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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 594495 matches for " Ad J .J. M. Vingerhoets "
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Crying and Health: Popular and Scientific Conceptions
Ad J .J. M. Vingerhoets,Lauren Bylsma
Psychological Topics , 2007,
Abstract: We summarize popular and pre-scientific conceptions of the relationship between crying, well-being and health, and we review the scientific literature on this topic. First, the focus is on whether crying brings relief and facilitates emotional recovery. Next, we discuss the evidence addressing whether crying or its chronic inhibition is associated with an increased risk of developing health problems. Finally, we address crying as a signal or symptom of disease. It is concluded that the question regarding whether crying brings relief has yielded seemingly contrasting findings, dependent on the design of the study. Concerning the second and third issues, there is a lack of sound studies. Little is known about the nature of the association between depression and crying. The evidence for a relationship between neurological disorders (in particular, stroke and multiple sclerosis) appears more convincing. There is also mainly anecdotal evidence of increased crying in a wide variety of health problems, which may reflect symptoms of disease, co-morbid depression, adjustment problems, or side effects of treatment. Some recent studies further suggest a positive effect of crying on health status in certain patient groups. More systematic and well-designed studies are needed to clarify the relationship between crying and health.
Leisure Sickness: A Biopsychosocial Perspective
Guus L. Van Heck;,Ad J.J.M. Vingerhoets
Psychological Topics , 2007,
Abstract: Leisure and vacation are generally associated with feelings of relaxation and well-being. However, there is also evidence suggesting that some people feel particularly ill and develop symptoms especially during weekends and vacations. The focal points of this article are the exploration of the antecedents and consequences of this phenomenon, pointing out the need of systematic research on its prevalence, phenomenology, background, and the putative mechanisms involved. The paper concludes with a discussion of some possible effective interventions
Effects of Aquajogging in Obese Adults: A Pilot Study
Eveline J. M. Wouters,Annemieke M. A. Van Nunen,Rinie Geenen,Ronette L. Kolotkin,Ad J. J. M. Vingerhoets
Journal of Obesity , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/231074
Abstract: Aim and Method. To examine in obese people the potential effectiveness of a six-week, two times weekly aquajogging program on body composition, fitness, health-related quality of life, and exercise beliefs. Fifteen otherwise healthy obese persons participated in a pilot study. Results. Total fat mass and waist circumference decreased 1.4 kg (=.03) and 3.1 cm (=.005), respectively. The distance in the Six-Minute Walk Test increased 41 meters (=.001). Three scales of the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite questionnaire improved: physical function (=.008), self-esteem (=.004), and public distress (=.04). Increased perceived exercise benefits (=.02) and decreased embarrassment (=.03) were observed. Conclusions. Aquajogging was associated with reduced body fat and waist circumference and improved aerobic fitness and quality of life. These findings suggest the usefulness of conducting a randomized controlled trial with long-term outcome assessments.
Effects of Aquajogging in Obese Adults: A Pilot Study
Eveline J. M. Wouters,Annemieke M. A. Van Nunen,Rinie Geenen,Ronette L. Kolotkin,Ad J. J. M. Vingerhoets
Journal of Obesity , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/231074
Abstract: Aim and Method. To examine in obese people the potential effectiveness of a six-week, two times weekly aquajogging program on body composition, fitness, health-related quality of life, and exercise beliefs. Fifteen otherwise healthy obese persons participated in a pilot study. Results. Total fat mass and waist circumference decreased 1.4?kg ( ) and 3.1?cm ( ), respectively. The distance in the Six-Minute Walk Test increased 41 meters ( ). Three scales of the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite questionnaire improved: physical function ( ), self-esteem ( ), and public distress ( ). Increased perceived exercise benefits ( ) and decreased embarrassment ( ) were observed. Conclusions. Aquajogging was associated with reduced body fat and waist circumference and improved aerobic fitness and quality of life. These findings suggest the usefulness of conducting a randomized controlled trial with long-term outcome assessments. 1. Introduction Of the more than 1 billion overweight adults, at least 300 million are obese (Body Mass Index [BMI]?? 30?kg/ ) [1, 2]. Obesity increases the risk of chronic diseases, particularly cardiovascular disease [3–5], type II diabetes mellitus [6, 7], and osteoarthritis [8, 9] in adults. Quality of life is severely reduced in obese persons [10, 11], and it is related to the degree of overweight [12]. Both obesity and living a sedentary life have been associated independently with decreased quality of life [13] and stress regulation [14]. Physical exercise, combined with dietary adjustments, massages, and baths, has been recommended for obesity since Hippocrates (fourth century BC) [15]. Aerobic exercise produces less weight loss compared to caloric restriction programs [16]. Some recent studies, however, give evidence for weight loss, especially abdominal weight loss, as a result of exercise without caloric restriction [17–19]. Given the benefits for both physical and mental health [20], exercise has been widely recommended to reduce the health risks associated with overweight and obesity, even if the weight loss is minimal [19, 21, 22]. However, there is a substantial elevated risk of injuries in obese persons, especially sprains and strains [23]. Physical exercise in water is a possibility to try to increase physical and mental health of obese persons without the risk of injuries. Aerobic activities in water have been found to be effective to improve aerobic fitness [24], and the effect on body composition has been demonstrated to be similar to weight-bearing aerobic exercise on land [25]. Aquajogging is a specific form of
Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure Revised II (PRISM-RII) – a novel method to assess perceived burden of illness in diabetes patients
Sandor Klis, Ad JJM Vingerhoets, Maartje de Wit, Noortje Zandbelt, Frank J Snoek
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-6-104
Abstract: Participants were 308 adult outpatients with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Measures: (1) the PRISM-RII, yielding Self-Illness Separation (SIS) and Illness Perception Measure (IPM); (2) the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) scale, a measure of diabetes-related distress; (3) the WHO-5 Well-Being Index; (4) and a validation question on suffering (SQ). In addition, patients' complication status, comorbidity and glycemic control values(HbA1c) were recorded.Patients with complications did have marginally significant higher scores on IPM, compared to patients without complications. Type 2 patients had higher IPM scores than Type 1 patients. SIS and IPM showed low intercorrelation (r = -.25; p < .01). Convergent validity of PRISM-RII was demonstrated by significant correlations between IPM and PAID (r = 0.50; p < 0.01), WHO-5 (r = -.26; p < 0.01) and SQ (r = 0.36; p < 0.01). SIS showed only significant correlations with PAID (r = -0.28; p < 0.01) and SQ (r = -0.22; p < 0.01). Neither IPM nor SIS was significantly associated with HbA1c. The PRISM-RII appeared easy to use and facilitated discussion with care providers on coping with the burden of diabetes.PRISM-RII appears a promising additional tool to assess the psychological burden of diabetes.Living with a chronic disease like diabetes requires considerable psychological adjustment. Failure to adjust adequately to the disease may have negative consequences for the patient's quality of life, possibly resulting in suffering. An important outcome of this adjustment is the amount of suffering that a disease potentially causes. Although suffering is frequently mentioned in the medical literature, its definition and characteristics are often implied rather than defined. One definition that has been frequently cited is that of Cassell [1]: 'a state of severe distress associated with events that threaten the intactness of the person'. From this definition, it follows that the extent of suffering is not merely determined by the
Prevalence and predictors of urinary tract infections among children with cerebral palsy in Makurdi, Nigeria  [PDF]
Emmanuel Adémólá Anígilájé, Terkaa Terrumun Bitto
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2013.34063
Abstract:

Background: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are prone to urinary tract infection (UTI), a common cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. However, there has been no report regarding the prevalence of UTI among this group of children inNigeria. Objectives: The study aims at determining the prevalence and the possible predictors of UTI in children with CP compared to age and sex matched children without CP. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out among consecutive children with CP at the Neurologic Clinic in the Paediatric Department of the Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi, Nigeria, from December 2011 to May 2013. Results: The age range of the studied population was between 2 and 15 years with a mean age of 8.63 ± 3.83 years including 30 males and 22 females. UTI was confirmed in 20 (38.5%) children with cerebral palsy compared to 2 children (3.8%) without CP (p value 0.000). Among children with CP, Escherichia coli was the commonest organism isolated in 9 (9/20, 45.0%), Streptococcus faecalis in 4 (20.0%), Staphylococcus aureus in 3 (15%), while both Proteus spp., and Klebsiella spp., were isolated in 2 children (10.0%) each. Escherichia coli was also found in the 2 children without CP. All the organisms were resistant to co-trimoxazole, nalidixic acid, nitrofuratoin and amoxiclav, while they were 100% sensitive to ceftriazone and the quinolones. In a univariate regression, analysis only moderate to severe gross motor dysfunction predicted the risk of UTI (OR = 54.81, 95%CI, 2.27 - 1324.00, p value 0.014). Conclusion: Efforts should be put in place to aid mobility among children with CP in order to reduce risk of UT.

Swallowing threshold parameters of subjects with complete dentures and overdentures  [PDF]
Dick. J. Witter, F. Anneke Tekamp, Ad P. Slagter, Cees M. Kreulen, Nico H. J. Creugers
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2011.13012
Abstract: Aim: To compare the chewing process and swallowing threshold parameters of subjects with complete dentures and overdentures with data obtained from subjects with complete natural dentitions. Metho-dology: The chewing process in terms of swallowing threshold parameters of four groups of subjects with complete dentures (all females) was quantified by sieving particles after chewing of an artificial test ‘food’ and compared with that of subjects with com-plete natural dentitions as a reference group (33 sub-jects). All subjects (except those of the reference group) had a complete denture in the upper jaw. Regarding the lower jaw two groups with complete dentures (with high (24 subjects), respectively low mandible (12 subjects)) and two groups with overdentures (implant-retained (22 subjects), respectively natural root supported (19 subjects)) were composed. Results: The ‘overdenture-implants’ group needed significantly more chewing cycles and time (mean: 45 cycles in 32 seconds) until ‘swallowing’ compared to the group with complete natural dentitions (mean: 26 cycles in 19 seconds until ‘swallowing’). Also the ‘complete denture-low mandible’ group needed sig-nificantly more cycles and time (mean: 52 cycles in 44 seconds) until ‘swallowing’ than the complete dentition group. In the ‘overdenture-natural roots’ group these outcomes (33 cycles in 24 seconds) were not significantly different compared with the complete dentition group. The ‘complete denture-high mandi-ble’ group (32 cycles in 26 seconds) needed not sig-nificantly more cycles until ‘swallowing’, however time until ‘swallowing’ was significantly longer com-pared to the complete dentition group. All denture groups had significantly larger mean particle sizes when ‘swallowing’ (sizes in the order of 3 mm) than the natural dentition group (about 2 mm). Conclusion: Despite efforts to compensate for a reduced chewing efficiency, subjects with complete dentures (including overdentures) had 50% larger median particle sizes when ‘swallowing’ compared to subjects with complete natural dentitions.
Epidemiological, Clinical and Etiological Aspects of Ascites in the Medicine Department at the Departmental University Hospital of Borgou  [PDF]
A. C. Dovonou, A. C. Alassani, K. Saké, S. Adè, C. A. Attinsounon, S. Ahoui, J. Degla, Tognon F. Tchégnonsi, D. M. Zannou, G. Adè, F. Houngbé
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2017.73006
Abstract: Goals: The study has been initiated in order to describe the epidemiological, clinical and etiological aspect of the ascites. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective and descriptive study on the patients with an ascite and followed at the medicine department of Borgou departmental teaching hospital. Results: A total of 190 patients have presented an ascite or a hospital prevalence at 3.93%. A male predominance has been observed with a sex-ratio at 1.7. The average age was 39.7 ± 13.9 years. The reason for consultation is dominated by the increase of the abdominal volume (69.5%). The ascite fluid is macroscopically yellow citrine. The cirrhosis (28.5%) and the heart diseases (18.6%) were the most encountered causes of the ascites. Conclusion: The etiologies of ascites are various and dominated by the hepatic cirrhosis and the heart diseases.
Caracteriza??o bio-acústica da popula??o topotípica de Hyla rubicundula (Amphibia, Anura)
Cardoso, Ad?o J.;Vielliard, Jacques M. E.;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 1984, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81751984000300002
Abstract: the physical parameters of vocalizations in hyla rubicundula are analyzed in the topotypical population and some requirements for this kind of analysis are discussed.
Endometriosezentren verschiedener Stufen zur Verbesserung der medizinischen Versorgungsqualit t, der Forschung sowie der rztlichen Fort- und Weiterbildung
Ebert AD,Jackisch D,Mueller M,Keckstein J
Journal für Gyn?kologische Endokrinologie , 2008,
Abstract: In Europa wird die Idee der Qualit tsverbesserung auf dem Gebiet der Endometriose vertieft. Verschiedene "Task Forces" arbeiten mit zum Teil identischen Methoden am gleichen Ziel. Die Bildung spezialisierter Endometriosezentren verbunden mit einer breiten Qualifikation der rzte und des medizinischen Personals geh ren begleitet von der Unterstützung der Forschung ebenso in dieses Spektrum wie die Schulung und Information der betroffenen Frauen sowie die Sensibilisierung der Gesundheitspolitik, der Kostentr ger und der Industrie. Vor dem Hintergrund knapper Ressourcen ist eine Bündelung des vorhandenen nationalen und internationalen Engagements absehbar und notwendig. Inwieweit dies zur konsequenten Gründung von einheitlichen nationalen Endometriose-Gruppen als Basis einer europ ischen Dachgesellschaft führen k nnte, bleibt abzuwarten. Wünschenswert ist es allemal.
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