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PKS’ DEMOCRATIC EXPERIENCES IN RECRUITING MEMBERS AND LEADERS
Ahmad Ali Nurdin
Al-Jami'ah : Journal of Islamic Studies , 2011,
Abstract: This paper focuses on the views of democracy and the implementation of democratic rules in real politics by the Islamic political party that has a democracy platform in Indonesia, Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (PKS). I examine PKS views on the relationship between Islam and democracy and its manner of recruiting members and leaders to show that this Islamic political party is not a threat to democracy at all. PKS believes that democracy goes to the roots of Islam and the Indonesian context in which they exist; and that it is a good political tool for an Islamic party like PKS to achieve its political goals. Taking the process of recruitment of members and leaders of PKS as examples, the paper also shows that the commitment of PKS to strengthening democracy in Indonesia could be seen in their process of recruiting leaders. PKS has practiced democratic rules in their internal party activities, particularly in the way they used to recruit their members who would be nominated as parliamentary members and how they choose their own leaders. However, it is necessary to note that in terms of member recruitment and expanding the cadres of the party, the PKS seems to have a special strategy; that is, encouraging their cadres to have big families. [Artikel mengulas pandangan Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (PKS) mengenai demokrasi dan implementasi nilai-nilai demokrasi dalam kehidupan politik. Dalam artikel ini, relasi Islam dan demokrasi serta metode PKS dalam merekrut anggota dan pemimpin partai akan dibahas. PKS sama sekali bukanlah ancaman bagi demokrasi. PKS percaya bahwa prinsip demokrasidapat ditemukan dalam Islam dan konteks Indonesia. Bagi PKS, demokrasi membuka ruang kesempatan bagi partai politik Islam untuk mencapai tujuan politiknya. Selain itu, artikel ini juga mengulas proses rekrutmen anggota dan pemimpin partai. Rekrutmen petinggi PKS memperlihatkan komitmen PKS terhadap penguatan demokrasi di Indonesia. PKS sudah mempraktekkan prinsip demokrasi dalam tubuh partai, utamanya dalam menentukan kandidat anggota parlemen dan dalam memilih pemimpin. Yang perlu diperhatikan adalah tampaknya PKS menerapkan pola rekrutmen dan ekspansi anggota partai yang unik, yaitu dengan mendorong kader-kader PKS untuk mememiliki banyak anak.]
Scholarly feminist versus internet commentator on women issues in Islam
Ahmad Ali Nurdin
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies , 2011,
Abstract: This article discusses two different types of contemporary writings both “scholarly feminists” and “internet commentators” on women in Islam; particularlyissues related to gender equality such as women’s rights, status and creation. By comparing two different groups of writers, the objective of this paper is to discover whether there are significant differences between them on issues of women in Islam, which shed light on modern Islamic thinking. From a brief investigation of several books as representatives of scholarly feminists, and several websites, which publish many articles on women in Islam, as representatives of Internet commentators, it is clear that both groups seem to have similar attitude on the topic. They tried to clarify a common misperception of women in Islam which is commonly portrayed to be “a second class”. Moreover, it is clear that the message of ‘Internet commentators’ seem to be more effective and more likely to prevail.
Development and Rainfed Paddy Soils Potency Derived from Lacustrine Material in Paguyaman, Gorontalo
Nurdin
Jurnal Tanah Tropika , 2011,
Abstract: Rainfed paddy soils that are derived from lacustrine and include of E4 agroclimatic zone have many unique properties and potentially for paddy and corn plantations. This sreseach was aimed to: (1) study the soil development of rainfed paddy soils derived from lacustrine and (2) evaluate rainfed paddy soils potency for paddy and corn in Paguyaman. Soil samples were taken from three profiles according to toposequent, and they were analyzed in laboratory. Data were analyzed with descriptive-quantitative analysis. Furthermore, assessment on rainfed paddy soils potency was conducted with land suitability analysis using parametric approach. Results indicate that all pedon had evolved with B horizons structurization. However, pedon located on the summit slope was more developed and intensely weathered than those of the shoulder and foot slopes.The main pedogenesis in all pedons were through elluviation, illuviation, lessivage, pedoturbation, and gleization processes. The main factors of pedogenesis were climate, age (time) and topography factors. Therefore, P1 pedons are classified as Ustic Endoaquerts, fine, smectitic, isohypertermic; P2 as Vertic Endoaquepts, fine, smectitic, isohypertermic; and P3 as Vertic Epiaquepts, fine, smectitic, isohypertermic. Based on the potentials of the land, the highest of land suitability class (LSC) of land utilization type (LUT) local paddy was highly suitable (S1), while the lowest one was not suitable with nutrient availability as the limiting factor (Nna). The highest LCS of paddy-corn LUT was marginally suitable with water availability as the limiting factor (S3wa), while the lower LSC was not suitable with nutrient availabily as the limiting factor (Nna).
Optimization of Sensor Orientation in Railway Wheel Detector, Using Kriging Method  [PDF]
Ali Zamani, Ahmad Mirabadi
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2011.312080
Abstract: Considering the importance of axle counter function in detecting the train wheels and determining the clearance or occupancy of a track section, it is important to ensure a safe and reliable performance of this system. In this paper, in order to improve the sensor performance, the authors have focused on the orientation of magnetic sensors’ coils. In order to improve the detection capability of the system, through measuring the induced voltage in the receiver coil, it is important to adjust the relative orientation of the transmitter and receiver coils. Due to the existence of infinite relative orientations, in order to determine the optimum orientation for the sensor coils, Kriging methods which is one of the Response Surface Methodologies (RSMs) is applied. Finite Element Method (FEM) is utilized to provide sample data, as inputs to the Kriging algorithm. The analysis not only provides the optimum relative orientation of the sensor coils, it also improves analysis time, comparing to field based measurements. The analysis results are validated by the laboratory based data implemented in the control and signaling laboratory of the school of railway engineering and also field based tests in Iranian railway.
Case Study: Trends and Early Prediction of Rainfall in Jordan  [PDF]
Ali Ahmad Ghanem
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2013.23021
Abstract:

Fourteen meteorological stations distributed over Jordan were selected. Data of annual and monthly rainfall amount of autumn (October and November) for a period more than 50 years were analyzed to show their relationships with the normal annual rainfall. An attempt was made to use the standard deviation values in order to have an early prediction for the annual rainfall (less or more than the normal) depending on the autumn rainfall amounts. It is found that the annual rainfall exceeded the normal when autumn rainfall amounts were more than 30 mm in Jurf El Daraweesh, Qatraneh, Safawi, and Wadi Musa, 50 mm in Mafraq, 60 mm in Amman, and 100 mm in Salt and Irbed. Regression analysis projected weak increasing trends in autumn and decreasing trends in the annual rainfall in the majority of Jordan.

On Generalized φ-Recurrent Sasakian Manifolds  [PDF]
Absos Ali Shaikh, Helaluddin Ahmad
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.211184
Abstract: The object of the present paper is to introduce the notion of generalized φ-recurrent Sasakian manifold and study its various geometric properties with the existence of such notion. Among others we study generalized concircularly φ-recurrent Sasakian manifolds. The existence of generalized φ-recurrent Sasakian manifold is given by a proper example.
Evaluation of Morphometric Parameters—A Remote Sensing and GIS Based Approach  [PDF]
Syed Ahmad Ali, Nazia Khan
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology (OJMH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojmh.2013.31004
Abstract:

Land and water resources are generally depleting due to rapid increase in population, urbanization and industrialization. The demand has increased tremendously for these resources; hence optimal utilization of them is essential for sustainable development. In the present study, detailed morphometric parameters of the Banas river basin has been carried out. The river Banas originating from the Khamnor hills of the Aravalli ranges (about 5 kms from Kumbalgarh) is one of the major rivers of the state which, in its entire course, flows through Rajasthan. It flows from Kumbalgarh towards the south upto Gogunda plateau and after cutting the Aravalli ranges at right angles, it flows through Nathdwara, Rajsamand and Railmagra. The total area of the Banas river basin is 702.55 km2. Detailed drainage map was prepared from SOI (Survey of India) toposheets (45h/5 and 45h/9) and was updated using IRS-P6, LISS-III (Precision geocoded) data of 7th May, 2010 using ARC GIS software. For detailed study, Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) was used for delineating watershed boundary using SAGA GIS software. GIS techniques has been used for assessing various morphometric characteristics of the drainage basin, as they provide a flexible environment and a powerful tool for the manipulation and analysis of spatial information particularly for the feature identification and extraction of information for better understanding. In the present study, the GIS analysis techniques were used to evaluate linear and areal morphometric parameters of the basin. Drainage patterns are mainly dendritic to sub-dendritic with fifth order drainage. Banas river basin possess high drainage density which is indicative of less permeable material, sparse vegetative cover and moderate to high relief.

Contribution to the Petrography, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis of Zarqa-Ma’in Pleistocene Alkali Olivine Basalt Flow of Central Jordan  [PDF]
Ibrahim Ahmad Ali Bany Yaseen
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2014.56059
Abstract:

The Zarqa-Ma’in basalt (MB) occurs near a plateau basalt (wadi fills) covering about 15 km2 of Makawir, Ataruz, and Hammat um Hasana cone areas in central Jordan. The tectonic evolution occurred through intraplate volcanism and erupted through fissure systems along the Dead Sea, transforming the fault during Miocene to Pleistocene period. Three stages of eruption of MB have been recorded during Pleistocene from 6 to 0.6 Ma. The petrographic analyses data show that the MB rocks are composed of plagioclase, olivine, pyroxene, and magnetite, including secondary minerals calcite, iddingsite, serpentine, and zeolite. Furthermore, the MB rocks have narrow ranges of major and trace element concentrations, and are of under saturated silica type and belong to sodic alkaline magma series. The geochemical characteristics of MB indicate that MB was derived from a slightly fractionated magma as reflected by its high MgO (6.3 - 11.7 ppm) concentration with Mg number from 0.41 to 0.61, low silica content (40.83 - 47.55 wt%), and high Cr and Ni concentrations (115 - 475 and 105 - 553 ppm, respectively). This basalt exhibited low degree of partial melting (10%) for garnet peridotite mantle source. The model mineral fractionation showed that the MB could be fractionated to clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene, olivine, and plagioclase.

Petrography and Mineral Chemistry of the Almanden Garnet, and Implication for Kelyphite Texture in the Miocene Alkaline Basaltic Rocks North East Jordan  [PDF]
Ibrahim Ahmad Ali Bany Yaseen
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2014.52024
Abstract:

The Miocene alkali basaltic rocks cover the northeastern part of Jordan, within Harrat Al-Shaam plateau. The volcanic concentrated along the Dead Sea boundary and spread around the north east of Jordan area, and was considered as interplat volcanic field in Jordan. The volcanic basalt is associated with xenoliths fragmental rocks or xenocryst minerals. Nine samples were collected from the study area and analyzed for XRD, XRF and SEM. These samples presented the xenoliths rocks and minerals existing in the study area. This study is focused on the garnet and pyroxene xenoliths minerals in Tulayl Al-Hasna area within Ufayhim Formation. Hand samples are characterized by coarse aggregates of garnets up to (2 cm in diameter) with dark brown to red color, and highly fresh fractures. Also, the pyroxene (<1.5 cm) with gray to dark green color, and the olivine (range 3 - 4 mm) are pale green to dark green and pale yellowish color. In thin sections, plagioclase phenocryst in the garnet presented corona texture. In addition, garnet surrounded by orthopyroxene refers to kelyphite texture. There are two types of kelyphite texture fibers and radial as shown in Scanning Electron Microscope photomicrograph. The mineralogical analyses of garnet for X-Ray Diffraction are composed of almandine, pyrope and majorite. The existence of minerals reflects the high pressure and temperature of the upper mantle origin. The chemical analysis showed the average composition of garnet as follow (Alm 42.78, Pyro 41.04, Gross 16.18), pyroxene (Wo 16.90, Fs 20.37, En 62.73). This referred to presentation of the following elements Mg, Fe and Ca in the garnet. As a result, the basaltic garnet xenoliths were from shallow lithosphere mantle origin.

Medical ultrasound image segmentation by modified local histogram range image method  [PDF]
Ali Kermani, Ahmad Ayatollahi, Ahmad Mirzaei, Mohammad Barekatain
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2010.311140
Abstract: Fast and satisfied medical ultrasound segmentation is known to be difficult due to speckle noises and other artificial effects. Since speckle noise is formed from random signals which are emitted by an ultrasound system, we can’t encounter the same way as other image noises. Lack of information in ultrasound images is another problem. Thus, segmentation results may not be accurate enough by means of customary image segmentation methods. Those methods that can specify undesirable effects and segment them by eliminating artificial effects, should be chosen. It seems to be a complicated work with high computational load. The current study presents a different approach to ultrasound image segmentation that relies mainly on local evaluation, named as local histogram range image method which is modified by means of discrete wavelet transform. Thus, a significant decrease in computational load is then achieved. The results show that it is possible for tissues to be segmented correctly.
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