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The global war on terror, American foreign policy, and its impact on Islam and Muslim societies
Ahmad Fuad Fanani
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies , 2011,
Abstract: The global war on terror that was started after 11/9 tragedy has continued until to date. The global war on terror not only shaped the new political balance in the international world, but also influenced the relationships between the U.S. and Western countries with Muslims countries and Muslims around the world. This is because the war on terror has positioned Islam and Muslims in negative image as the serious threat to the West. Many people stated that the 11/9 tragedy is the evidence of “the clash of civilizations” between Islam and the West. As a result, some observers argue that the war on terror is the war against Islam based on the clash of civilizations thesis. However , others rebut this argument by explaining the facts that many Islamic countries supported to the war on terror . In fact, Islam has many schools of thought and cannot be understood in single understanding. Importantly , Islamic extremist movements are not the mainstream group in Muslims societies. This article will examine the relationship between the war on terror and the clash of civilizations thesis. It also assesses the Islamic world and Muslims response toward this agenda. It will argue that the war on terror is not war against Islam, but the war against terrorist groups and radical Muslims which often hijacked Islam.
LIVER BIOPSY
FUAD AHMAD SIDDIQI,ASIF HASHMI,,RIZWANA KITCHLEW
The Professional Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To study the safety and efficacy of Surecut needle in obtaining the liver tissue by percutaneous liver biopsy. Design:Single centered prospective hospital based study. Place and duration of study: Department of Internal medicine (Unit-1) & Family ward,Combined military hospital Lahore for more than one year from August 2002 to March 2004. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fiftypatients of either gender having asymptomatic hepatitis C carrier state, healthy blood donors, with positive HCV-PCR were included in study.The patients liver biopsy was done with Surecut needle 16G with patient breath suspended in expiration from the periphery of right lobe of liver.Result: Majority of patients, 135 ( 90% ) were male and 15 (10%) were female. The mean age was 30.3 years with range of 25-55years. In 146(97.31%)patients successful biopsy was done while the biopsy was non-diagnostic in 4(2.69%) patients. Mean core length of liver tissue obtained was Mean+sd(1.2+0.42cm) and histopathologic diagnosis was made in 97.31% cases. Total number of attempts were 1-2. In 99% single attempt was done. No major complications related to procedure was seen. Conclusions: liver biopsy with Surecut needle is safe and effective in establishing the diagnosis of Chronic hepatitis.
ISLAM AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN INDONESIA: An Account of Muslim Intellectuals’ Views
Ahmad Nur Fuad,Arbaiyah A.,Syafiq Mughni,Achmad Jainuri
Al-Jami'ah : Journal of Islamic Studies , 2007,
Abstract: The issue of Islam and human rights has become important issue in Indonesia at least since the last two decades. Indonesian Muslims have developed two different approaches to human rights: in complete agreement with the declaration of universal human rights; and in resistance to that declaration and developing understanding that Islam encompasses human rights values. The article argues for its part that human rights are not absolutely universal, because they are based chiefly on Western values, structures, ethics and morality. For that, it is reasonable to question their universality. The present article focuses on how Indonesian Muslim intellectuals conceive of human rights and Islamic values as they perceive the two. Specifically, it focuses on four principal issues in human rights discourse: freedom of opinion, religious freedoms, rights of women, and criminal law. The authors reveal in the conclusion that although some Indonesian Muslim intellectuals admit that universal human rights are truly universal, they still see differences in certain cases, due to differencesin socio-cultural background. They have tried to affect a synthesis between the universality and particularity of both Islamic and universal human rights in order to make both fit within the Indonesian context.
High C reactive protein associated with increased pulse wave velocity among urban men with metabolic syndrome in Malaysia
Amilia Aminuddin,Zaiton Zakaria,Ahmad F. Fuad,Jaarin Kamsiah
Saudi Medical Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the association between carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (PWVCF); augmentation index (AI); and high-sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) with metabolic syndrome (MetS), and to determine the influence of ethnicity on PWVCF and AI, and the association between high hs-CRP and increased PWV, and AI in MetS. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from September 2009 to September 2011. Three hundred and eighty men (Chinese and Malays) were recruited from the study. The PWVCF and AI were measured by Vicorder (SMT Medical, Wuerzburg, Germany). The hs-CRP level was also determined. We defined MetS using the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and harmonized criteria. Results: Malays had higher AI compared to the Malaysian Chinese. Patients with MetS had higher PWVCF (IDF criteria: 8.5 [8.3-8.7] versus 8.2 [8.0-8.4] m/s, p=0.03; harmonized criteria: 8.5 [8.4-8.7] versus 8.2 [8.0-8.4] m/s, p=0.007) and hs-CRP (IDF criteria: 0.9±2.0 versus 0.4±1.1 mg/L, p=0.0007; harmonized criteria: 0.8±1.9 versus 0.4±1.1 mg/L, p=0.002) compared to non-MetS. In subjects with MetS, those with high hs-CRP (>3mg/L) had higher PWVCF. Conclusions: Augmentation index values were significantly higher in Malays compared with Malaysian Chinese. Metabolic syndrome was associated with increased PWVCF and hs-CRP. Patients with MetS and high hs-CRP were associated with higher PWVCF. The measurement of hs-CRP reflects the degree of subclinical vascular damage in MetS.
The proposal of a novel software testing framework
Munib Ahmad,Fuad Bajaber,M. Rizwan Jameel Qureshi
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: Software testing is normally used to check the validity of a program. Test oracle performs an important role in software testing. The focus in this research is to perform class level test by introducing a testing framework. A technique is developed to generate test oracle for specification-based software testing using Vienna Development Method (VDM++) formal language. A three stage translation process, of VDM++ specifications of container classes to C++ test oracle classes, is described in this paper. It is also presented that how derived test oracle is integrated into a proposed functional testing framework. This technique caters object oriented features such as inheritance and aggregation, but concurrency is not considered in this work. Translation issues, limitations and evaluation of the technique are also discussed. The proposed approach is illustrated with the help of popular triangle problem case study.
Appropriate Coupling Solvers for the Numerical Simulation of Rolled Homogeneous Armor Plate Response Subjected to Blast Loading
Ahmad Mujahid Ahmad Zaidi,Md Fuad Shah Koslan,Mohd Zaid Othman,Gunasilan Manar
Advances in Mechanical Engineering , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/637564
Abstract: Rolled homogeneous armor (RHA) plate subjected to blast loading is a complex problem involving the nonlinear fluid-structure interaction. The numerical techniques using the spatial discretization scheme that has been provided as a solver in the AUTODYN computer code will be used in this study in order to predict the RHA response subjected to explosive (TNT) blast loading. The final deflection will be used as a reference in order to identify the suitable solver for both materials RHA and TNT; then the plastic deformation will be chosen in the simulation process. Instead of using the same solver for RHA and TNT domains, the optimization of solver can be achieved if it is only used in an appropriate domain, or in other words, a different domain will be using different solver. The solvers, which were available in AUTODYN, were used in the analysis of impact and explosion or fluid-structure interaction. Therefore, in this paper, we will determine the suitable solver for both materials (TNT and RHA plate), and the appropriate interaction coupling solver will be obtained. Defining TNT and RHA plates using the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian solver has found the best coupling solver for this case study when compared with existing experimental data. This coupling solver will be used for future analysis in simulating blast-loading phenomena. 1. Introduction In the blast phenomena, interaction between fluid and structure, also called fluid-structure interaction (FSI), normally will occur, and there is no single method that can be used for all conditions in FSI analysis [1]. The governing partial deferential equation for FSI model needs to be solved in both time and space domain with the basic physic principles involving the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy. The solution over the time domain can be achieved by an explicit method [2]. It can be obtained by utilizing different spatial discretization such as Lagrange, Euler, and Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) or mesh-free method also known as Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic (SPH) methods [1]. However, the basic solvers for explicit integration numerical wave-codes (sometimes termed “hydro-codes”) can be utilized as an outline with their associated strengths and weaknesses [3]. Air, plate, and trinitrotoluene (TNT) are three different domains in this model analysis. Each domain has a solver that is suitable to be used. The numerical solver be used in AUTODYN generally fall into the following methods which are Lagrange, Euler, ALE, and SPH methods. With intelligent selection of suitable solver for various
Investigating Levels of Low Frequency Magnetic Field in the Inhabited Vicinity of Power Transmission Lines of Kuwait  [PDF]
Fuad M. Alkoot
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2015.76028
Abstract: According to surveyed literature, there may be a health hazard associated with extremely low frequency magnetic fields. This study aims at presenting a recent survey of this literature. It also aims at measuring magnetic field levels close to power transmission lines at inhabited areas in Kuwait to see if current levels are safe and to establish a database of 50 Hz magnetic field levels at inhabited areas. Measurements were made, according to the international standard procedures in winter, spring, summer and fall, and three times of a day. Four inhabited areas were surveyed. Results provide us with an independent view of the levels in the vicinity of power lines and houses. Results show that the highest level is measured in the summer, reaching 115 mG while the minimum level is measured in the fall. We found that some houses were at less than 50 meters distance from the edge of the transmission lines. Some houses were, as close as 22 meters to the line. We found that levels at the entrance of houses and at outdoor parking areas were mostly higher than 4 mG.
Comparative evaluation of INNO-LiPA HBV assay, direct DNA sequencing and subtractive PCR-RFLP for genotyping of clinical HBV isolates
Maisa M Ali, Fuad Hasan, Suhail Ahmad, Widad Al-Nakib
Virology Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1743-422x-7-111
Abstract: Eight distinct genotypes (A to H) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) have been identified and their occurrence exhibits distinct preferences for ethnic origin of the patient and/or geographic regions of the world [1,2]. Recent studies have shown that HBV genotypes influence liver disease progression, selection of mutants and response to antiviral therapy in acute and chronic HBV infections [3-5]. Considering the importance of determining the HBV genotype, several methods have been developed for genotyping of HBV strains [6]. A PCR-RFLP-based method that involves successive digestion of amplicon with a battery of restriction enzymes to discriminate the individual genotypes is most suitable for developing countries. However, there is very limited data on its performance in different countries/geographical settings [7,8]. A commercially available reverse hybridization-based line probe assay (INNO LiPA HBV Genotyping assay, LiPA) is easy to perform and is also suitable for detecting mixed genotype infections [9]. Despite these advantages, the test is fairly expensive for resource-poor countries. Direct DNA sequencing of PCR generated amplicons corresponding to genotype-specific regions of HBV genome also yields accurate genotype assignments and is the method of choice for patients infected with recombinant genotypes [9,10]. However, DNA sequencing is still considered as technically demanding, time consuming and costly in most of the developing countries. This study was carried out to evaluate the performance of three (LiPA, direct DNA sequencing and subtractive PCR-RFLP) genotyping methods to determine the method most suitable for routine use in a developing country. The comparative performance of the three methods was tested by using 80 consecutive HBV-DNA positive serum samples obtained from chronic HBV patients. The study was approved by the Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects in Research, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University. The HBV DNA was isolated from blood
Literatura científica brasileira sobre ciência da informa??o em saúde indexada na Base de Dados LILACS de 1982-2006
Fanani, Augustus;Martins, Cláudia Araújo;
Perspectivas em Ciência da Informa??o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-99362008000300012
Abstract: this paper presents a statistical analysis of the documents related to the information science indexed on lilacs database in order to identify the articles and publications of the information professionals working in health care. we have considered the following criteria to characterize the articles and publications: author, theme, local, year, and type of publication. the authors have concluded that the indexed publications on health information science are not significant when compared to the whole content of the database.
Global cardiovascular risk stratification among hypertensive patients treated in a Family Health Unit of Parnaíba, Piauí
Elce de Seixas Nascimento,Maria Poliana Ferreira Castelo Branco,Ana Karine de Figueiredo Moreira,Fuad Ahmad Hazime
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: To stratify the global cardiovascular risk among hypertensive patients attended in a Family Health Unit (FHU). Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional and descriptive study with population of hypertensive patients undergoing treatment in a FHU, module 34, in Parnaíba, Piauí, Brazil, in the period from July to August 2011. The sample consisted of 45 volunteers, selected by free demand conglomerate, who filled a form with questions that support the analysis and Global Cardiovascular Risk stratification (GCR), according to the VI Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension (VI BGH - 2010), The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and European Society of Hypertension (ESH - 2007). The subjects were then submitted to measurement of blood pressure (BP), waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI). Results: The most evident risk factor in the sample was overweight/obesity in 75.5% (n=34), followed by sedentary lifestyle in 73.3% (n=33) and hypercholesterolemia in 55.5% (n=25). The data collected resulted in a stratification in which 84.4% (n=38) presented high added risk and 15.5% (n=7) a very high added risk of presenting cardiovascular events in the next 10 years. Conclusion: The stratification in the population studied indicated high incidence of such factors, pointing to the need of interfering in this population segment, in order to promote changes in lifestyle that generate prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases.
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