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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461710 matches for " Aimara García "
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Comportamiento estacional y temporal de Aedes aegypti y Aedes albopictus en La Habana, Cuba
Marquetti,María del Carmen; Bisset,Juan; Leyva,Maureen; García,Aimara; Rodríguez,Magdalena;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2008,
Abstract: objectives: because of the permanence of aedes albopictus in the urban and peri-urban ecosystems of various municipalities after the introduction of this vector in cuba in 1995, as well as the presence of residual populations of aedes aegypti, seasonal and spatial behaviour of both species was evaluated in a municipality of the city of havana. methods: all the facilities located in lisa municipality were inspected from january to december 2006 in which all kinds of water storage containers as well as natural breeding sites and larvitraps, a device for dengue vector surveillance, were surveyed. results: the ecological plasticity of aedes aegypti was demonstrated, being mainly present in water storage tanks indoors and opened cans whereas aedes albopictus prevailed in opened cans and water-filled tyres. the highest number of containers positive to both species was found from july to september during the rainy season in cuba. in spite of the fact that aedes aegypti was spread throughout the municipality, it was less predominant in rural areas than aedes albopictus which in turn was less prevalent in containers. conclusions: although direct control actions against aedes aegypti are permanently taken in cuba, which leads to lower population densities of the species, aedes albopictus has not been able to move the former away from its regular breeding sites.
Comportamiento estacional y temporal de Aedes aegypti y Aedes albopictus en La Habana, Cuba Seasonal and spatial behaviour of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the City of Havana, Cuba
María del Carmen Marquetti,Juan Bisset,Maureen Leyva,Aimara García
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2008,
Abstract: OBJETIVOS: por causa de la permanencia de Aedes albopictus en el ecosistema urbano y periurbano de varios municipios, después de su introducción en Cuba en 1995, así como la presencia de poblaciones residuales de Aedes aegypti, se evaluó el comportamiento temporal y espacial de ambas especies en un municipio de Ciudad de La Habana. MéTODOS: se realizó la inspección de todos los locales del municipio Lisa durante enero-diciembre de 2006, se revisó todo tipo de depósitos con agua así como los criaderos naturales y las larvitrampas, dispositivo utilizado en la vigilancia del vector del dengue. RESULTADOS: se demostró la plasticidad ecológica de Aedes aegypti destacándose su presencia en los tanques bajos y las latas, mientras que Aedes albopictus prevaleció en las latas y las gomas. El mayor número de recipientes positivos para ambas especies se encontró en los meses julio-septiembre, perteneciente a la estación lluviosa en Cuba. Se evidenció una distribución alopátrica entre ambas especies; porque a pesar de estar Aedes aegypti distribuido en todo el municipio, su presencia fue menor en las áreas rurales donde predominó Aedes albopictus; aunque este último se mantuvo durante todo el a o con baja positividad en los recipientes. CONCLUSIONES: a pesar de las actividades directas de control contra Aedes aegypti que se desarrollan en Cuba de manera permanente, las cuales hacen que prevalezcan bajas densidades de la especie, Aedes albopictus no la ha desplazado de sus sitios de cría habituales. OBJECTIVES: Because of the permanence of Aedes albopictus in the urban and peri-urban ecosystems of various municipalities after the introduction of this vector in Cuba in 1995, as well as the presence of residual populations of Aedes aegypti, seasonal and spatial behaviour of both species was evaluated in a municipality of the City of Havana. METHODS: All the facilities located in Lisa municipality were inspected from January to December 2006 in which all kinds of water storage containers as well as natural breeding sites and larvitraps, a device for dengue vector surveillance, were surveyed. RESULTS: The ecological plasticity of Aedes aegypti was demonstrated, being mainly present in water storage tanks indoors and opened cans whereas Aedes albopictus prevailed in opened cans and water-filled tyres. The highest number of containers positive to both species was found from July to September during the rainy season in Cuba. In spite of the fact that Aedes aegypti was spread throughout the municipality, it was less predominant in rural areas than Aedes albopictus which in
Pesquisaje de hipertensión arterial en los adolescentes Screening of hypertension in adolescents
Sergio Ricel Cangas García,Sandra Hernández García,Aimara García Martínez,Isandra Prat Ribet
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2011,
Abstract: La hipertensión arterial infantil constituye un problema de salud con etiología multifactorial. Se realizó estudio descriptivo y transversal, sobre la tensión arterial de ni os adolescentes, en el Hospital Pediátrico Provincial Docente "Pepe Portilla" de Pinar del Río, durante los a os 2008-2009, con el fin de realizar un pesquisaje de la hipertensión arterial en los adolescentes, para determinar los posibles factores causales para su desarrollo. El universo lo conformaron 700 adolescentes que cursan estudios en la Escuela Secundaria Básica "Combate de Bacunagua" en Pinar del Río. La muestra de 375 alumnos fue determinada mediante un muestreo aleatorio simple, quedando el total decantado como: tensión arterial normal elevada o hipertensión arterial, siguiendo los criterios diagnósticos. Fue empleado el método la encuesta, aplicado un cuestionario. Como métodos estadísticos se utilizaron el descriptivo y de contingencia. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino, en ambos grupos. Los factores de riesgo de mayor incidencia fueron la obesidad, el exceso en el consumo de sal, indicando que el estilo de vida inadecuado influyo negativamente en la tensión arterial. Los antecedentes de HTA influyeron en cifras elevadas de tensión arterial. La valoración nutricional estuvo determinada predominantemente por los adolescentes obesos, sobrepesos y enfermedades asociadas. Predominaron alterados los complementarios que investigan el funcionamiento cardiovascular. La mayoría de los adolescentes respondieron no haberse medido la tensión arterial en estudios previos. Hypertension in childhood constitutes a health problem with multi-factorial etiology. A descriptive and cross-sectional study about hypertension in children and adolescents was conducted at "Pepe Portilla" Children Teaching Hospital during 2008-2009. The study was aimed at screening hypertension in adolescents to determine possible causal factors in its development. The target group was comprised of 700 adolescents enrolled at "Combate de Bacunagua" Secondary School in Pinar del Rio. The sample (375 students) was determined by means of a simple randomized sampling, the total chosen as: normal increased or hypertension following the criteria of diagnosis. Surveys by means of a questionnaire, descriptive and contingency statistical methods were as well used. Male sex was the most affected in both groups. Obesity and salt consumption were among the risk factors of greater incidence; which indicated an inadequate lifestyle having a negative influence in blood pressure. History of hypertension influenced on higher f
Recipientes asociados a la infestacion por Aedes aegypti en el municipio Lisa
Marquetti Fernández,María del Carmen; Leyva Silva,Maureen; Bisset Lazcano,Juan; García Sol,Aimara;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2009,
Abstract: introduction: aedes aegypti has great ecological plasticity that allows it to use a range of containers to lay its eggs. objective: to identify the main containers associated with indoor and outdoor infestation by this species. methods: one municipality of the city of havana (lisa) was completely sampled during november 2007 and january 2008; all water containers were checked and also breeding reservoirs were classified into 10 groups. results: a total number of 773 containers were found positive to this vector; 654 of them (84.6 %) outdoors and 119 (15.4 %) indoors. forty eight different containers were detected outdoors and 31 indoors. the main positive groups found inside and outside the house were water containers amounting to 45 (37.81 %) and 314 (48.01 %) respectively, and non-useful artificial containers covering 27 (22.68 %) and 209 (31.95 %), respectively. tanks located on the ground indoors and outdoors represented more than half of the positive containers, that is, 23 (51.11 %) and 180 (57.32 %) whereas in the group of non-useful artificial containers located outdoors, cans showed the highest positivity rate with 57 (27.28 %), followed by casseroles and a group of various reservoirs which accounted for the highest positivity indoors, that is, 12 (44.44 %). conclusions: the containers associated with the highest rate of infestation by ae. aegypti indoors and outdoors were water tanks and the group of non-useful artificial containers, taking also into account vases, water glasses for religious ritual offerings, flower pots and toilets inside the house, and troughs, tyres and sewages outside.
Recipientes asociados a la infestacion por Aedes aegypti en el municipio Lisa Aedes aegypti infestation-associated containers in Lisa municipality
María del Carmen Marquetti Fernández,Maureen Leyva Silva,Juan Bisset Lazcano,Aimara García Sol
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2009,
Abstract: INTRODUCCIóN: Aedes aegypti presenta una gran plasticidad ecológicaque le permite utilizar una gama de recipientes para realizar su puesta. OBJETIVO: identificar los principales recipientes asociados a la infestación intradomiciliaria y extradomiciliaria por esta especie. MéTODOS: se realizó el muestreo completo de un municipio de Ciudad de La Habana durante noviembre de 2007 y enero de 2008; se revisaron todos los depósitos con agua y se realizó una clasificación de los recipientes de cría en 10 grupos. RESULTADOS: se encontró un total de 773 recipientes positivos, de ellos 654 (84,6 %) en el exterior y 119 (15,4 %) en el interior; se identificaron 48 recipientes diferentes en el exterior y 31 en el interior. En el exterior e interior de las viviendas los grupos de mayor positividad fueron los de almacenamiento de agua, 314 (48,01 %) y 45 (37,81 %), y artificiales no útiles 209 (31,95 %) y 27 (22,68 %), respectivamente. Los tanques bajos en ambos sitios aportaron más de la mitad de la positividad, 180 (57,32 %) y 23 (51,11 %), mientras que en el exterior, en los artificiales no útiles, las latas fueron las más positivas 57 (27,28 %), seguidas por las cazuelas y un grupo de diversos recipientes, los cuales aportaron la mayor positividad en el interior 12 (44,44 %). CONCLUSIONES: los recipientes asociados a la mayor infestación por Ae. aegypti intradomiciliaria y extradomiciliaria fueron los recipientes de almacenamiento de agua y el grupo de artificiales no útiles; sin descuidar en el interior de las viviendas los grupos integrados por floreros, vasos espirituales, macetas y sanitarios, y en el exterior los bebederos gomas, fosas y alcantarillas. INTRODUCTION: Aedes aegypti has great ecological plasticity that allows it to use a range of containers to lay its eggs. OBJECTIVE: to identify the main containers associated with indoor and outdoor infestation by this species. METHODS: one municipality of the City of Havana (Lisa) was completely sampled during November 2007 and January 2008; all water containers were checked and also breeding reservoirs were classified into 10 groups. RESULTS: a total number of 773 containers were found positive to this vector; 654 of them (84.6 %) outdoors and 119 (15.4 %) indoors. Forty eight different containers were detected outdoors and 31 indoors. The main positive groups found inside and outside the house were water containers amounting to 45 (37.81 %) and 314 (48.01 %) respectively, and non-useful artificial containers covering 27 (22.68 %) and 209 (31.95 %), respectively. Tanks located on the ground indoors and outdoo
Pesquisaje de hipertensión arterial en los adolescentes
Cangas García,Sergio Ricel; Hernández García,Sandra; García Martínez,Aimara; Prat Ribet,Isandra; González Tielvez,Marilín;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2011,
Abstract: hypertension in childhood constitutes a health problem with multi-factorial etiology. a descriptive and cross-sectional study about hypertension in children and adolescents was conducted at "pepe portilla" children teaching hospital during 2008-2009. the study was aimed at screening hypertension in adolescents to determine possible causal factors in its development. the target group was comprised of 700 adolescents enrolled at "combate de bacunagua" secondary school in pinar del rio. the sample (375 students) was determined by means of a simple randomized sampling, the total chosen as: normal increased or hypertension following the criteria of diagnosis. surveys by means of a questionnaire, descriptive and contingency statistical methods were as well used. male sex was the most affected in both groups. obesity and salt consumption were among the risk factors of greater incidence; which indicated an inadequate lifestyle having a negative influence in blood pressure. history of hypertension influenced on higher figures of blood pressure. nutritional assessment was mainly determined by obese, over-weighted adolescents and associated diseases. complementary tests showed alterations regarding cardiovascular functions. the majority of the adolescents had not taken their blood pressure in previous studies.
Morbilidad asociada al empleo del acceso vascular profundo, 2006
Ba?os Sánchez,Darelys; Sánchez García,Salvador; González Miranda,Anabel; Pratt Ribet,Isandra; García Martínez,Aimara;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2009,
Abstract: intravascular catheters have become into an indispensable tool in the paediatric intensive care units (picu). morbidity associated with the use of deep vascular approaches during 2006 in the picu of "pepe portilla" provincial university paediatric hospital was analyzed. a descriptive, observational, prospective and longitudinal research was carried out from january 1 to december 31, 2006. a model to collect the data and the variables evaluated related to the sample was created. suitable bio-statistical methods were applied. all in-patients. in-patients who underwent to deep vascular approach. high incidence in the use of these procedures that prevailed in children under one year old for more than 10 days suffering from an infection as a main complication, and not much relation to the use of these procedures with the cause of death was observed. the use of these procedures maintains high prevalence in the picu. the infection is the most frequent complication. no relation between deep vascular approaches and causes of death was observed.
QUETOTAXIA CERCARIANA DE LA CEPA CARABALLEDA DE Schistosoma mansoni
PINO,LUZ A.; MORALES,GUSTAVO; MORALES,LUZ AIMARA;
Parasitología al día , 1998, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-07201998000100002
Abstract: by mean of the silver impregnation (2% silver nitrate solution) of a total of 66 schistosoma mansoni cercariae, coming from caraballeda locality, vargas municipality, federal district (venezuela), the number and pattern of disposition of the argentophilic papillae were determined. the average total number of the dorsal papillae was 11.91, the variation coefficient in this side was low: 3.8%. on the ventral surface, the average total number of papillae was 11.46 and the variation coefficient, 7.1%. when the papillae of the ventral surface were divided in 4 quadrants, the variation coefficients were incremented, reaching in one of the anterior quadrants until 20%. in 61.2% of the posterior ventral quadrants of the caraballeda cercariae presented 4 papillae. in lateral side, the average total number was 17.5 and the variation coefficient resulted lower than 7%. the average total number of papilae on the tall were 21.3 on the dorsal side and 44.8 in total, the variation coefficient in this area was lower than 10%. the presence of 4 papillae in 61.2% of the posterior ventral quadrants is a very important morphological characteristic of the cercariae of caraballeda s. mansoni strain
QUETOTAXIA CERCARIANA DE LA CEPA CARABALLEDA DE Schistosoma mansoni
LUZ A. PINO,GUSTAVO MORALES,LUZ AIMARA MORALES
Parasitología al día , 1998,
Abstract: Mediante la impregnación con una solución de nitrato de plata al 2% de un lote de 66 cercarias de Schistosoma mansoni, pertenecientes a la cepa de la localidad de Caraballeda, Municipio Vargas, Venezuela, se estudió el número y patrón de disposición de las papilas argirófilas superficiales. En la vista dorsal se determinó un promedio de 5,92 y 5,98 papilas por hemicuerpo y de 11,91 en total, la variabilidad evaluada mediante el coeficiente de variación fue baja de 6,1% y 3,5% por hemicuerpo y de 3,8% en total. En la vista ventral los valores promedios del número de papilas fueron de 5,6 y 5,8 por hemicuerpo y de 11,46 en total; los coeficientes de variación obtenidos resultaron ligeramente superiores a los de la vista ventral, 9,2% y 8,9% en los hemicuerpos y de 7,1% en total. Al discriminar las papilas de la vista ventral por cuadrante, los coeficientes de variación se incrementaron, obteniéndose en uno de los cuadrantes anteriores valores de hasta un 20%. Se determinó en un 61,2% de los cuadrantes posteriores de las cercarias estudiadas la presencia de 4 papilas. Los valores promedio de papilas de la vista lateral fueron de 8,6 y de 8,7 por hemicuerpo y de 17,5 en total; los valores del coeficiente de variación fueron bajos, inferiores a 7%. En cuanto a las papilas de la cola, se determinó en promedio 21,3 papilas en la superficie dorsal, 23,6 en la ventral y 44,8 en total; los coeficientes de variación obtenidos en la región caudal fueron bajos, inferiores al 10% By mean of the silver impregnation (2% silver nitrate solution) of a total of 66 Schistosoma mansoni cercariae, coming from Caraballeda locality, Vargas Municipality, Federal District (Venezuela), the number and pattern of disposition of the argentophilic papillae were determined. The average total number of the dorsal papillae was 11.91, the variation coefficient in this side was low: 3.8%. On the ventral surface, the average total number of papillae was 11.46 and the variation coefficient, 7.1%. When the papillae of the ventral surface were divided in 4 quadrants, the variation coefficients were incremented, reaching in one of the anterior quadrants until 20%. In 61.2% of the posterior ventral quadrants of the Caraballeda cercariae presented 4 papillae. In lateral side, the average total number was 17.5 and the variation coefficient resulted lower than 7%. The average total number of papilae on the tall were 21.3 on the dorsal side and 44.8 in total, the variation coefficient in this area was lower than 10%. The presence of 4 papillae in 61.2% of the posterior ventral quadrants is a very i
“God bless thee! Thou art translated!”: On two Brazilian tempests “God bless thee! Thou art translated!”: On two Brazilian tempests
Aimara da Cunha Resende
Ilha do Desterro , 2008,
Abstract: When attending a performance of a play of Shakespeare’s in countries such as Brazil, where the playwright is not part of national identity indicative of economic hegemony, one becomes aware of the possibilities his work opens to the most diverse readings and tends to think of Shakespeare as one among the many tokens of cultural identity that can be transposed and manipulated according to the needs of a certain socio-economic milieu at a certain moment and at a certain place. When attending a performance of a play of Shakespeare’s in countries such as Brazil, where the playwright is not part of national identity indicative of economic hegemony, one becomes aware of the possibilities his work opens to the most diverse readings and tends to think of Shakespeare as one among the many tokens of cultural identity that can be transposed and manipulated according to the needs of a certain socio-economic milieu at a certain moment and at a certain place.
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