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Level of HIV/AIDS Information Consciousness among Secondary School Students in Ekiti State, Nigeria
FF Adesoji
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: This paper highlights the result of an investigation into the level of information consciousness of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome HIV/AIDS among secondary school students in Ado-Ekiti and Ekiti East Local Government Areas of Ekiti State in Nigeria. They respectively represent urban and rural settings in the state. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. 165 copies of the questionnaire were distributed while 150 copies were utilized for the study in both urban and rural areas. Mean scores and standard deviations were used to answer the three research questions while t-test statistic was used for the three hypotheses. The major findings of the study were that secondary school students in both urban and rural areas of Ekiti State. Nigeria did not know all the possible causes, signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS or the protection against contracting the infections. Based on the above findings, the researcher made some recommendations.
The Boko Haram Uprising and Islamic Revivalism in Nigeria Die Boko-Haram-Unruhen und die Wiederbelebung des Islam in Nigeria
Abimbola Adesoji
Africa Spectrum , 2010,
Abstract: From the 1980 Maitatsine uprising to the 2009 Boko Haram uprising, Nigeria was bedevilled by ethno-religious conflicts with devastating human and material losses. But the Boko Haram uprising of July 2009 was significant in that it not only set a precedent, but also reinforced the attempts by Islamic conservative elements at imposing a variant of Islamic religious ideology on a secular state. Whereas the religious sensitivity of Nigerians provided fertile ground for the breeding of the Boko Haram sect, the sect’s blossoming was also aided by the prevailing economic dislocation in Nigerian society, the advent of party politics (and the associated desperation of politicians for political power), and the ambivalence of some vocal Islamic leaders, who, though they did not actively embark on insurrection, either did nothing to stop it from fomenting, or only feebly condemned it. These internal factors coupled with growing Islamic fundamentalism around the world make a highly volatile Nigerian society prone to violence, as evidenced by the Boko Haram uprising. Given the approach of the Nigerian state to religious conflict, this violence may remain a recurring problem. This paper documents and analyses the Boko Haram uprising, as well as its links with the promotion of Islamic revivalism and the challenges it poses to the secularity of the Nigerian state. Vom Maitatsine-Aufstand 1980 bis zu den Boko-Haram-Unruhen 2009 hat die nigerianische Bev lkerung unter den verheerenden menschlichen und materiellen Kosten ethnisch-religi ser Konflikte gelitten. Die Boko-Haram-Unruhen (Juli 2009) markierten allerdings eine qualitative Ver nderung, denn sie stellten einen Pr zedenzfall dar und verst rkten Versuche konservativer Anh nger des Islam, im s kularen nigerianischen Staat Elemente islamischer Ideologie einzuführen. Angesichts der Empf nglichkeit der Nigerianer für religi ses Denken konnte sich die Boko-Haram-Sekte schnell ausbreiten, erleichtert durch die nach wie vor bestehende konomische Polarisierung der nigerianischen Gesellschaft, die erneut heftig aufgebrochene Konkurrenz der Parteien um die politische Macht und die Ambivalenz einiger lautstarker islamischer Führer, die zwar nicht explizit zum Aufstand aufriefen, aber auch nichts zur Beendigung der Hetze beitrugen und diese nur vorsichtig verurteilten. Diese internen Faktoren und der gleichzeitige weltweite Aufschwung des islamischen Fundamentalismus führten in der hoch volatilen nigerianischen Gesellschaft zu den gewaltsam ausgetragenen Boko-Haram-Unruhen. Die im nigerianischen Staat strukturell angelegte Gef
Seasonal Frequency in Esophageal Atresia/Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula: Is there an Environmental Etiology?  [PDF]
Christopher Bode, Adesoji Ademuyiwa, Sylvester Ikhisemojie
Surgical Science (SS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.27084
Abstract: Background: Esophageal Atresia and Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula (EA/TEF) occurs sporadically and its eti-ology is poorly understood. We observed six cases of EA/TEF within three weeks of October 2007 at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Nigeria. Aims: To analyze the monthly trends of presentation of EA/TEF at the LUTH from 2002-7, test the hypothesis that the October figures were not due to chance and correlate data with known local disease patterns. Setting: Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Patients, Materials, Method: A retrospective analysis of all EA/TEFs managed at the LUTH within stated period. Results: 25 babies with EA/TEF presented over the period. 10 (40%) were seen in the month of Oc-tober, 5 (20%) occurred in May while the rest were spread over the rest of the months. Chi-square analysis confirmed that the EA/TEF cases occurred significantly more frequently in October (P < 0.001) and this ob-servation was unlikely due to chance. Conclusions: There seems to be a seasonal variation in the occurrence of EA/TEF in Lagos, with a significantly higher frequency in the month of October. 96% of mothers of ba-bies with EA/TEF lived in low socioeconomic parts of Lagos. This study highlights the possibility of local viral etiology of EA/TEF.
Differential effect of honey on selected variables in alloxan-induced and fructose- induced diabetic rats
F Adesoji, A Oluwakemi
African Journal of Biomedical Research , 2008,
Abstract: Honey contains a high concentration of fructose, a monosaccharide, capable of raising blood sugar level after oral ingestion. It is thus a paradox that nutritional experts have advocated its use as a nutrition supplement in patients with diabetes mellitus. It has also been used, over the years, as a sweetener by those who wish to avoid the use of sugar. The effective use of sugar in diabetes may be due to its other constituents, especially the various antioxidants that are abundant in honey. Glycemic effect of honey on alloxaninduced diabetes and with concomitant administration of fructose was studied in male rats of the Wistar strain. Alloxan was injected into the rats through a tail artery and three days later, a confirmation of successful induction of diabetes was made by demonstration of hyperglycemia in the rats. Another group of rats received daily oral ingestion of fructose. At the end of three weeks it was found that daily ingestion of honey for three weeks progressively and effectively reduced blood glucose level in rats with alloxaninduced diabetes. Honey also caused a reduction in hyperglycemia induced by long-term ingestion of fructose, albeit to a lesser degree than its effect on alloxan-induced hyperglycemia. Honey could not reduce blood glucose in controlled rats that received neither alloxan treatment nor fructose ingestion, even though it caused an increase in body weight, irrespective of other substances concomitantly administered to the rats. It is thus apparent that honey may be a useful adjunct in the management of diabetes, while serving as a sweetener, especially if taken in moderate quantities. (Afr. J. Biomed. Res. 11: 191 - 196) Key Words: Honey, Alloxan-induced diabetes, Fructose-induced diabetes, Rats
Students Perception of Cult Activity on United States Colleges and University Campuses
Adesoji A. Oni
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The study investigated students perceptions of cult activity on United State Colleges and University campuses. Three hundred students from 6 Colleges and University campuses in US were involved. The students were randomly selected from the school population. The instrument used was a validated self-developed questionnaire. Five research questions were raised and answered. Chi-square and t-test statistics were utilized to analyze the research questions. Findings revealed that United States Colleges and University students perceived male dominance in cult membership and identified broken home as a potent factor to cult membership, while significant difference in the effect of cult activity on social order on the campuses were perceived by the respondents.
The Relationship Between Levels of Education and Perception of Democratic Governance Among Nigerian School Leavers
Adesoji A. ONI
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2006,
Abstract: The study investigated the views and perception of school leavers about the democratic government in Nigeria. A self-designed questionnaire was used for collection of their views. The participants of the study comprised 500 school leavers selected across different working places in the six states of Southwest Nigeria. Results clearly revealed that majority of the respondents are not satisfied with the current performance of the present democratic Government in Nigeria. Most of the respondents suggested participation of everyone in the act of governance that favor rule of law, equality, and freedom and that this should be adopted by the government. The researcher therefore recommended a democratic system of government that will incorporate all the basic principles of democracy into the system of government, while marginalization and neglect of the poor, women, youth, and rural dwellers should be avoided.
Globalization of the media and the Challenges of Democratisation in Nigeria.
Abimbola O. Adesoji.
Nebula , 2006,
Old Wine in New Bottle: The Nigerian Press in the Era of Constitutional Democracy, 1999-2009
Journal of International Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: That a significant section of the Nigerian Press is vibrant is not in doubt. Obviously a major feature which colonialism nourished and which prolonged military rule sustained, the Nigerian Press has remained a significant part of the democratic process by virtue of its vibrancy. Its differentiation notwithstanding, the ability of the Nigerian Press to either project and promote constitutional democracy or write its epitaph derives from the performance of its roles as an important stakeholder in the democratic enterprise. But to what extent has the Nigerian press been able to play its part since the return of civil rule in 1999? Has the Nigerian press been a partner, supporting and projecting democratic rule or silently singing its nunc dumitis? What role has the differentiation of the Press or its proliferation played in sustaining or hindering the new democratic experimentation? To what extent has the orientation of the Press and its disposition to colonial rule and prolonged military role continued in the new democratic experimentation or informed its perception? This paper appraises the functionality, perception, disposition and role of the Nigerian Press in the new democratic experimentation in Nigeria between 1999 and 2009 to make a case for its being either a partner in or an undertaker of constitutional democracy in Nigeria.
Evaluating the pattern of residential quality in Nigeria: The case of Osogbo township
Jiboye David Adesoji
Facta Universitatis Series : Architecture and Civil Engineering , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/fuace1003307j
Abstract: One of the major challenges of housing in Nigeria is how to address existing variations in the pattern of residential quality across different urban areas. Through a survey of 406 housing units selected from three residential areas in Osogbo Township in Nigeria, this study examines and compares the pattern of housing quality. Using descriptive statistics and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), where; F =24.786 and P = 0.00 - significant at 0.05, the study shows that residential quality varies in pattern from one area to another. By comparing the mean differences among the zones, Zones C and A had 6.84, while C and B had 5.298. These values indicate that residential quality of "Zone C" is better relative to those of Zones "B' and "A" in Osogbo. The study concludes that appropriate policy and strategies should be put in place to improve housing quality within different residential areas in Nigeria.
Sustainable Urbanization: Issues and Challenges for Effective Urban Governance in Nigeria
Adesoji David JIBOYE
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v4n6p211
Abstract: The pervasiveness and spontaneity of the global Urbanization process has been an issue of concern in recent time; as this essentially constitutes serious challenge to the attainment of sustainable development and effective urban governance. The implications of this developmental challenge in many developing nations, including Nigeria; are diverse socio-economic, cultural and environmental problems. Addressing these urban developmental challenges in Nigeria requires effective and good governance. The main concern of this paper therefore is to examine this developmental issue in order to provide a rationale for good governance in the management and utilization of existing resources for sustainable urban growth in Nigeria. The paper addresses four main areas: the first considers basic issues relating to sustainable development and governance; the second discusses the challenge of urbanization in Nigeria; while the third underscores the need for effective governance in sustainable urbanization. The paper conceives three major policy areas which are relevant to ensuring good governance in Nigeria. In concluding, the paper notes that appropriate policies and strategies critical to the attainment of sustainable development must be put in place in order to preserve our cities and also secure the future well-being of it citizens.
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