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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1874 matches for " Adolfo; "
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A Pure Capital Market Complementarity between Immigrants and Natives  [PDF]
Adolfo Cristóbal Campoamor
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.612118
Abstract: This work presents a model aiming to evaluate the impact of rural-urban migration on the aggregate stock of loanable funds and investment by the urban population. Much higher investment costs for immigrants in cities prevent their acquisition of either human or physical capital. That is the reason why immigrants self-select as net lenders and affect urban labor earnings by means of the availability of new loanable funds for investment. This reduces the local interest rates and facilitates urban aggregate investment, especially by the new generations of natives. As a result of that, the aggregate labor income of natives increases unambiguously with the size of new immigration waves.
The “Price Puzzle” under Changing Monetary Policy Regimes  [PDF]
André Varella Mollick, Adolfo Sachsida
iBusiness (IB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2012.44040

This paper examines the “price puzzle”, the rise in the price level following a contractionary monetary policy shock, using monthly US data from 1960 to 2006. Deviating from the standard practice is including commodity prices to “solve the puzzle”, our benchmark VAR contains output, prices, the federal funds rate and M1 money stock, while the augmented VAR includes the 10-year long bond yield. Splitting the sample at October of 1979, we find very contrasting patterns and rationalize them under the changing relationship between money and the funds rate across periods. First, the price puzzle is confined to the pre-Volcker period. Second, in the pre-Volcker period the funds rate respond largely to their own shocks, while the post-Volcker period witnesses a larger role for output fluctuations. Third, positive output shocks are more recently followed by price increases, federal funds hikes, and monetary contractions, very much consistent with the “Taylor rule”. Fourth, the “monetarist experiment” of late 1979-1982 reinforces our basic results: the more explicit the reliance on money supply, the less visible the price puzzle becomes.

Social class, marginality and self-assessed health: a cross-sectional analysis of the health gradient in Mexico
Adolfo Valle
International Journal for Equity in Health , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-8-3
Abstract: To empirically examine the gradient effect of social class on self-rated health in Mexico, a secondary cross-sectional mixed-level analysis was designed. Using individual level data from the Second National Health Survey (ENSA II), social class categories were specified following a stratification approach according to the occupation and education indicators available from ENSA II. Two types of categories were made, one for t urban and one for the rural labor force. Two indicators of perceived health status were used as health outcomes: self-assessed health and reported morbidity. Furthermore, the marginality index, an indicator of relative deprivation was used to examine its contextual effect at the state and regional level. The analysis was conducted using logistic multivariate models.The cross-sectional analysis showed a gradient effect of social class for good assessed-health. Relative to the low urban class, the odds ratio (OR) for a good perception of health for individuals belonging to the high urban class was 2.9 (95% confidence interval: 2.1–3.9). The OR for the middle high class was 2.8 (95% confidence interval: 2.4–3.4), while the OR for the middle low class was 1.8 (95% confidence interval: 1.6–2.1). However, for the rural labour force an OR of 1.5 was only significant between the high class who considered their health as good relative to the low class (95% confidence interval: 1.02–2.2). At the aggregate level, the results also showed individuals living in deprived regions were less likely to report their health as good than individuals living in relatively less deprived ones, OR = 0.6 (95% confidence interval: 0.4–0.7).Overall, the findings of this study provided empirical evidence that social inequality negatively influences health through a differential exposure and an unequal distribution of resources across the class spectrum: the lower the social class, the poorer the perception of health. The results also showed that living in more deprived region
A generalized labor market theory: inequality as labor discipline device
Figueroa, Adolfo;
Investigación económica , 2011,
Abstract: the standard microeconomic theory of labor market assumes that unemployment operates as the labor discipline device in advanced countries. what is this device in developing countries? this paper seeks to give an answer to this question by constructing a new theoretical model and by confronting its predictions against a set of empirical regularities that characterize the functioning of labor markets in developing countries. in comparing the two models, the paper shows the existence of a generalized labor market theory in which inequality among workers constitutes the common labor discipline device, which just takes different forms in advanced and developing countries.
Ciencias sociales e historia. Notas interdisciplinarias
Gilly, Adolfo;
Andamios , 2010,
Abstract: following braudel and the annales school, this article explores and reviews some ideas, their fundamentals, influence, limits and relevance in the possible and necessary dialogue between historiography and other social sciences, particularly, political science. this review employs notions like plural historical time, the consideration of the constructive processes that structures the state and the acknowledgement of different social temporalities. this, to argue -in note form and in constant consideration of the mexican case- the pertinence and usefulness of interdisciplinary production.
La propuesta socio-cultural de Vygotsky como alternativa a la vía del desarrollo biológicomadurativo y a la corriente ?espiritualista?
Psychologia. Avances de la Disciplina , 2011,
Abstract: the psychology of the end of the 19th century and first third of the twentieth century furnishes the background of vygotsky's theory about the psychological development. his idea of the sociogenesis or, in other words, the determinant influence of the social world in the behavioral development, appears in his mind as a counterpoint, on one hand, to biologizing approaches that concei-ve the development as just a maturation process whereas, for the other, expresses its rejection to what he calls ?the psychology of the spirit?, in which he perceives the long lasting influence of the hegelian idealism. this paper try to highlight the ?third via? -sociogenesis- that vygotsky proposes as a valid issue to the crossroads of biological and idealistic psychology. we delve into the vygotskian idea of sociogenesis and point to some nuances that should not be overlooked when considering this transcendental contribution.
José María Arguedas, Mario Vargas Llosa y el Papacha Oblitas
Gilly, Adolfo;
Argumentos (México, D.F.) , 2006,
Abstract: in la utopía arcaica josé maría arguedas y las ficciones del indigenismo (fce, méxico, 1996), mario vargas llosa makes an ideological, political and literary critique of the work of the writer josé maría arguedas (1911 - 1969). vargas llosa contrasts his idea of peru in the process of a rapid modernization, with the andean indigenous view in the novels and essays written by arguedas. this controversy is still present in the discussions on the andean world. the essay, that reviews the work and ideas of josé maría arguedas, analyzes the scope and the literary and cultural meanings of both views.
Regenerative medicine: a review
Porcellini, Adolfo;
Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-84842009000800017
Abstract: regenerative medicine is a technique to replace or repair defective or diseased tissue or organs by in vitro design with in vivo usage. it can be considered a relatively new branch of medicine born in 1997 when whithman dh et al. proposed to integrate platelet enriched plasma (prp) in fibrin glue. in 1998 marx et al. demonstrated that prp was able to induce bone regeneration of the jaw. in the same period it was discovered that a fraction of stem cells of bone marrow origin was able to repair several mesenchymal tissues or organs.
Revista de ciencia política (Santiago) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-090X2010000200017
Abstract: uruguayan politics, during 2009, was focused in political competition. in june, parties selected their presidential candidates in open primaries. in october, frente amplio succeeded in sustaining the majority in congress. in november, at run-off, josé mujica (candidate of frente amplio) defeated luis alberto lacalle (partido nacional). despite de centrality of electoral competition, congress passed some important laws, like the creation of a third level of government (municipios). president tabaré vázquez had a leading role during the year, and finished his mandate with a high level of popularity. despite his personal history as guerrillero and have, promised a "tum to the left" during the internal presidential campaign in the fa, mujica's government offers more continuity than change vis-à-vis vázquez policies.
La ciencia política en Uruguay: un desarrollo tardío, intenso y asimétrico
Revista de ciencia política (Santiago) , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-090X2005000100018
Abstract: abstract in uruguay, social sciences have developed later than in other countries in the region. political science, as an independent discipline, was only institutionalized at the end of the 1980s when, within the university of the republic, a specialized institute of research was established and began to offer undergraduate courses in the discipline. it is undeniable that during the 1990's political science experienced an intensive growth both in the number of students and research activities. at the same time, political scientists started to play an important role in the political analysis and public debate. nevertheless, currently, uruguayan political science faces the challenges of correcting some important asymmetries.
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