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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2309 matches for " Abu; Ariff "
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Insomnia: case studies in family practice
Kamil Mohd Ariff,Zailinawati Abu Hassan
Malaysian Family Physician , 2006,
Modelling the Violation of Restrictions Pertaining to Deforestation in a Given Land Right  [PDF]
Anthony G. Tumba, Shahidah Bte Mohd Ariff
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.611108
Abstract: This paper develops a model that could be used to visualize and predict the violation of restrictions in a given forest. The violation of restriction in this case is assumed to be the difference in areal extent between two forest cover scenes with time; termed “deforestation”. It analyses the relationship in forest cover changes overtime in Ganye Forest Reserve and Glide Cross Country Farm in Adamawa state, Nigeria. Cadastral maps of the forest reserve and farmland were used as the base maps, while the satellite images served as the spatio-temporal data. Landsat ETM+ images of 2003, 2008 and 2013 were used to identify, determine and estimate the violation of restrictions. The result shows that the violation of restrictions could be reliably determined for both the forest reserve and farmland and forecast made in order to predict future occurrence. It also revealed a continuous deforestation in the forest reserve, while in the farmland regeneration of forest stock was noticed. This information is very vital for forest management, planning and decision making in a viable land administration domain.
High performance enzymatic synthesis of oleyl oleate using immobilised lipase from Candida antartica
Mat Radzi,Salina; Basri,Mahiran; Bakar Salleh,Abu; Ariff,Arbakariya; Mohammad,Rosfarizan; Abdul Rahman,Mohd. Basyaruddin; Abdul Rahman,Raja Noor Zaliha Raja;
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology , 2005,
Abstract: high performance enzymatic synthesis of oleyl oleate, a liquid wax ester was carried out by lipase-catalysed esterification of oleic acid and oleyl alcohol. various reaction parameters were optimised to obtain high yield of oleyl oleate. the optimum condition to produce oleyl oleate was reaction time; 5 min, organic solvents of log p ≥ 3.5, temperature; 40-50oc, amount of enzyme; 0.2-0.4 g and molar ratio of oleyl alcohol to oleic acid; 2:1. the operational stability of enzyme was maintained at >90% yield up to 9 cycles. analysis of the yield of the product showed that at optimum conditions, >95% liquid wax esters were produced
“Digital Classroom”: An Innovative Teaching and Learning Technique for Gifted Learners Using ICT  [PDF]
Abu Yazid Abu Bakar
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.71006
Abstract: Gifted student population is a group of individuals with specific and unique learning needs. Due to their uniqueness, the students always face problems in mainstream educational system. Teachers of gifted students need to be proactive and creative in preparing their teaching plans, methodologies, and materials, in order to ensure that the learning process is going to be effective to the students. This article discusses the concept of “digital classroom”—an innovative technique using integration of information and communication technology (ICT)—used at the “laboratory school” of National Gifted Center, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia as teaching and learning strategy for local gifted students. The teachers integrate the use ICT such as the electronic mail, social media applications, and online learning portals as platforms to effectively teach the students. In comparison to the conventional way of teaching, this technique creates a borderless classroom which enables the students to freely explore knowledge without limit or boundary.
Developing Gifted and Talented Education Program: The Malaysian Experience  [PDF]
Abu Yazid Abu Bakar
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.81001
The Malaysian Education Act 550 (1996) outlines six dimensions of national education system namely, the pre-school, elementary, secondary, post-secondary, higher, and special education. Thus, the other paradigms of education; for instance, gifted education, are not considered as mainstreams and do not give considerable attention towards their holistic growth. Even though initiatives to cater for the needs of local population of gifted students or students with high potentials were in existence since the 1960s’, such efforts were short-lived due to factors such as lack of instructions, training, leadership, and resources. As such, the direction of Malaysian gifted education program—especially in the setting of school environment—has never been officially established and the effort to design appropriate curriculum for this population of students has never become a national agenda at the ministry of education (MOE) level. This article shares the experience of Pusat PERMATApintarTM Negara, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (also known as the National Gifted Center) in developing its’ own gifted education school program, which officially started in 2011.
Ariff KM,Beng KS
Malaysian Family Physician , 2006,
Risk Factors Associated with Birth Asphyxia in Rural District Matiari, Pakistan: A Case Control Study  [PDF]
Farhana Tabassum, Arjumand Rizvi, Shabina Ariff, Sajid Soofi, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.521181
Background: During the past two decades there has been a sustained decline in child mortality; however, neonatal mortality has remained stagnant. Each year approximately 4 million babies are born asphyxiated resulting in 2 million neonatal deaths and intrapartum stillbirths. Almost all neonatal deaths occur in developing countries, where the majority is delivered at homes with negligible antenatal care and poor perinatal services. Objectives: To identify socio-demographic and clinical risk factors associated with birth asphyxia in Matiari District of Sindh Province, Pakistan. Method: A matched case control study was conducted in Matiari District with 246 cases and 492 controls. Newborn deaths with birth asphyxia diagnosed through verbal autopsy accreditation during 2005 and 2006 were taken as cases. Controls were the live births during the same period, matched on area of residence, gender and age. Result: The factors found to be associated with birth asphyxia mortality in Matiari District of Sindh Province, Pakistan are maternal education, history of stillbirths, pregnancy complications (including smelly or excessive vaginal discharge and anemia), intrapartum complications (including fever, prolong or difficult labour, breech delivery, cord around child’s neck, premature delivery, large baby size) and failure to establish spontaneous respiration after birth. Conclusion and Recommendation: There is an immediate need to develop strategies for early identification and management of factors associated with birth asphyxia by involving women, families, communities, community health workers, health professionals and policy makers. Community health workers should be trained for emergency obstetric care, basic newborn care including preliminary resuscitation measures to provide skilled birth attendance and encourage early recognition and referral.
The Role of Morphology and Short Vowelization in Reading Morphological Complex Words in Arabic: Evidence for the Domination of the Morpheme/Root-Based Theory in Reading Arabic  [PDF]
Salim Abu-Rabia
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.34074
Abstract: This study investigated the reading accuracy of 59 adult highly skilled native Arabic readers in reading morphological complex Arabic words in 6 reading conditions: Isolated words with short vowelization, isolated words without short vowelization, sentences with roots with short vowelization, sentences with roots without short vowelization, sentences without priming roots with short vowelization and sentences without priming roots without short vowelization. The results indicated that roots and short vowelization were good facilitators for these adults highly skilled readers in their reading accuracy of morphological complex Arabic words. The results are discussed in the light of the role of roots as autonomous semantic entities and that the complex morphology of Arabic needs short vowelization for accuracy in reading.
Ethno-Botanic Treatments for Paralysis (Falij) in the Middle East  [PDF]
Aref Abu-Rabia
Chinese Medicine (CM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/cm.2012.34025

The goal of this paper is to describe beliefs and treatments for specific forms of Paralysis (falij) and other nervous disorders in the Middle East. Themes to be investigated include, the traditional medicinal practices used to treat Paralysis, as well as their curative methods using traditional herbal medicine. This paper is based on first and secondary sources; interviews with traditional healers, as well as patients who suffered from these disorders. The author found 152 plants species belonging to 58 families (see Appendix) that treat paralysis and other nervous disorders. The most significant plants species are found in the six families of herbs: Labiatae, Compositae, Umbelliferae, Papilionaceae, Liliaceae, and Solanaceae.

The Influence of Infants’ Characteristics on Breastfeeding Attitudes among Jordanian Mothers  [PDF]
Ghada Mohammad Abu Shosha
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.54032
Abstract: Background: Breastfeeding is the desired nutritional method for infants. Some infants’ characteristics were found influential to mothers’ point of views toward breastfeeding. However, the relationship between infants’ characteristics and mothers’ attitudes toward breastfeeding is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess infants’ characteristics and their impact on Jordanian mothers’ attitudes toward breastfeeding. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. A sample of 130 mothers was selected conveniently from mothers attending four major governmental maternal-child health centers at Zarqa city in Jordan. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale along with infants’ characteristics data sheet were used for data collection. Results: A more positive attitude toward breastfeeding was manifest (mean 63.5, SD: 4.67). Positive attitudes toward breastfeeding were higher among women who delivered normally than women who delivered by cesarean section (p = 0.040). In addition, women who had healthy infants were more likely to have positive attitudes toward breastfeeding compared to women with ill infants (p = 0.021). However, women with preterm deliveries were less likely to have positive attitudes compared to women with full-term deliveries (p = 0.013). Likewise, women whose infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit recorded less positive attitudes toward breastfeeding than women with healthy neonates (p = 0.043). Gestational age, admission to neonatal intensive care unit, infant’s health status, and type of delivery, were factors influencing mothers’ attitudes towards breastfeeding. Conclusions: Jordanian mothers have positive attitudes toward breastfeeding. However, positive attitudes are subject to different infants’ characteristics that should be considered while undertaking heath education programs for promoting breastfeeding. More focusing is recommended for women who delivered preterm infants, women who have ill infants, and women who delivered by cesarean section.
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