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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8781 matches for " Adriana Hilal "
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Cultura organizacional sob o prisma das teorias de cross-culture: um estudo de caso brasileiro
Lopes,Ana Luiza; Hilal,Adriana;
Economia Global e Gest?o , 2011,
Abstract: the main cross-culture theories have provided important foundations for a better understanding of different national cultures, and have also significantly contributed for the research on organizational culture. this study aims to analyze the influence of national culture in the validation and legitimization of practices and management models. to achieve this purpose, the organizational culture of a multinational financial accounting consulting subsidiary, with operations in brazil was mapped. hofstede’s (1990, 1991, 1994) and trompenaars’s (1994) cultural frameworks were used as theoretical foundation, as well as some brazilian studies that address some peculiarities of brazilian culture and organizational management. the qualitative research method was used, with the holding of in-depth interviews with the employees of the analyzed company. results show which elements present in the organizational dynamics are perceived as more significant by the individuals interviewed. the relationship of management practices and brazilian culture is also analyzed. it follows that the understanding of both the dynamics of organizational culture and its adequacy with the national values can be an important tool for organizational management.
O processo de internacionaliza??o na ótica da escola nórdica: evidências empíricas em empresas brasileiras
Hilal, Adriana;Hemais, Carlos A.;
Revista de Administra??o Contemporanea , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-65552003000100006
Abstract: based on the theoretical background generated by the nordic school of international business, research on the process of internationalization of the brazilian firms has been developed, looking for points of convergence between the swedish and the brazilian modes of expansion of the firms beyond the borders. the present paper analyses the main ideas of that school, as well as to present empirical evidences extracted from research on the internationalization process of the brazilian firm, confirming its main points.
Cultura organizacional sob o prisma das teorias de cross-culture: um estudo de caso brasileiro Organizational culture in view of cross-culture theories: a Brazilian case study
Ana Luiza Lopes,Adriana Hilal
Economia Global e Gest?o , 2011,
Abstract: As principais teorias de cross-culture têm fornecido importantes subsídios para uma melhor compreens o das diferentes culturas nacionais, como também têm contribuído de forma significativa para as pesquisas sobre cultura organizacional. O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar a influência da cultura nacional na valida o e legitima o de práticas e modelos gerenciais. Para tal, foi feito o mapeamento da cultura organizacional de uma filial numa empresa multinacional no ramo de consultoria financeira e contábil, com presen a no Brasil. Como embasamento teórico foram utilizados os arcabou os culturais elaborados por Hofstede (1990, 1991, 1994) e Trompenaars (1994), assim como foram utilizados estudos nacionais na área de gest o que abordam algumas particularidades entre cultura brasileira e gest o organizacional. Utilizou-se o método de pesquisa qualitativa, com a realiza o de entrevistas em profundidade com funcionários da empresa pesquisada. Os resultados mostram quais os elementos presentes na dinamica organizacional que s o percebidos como mais significativos pelos indivíduos entrevistados, assim como é analisado como as práticas gerenciais desta institui o podem estar relacionadas com a cultura brasileira. Conclui-se que a compreens o, tanto da dinamica da cultura organizacional, quanto da adequa o desta aos valores nacionais, pode se tornar uma importante ferramenta para a gest o organizacional. The main cross-culture theories have provided important foundations for a better understanding of different national cultures, and have also significantly contributed for the research on organizational culture. This study aims to analyze the influence of national culture in the validation and legitimization of practices and management models. To achieve this purpose, the organizational culture of a multinational financial accounting consulting subsidiary, with operations in Brazil was mapped. Hofstede’s (1990, 1991, 1994) and Trompenaars’s (1994) cultural frameworks were used as theoretical foundation, as well as some Brazilian studies that address some peculiarities of Brazilian culture and organizational management. The qualitative research method was used, with the holding of in-depth interviews with the employees of the analyzed company. Results show which elements present in the organizational dynamics are perceived as more significant by the individuals interviewed. The relationship of management practices and Brazilian culture is also analyzed. It follows that the understanding of both the dynamics of organizational culture and its adequacy wi
Hospital community benefits and the effect of Schedule H: A difference-in-difference approach  [PDF]
Helen Schneider, Hilal Yilmaz
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.510226
Abstract:

Since 1969 private, nonprofit hospitals have qualified for tax exemption as charitable institutions and in exchange for the preferential tax treatment were required to provide community benefits. However, in the absence of mandatory reporting of community benefits at the federal level and in the absence of a clear definition of community benefits, the previous literature provides but ambiguous evidence regarding hospitals’ supply of community benefits. Responding to policymakers’ concerns, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) mandates all private, non-profit hospitals to report charity care at cost as well as unreimbursed Medicaid costs starting with the tax year 2008. Using data from hospitals in California before and after tax year 2008 (2009 filing), this study examines whether changes in the IRS 990 Schedule H had a significant effect on the supply of community benefits by non-profit hospitals relative to for-profit hospitals. Empirical results suggest that nonprofit hospitals do not supply more community benefits relative to for-profit hospitals for both definitions of community benefits reported in Schedule H. Although the supply of community benefits increased for all hospitals after 2008, the increase was not higher for nonprofits. Moreover, nonprofits supplied significantly less community benefits according to some definitions. Thus, minimum charity care standard is justified.

Physiological and sanity seed quality of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) from Goias state / Qualidade fisiológica e sanitária de sementes de feijoeiro (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) provenientes do estado de Goiás
Gilvania Campos Silva,Delineide Pereira Gomes,Adriana Zanin Kronka,Myrna Hilal Moraes
Semina : Ciências Agrárias , 2008,
Abstract: The common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is a fabacea sufficiently spread out in all domestic territory. However, the quality of its seeds represents one of the main causes of low productivity in the beans farmings in Brazil. The objective of this work was to evaluate physiological and sanitary seed qualities of eleven bean cultivars. The physiological seed quality was evaluated trough standard germination and vigor tests. The sanitary seed quality was evaluated through two tests: blotter test was employed to evaluate fungi incidence and “Koch & Menten” method was employed to observe Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib) de Bary occurrence. Xamego, BRS Valente, Bambu and Pérola had the best results of physiological tests. Jalo Precoce, Roxo 90, Corrente and Aporé had no good results of vigor and germination, besides presenting the lowest indices of died seeds. Fusarium sp., Aspergillus spp., Penicillium sp., Phoma sp., Rhizopus sp. and Botrytis sp. were the fungi detected in the sanity tests. O feijoeiro comum (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) é uma fabacea bastante difundida em todo território nacional. A baixa qualidade de suas sementes representa uma das principais causas de baixa produtividade nas lavouras de feij o no Brasil. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a qualidade fisiológica e sanitária de sementes de nove cultivares de feij o provenientes do Estado de Goiás. A qualidade fisiológica das sementes foi avaliada através dos testes de germina o e vigor, e a análise sanitária, através dos métodos de papel de filtro, para verificar a ocorrência de fungos em geral, e do método de Koch e Menten, para a avalia o de Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib) de Bary. As cultivares que tiveram os melhores desempenhos nos testes fisiológicos foram Xamego, BRS Radiante, Bambu e Pérola. As cultivares Jalo Precoce, Roxo 90, Corrente e Aporé apresentaram baixos índices de vigor e germina o de plantulas normais, além de apresentarem os maiores índices de sementes mortas. Quanto à sanidade, verificou-se a incidência dos fungos Fusarium sp., Aspergillus spp., Penicillium sp., Phoma sp., Rhizopus sp. e Botrytis sp.
TAR H TüRK BAH ELER NDE HAVUZ YAPILARI
Hilal Turgut
Tarih Kültür ve Sanat Ara?t?rmalar? Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: zetH zla de i en ve kal c olmayan bah e tasar mlar g ebe hayattan yerle ik hayata ge en Türk toplumunun de i im süreci i in nemli ipu lar verebilirdi. Ancak de erlendirme yap labilecek bah e rnekleri ok az bulunmakta ve olanlar n da de i ime u ray p u ramad klar net olarak bilinmemektedir. Bu al mada; farkl sanat ak mlar ile tan m olan, o unun varl n ancak kitaplardan bildi imiz tarihi Türk Bah elerinin havuz detaylar n n incelenerek Türk bah e kültürü hakk nda bilgi edinilmesi ama lanm t r. al mada, a rl kl olarak son tan k olan Sedad Hakk Eldem’in kaynaklar Türk dünyas n n nemli sanat kollar ndan olan tarihi belge niteli i ta yan minyatürler, gezgin notlar , e itli rehber nitelikli kaynaklar incelenmi tir. al mada minyatürlerin tercih edilme sebebi, minyatürlerin ince ayr nt lar n g sterildi i resimler olmas n n yan s ra Türk resminden nce minyatür sanat rneklerinin var olmas ve ar iv niteli inde al malar olarak de erlendirilebilmesidir. Minyatürde g rünümden ok fikir ve ger eklik n plandad r. al man n sonucunda bundan sonra yap lacak Türk Bah esi al malar i in daha detayl bir bak a s ortaya konulmas umut edilmektedir. The fast changes and non-permanent designs in Historical Turkish gardening could have given us important hints about the process of how nomadic Turkish people transformed into the settled life. But there are few samples of these designs to know if they underwent any changes. This study aims at giving information about the pool structures in the historical Turkish gardens, which are closely related to the Turkish culture. In doing so, the study examines the works of Sedad Hakki Eldem, together with miniatures, travel notes and various guiding notes. The reason why miniatures are chosen is because they are not only the pictures which give details but they were also existing in Turkish culture before the painting was used, so that miniatures could be evaluated as archives. In miniatures, idea and realism are more important rather than the look. As a result of this work, we expect to have a more detailed understanding of Turkish gardens for future use.RésuméLes dessins des jardins en pleine mutation peuvent donner des indices importants relatifs au processus de changement de la société Turque qui passe de la vie nomade à la vie urbaine. Cependant, il y a très peu d’exemples de jardin pour pouvoir évaluer ces changements, nous ne savons d’ ailleurs pas si ces transformations/changements ont eu lieu. Dans cette étude, nous avons voulu obtenir des renseignements au sujet de la culture du jardin
The effect of stopping power ratios of different protocols on %DD curve
Hilal ACAR
Turkish Journal of Oncology , 2009,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The effects of the stopping power ratios of different protocols on %DD curve were investigated in this study. METHODS: Percentage ionization curve was measured at SSD=95 cm using 10x10 standard cone and 6, 8, 10, 12, 15 and 18 MeV electron energies. Stopping power ratios at each depth were determined as recommended by the three protocols. %DD curves were then found and compared. The stopping power ratios of the different protocols were determined and plotted against R50. RESULTS: The stopping power ratios of the different protocols did have an effect on %DD curves. The clearest difference was seen at the surface. The maximum difference was 1.45% at 10 MeV, while the minimum difference was 0.09% at 6 MeV. CONCLUSION: Stopping power ratios as found using realistic electron beams provide more accurate surface doses, as reported in the literature.
Comparison of IAEA absorbe dose protocols TRS 277, TRS 381 and TRS 398 for different electron energies
Hilal ACAR
Turkish Journal of Oncology , 2007,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: In this study, calculation of absorbed doses according to three different IAEA protocols for 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, and 18 MeV electron energies were compared. METHODS: Absorbe dose measurements were made at SSD=95 cm distance, 10 x 10 cm standart cone and reference depth. Electron energies was measured with five different cylindirical chambers and three different paralel plate chambers. Polarity and recombination effects were measured for all ionization chambers and energies before absorbed dose measurements. RESULTS: After the measurements, calculations were made according to three different protocols. For Marcus parallel plate chambers, the ratio of absorbe dose protocols was between -2.04% to 2.64%. Except from Marcus for other parallel plate chamber difference was between 0.11% to 3.38% for 6 MeV, 0.33% to 1.37% for 8 MeV, 0.12% to 1.71% for 10 MeV, 1.35% to 0.23% for 12 MeV, 1.69% to 0.24% for 15 MeV and 0.22% to 1.74% for 18 MeV. CONCLUSION: Contrary to photon energies, difference between absorbe dose protocols for electron beam energies was high. The reason of the difference was arise from the fact that TRS 277 assumes perturbation factor of parallel plate chambers was “1”. As a result, TRS 398 protocol enables us to calculate much more accurate absorbe dose.
Energy and field size dependence of polarity
Hilal ACAR
Turkish Journal of Oncology , 2010,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate polarity effects of electron beams with different energies. METHODS: Energy dependence of polarity error was investigated at dmax and SSD=95 for 6, 8, 10, 12, 15 and 18 MeV electron beams from Phillips SL-25 LINAC. Field size dependence of polarity effect was investigated at dmax and SSD=95 cm using 6x6, 10x10, 14x14 and 20x20 cm2 standard electron cones for 6, 8, 10, 12, 15 and 18 MeV electron beams from Phillips SL-25 LINAC. RESULTS: Polarity effect decreased as electron beam energy increased. While polarity error was 0.52% for high energies, it increased up to 4.5% for low energies. Moreover, polarity error increased as field size increased for the same electron energy. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, especially for low energies and wide field sizes, polarity error is measured and used in absolute dose calculations for parallel plate chambers.
Comparison of theoretical and experimental values of TRS 398 absorbed dose to water
Hilal ACAR
Turkish Journal of Oncology , 2008,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: In this study, experimentally and theoretically determined absorbed dose to water calibration factors were compared. We used 6 MV photon and 12 MeV electron energies to compare experimentally and theoretically determined beam quality dependence factors. METHODS:Measurements were made at SSD=100 cm distance (LINAC), 10x10 cm standard field size and reference depth. Five different cylindrical and three parallel plate chambers were used. RESULTS: For absorbed dose to water calibration factor, the max difference between theoretical and experimental values was 2.8% for Marcus chamber. Beam quality dependence factors for 6 MV theoretical values of PTW 30001 (a) (-0.816%), NE 2571 (-0.1107%) were greater than their experimental values. For 12 MeV, the difference was 1.2371% for PTW 30001 (a), 1.6774% for PTW 30001 (b), 0.8758% for NE 2571, 0.8363% for NE 2581, 0.6071% for PTW 30002, and 0.6245% for Marcus ion chamber. CONCLUSION: As the protocol suggests, obtaining absorbed dose to water calibration factor directly from SSDL produces more accurate results.
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