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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 412481 matches for " Ahmed M. Hassan "
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Controlling Diameter, Length and Characterization of ZnO Nanorods by Simple Hydrothermal Method for Solar Cells  [PDF]
Ahmed H. Kurda, Yousif M. Hassan, Naser M. Ahmed
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering (WJNSE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2015.51005
Abstract: Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods have been synthesized by solution processing hydrothermal method in low temperature using the spin coating technique. Zinc acetate dehydrate, Zinc nitrate hexahydrate and hexamethylenetetramine were used as a starting material. The ZnO seed layer was first deposited by spin coated of ethanol zinc acetate dehydrate solution on a glass substrate. ZnO nanorods were grown on the ZnO seed layer from zinc nitrate hexahydrate and hexamethylene-tetramine solution, and their diameters, lengths were controlled by precursor concentration and development time. From UV-Visible spectrometry the optical band gap energy of ZnO nanorods was calculated to be 3.3 eV. The results of X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) showed the highly oriented nature of ZnO nanorods the hardest (002) peak reflects that c-axis elongated nanorods are oriented normal to the glass substrate. The Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) was employed to measure both of average diameter of ZnO nanorods, Energy Dispersive X-Ray (EDX) is used to identify the elemental present and to determine the element composition in the samples.
Numerical Study of Turbulent Periodic Flow and Heat Transfer in a Square Channel with Different Ribs  [PDF]
Ahmed M. Bagabir, Jabril A. Khamaj, Ahmed S. Hassan
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2013.16014

A numerical investigation has been carried out to examine turbulent flow and heat transfer characteristics in a three-dimensional ribbed square channels. Fluent 6.3 CFD code has been used. The governing equations are discretized by the second order upwind differencing scheme, decoupling with the SIMPLE (semi-implicit method for pressure linked equations) algorithm and are solved using a finite volume approach. The fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics are presented for the Reynolds numbers based on the channel hydraulic diameter ranging from 104 to 4 104. The effects of rib shape and orientation on heat transfer and pressure drop in the channel are investigated for six different rib configurations. Rib arrays of 45° inclined and 45° V-shaped are mounted in inline and staggered arrangements on the lower and upper walls of the channel. In addition, the performance of these ribs is also compared with the 90° transverse ribs.

Fixed Point Theorems of Hegedus Contraction Mapping in Some Types of Distance Spaces  [PDF]
M. A. Ahmed, F. M. Zeyada, G. F. Hassan
International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application (IJMNTA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijmnta.2012.13013
Abstract: In the present paper, we prove some fixed point theorems of Hegedus contraction in some types of distance spaces, dislocated metric space, left dislocated metric space, right dislocated metric space and dislocated quasi-metric metric space which are generalized metrics spaces where self-distances are not necessarily zero.
Skin Cancer Detection Using Temperature Variation Analysis  [PDF]
Ahmed M. Nasr Moustafa, Hamed Hamid Muhammed, Moustapha Hassan
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.510B004

In the medical field, new technologies are incorporated for the sole purpose of enhancing the quality of life for the patients and even for the normal healthy people. Infrared technology is one of the technologies that have some applications in both the medical and biological fields. In this work, the thermal infrared (IR) measurement is used to investigate the potential of skin cancer detection. IR enjoys non-invasive and non-contact advantages as well as favorable cost, apparently. It is also very well developed regarding the technological and methodological aspects. IR per se is an electro-metric radiation that all objects emit when their temperature is above the absolute zero. And the human body is not different in this regard. The IR range extends, ideally, to cover wavelengths from 800 nanometer to few hundred micrometer. Cancer, in modern life, has grown tangibly due to many factors, such as life expectancies increase, personal habits and ultraviolet radiation exposures among others. Moreover, the significant enhancement of technologies has helped identifying more types of cancers than before. The sole purpose of this work is to investigate further IR technology methods and applications not yet matured in skin cancer detection to enhance the detection ability with higher safety level.

On Dislocated Metric Topology  [PDF]
Mohamed A. Ahmed, F. M. Zeyada, G. F. Hassan
International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application (IJMNTA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijmnta.2013.24032

In this paper, we give a comment on the dislocated-neighbourhood systems due to Hitzler and Seda [1]. Also, we recover the open sets of the dislocated topology.

Synthesis, Characterizations, Biological, and Molecular Docking Studies of Some Amino Acid Schiff Bases with Their Cobalt(II) Complexes  [PDF]
Mabrouk M. Salama, Soad G. Ahmed, Safaa S. Hassan
Advances in Biological Chemistry (ABC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/abc.2017.75013
Abstract: The synthesis and structural characterization of cobalt(II) complexes of amino acid Schiff bases was prepared from Salicylaldehyde and three amino acid (Valine, Leucine, and Isoleucine)in basic medium. The metal complexes was synthesized by treating an ethanolic solution of the ligand with appropriate amount of metal salts [1:2] [M:L] ratio. The synthesized Schiff bases and their metal complexes have been investigated on the bases of elemental chemical analysis, FTIR, electronic spectral,?1HNMR,?13CNMR, MS, molar conductance and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The electronic spectra of the metal complexes and their magnetic susceptibility measurements suggest octahedral structures are the probable coordination geometries for the isolated complexes. The Schiff bases and their metal complexes were preliminary scanned against various strains of microbes to study their biological effect.
Ionic Liquid Based Vilsmeier Reagent as an Efficient Reagent for Esterification of Alcohols and Carboxylic Acids  [PDF]
Ahmed Ali Hullio, G. M. Mastoi, Hassan Imran
International Journal of Organic Chemistry (IJOC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijoc.2018.81008
Abstract: The Vilsmeier reagent is well-known electrophilic reagent for synthetically useful organic transformations. Its ionic liquid version has been prepared from DMF-like ionic liquid. Apart from its other reported applications, presently it has been used as an efficient organo reagent for efficient esterification. Variety of esters has been prepared from versatile carboxylic acids and alcohols under ionic liquid conditions with excellent yields. The present system offers an economically and environmentally better alternative to routine procedures.
Study the Attenuation Coefficient of Granite to Use It as Shields against Gamma Ray  [PDF]
Laith Ahmed Najam, Abdalsattar Kareem Hashim, Hussein Abdulkareem Ahmed, Israa M. Hassan
Detection (Detection) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/detection.2016.42005
Abstract: The present work investigates the linear and mass attenuation coefficients for gamma rays practically and theoretically by using spectroscopy gamma ray (UCS-20) and program (XCOM)) for various types of common use granite, and compares them with the lead because of its high blocking ability for this type of radiation. This paper concluded through linear and mass attenuation coefficients measurements that these coefficients decrease with increasing incident photons energy. Measurements also showed that the linear attenuation coefficients appropriate linearly with density while mass attenuation coefficients do not get affected.
A New Thioamide Derivative for Separation and Preconcentration of Multi Elements in Aquatic Environment by Cloud Point Extraction  [PDF]
Mohamed M. Hassanien, Ali M. Hassan, Wael I. Mortada, Ahmed A. El-Asmy
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.26080
Abstract: 2-(pyridine-2-yl)-N-p-chlorohydrazinecarbothioamide (HCPTS) was synthesized, characterized and successfully applied for the preconcentration of Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Co(II), Pb(II), Fe(II), and Hg(II) in water, blood, and urine samples prior to graphite furnace atomic absorption determination (GFAAS); Hg was determined by cold vapor technique. Under the optimum experimental conditions (i.e. pH = 8, 10–4 M of HCPTS, 0.05% w/v of Triton X-114), calibration graphs were linear in the range of 0.02 to 200 ng?mL–1 for Co(II), Cd(II), Pb(II) and Ni(II); 0.03 to 200 ng?mL–1 for Cu(II); 0.07 to 200 ng?mL–1 for Fe(II) and Zn(II) and 0.02 to 150 ng?mL–1 for Hg(II). The enrichment factors were 43, 51, 41, 46, 54, 40, 45 and 52 for Cu(II), Ni(II),Zn (II), Cd(II), Co(II), Pb(II), Fe(II), and Hg(II), respectively. The limit of detection were found to be 0.019, 0.094, 0.0514, 0.052, 0.0165, 0.047, 0.068 and 0.041 ng?mL–1 for Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Co(II), Pb(II), Fe(II), and Hg(II), respectively. The developed method was applied to the determination of these metal ions in water, blood and urine samples with satisfactory results.
Measurements of Plasma Electron Temperature Utilizing Magnesium Lines Appeared in Laser Produced Aluminum Plasma in Air  [PDF]
Ashraf M. El Sherbini, Abdel Aziz S. Al Aamer, Ahmed T. Hassan, Tharwat M. El Sherbini
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2012.24034
We have utilized the relative intensity of magnesium lines originated from the Mg I at 285.2 nm and Mg II at 280.27, 279.55 nm to measure the plasma electron temperature. The plasma was produced via interaction of Nd:YAG laser with solid aluminum target contains traces of magnesium. The magnesium lines were found to suffer from optical thickness which manifests itself on the form of scattered points around the Saha-Boltzmann line. We have utilized a simple method used for rapid calculation to the amount of absorption to these lines via comparison of the electron densities as deduced from magnesium lines to that evaluated from the optically thin hydrogen Hα line at 656.27 nm appeared in the same spectra under the same condition. A correction to the magnesium spectral lines intensities was carried out; hence the corrected temperatures were re-evaluated. The measurements were repeated at different delay times ranging from 1 to 5 μsec. This work emphasizes on the importance of correcting the emitted spectral line intensity against the effect of self absorption before using them in the calculation of plasma electron temperature in laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) experiments.
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