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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2713 matches for " Agha Fatemeh Hosseini "
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Attitudinal Barriers to Effective Cancer Pain Management
Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh,Agha Fatemeh Hosseini
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2012,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Pain can detrimentally affect physical functioning, psychological well-being and social interaction. Various attitudinal factors may be associated with inadequate pain control. Hence, studies should be undertaken to gain a better understanding of association between pain control attitudes and use of analgesics and cancer pain intensity. This study aimed to determine relationship between pain control attitudes and use of analgesics and pain intensity in cancer patients with pain. Methods & Materials: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with 200 cancer patients who underwent chemotherapy or radiotherapy and experienced pain in previous 24 hours. The pain control attitudes, use of analgesics, worrisome about using analgesics and physical and psychological impacts of pain were measured using questionnaires. The cancer pain intensity was measured using the visual analogue scale. Validity and reliability of the instruments were evaluated. Data were analyzed using independent t-test and ANOVA. Results: About 58% of patients agreed that they would wait before asking for help. Beside, the findings indicated that willing to tolerate pain and perceived control over pain were associated with the time and frequency of taking analgesic and pain intensity in previous 24 hours and last week. Also concerns about addiction to pain-relieving medications were related to the analgesic type and pain intensity within last week (P=0.03), and fear of injection was related to analgesic use and pain intensity within last week (P<0.001). Conclusion: Many cancer patients had attitudes which could interfere with pain relieving. Suggestions are made for developing patient education programs, accessing effective cancer pain controls and decision making for cancer pain relief.
Effect of Endotracheal Suctioning Education for Nurses on Patients' Hemodynamic Parameters
Nooredin Mohammadi,Shohreh Parviz,Hamid Peyravi,Agha Fatemeh Hosseini
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2012,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Endotracheal suctioning (ETS) is a common invasive nursing procedure. Hemodynamic parameters changes during and after the procedure. If appropriate strategies do not be applied during the ETS, hemodynamic changes can be significant and life threatening in critically ill patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of education of endotracheal suctioning on patients' hemodynamic parameters.Methods & Materials: This was a non-equivalent quasi-experimental study conducted in two critical care units in Hazarat Rasool hospital. All nurses working in these two units participated in the study in a period of two weeks. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and mean blood pressure of all patients who needed suctioning were measured before and after the endotracheal suctioning. We analyzed the data using the SPSS.Results: At baseline, the systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressures increased significantly (P=0.02) in the first and third minutes post-suctioning. In post-education phase, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure increased significantly (P<0.001) in the first minute post-suctioning. In the third minute post-suctioning, systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure decreased (P=0.43).Conclusion: The study findings showed significant changes in hemodynamic parameters after post-endotracheal suctioning. In this study, conducting endotracheal suctioning education improved the outcomes of hemodynamic parameters in patients. Educational programs can improve nursing care outcomes by preventing and minimizing hemodynamic changes during and after the suctioning in critically ill patients.
Stress Coping Styles among Nursing Students
Mehrnoosh Inanloo,Robabe Baha,Naiemeh Seyedfatemi,Agha Fatemeh Hosseini
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2012,
Abstract: Background & Objective: Nursing students usually experience various types of stress. Lack of stress coping strategies result in more stress, incompatibility, manifestation of disorders, and mental health problems. This study carried out to assess the methods of coping with stress among nursing students. Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 358 male and female bachelor of nursing students studying at Tehran University of Medical Sciences during the first semester of 2011-2012 were selected. Data were collected using the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situation and a demographic questionnaire. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics in the SPSS-14. Results: There were 66.2% female and 33.8% male students in the study. The age of the students ranged 17-29 years. Most of the students aged 20-22 years (45%), were single (90.8%), were habitants of Tehran (53.1%), had an average economic status (72.1%), and were employed (20.9%). Of all, 19.3% had experienced stressful events in the last three months. A small number of the students (4.7%) suffered from chronic diseases. The nursing students mostly used problem-oriented coping style (56%). The emotion-oriented method was used among 45.99% of the students and the avoidance-oriented style was used among 39.34% of the students. There were no statistically significant relationship between the coping styles and the demographic characteristics. Conclusion: The problem-oriented, emotion-oriented, and avoidance-oriented styles were the most frequent styles used by the students, respectively. The mental health, particularly among nursing students who deal with patients and have important role in the health system, is important and requires special attention. The stress coping styles should be inserted in the educational curriculum of the nursing schools.
Quran Recitation: Short-Term Effects and Related Factors in Preterm Newborns
Narges Eskandari,Maryam Keshavars,Hassan Ashayeri,Fereshte Jahdi,Agha Fatemeh Hosseini
Research Journal of Medical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjmsci.2012.148.153
Abstract: The effects of Holy Quran recitation on anxiety and vital signs in adults have been reported in several studies in Iran but have not been studied in preterm newborns. In a randomized controlled trial, 120 preterm newborns in a teaching hospital were randomly allocated to either a control or experimental group. Quran recitation by Shahhat Mohammad Anvar played via headphones with a volume range of 50-60 db in the experimental group. The two groups were surveyed for short term physiological responses at minute 10 and 20 of intervention also minute 10 post intervention. Between two groups, statistically significant differences were observed in respiratory rate and oxygen saturation during three time points but difference in heart rate was seen only at minute 10 post intervention (p = 0.012). All three variables in experimental group were significantly different in three time points (p<0.0001). Gender, gestational age and neonate weight were factors that decreased respiratory rate. Holy Quran recitation can be considered a complementary and supportive care for preterm newborns whereas gender, gestational age and neonate weight were related factors in response to the Holy Quran recitation.
Mobile Phone Short Message Service (SMS) for Weight Management in Iranian Overweight and Obese Women: A Pilot Study
Somayeh Faghanipour,Eftekharalsadat Hajikazemi,Soghra Nikpour,Shabnam al-Sadat Shariatpanahi,Agha Fatemeh Hosseini
International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/785654
Abstract: We conducted a text message-based intervention for weight management over three months by two months intervention and one month wash-out period. In a quasi-experimental study with control ( ) and experimental group ( ), 80 overweight and obese employed women were entered. Participants were recruited via announcement. All subjects attended a face-to-face information session and received a booklet that contained food calorie chart and strategies and recommendations for weight management. The experimental group received text messages (SMS) about weight management twice a day for two months, in addition to the information and the booklet which they had received in the information session. Also, the experimental group was instructed to weekly self-weight and to send the data to the principle researcher. All subjects were measured for baseline and secondary weight in a standardized manner by a nurse, and the data were compared between the two groups. Experimental group lost more weight than the control group (1.5?kg difference, ). Text messaging seems to be an effective channel of communication for weight management in Iranian overweight and obese women. The clinical trial registration number is IRCT201204029360N1. 1. Introduction In recent decades, the prevalence of obesity has increased to an alarming degree throughout the world. According to World Health Organization’s (WHO) report, developing countries parallel to developed world are experiencing a growing trend in the incidence of obesity and overweight. They are joining the global pandemic of obesity because of modernization and urbanization [1, 2]. Overweight and obesity are important risk factors for diabetes type II, insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, selected cancers, and premature death [3]. Obesity is closely associated with some psychological disturbances such as poor body image and self-esteem, depression, and anxiety, particularly in women [4, 5]. From 1999 to 2008, the prevalence of overweight Iranian women adults has dramatically increased from 40.6% to 61%. In the same time period, the prevalence of obese Iranian women has risen from 14.17% to 29.5%. [6]. This increase has been more common among Iranian women than Iranian men [7, 8]. Despite the numerous clinical and commercial weight loss programs in Iran, many individuals hardly use such programs because of various limitations including time, cost, transportation, beside, women who work outside the home have more constraints than others. Therefore, evaluation of different approaches is necessary to find an effective,
A case report of Warthin's tumor (Papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum, PCL)
Agha Hosseini F
Tehran University Medical Journal , 1993,
Abstract: The papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum (PCL), also called warthin's tumor, is a benign salivary gland tumor which primarily involves the parotid gland. These lesions are composed of a double layer of cuboidal or culmnar eosinophilic cells lining a cystic cavity which lymphoid tissue is present in the supporting stroma. The lesions shows a predilection for males, with peak incidence during the sixth decade of life. Bilateral lesions have been found to occur in 5 to 7.5 percent of the cases. Rarely, these lesions have been reported in the minor salivary glands and oropharynx. Case report: A 47-year-old woman presented with a red lesion on the hard palate between the midline and right maxillary side. The patient had awared of the lesion for one year. The clinical dignosis was a mucocele. An excisional biopsy was performed. Gross examination of the formaline-fixed specimen revealed three pieces of soft tissue measuring 1.0 x 0.3 x 0.3. Histologic examination revealed a nodular mass surfaced by keratinizied stratified squamous epithelium. The connective tissue stroma contained a papillary cystic area lined by a double layer of cuboidal cells with centrally placed nuclei
Serum 17β-estradiol and oral dryness feeling in menopause  [PDF]
Farzaneh Agha-Hosseini, Iraj Mirzaii-Dizgah
Health (Health) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/health.2011.35046
Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare serum 17β-estradiol of menopausal women with/without Oral Dryness (OD) feeling, and evaluate the re-lationship between serum 17β-estradiol and severity of OD feeling. A case-control study was carried out on 70 selected menopausal women aged 40 - 77 years with or without OD feeling (35 as case, 35 as control) conducted at the Clinic of Oral Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Xerostomia inventory (XI) score was used as an index of OD feeling severity. The serum 17β-estradiol concentration was measured by an enzyme immunoassay kit (ELISA). Statistical analysis of Student’s t-test and Spearman correlation coefficient was used. The mean serum concentration of 17β-estradiol was significantly lower in case than control. There was a significant negative correlation between XI score and concentration of 17β-estradiol in menopausal women (r = –0.311, P = 0.004). It seems that there is a negatively slight correlation between OD feeling severity and serum 17β-estradiol in menopausal women.
Computational Fluid Dynamics Study on Water Flow in a Hollow Helical Pipe  [PDF]
Ebrahim Ahmadloo, Najmeh Sobhanifar, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2014.42012
Abstract: Although curved pipes are used in a wide range of applications, flow in curved pipes is relatively less well known than that in straight ducts. This paper presents a computational fluid dynamics study of isothermal laminar single-phase flow of water in a hollow helical pipe at various Reynolds numbers. The ranging of Reynolds numbers of fluid was from 703.2 to 1687.7. The three dimensional governing equations for mass and momentum have been solved. It was found that with increasing Reynolds number and creation of centrifugal forces, a high velocity and pressure region occurs between two tubes, at the outer side of the hollow helical pipe walls. Friction factor decreases as the tendency for turbulence increases.
Neurofibromatosis Associated With Hyper Parathyroidism
Agha Hosseini F,Bakhsi M
Journal of Dental Medicine , 1999,
Abstract: A case involving the rare occurance of hyperparathyroidism in association with neurofibromatosis"nis reported."nRadiographic findings revealed multiple radiolucency which diagnosed as giant cell lesions. Also, high levels"nof PTH and alkalan phosphatase were found from repeated measurements of the serum."nNeurofibromatosis associated with hyperparathyroidism diagnosed in this case report.
An investigation on oral Lichen plannus prevalence among patients with B and C hepatitis
Agha Hosseini F,Bayat N
Journal of Dental Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: Statement of Problelem: Lichen plannus is a relatively common mucotanous disorder, due to accompanying"nburning sensation and pain in addition to its malignant transformation, has potential importance. On the other"nhand, B and C hepatitis are of the five most common death causes, resulting in significant disease spread"nproblems among dentists. As a result, the relationship between these two disorders has been recently"ninvestigated."nPurpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the oral Lichen plannus prevalence among patients"nwith B and C hepatitis."nMaterial and Methods: In this case series study, 500 patients with B, C hepatitis, 3 04 female and 369 male"nwith the mean age of 39.09±13.13 (the youngest was 4 and the oldest was 72 years old), who referred to the"nhepatitis center of Shariati hospital, Transfusion organization and Hemophilia center, from August 2001 to"nAugust 2002, were evaluated. The information about all white lesions that couldn't be scraped was recorded"non a questionnaire for each patient. To analyze the data, t and Fisher tests were used."nResults: Two hundred and eighty nine patients were MBS Ag" 223 were HCVAb", 12 were positive for both"ntypes of hepatitis and 23 were cyrotic. From among these patients, 3 subjects were with oral Lichen plannus"n(0.6%), one belonged to HBS Ag1 group (0.35%), (P=0.38) and two patients belonged to HCV Ab' (0.9%),"n(P=0.44). These results showed no statistically significant relationship between Lichen plannus and B, C"nhepatitis. Two cyrotic patients from among 23 were with LP, which statistically was significant (P<0.05)."nConclusion: All patients with LP should be tested for B, C hepatitis and liver enzymes.
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