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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 472769 matches for " Adriana María Caicedo Tamayo "
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Rese a de "Applied metacognition" de C. Hertzog
Adriana María Caicedo Tamayo
Pensamiento Psicológico , 2005,
Abstract:
La ense anza de estrategias metacognitivas para el mejoramiento de la comprensión lectora. Estado de la cuestión
Lucero Aragón Espinosa,Adriana María Caicedo Tamayo
Pensamiento Psicológico , 2009,
Abstract: En este artículo se presenta una revisión de estudios sobre la ense anza de estrategias metacognitivas para el mejoramiento de la comprensión lectora. Se analizaron reportes de investigación y ensayos teóricos publicados entre 1996 y 2008. Sus resultados fueron rese ados y organizados en una matriz que permitió categorizar las variables abordadas en los estudios. Los reportes de investigación revisados mostraron una mejora significativa de la comprensión lectora en los estudiantes, luego de la participación en los programas de instrucción ofrecidos. El balance plantea algunas directrices generales y específicas que podrían ser tenidas en cuenta por profesionales interesados en dise ar, implementar y evaluar programas de prevención e intervención dirigidos al mejoramiento de la comprensión lectora de los estudiantes, en contextos educativos formales.
MEMORIA Y METAMEMORIA EN ADULTOS MAYORES: ESTADO DE LA CUESTIóN
OCHOA ANGRINO,SOLANLLY; ARAGóN ESPINOSA,LUCERO; CAICEDO TAMAYO,ADRIANA MARíA;
Acta Colombiana de Psicología , 2005,
Abstract: this paper shows a review of studies on memory and metamory in order adults. 47 research reports published between 1995 and 2005 were analyzed and organized in a matrix, which allowed to classify the variables tackled in the studies. for each variable, results show the perpetuation of the negative cultural stereotype about memory impairment associated with aging process and, in a smaller number, research results show a positive stereotype characterized by stability in memory functioning even at an old age. the balance leads to questions about the relevance of the methodology and questionnaires used to assess memory and metamory in such population sample.
Canasta básica de alimentos real en hogares beneficiarios de la Fundación Ximena Rico Llano de Medellín-Colombia
Pérez Tamayo,Eliana María; Sepúlveda Herrera,Diana María; Giraldo Villa,Adriana;
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana , 2010,
Abstract: objective: to determine in the households receiving benefits from ximena rico llano foundation medellin-colombia, the composition of consumed food, what foods these families use to buy and the cost for no nutritious food. materials and methods: cross sectional study. randomized and representative sample of 91 families from the foundation were selected. an structured survey was applied to define the basic foods consumed according the accessibility and to determine what type and how much food families buy, and also the cost, calories and proteins content of these foods. moreover the cost and the accessibility for no nutritious food were also identified. results: the basic meals consumed for families were represented for 30 aliments distributed in 12 groups; however 16% of the families didn't have access to staple food like meat, legumes, dairy products, fruits and vegetables. the cost of the basic food was about $448.623 (us$216), it was the equivalent to 1,03 basic wage. the cost for no nutritious food represented 14% of the total money spending in food per month. conclusions: the basic foods of the families from ximena rico llano foundation consisted of 30 aliments, and no variety was observed. these families didn't meet the nutritional requirements. acquisition of products different to food represented another important investments that restrain families to spent more in staple food.
Cuidadores familiares de ancianos: quiénes son y cómo asumen este rol
Giraldo M,Clara Inés; Franco A,Gloria María; Correa B,Luz Stella; Salazar H,María Olanda; Tamayo V,Adriana María;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2005,
Abstract: objective: to characterize the demographic profile of relatives who have the role of caregivers of functional dependant aged persons and to describe the way they assume their role. methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study; 39 caregivers related to functional dependant aged people, living in envigado and acting as caregivers for six or more months, receiving no economic retribution. convenience sample. results: 100% women, average age 53.9 years; 64.1%, daughters of the person being taken care of; 89.7% share household with the aged person; 38.5%, married and 38.5% single, 51.3% have children. low level of education: 28.1% unfinished primary school. socioeconomic situation: 89,7% of them with an average family income under two monthly minimum wages, 79,5% share the role of caregiver with somebody else; 64.1% have had no previous remunerated activity. with respect to care: 30.8% have relatives as caregivers of the elderly: who they are and how they assume their role done it for 3 to 6 years; 12.9%, for over 12 years; 76.9% dedicate more than eight hours a day to it; 56.3% receive support mainly from the family; and from the formal system. 7.7% conclusions: recognition of this type of care in colombia is incipient; there is a similarity in the profile of studied caregivers with that of other countries; profile current state is accentuated both by the scarce time left for personal enrichment and by scant systematic support; an absence of health policies aimed to strengthening family care and caregivers is perceived.
Exposición al plomo y su relación con el tiempo requerido para embarazo
Guerra-Tamayo Juan Luis,Hernández-Cadena Leticia,Téllez-Rojo Martha María,Mercado-García Adriana del S
Salud Pública de México , 2003,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Determinar los efectos de la exposición al plomo relacionados con el tiempo requerido para embarazo. MATERIAL Y MéTODOS: Entre 1997 y 2001 se realizó un estudio en 142 mujeres residentes en la Ciudad de México, participantes en un estudio de cohorte para evaluar diversos efectos del plomo sobre la salud reproductiva. Se realizaron mediciones de plomo en sangre y en hueso a cada una de las participantes en el momento de ingresar al estudio, y se obtuvo información relativa a la exposición y otras variables de interés a través de un cuestionario. A cada una de las participantes se les siguió hasta el momento en que se embarazaron, o bien, hasta el tiempo de término del estudio, con el propósito de determinar la asociación entre la exposición al plomo y el tiempo requerido para quedar embarazada. El análisis estadístico se llevó a cabo utilizando curvas de Kaplan-Meier y modelos de riesgos proporcionales de Cox. RESULTADOS: Del total de mujeres que iniciaron el estudio se embarazaron 42, de las cuales 34 lo lograron antes del primer a o de seguimiento y ocho posteriormente. Las medias de las concentraciones de plomo en sangre fueron de 9.3 μg/dl; en rótula y tibia fueron de 16.0 y 11.0 μg Pb/g de hueso mineral, respectivamente. No se detectaron diferencias en los niveles de plomo en sangre respecto al tiempo que durante el estudio requirió la mujer para embarazarse en el primer a o; no obstante, se encontró que en las mujeres con plomo en sangre por encima de 10 μg/dl el riesgo de no embarazo fue cinco veces mayor [IC 95% (1.9-19.1)] después de un a o de seguimiento, comparado con aquellas mujeres con plomo en sangre por debajo de 10 μg/dl. CONCLUSIONES: La exposición a concentraciones altas de plomo puede ser un factor de riesgo importante en el tiempo requerido para que una mujer quede embarazada, principalmente en aquellas que siendo fértiles tienen periodos mayores de un a o buscando un embarazo.
Relación entre malaria, desnutrición, inseguridad alimentaria y condiciones socioeconómicas, en ni?os de Turbo, Colombia
Uscátegui Pe?uela,Rosa Magdalena; Pérez Tamayo,Eliana María; Corrales Agudelo,Lady Vanessa; Correa Botero,Adriana; Estrada Restrepo,Alejandro; Carmona Fonseca,Jaime;
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana , 2009,
Abstract: background: malaria, malnutrition and household food insecurity are public health problems in colombia that should be studied all an integrated way objective: to study the association between malaria nutritional status, household food insecurity and socio-economic factors. materials and methods: cross sectional study was carried out in a place called ''el tres'', turbo-colombia. children 2-14 year old were divided in two groups: one group with malaria (76) and the other one without malaria (147). nutritional status, food accessibility and socio-economic factors were analyzed. results: prevalence of chronic malnutrition in children with malaria versus children with no malaria were: 39,5% and 25,2%, food insecurity was 94,7% and 92,5%, and mother's scholar level was 3±3 y 4±3 (p=0,041), respectively. the risk to have malaria is increased in chronic malnutrition (or:1,94;ic95%1,07-3,50) and by poor housing conditions as bad roof quality (or:5,95;ic95%2,28-15,55), bad floor quality (or:2,05;ic95%1,06-3,82) and not have electricity (or:3,85;ic95%2,10-6,90). conclusion: food insecurity was common in studied subjects, socio-economic conditions were low and the prevalence of chronic malnutrition was high. all these issues were strong associated with malaria. this is the first study carried out in colombia that explores the association of malaria with child malnutrition and household food insecurity.
Exposición al plomo y su relación con el tiempo requerido para embarazo
Guerra-Tamayo,Juan Luis; Hernández-Cadena,Leticia; Téllez-Rojo,Martha María; Mercado-García,Adriana del S; Solano-González,Maritsa; Hernández-Avila,Mauricio; Hu,Howard;
Salud Pública de México , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342003000800004
Abstract: objective: to determine the effects of lead exposure on the time elapsed to become pregnant. material and methods: the study population consisted of 142 women residing in mexico city between 1997 and 2001, who were already participating in a study to evaluate effects of lead exposure on reproductive health. measurements of lead in bone were performed when women were first admitted to the program. information on lead exposure and other variables of interest was obtained through a questionnaire. participants were followed up to assess the relationship between the time required to become pregnant and lead exposure. statistical analysis consisted of kaplan-meier estimates and cox proportional hazards models. results: of the total number of women in the program, 42 got pregnant: 34 before the first year of follow-up, and 8 at a later date. the mean value for lead concentration in blood was 9.3 μg/dl. the mean values for lead concentration in patella and tibia were 16.0 y 11.0 μg pb/g of bone, respectively. survival analysis was performed and no differences were detected in blood lead levels and time to pregnancy in the first year. nevertheless, in women with blood lead levels above 10.0 μg/dl, the likelihood of not achieving pregnancy was five times higher (95% confidence interval [ci] 0.05-0.56) after one year of follow-up compared with women with blood lead levels below 10.0 μg/dl. conclusions: exposure to high lead concentrations may be an important risk factor influencing the time period for a woman to get pregnant, especially in fertile women who have tried to get pregnant for more than a year.
Qué espera de la enfermera con respecto al tratamiento emocional el paciente con Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana
Tamayo Baldoquin,María Margarita;
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2000,
Abstract: the present research paper is based on a survey carried out from april to june in which 80 hiv/aids patients of a total of 174 treated in the sanatorim at santiago de las vegas participated. it was a descriptive study which takes the lenght of stay of a patient (3 months more or less) as a basis. a number of questions were selected to find out what the patients expect from nurses and how they considered it from the emotional viewpoint in addition to the main concerns of a patient when he/she is diagnosed with the disease. we concluded that a highly skilled nursing staff is capable of giving advice to these persons in the face of their problems and/or sending them to more specialized staff such as psychiatrists, psychologists, etc). we also believe that all the staff in close relation with these patients should be trained so as to support them emotionally.
Qué espera de la enfermera con respecto al tratamiento emocional el paciente con Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana
María Margarita Tamayo Baldoquin
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2000,
Abstract: El presente trabajo investigativo está basado en una encuesta realizada en los meses de abril, mayo y junio a 80 pacientes VIH/SIDA de un total de 174 del Sanatorio de Santiago de las Vegas. El tipo de estudio realizado es descriptivo, tomando como base el tiempo de ingreso del paciente (más o menos de 3 meses). Se escogieron una serie de preguntas cuyo objetivo fundamental era conocer: Qué esperan los pacientes del personal de enfermería y cómo lo ven desde el punto de vista afectivo?, cuáles son las preocupaciones principales del paciente al ser diagnosticado? Concluimos que el personal de Enfermería altamente calificado puede actuar aconsejándolos frente a sus problemas y/o canalizar éstos hacia otro personal más especializado (médicos psiquiatras, psicólogos, etc.). Además, es nuestra opinión que todo el personal que tiene relación con estos pacientes de forma permanente debe ser adiestrado en la atención emocional hacia ellos. The present research paper is based on a SURVEY carried out from April to June in which 80 HIV/AIDS patients of a total of 174 treated in the Sanatorim at Santiago de las Vegas participated. It was a descriptive study which takes the lenght of stay of a patient (3 months more or less) as a basis. A number of questions were selected to find out what the patients expect from nurses and how they considered it from the emotional viewpoint in addition to the main concerns of a patient when he/she is diagnosed with the disease. We concluded that a highly skilled nursing staff is capable of giving advice to these persons in the face of their problems and/or sending them to more specialized staff such as psychiatrists, psychologists, etc). We also believe that all the staff in close relation with these patients should be trained so as to support them emotionally.
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