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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28581 matches for " Adauto Martins; Carvalho "
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Evolu??o histórica dos programas de preven??o e controle da dengue no Brasil
Ferreira,Beatriz Jansen; Souza,Maria de Fátima Marinho; Soares Filho,Adauto Martins; Carvalho,André Anderson;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232009000300032
Abstract: an epidemiological analysis of the forms and distribution of dengue fever in brazil and worldwide was carried out. the national program of dengue control (npdc) was evaluated based on the data available at "diagdengue" an official computerized information system allowing to follow-up the implantation and impact of the program. a factorial analysis was performed by means of a set of indicators contributing to variability. the indicator scores were added and the cities demanding for prior attention of the npcd were classified for the construction of an index, which is presented three-monthly for every state, with intervals distributed between 0 and 9. the implantation of the ncpd is irregular. cities with bad implantation are predominating in the north and northeast of the country. in the second analysis, socio-economic variables of the selected cities were added. for the association tests these cities were classified into two groups: "bad" and "good/very good", based on the association of the index of building infestation informed in the fad (yellow fever and dengue) database and the constructed index. associations were verified based on variance analysis, trend test and trend estimate. it was observed that cities with low rates of illiteracy, efficient garbage collection and high ratio of sanitary installations are correlated with a good classification of the city according to diagdengue.
Renal ischemia and reperfusion injury: influence of chorpromazine on renal function and lipid peroxidation
Tucci Junior, Silvio;Carvalho, Roberto Marins de;Celini, Fábia Martins;Cologna, Adauto José;Suaid, Haylton Jorge;Tirapelli, Luis Fernando;Martins, Antonio Carlos Pereira;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502008000700008
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the influence of chlorpromazine (cpz) on renal function and lipid peroxidation in a rat model of kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury. methods: forty eight wistar rats underwent a laparotomy for hilar clamping of left kidney with a bulldog clamp for 60 minutes followed by organ reperfusion and contralateral nephrectomy. of these, 26 received 3mg/kg of cpz intravenously 15 minutes before renal ischemia (g-e) while the remaining 22 were used as ischemic control group (g-c). eleven rats of g-e and 8 of g-c were followed for blood urea nitrogen and creatinine determinations before renal ischemia and at 1st, 4th and 7th postoperative days. samplings of left renal tissue were obtained at 5 minutes (5 rats from each group) and 24 hours (9 g-c and 10 of g-e) of reperfusion for malondialdehy (mda) content determination. controls of renal mda content were determined in kidneys harvested from 6 additional normal rats. results: acute renal failure occurred in all animals but levels of bun and creatinine were significantly lower in g-e (p<0.001). mda content rose strikingly at 5 minutes of reperfusion in both groups (p>0.05) and returned near to normal levels 24 hours later. conclusion: cpz conferred partial protection of renal function to kidneys submitted to ischemia/reperfusion injury that seems to be not dependent on inhibition of lipid peroxidation.
Vitimiza??o por homicídios segundo características de ra?a no Brasil
Soares Filho,Adauto Martins;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102011005000045
Abstract: objective: to describe the temporal patterns of mortality by homicide in brazil. methods: a series of homicides in brazil from 2000 to 2009 were studied. the explanatory variables were race/skin color, gender and education. the death statistics were obtained from the mortality information system. a trend analysis was performed by means of a polynomial regression for a historic time series (p < 0.05, 95% confidence interval). results: the black population represented 69% of the homicide victims in 2009. the homicide rate increased in the black population, while it decreased in the white population in the period studied. the homicide rate increased in groups with both higher and lower education among blacks; among whites, the rate decreased for those with the lowest level of schooling and remained stable in the group with higher educational levels. in 2009, blacks had a higher risk of death than whites from homicide, regardless of education level. between 2004 and 2009, the homicide rate decreased in the white population, while it increased in the black population. conclusions: the relative risk of falling victim to homicide increased in the black population, suggesting an increase in inequality. the effect of the anti-gun measures implemented in brazil in 2004 was positive in the white population and less pronounced in the black population. overall, race/skin color predicted the occurrence of homicide.
As representa??es da saúde bucal na mídia impressa
Cavaca, Aline Guio;Gentilli, Victor;Marcolino, Eliana Martins;Emmerich, Adauto;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832012005000039
Abstract: this study aimed to understand how information on oral health is carried in the printed media in the state of espírito santo, brazil. this was a qualitative study using content analysis on 66 articles relating to the subject that were carried in the newspapers a gazeta and a tribuna between march 2004 and june 2009. the empirical material originated seven analytical categories: accountability of the individual, extreme realities, popular image of dentists and their offices, pathologization of halitosis, aesthetic valuation, determinants of oral health and prevention and habits. the media's approach towards oral health cuts across a complex of social, cultural, political, biological and economic factors. this highlights the importance of communication in context with the interests of society. thus, the communication may be interactive, with dialogue, and its critical power in education and health promotion may be explored, thereby consciously relaying consumerism in oral health.
Culto ao corpo e estilo de vida entre as mulheres
Marcela Carvalho Martins Amaral
Sociedade e Estado , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0102-69922012000100014
Abstract:
Abuso Sexual e Resiliência: Enfrentando as Adversidades
Rosimeire de Carvalho Martins
Revista Mal-estar e Subjetividade , 2011,
Abstract: El estupro, un tipo de abuso sexual es un delito universal, ilegal y reportado, practicado contra la libertad sexual de una persona. Puede ser definido como un acto de fuerza en que la persona agresora obliga otra a mantener relación sexual contra su voluntad. Las víctimas preferenciales con frecuencia son del sexo feminino, aun cuando ni as yadolescentes. Es considerado un problema de salud pública debido a su elevada incidencia y a las graves consecuencias para la salud. Este estudio ha investigado la percepción de jóvenes mujeres victimadas sexualmente sobre las consecuencias que la violencia ha traído a su salud con relación a los aspectos emocional, físico y comportamental, así como las estrategias de superación de los agravios oriundos de la violencia y que indicadores ellas han usado para afirmar que han superado los efectos aciagos a su salud. Fueron entrevistadas dieciocho mujeres, siendo doce víctimas de abuso extrafamiliar y ses de abuso intrafamiliar. Los datos han sido analisados a través de la utilización de la técnica de análisis de contenido temático. Hemos verificado que para las mujeres del grupo extrafamiliar los efectos negativos de la ocurrencia en la salud permanecian, aun después del pasaje de un a o del suceso, dificultando sus relaciones sexuales, sociales y familiares. Ellas no han contado com el apoyo de familiares y de profesionales. En las mujeres del grupo intrafamiliar, hemos identificado una creciente mobilización para superar el estrés y sus consecuencias nocivas de la ocurrencia y reanudar a la vida. El apoyo familiar y social han actuado como facilitadores en el desarrollo de comportamientos resilientes y en el enfrentamiento de los efectos adversos de La violencia sufrida.
Risco Social: Terminologia adequada para a prote o social e garantia dos direitos?
Aline de Carvalho Martins
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporanea , 2012,
Abstract: O presente artigo visa refletir sobre a pertinência da utiliza o das teorias do risco social para a garantia dos direitos e prote o social. Deste modo, realiza uma reflex o sobre a importancia e os limites dos direitos nas sociedades burguesas, em um contexto onde os recursos do fundo público destinados às políticas sociais passam a ser cada vez mais solicitados pelo ca-pital. Este processo vem associado à divulga o de uma ideologia individualista e contrária aos direitos, associando sua concep o ao enfrentamento pontual da pobreza, voltado para os segmentos ditos em condi o de risco. O texto finaliza refletindo sobre impertinência da utiliza o deste conceito para a prote o social, resgatando a importancia de se valorizar interven es amplas, de promo o e desenvolvimento, comprometidas com a efetiva o dos direitos e a emancipa o humana
A Materialidade dos Direitos
Aline de Carvalho Martins
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporanea , 2009,
Abstract:
Da investiga??o sobre a natureza da luz à relatividade especial: notas de aula
Tiago Carvalho Martins
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: It is shown as experiments and theories about the nature of light led to the special theory of relativity. The most important facts for the emergence of the theory proposed by Einstein in 1905 are presented.
A radia??o de corpo negro e o surgimento da física quantica: Notas de aula
Tiago Carvalho Martins
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: It is shown how the study of blackbody radiation in the early twentieth century by the German physicist Max Planck gave rise to the quantum theory.
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