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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2943 matches for " Aina BA "
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Assessment of communication skills among Pharmacy students of the University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
Aina BA,Ogunbiyi OO
Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy , 2012,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Communication skill is the bridge between the pharmacists and the patient. Communication in health can contribute to all aspects of disease prevention and health promotion. In order to become successful pharmacists,one needs to possess excellent communication skills to serve clients.This study was conducted at the University of Lagos to assess communication skills of Pharmacy students.METHOD: The study was descriptive and cross sectional. It was carried out between May and July 2009. Questionnaires were used for data collection. The questionnaire had two sections - the bio data section and pre-formulated questions on communication skills which has three options and one of these is the best option.RESULTS: A total number of 125 respondents were involved in the study which included 25 students from 200level,50 from 300level and 50 from 500 level. Majority of them were between 18-25 years old (89.6%). There were more females (71.2%) than males (28.8%). Also most of them were Christians (71.2%).Among the respondents, about 62% picked the best options as their answer while the rest picked other options. There was no statistical difference in the choice of best options between the different levels of study.CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded from the results of this study that majority of Pharmacy Students at the University of Lagos had good communication skills and they will be able to discharge their duties as pharmacists when they eventually graduate.
Pharmacists’ participation in the documentation of medication history in a developing setting: An exploratory assessment with new criteria
Yusuff KB,Tayo F,Aina BA
Pharmacy Practice (Granada) , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: To assess the impact of pharmacists’ participation on the frequency and depth of medication history information documented in a developing setting like Nigeria Method: The study consisted of two phases. The first phase was a baseline cross-sectional assessment of the frequency and depth of medication history information documented by physicians in case notes of systematic samples of 900 patients that were stratified over 9 Medical outpatients Units at a premier teaching hospital in south western Nigeria. The second phase was an exploratory study involving 10 pharmacists who conducted cross-sectional medication history interview for 324 randomly selected patients. Results: 49.2% of patients, whose medication history were documented at the baseline, by physicians, were males; while 50.3% of patient interviewed by pharmacists were male. Mean age (SD) of males and females whose medication histories were documented by physicians and pharmacists were 43.2 (SD=18.6), 43.1 (SD=17.9) years and 51.5 (SD=17.6), 52.1 (SD=17.4) years respectively. The frequency of medication history information documented by pharmacists was significantly higher for twelve of the thirteen medication history components (P < 0.0001). These include prescription medicines; over the counter medicines; source of medicines; adverse drug reactions; allergy to drugs, allergy to foods, allergy to chemicals; patient adherence; alcohol use; cigarette smoking; dietary restrictions and herbal medicine use. The depth of medication history information acquired and documented by pharmacist was significantly better for all the thirteen medication history components (P<0.0001). Conclusion: Pharmacists’ participation resulted in significant increase in frequency and depth of medication history information documented in a developing setting like Nigeria. The new medication history evaluation criteria proved useful in assessing the impact of pharmacists’ participation.
Maduabuchi Dukor and the Legacies of Ontological Practices in African Thought System  [PDF]
Adebayo Aina
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A028
Abstract:

A challenge human existence is confronted in contemporary society is the justification of a coherent social order. Most of these justifications have been grounded, over time, on natural approach to the neglect of the African ontological practice. This natural reference fails to account for the ontological practice premised on African belief system which reconciles the natural and spiritual aspects of human existence. The study adopts the analytic approach in philosophy which evolves a clarification of the ontological concept within the African context.The African ontological practice hinges on Dukor’s perspective which provides for a coherent interconnection among social structure, law and belief system towards the certitude and trust making for harmonious human well-being.Social order is enhanced by this African ontological practice and should, therefore, be incorporated into the public sphere.

A Re-Interpretation of African Philosophical Idea of Man and the Universe: The Yoruba Example  [PDF]
Michael Aina Akande
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A023
Abstract:

The concern of this paper is to argue against Maduabuchi Dukor’s conception of African philosophical ideas of man, universe and God as“theistic humanism”. Dukor’s submission is an anti-thesis of the claims by many pioneer scholars in African philosophy who claimed that if Africans do not live in a religious universe perhaps one can affirm that their universe is theistic. But indeed the Africans’ perceptions and attitude to life in their various manifestations reveal an idealistic metaphysical orientation without an attenuation of humanistic elements. It is argued in this paper that Dukor’s philosophical idea of reality in the African context though contributes to knowledge, it is in sharp contrast to African metaphysical theories such as Placide Temple’s theory of vital forces, Olubi Sodipo’s theory of mystical causality, Dagogo Idoniboye’s theory of spiritism among others. Even Sophie Oluwole, who argues that the Yoruba idea of morality is humanistic, still concludes that in moral issues the gods act as agent of sanction. In situating the African idea of reality in context, the Yoruba example is used in this paper with a view to establishing, contrary to Dukor’s“theistic humanism”; that reality among the Yoruba is better construed as“humanistic theism”.

Oxidative Stress and Oxidative Damage in Male Rat Erythrocytes Associated with Prolonged Exposure to Smoke Pollution  [PDF]
Albert Cosmas Achudume, Funso Aina
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.35051
Abstract: Exposure of animals to different duration of smoke can result in a wide range of adverse clinical conditions. Toxicological consequences arising from prolonged exposure may not be totally enumerated. The present study was to evaluate the oxidative stress-inducing potential of a short and long-time exposure of male rat erythrocytes to environmentally relevant to public health. Male Wistar rats were exposed to open municipal land-fill smoke for 30 and/or 60 days. The oxidative stress in erythrocytes was evaluated by assessing the magnitude of malondialdehyde production and reduced glutathione (GSH) contents and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (C) and glutathione reductase (GR) after 30 and/or 60 days of exposure. After 30 days there was no change in SOD, catalase and GR activities and no alterations in GSH and lipid peroxidation (LPO). After 60 days, the levels and activities of SOD (23.62%), catalase (5.24%), GR (14.87%) decreased. Overall, the study demonstrates that the chronic exposure of male rats to smoke results in induction of oxidative stress and simultaneous reduction in antioxidative defense system in erythrocytes at 60 days of exposure.
Les mobilisations discrètes: Affirmation identitaire et choix économique en Pays Basque fran?ais
It?aina,Xabier;
Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas , 2006,
Abstract: the social and solidarity-based economy draws on various ideological sources. in the basque country, the existence of a cooperative movement on the spanish side (with the emblematic case of mondragón since the 1950s), which partially spread to the french side in the 1970-1980, stems from four sources: the cooperative ideology, catholicism, a strong feeling of basque identity, and longstanding practices of reciprocical exchanges. to what extent is the cooperative movement a part of recent mobilizations for a solidarity-based economy in the basque country? how do cooperatives which have reached a critical size combine the constraints of globalization with the dissemination of cooperative values? when a society represents itself as a community, how is this conception implemented at the point of economic exchange?
DECLINE OF CENSORSHIP IN SOVIET LATVIA 1985–1990
Strale, Aina
Knygotyra , 2006,
Abstract: The liberalisation of censorship started in the middle of 1980s with the transparency (“glasnost”)policy announced by the secretary general of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Michail Gorbachev At that time the control of the literature mailed by the emigrants residing abroad was one of the main tasks of Glavlit. In 1985 the total amount of this literature was 1205 printed items. All the literature received from the foreign countries was heldin the special collections of LSSR. In 1986 Glavlit continued to execute regular control over public libraries named at that time mass libraries. The documents of this control reflect the books byrefugee authors (the people who had migrated from the USSR) that have not been sent to the special collection in due time. Though by the end of 1986 “perestroika” and “glasnost” was felt also in the work of Glavlit. On September 4 the Glavlit of the USSR passed the order obliging the censors to concentrate their attention only on the questions concerned with the protection of publishing the state and military secrets in press. The situation of the special collections changed essentially. Under the influence of the transparency (“glasnost”) public attention was focused on these collections. On September 10, 1987 the commission was established with the aim to reexamine the literature of the special collections. Till January 10, 1998 the commission had reexamined 703 books and recommended 131 of them to be placed in the open stock. The listing containing 117 titles was compiled and signed by the commission and the members of the working group. Glavlit passed the order about the legality of this listing. The books and periodical press publications mailed by refugees was still under severe control. In 1988 the readers regained gradually the literature hidden in the special collections for decades and finally got a free access to the exile literature. Although the re-estimation of the content of special collections was slow. For this reason one of the main obstacles on the way of libraries’ democratisation and free access to information was – the special collections. Glavlit itself passed orders with the aim of gradual liquidation of the special collections. The librarians felt heartache most of all about the information “arrested” and hidden in the special collections. In June 1988 the current seminar of the librarians and representatives of the committees of culture of the Baltic republics “LiLaEst” was held in Elbi (Estonia). The main topic of the seminar was special collections and the literatur
Invirtiendo la agenda: un análisis de los efectos de la pobreza sobre la educación
Tarabini Aina
Revista Colombiana de Sociología , 2008,
Abstract: Desde los a os noventa, la educación ocupa un lugar fundamental en la agenda global de lucha contra la pobreza. Organismos internacionales, gobiernos nacionales e incluso organizaciones no gubernamentales coinciden en se alar las virtudes de la inversión educativa como mecanismo para reducir el nivel de pobreza de la población y estimular con ello el nivel de desarrollo nacional. Este artículo parte de la constatación de una de las principales omisiones de la agenda global: la falta de consideración de los efectos de la pobreza sobre la educación. Partiendo de esta omisión, se presenta una propuesta de investigación para sistematizar y analizar los diversos efectos de la pobreza sobre las oportunidades educativas de ni os, ni as y jóvenes. Asimismo se presentan los primeros resultados de la investigación a través de lo que hemos definido como a€ escenarios de educabilidada€ e a€ ineducabilidada€ .
The Relevance of Public Complaints Commission to Nigeria's Democratic Development
Kunle Aina
International Journal of Advanced Legal Studies and Governance , 2012,
Abstract: The paper critically examines the statutory provisions on the Public Complaint Commission (hereinafter called the Commission), and make appropriate suggestions for reform. The Public Complaints Commission is a statutory creation with wide powers of inquiry and investigation: it has wide powers to receive complaints from members of the public against maladministration and misuse of administrative machinery by any public authority and companies or their officials. In Nigeria like other developing countries, the use of administrative power by officers of government and their institutions to oppress, victimize and discriminate against the citizenry is quite common and rampant. The use of administrative powers to flagrantly abuse the citizen's human rights and freedom is also a common occurrence. Thus, there is the need for government to intervene and take definite action to stem this problem that is gradually embarrassing the government, which led to the promulgation of the Public Complaints Commission Decree 311 (now ACT)2 of 1975.
The Machinery for Raising Capital by Companies through Debt Finances in Nigeria
Kunle Aina
International Journal of Advanced Legal Studies and Governance , 2011,
Abstract: This study aimed at examining critically the legal machinery for creating debenture by companies, rights of the debentures holders and methods of enforcement of the debenture in Nigeria. The machinery for raising capital through debenture is not well articulated in the Companies and Allied Matters Act (CAMA) 1990. The position of the law on the rights and duties of the parties to a floating charge is inadequate and reforms are urgently required as current edition of the law allows for fraud on unwary parties. This study’s submission was that the law be reviewed in such a way that many loopholes like the ninety day rule in Nigeria is changed, either reduced or changed to one of immediate notification of such transaction to the commission, to ensure some level of certainty in this area of the law.
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