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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 720 matches for " Ahsan Sohail "
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Ahsan Sohail,Zeeshan Ahmad,Iftikhar Ali
International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: The measurement and analysis of radio waves propagation play significant part in the plan and function of WLAN applications. This paper provides an overall coverage of the Wi-Fi in the indoor environment. In this paper radio waves propagation for indoor environments will be considered using the Wireless LAN 802.11b/g at the frequency of 2.4 GHz. This paper involves the study of the effect on building’s structure and materials used within the access points set up at different locations and obtaining Wi-Fi measurements and comparing them with values predicted by classical model such as ITU Indoor Propagation Model. Measurements of signal strength using the Wi-Fi card utility will be carried out in the research. The aim of this paper is to study the conduct of signal strength when it travels through line of sight (LoS) and non-line of sight (NLoS) and results will be compared with an Indoor site general model of ITU.
Impact of Pesticides Contamination on Nutritional Values of Marinefishery from Karachi Coast of Arabian Sea  [PDF]
Hina Ahsan, Nasim Karim, Syed Sanwer Ali, Alia B. Munshi, Sohail Shaukat
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.49120

The present study explores the chemical and economic aspects of pesticide contamination of marinefishery in relation to nutritional values Marine Pollution of pesticides poses signify can tricks to the environment and non-target organisms ranging from beneficial marine micro organisms, to insects, seaweeds, fish, and mangroves at Karachi Coast. Fish typically contains good quality nutrition, particularly oily fish has maximum commercial values but contamination of fishery is the major problem caused by pesticides and PCBs pollution resulting in serious health hazards. A number of fish and shell fish samples were analyzed for determination of pesticides contamination due to marine environment pollution. It was found that most pesticides pose risk to humans, fishery or the environment because they are designed to kill or adversely affect living organisms. Quantitative analysis of pesticides and PCBs was performed using GC equipped with ECD and the FPD for organophosphorus and GC-MS. The arithmetic mean concentrations of each pesticide were calculated and statistical evaluation was done. Relationship of protein and pesticides level has been determined to determine impact of pesticide on protein content of each type of fish. There is a considerable difference found in the pesticides contents of each type of fishery, which reveals that environmental pollution status that attributes towards pesticides distribution.

Black cumin seeds as phytogenic product in broiler diets and its effects on performance, blood constituents, immunity and caecal microbial population
Sohail H. Khan,Jehanzeb Ansari,Ahsan u. Haq,Ghulam Abbas
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2012, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2012.e77
Abstract: A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of 3 different levels (1.25, 2.5 or 5.0%) of black cumin seeds (BCS) on five hundred chicks. A basal diet was supplemented with either 0 (negative control), or 0.1% antibiotic (positive control), or 3 levels of BCS. At day 28 and 42 of age, the 2.5 and 5.0% BCS groups had significantly greater body weight gain (BWG) than the 1.25% BCS and the antibiotic group. The same groups had feed efficiency significantly improved (P<0.05) compared to the 1.25% BCS group and the controls. At both ages, measurement of the dressing percentage showed no marked variation between BCS supplementation and antibiotic. The 2.5 and 5.0% BCS groups showed an increase (P<0.05) in total protein and higher (P<0.05) haematological values than the 1.25%, antibiotic or unsupplemented diet group. The activities of blood enzymes were lower (P<0.05) and caecal coliform and Escherichia coli populations decreased (P<0.05) in BCS and antibiotic groups. Serum and tissue cholesterol concentration decreased (P<0.05) as the levels of BCS increased. The geometric means haemagglutination inhibition (HI) titres of the BCS and the antibiotic group were always higher than the negative control. The mean lymphoid organs weight/body weight ratio of the negative control was significantly (P<0.05) lower than BCS and antibiotic groups. In conclusion, including up to 2.5 or 5.0% BSC in the diets of broilers has no deleterious effects on their performance, immunity, serum biochemical constituents nor haematological indices. In fact, it may lead to the development of low-cholesterol chicken meat.
On the Effects of Complex Conjugate Medium on TM Scattering by a Strip  [PDF]
Amjad Imran, Ahsan Illahi
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2011.37043
Abstract: In this paper, Method of Kobayashi Potential is used to determine the scattering behavior of a strip which is placed at the air-complex conjugate medium interface. And discussion is presented that how the complex conjugate medium mod-ify the scattering properties of the strip. A comparison is also given with that if we replace the conjugate medium with standard dielectric medium. E-polarized electromagnetic plane wave is supposed to be obliquely incident upon the ge-ometry. Scattered fields in both the half spaces are supposed in terms of unknown weighting functions. Discontinuous properties of Weber-Schafheitlin integral and orthogonal properties of Jacobi’s polynomials are used to determine these unknown weighting functions. Far scattered fields have been calculated using Saddle Point Method and computed for different parameters of interest.
Mammalian Fauna and Conservational Issues of the Baraiyadhala National Park in Chittagong, Bangladesh  [PDF]
Rezaul Karim, Farid Ahsan
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2016.62011
Abstract: Mammals were studied at the Baraiyadhala National Park, Chittagong from August 2012 to July 2013. Twenty nine species of mammals belonging to 26 genera, 17 families and 9 orders were recorded. Of the recorded species, 2 were primates, 10 rodents, 1 lagomorph (hare), 5 chiropterans (bats), 1 manid, 7 carnivores and 3 ungulates. Rodentia appeared as the largest family contained 10 speices. The overall mammalian population density was 239.12/km2. Irrawardy squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus) scored the highest density (112.97/km2) and several species attained the lowest (1/km2 each). Local status (relative abundance) of mammals assessed where 15 (51.72%) species were rare, and according to National Conservation Status, 13 (44.82%) were remarked as threatened species of that area. There were some major threats to the park such as forest fire, encroachment of forest and forest edges by both tribal and landless people, illegal exploitation of forest resources, grazing of livestock and unavailable water reservoirs.
The basic blocks of the universe matter: Boltzmann fundamental particle and energy quanta of dark matter and dark energy  [PDF]
Murad Shibli, Sohail Anwar
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.39099
Abstract: Recent astronomical NASA observations indicates that visible matter contributes only to about 4% of the universe total energy density, meanwhile, dark matter and dark energy contributes to 26% and 70% of the universe total energy, respectively, with an average density close to 10–26 kg/m3. This paper proposes an equation of state of dark energy and dark matter as one unified entity. This equation is derived based on the ideal gas equation, Boltzmann constant, Einstein energy-mass principle and based on the assumption that dark energy and dark matter behave as a perfect fluid. This analysis presents what could be the most fundamental particle and quanta of dark matter and dark energy. Considering NASA’s Cosmic Microwave Background Explorer (CMB) which estimated that the sky has an average temperature close to 2.7251 Kelvin, then the equivalent mass and energy of the proposed fundamental particle is determined. It is found that this candidate particle has an equivalent mass of 4.2141 × 10–40 Kg which is equivalent to 3.7674 × 10–23 J. Surprisingly, this value has the same order of Boltzmann constant KB = 1.38 ×10–23 J/K. This candidate particle could be the most fundamental and lightest particle in Nature and serves as the basic block of matter (quarks and gluons). Moreover, assuming a uniform space dark energy/dark matter density, then the critical temperature at which the dark matter has a unity entity per volume is determined as 34.983 × 1012 K. Analytically, it proposes that at this trillion temperature scale, the dark matter particles unified into a new quark-hydron particle. Finally, tentative experimental verification can be con ducted using the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC).
A Novel Generalized Nonholonomy Criteria and Physical Interpretation of Holonomic/Nonholonomic Constraints of a Free-Flying Space Robot with/without Interaction with a Flying Target Satellite  [PDF]
Murad Shibli, Sohail Anwar
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2011.24032
Abstract: This paper presents a new nonholonomy criteria and reveals the physical interpretation of holonomoic and nonholonomic constraints acting on a free-flying space robot with or without interaction with a free Flying/Floating target object. The analysis in this paper interprets the physical interpretation behind such constraints, and clarifies geometric and kinematic conditions that generate such constraints. Moreover, a new criterion of finding the holonomy/nonholonomy of constraints impose on a free-flying space robot with or without interaction with a floating object is presented as well. The proposed criteria are applicable in case of zero or non-zero initial momentum conditions. Such nonholonomy criteria are proposed by utilizing the concept of orthogonal projection matrices and singular value decomposition (SVD). Using this methodology will also enable us to verify online whether the constraints are violated in case of real-time applications and to take a correction action or switch the controllers. This criterion is still yet valid even the interaction with floating object is lost. Applications of the proposed criteria can be dedicated to in-orbit servicing robotic satellite to capture malfunctioned spacecrafts and satellites, docking space of NASA and Russian shuttles with International Space Station (ISA), building in-orbit stations, space rescue missions and asteroids dust sampling. Finally, simulation results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed criterion.
A Comparative Study of Electronic Properties of Bulk MoS2 and Its Monolayer Using DFT Technique: Application of Mechanical Strain on MoS2 Monolayer  [PDF]
Sohail Ahmad, Sugata Mukherjee
Graphene (Graphene) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/graphene.2014.34008
Abstract: Electronic structure calculation of bulk and monolayer MoS2 has been performed using plane wave pseudopotential method based on density functional theory. The indirect band gap in the bulk MoS2 was found to be 0.9 eV, whereas in the monolayer-MoS2 the band gap of 1.57 eV was found to be direct one. The calculated physical parameters of monolayer MoS2 are found to be very close to the bulk MoS2 and compare well with available experimental and other theoretical results. The calculated density of states (DOS) may help explain this change in the nature of band gap in bulk and in monolayer MoS2. A further variation in band gap has been observed in MoS2 monolayer on applying biaxial strain.
Inflow Outflow Effect and Shock Wave Analysis in a Traffic Flow Simulation  [PDF]
Ahsan Ali, Laek Sazzad Andallah
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2016.62007
Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of inflow, outflow and shock waves in a single lane highway traffic flow problem. A constant source term has been introduced to demonstrate the inflow and outflow. The classical Lighthill Whitham and Richards (LWR) model combined with the Greenshields model is used to obtain analytical and numerical solutions. The model is treated as an IBVP and numerical solutions are presented using Lax Friedrichs scheme. Godunov method is also used to present shock wave analysis. The numerical procedures adopted in this investigation yield results which are very much consistent with real life scenario in terms of traffic density and velocity.
Shale Gas Characterization of Sembar Formation, Khipro Area, Pakistan  [PDF]
Muhammad Sohail Khan, Zainab Bibi
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2016.78076
Abstract: This study pertains to the evaluation of shale gas and rock physics properties of this area with respect to its total organic content of Sember Formation, Khiproarea, Pakistan. We use well logs data for this study. The Khipro area is prominent in the Lower Indus Basin for its hydrocarbon (oil and gas) structural traps. In shale gas evaluation, TOC of Sember Formation is estimated. The analysis has been done with the help of the wire line data of the well Bilal North-01. The presence of shale gas in the study area is analyzed with the help of different techniques. Rock physics and petrophysical analysis have been done in order to get the properties of the area related to the shale gas evaluation.
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