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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3916 matches for " Adrian Furnham "
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Lay Knowledge of Dyslexia  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.412136

This study looks at the extent to which lay people believe many myths associated with dyslexia. It examined attitudes and beliefs about the causes, manifestations and treatments for dyslexia in a British population sample. A community sample of 380 participants (158 Male; 212 Female) completed a 62-item questionnaire on their attitudes to, and beliefs about, dyslexia. The statements were derived from various “dyslexia facts and myths” websites set up to help people understand dyslexia; academic research papers; and in-depth exploratory interviews with non-specialist people regarding their understanding of dyslexia. Item analysis showed participants were poorly informed about many aspects of dyslexia. Factor analysis returned a structure of latent attitudes in five factors (Characteristics, Biological and Social Causes, Treatment and Prevention). Regression analysis revealed that participant political orientation and education (formal and informal acquaintances with dyslexia sufferers) were the best predictors of attitudes concerning the behavioural manifestations, aetiology and treatments of dyslexia. Limitations and implications of this research were considered.

What You Can and Can’t Change: Lay Perspectives on Seligman’s Guide  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.612142
Abstract: Seligman (2007) reported 10 facts about what psychological processes and problems can be changed, and those that cannot be changed. Over 250 participants completed a questionnaire where they indicated the extent to which they agreed with Seligman, as well as a measure of the Big Five personality traits, CORE self-beliefs and a measure of Dweck’s (2012) “Change Mindset” questionnaire. Lay people did not agree with Seligman and factor analysis did not confirm his grouping. Regressions indicated that age, sex, religiousness and Mindset were related to beliefs about change. Limitations are noted.
Personality, Emotional and Self-Assessed Intelligence and Right Wing Authoritarianism  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.616207
Abstract: Two studies examined correlates of right-wing authoritarianism (RWA). In the first study (N = 260), lower self-assessments of intelligence were associated with higher RWA scores. In the second study (N = 328), personality traits and emotional intelligence but not self-assessed intelligence were related to RWA beliefs. Higher RWA scorers tended to be Closed-to-Experience, Conscientious, and Neurotics with higher trait emotional intelligence. Together these accounted for 20% of the variance.
The Relationship between Cognitive Ability, Emotional Intelligence and Creativity  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.72021
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between IQ, EQ and creativity. In all 158 British adults completed a cognitive ability, creativity and emotional intelligence test. Cognitive ability was positively but not significantly correlated with divergent thinking (creativity) but significantly negatively with both facet and domain emotional intelligence scores.
Personality and Intelligence in a High Ability Sample  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.89088
Abstract: In all 754 adults (518 males) in a high achieving school-leaver sample completed two intelligence tests (Ravens Progressive Matrices; Graduate Management Assessment Verbal and Numerical) and the 16PF. The study was concerned with the relationships between personality and intelligence. Correlational and regression analyses showed a few of the 16PF factors (particularly Reasoning and Sensitivity) to be related to the various cognitive ability test scores. The study shows that specific personality traits are modestly but consistently correlated with intelligence test scores. Implications are considered.
The Dark Side of Conscientiousness  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.811122
Abstract: This paper reports on two studies, each with large adult populations, which look at Dark-Side correlates (subclinical Personality Disorders) of two different measures of Trait Conscientiousness. In the first study, 5300 British adults completed the Prudence scale of the Hogan Personality Inventory (HPI) as well as the Hogan Development Survey (HDS), which measures Dark-Side traits. Correlation and regression results confirmed many of the associations between the seven facets of the Prudence scale and the Dark Side traits. Results showed that people who score high on Excitable, Mischievous and Imaginative reported low scores, while those who scored high on Diligent reported high scores on Prudence and its facets. In the second study, 6700 British adults completed the NEO-PI-R Conscientiousness Scale with six facet scores as well as the HDS. Regressions showed a similar pattern: people scoring high on Bold and Diligent, and low on Excitable and Cautious reported higher Conscientiousness. Similarities and differences in the findings for the two studies are considered. Paradoxically Conscientiousness is negatively associated with those Dark Side traits that are correlated with leadership emergence. Limitations of these studies are discussed.
Gender, BMI, and Personality as Predictors of Self-Assessed Attractiveness and Intelligence  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.814147
Abstract: Over 2000 students completed three short questionnaires in which they rated their general and multiple intelligence, their attractiveness and personality using a shortened measure of the Big Five. They also provided information about their weight, height, religious and political beliefs. A series of regression was performed with self-rated intelligence and attractiveness as the criterion variable. Females scored higher on Neuroticism and Agreeableness and lower on Openness, Self-estimated IQ and attractiveness. Regressions for self-estimated IQ and Attractiveness showed a similar pattern: Conscientious, Disagreeable, Extraverted, Lower BMI males gave higher scores. Regressions for the different “multiple intelligences” showed that four (Logical, Spatial, Interpersonal, Spiritual) of the nine predictor variables accounted for 10 or more percent of the variance. For the “Academic intelligences” results showed that Conscientious, Open, Extraverted males gave higher scores. Implications and limitations are considered.
Myths and Misconceptions in Developmental and Neuro-Psychology  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.92016
Abstract: The current study examined the prevalence of psychological myths and misconceptions in two areas of psychology: Developmental and Neuro-Psychology. In all 220 participants completed two questionnaires both derived from two recently published books, in which they rated to what extent, they thought various statements/facts about the brain and about child development were True or False. A large number of these myths were rated as True (Definitely or Partly) indicating the extent to which people had misconceptions about this area of psychology. There were few significant demographic correlates of the total correct score (determined by rating the myth as False) indicating no clear pattern in what sort of person has these misconceptions. Implications and limitations are discussed.
Fame in Psychology: A Pilot Study  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.96078
Abstract: An opportunist sample was asked to nominate nine psychologists under different categories. Participants, all qualified psychologists, reported finding the task both challenging and engaging. There was little agreement between participants with a number of nominated psychologists appearing on different, sometimes contradictory, lists. Ideas for a more serious and systematic study in the area are suggested.
Estimating One’s Own and Other’s Psychological Test Scores  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.98127
Abstract: This paper examines how accurate people are at estimating their own psychometric test results, which assess personality, intelligence, approach to learning and other factors. Seven groups of students completed a battery of power (general intelligence, fluid intelligence, creativity and general knowledge) tests and preference (approaches to learning, emotional intelligence, Big Five personality) tests. Two months later (before receiving feedback on their psychometric scores) they estimated their own scores and that of a class acquaintance who they claimed to know well on these variables. Results from the different samples were reasonably consistent. They showed that participants could significantly predict/estimate their own Neuroticism, Extraversion and Conscientiousness scores, as well as their General, Fluid and Crystalised intelligence, Approaches to Learning, Creativity and Happiness. Correlations between estimated and test-derived scores for an acquaintance were around half those for self-estimates and better for personality than ability. Participants self and “other” estimates were nearly all significantly positive. The discussion considers when, if ever, self-estimated scores can be used as proxy for test scores and what self-estimated scores indicate. Limitations are considered.
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