estimate the proportion of sensorineural hearing loss following middle ear surgery and to assess the bone conduction thresholds of operated ear following middle ear surgery at different follow up periods. Methods: 100 cases of chronic suppurative otitis media posted for middle ear exploration surgery were included in the study. Results: Sensorineural hearing loss was present in 3 cases out of 100 cases (3%) after undergoing mastoid surgery. There was a mean increase in bone conduction thresholds of 0.75 dB at 500 Hz, 1.4 dB at 1 kHz, 1.7 dB at 2 kHz and 2.7 dB at 4 kHz at 6th month of follow up period after surgery with statistical significance at 2 kHz (p = 0.011) and 4 kHz (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Post mastoidectomy hearing loss is of high frequency in nature.
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