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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16059 matches for " Abu Saleh Mohammad Mosa "
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A Study on Pubmed Search Tag Usage Pattern: Association Rule Mining of a Full-day Pubmed Query Log
Mosa Abu Saleh Mohammad,Yoo Illhoi
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6947-13-8
Abstract: Background The practice of evidence-based medicine requires efficient biomedical literature search such as PubMed/MEDLINE. Retrieval performance relies highly on the efficient use of search field tags. The purpose of this study was to analyze PubMed log data in order to understand the usage pattern of search tags by the end user in PubMed/MEDLINE search. Methods A PubMed query log file was obtained from the National Library of Medicine containing anonymous user identification, timestamp, and query text. Inconsistent records were removed from the dataset and the search tags were extracted from the query texts. A total of 2,917,159 queries were selected for this study issued by a total of 613,061 users. The analysis of frequent co-occurrences and usage patterns of the search tags was conducted using an association mining algorithm. Results The percentage of search tag usage was low (11.38% of the total queries) and only 2.95% of queries contained two or more tags. Three out of four users used no search tag and about two-third of them issued less than four queries. Among the queries containing at least one tagged search term, the average number of search tags was almost half of the number of total search terms. Navigational search tags are more frequently used than informational search tags. While no strong association was observed between informational and navigational tags, six (out of 19) informational tags and six (out of 29) navigational tags showed strong associations in PubMed searches. Conclusions The low percentage of search tag usage implies that PubMed/MEDLINE users do not utilize the features of PubMed/MEDLINE widely or they are not aware of such features or solely depend on the high recall focused query translation by the PubMed’s Automatic Term Mapping. The users need further education and interactive search application for effective use of the search tags in order to fulfill their biomedical information needs from PubMed/MEDLINE.
A Systematic Review of Healthcare Applications for Smartphones
Abu Saleh Mohammad Mosa, Illhoi Yoo, Lincoln Sheets
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6947-12-67
Abstract: In April 2011, MEDLINE was searched to identify articles that discussed the design, development, evaluation, or use of smartphone-based software for healthcare professionals, medical or nursing students, or patients. A total of 55 articles discussing 83 applications were selected for this study from 2,894 articles initially obtained from the MEDLINE searches.A total of 83 applications were documented: 57 applications for healthcare professionals focusing on disease diagnosis (21), drug reference (6), medical calculators (8), literature search (6), clinical communication (3), Hospital Information System (HIS) client applications (4), medical training (2) and general healthcare applications (7); 11 applications for medical or nursing students focusing on medical education; and 15 applications for patients focusing on disease management with chronic illness (6), ENT-related (4), fall-related (3), and two other conditions (2). The disease diagnosis, drug reference, and medical calculator applications were reported as most useful by healthcare professionals and medical or nursing students.Many medical applications for smartphones have been developed and widely used by health professionals and patients. The use of smartphones is getting more attention in healthcare day by day. Medical applications make smartphones useful tools in the practice of evidence-based medicine at the point of care, in addition to their use in mobile clinical communication. Also, smartphones can play a very important role in patient education, disease self-management, and remote monitoring of patients.
The Level of Multiple Intelligences in Arabic Language Textbooks for Grades from (1 - 4) in Jordan in Light of Gardner’s Theory  [PDF]
Saleh Mohammad Abu Jado
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.614156
Abstract: This study aims to investigate the level of inclusion and balance of multiple intelligences in the Arabic Language textbooks in light of Gardner’s Theory using the analytical descriptive approach. Eight textbooks in grades (1 - 4) for the first and second semesters were taught in schools in the Jordanian educational system in 2013/2014. The selected textbooks were analyzed using Multiple Intelligences (MI) checklist devised by the researcher based on the framework of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences to examine them in relation to different intelligences as reflected through various activities, questions and tasks. The study sample consisted of all Arabic Language textbooks for the grades from 1 - 4. Results of the study showed that the verbal/linguistic intelligence in the textbooks in general scored the highest frequency amongst all types of intelligence; meanwhile the musical intelligence in the textbooks scored the lowest frequency among all types of intelligence. The study concluded with a recommendation to consider the necessity of employing all types of intelligence in designing Arabic language textbooks for young learners.
Electronic Health Records Implementation Readiness: An Integrative Review  [PDF]
Mohammad Alsadi, Ali Saleh
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.92014
Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this review was to discuss the status of evidence related to the assessment of readiness of healthcare facilities for e-health initiatives implementation, specifically the common Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems. Methods: An integrative review approach was utilized. The databases of Google Scholar, Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, Ovid, ProQuest, and EBSCO host were searched for related evidence published between 2000 and 2018. Results: Seventeen studies were included in the current review. In terms of methodological approach, the included studies were 7 correlational studies, 5 review papers, 4 qualitative papers, and one mixed methods study. At the current integrative review, the themes of complex healthcare change, and the main theme of e-health readiness assessment were identified. Conclusion: Assessing and reporting the levels of readiness for EHRs implementation are highly recommended as it has a high impact on the critically-needed adoption and usage of the implemented system. Selecting the right tool for the right audience to address readiness is essential in the assessment process which is recommended to be conducted early at the road map of the project implementation. Future research is recommended to address readiness for e-health initiatives at the different settings and different target populations including communities where the healthcare facilities functions and service receivers’ readiness.
The Influence of Infants’ Characteristics on Breastfeeding Attitudes among Jordanian Mothers  [PDF]
Ghada Mohammad Abu Shosha
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.54032
Abstract: Background: Breastfeeding is the desired nutritional method for infants. Some infants’ characteristics were found influential to mothers’ point of views toward breastfeeding. However, the relationship between infants’ characteristics and mothers’ attitudes toward breastfeeding is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess infants’ characteristics and their impact on Jordanian mothers’ attitudes toward breastfeeding. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. A sample of 130 mothers was selected conveniently from mothers attending four major governmental maternal-child health centers at Zarqa city in Jordan. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale along with infants’ characteristics data sheet were used for data collection. Results: A more positive attitude toward breastfeeding was manifest (mean 63.5, SD: 4.67). Positive attitudes toward breastfeeding were higher among women who delivered normally than women who delivered by cesarean section (p = 0.040). In addition, women who had healthy infants were more likely to have positive attitudes toward breastfeeding compared to women with ill infants (p = 0.021). However, women with preterm deliveries were less likely to have positive attitudes compared to women with full-term deliveries (p = 0.013). Likewise, women whose infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit recorded less positive attitudes toward breastfeeding than women with healthy neonates (p = 0.043). Gestational age, admission to neonatal intensive care unit, infant’s health status, and type of delivery, were factors influencing mothers’ attitudes towards breastfeeding. Conclusions: Jordanian mothers have positive attitudes toward breastfeeding. However, positive attitudes are subject to different infants’ characteristics that should be considered while undertaking heath education programs for promoting breastfeeding. More focusing is recommended for women who delivered preterm infants, women who have ill infants, and women who delivered by cesarean section.
Effects of family history and consanguinity in primary immunodeficiency diseases in children in Qatar  [PDF]
Mohammad Ehlayel, Abdulbari Bener, Mohammad Abu Laban
Open Journal of Immunology (OJI) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/oji.2013.32008
Abstract:

Background: The high consanguinity in Middle East increases the risk of genetic diseases, including primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID). Objectives: This study was aimed at determining the rate of positive family history of PID, the overall rate and type of consanguinity, and their effects on delay age during diagnosis of PID. Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 131 children with PID (aged 0 - 14 years) managed at Hamad General Hospital during 1998-2012. Results: Data on 131 patients (75 males & 56 females) of 82 families was analyzed. The most common phenotype of PID was predominantly antibody deficiency (23.7%). The onset age was 24.01 months and delay age 18.7 months. Family history of PID was 66.4% (38.7% in predominantly antibody deficiency and 100% in diseases of immune dysregulation). Positive family history significantly (p = 0.004) reduced the delay age of PID diagnosis by 52.9%. The consanguinity rate was 61.1% (32.3% in the predominantly antibody ID to 96% in the phagocyte defects group), where paternal cousin ranked the highest type (57.5%). Conclusions: This study indicates that family history is common in children with PID and helpful in reducing the delay age. Consanguinity among families of affected children is also high (higher than healthy population). Paternal parallel cousin marriages are the most common type of consanguinity. For a practicing physician, family history is a simple and useful tool

when suspecting PID in children. Primary prevention of PID in Middle East communities should consider consanguinity reduction through public awareness and education and premarital counseling programs.
Knowledge Innovative Organization: The Effect of Constant Organization Renewal  [PDF]
Abu Saleh Md. Sohel-Uz-Zaman, Umana Anjalin
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2009.24046
Abstract: The term ‘knowledge’ is getting increased importance as the economy is becoming progressively knowledge intensive. Contemporary view of innovation management is acknowledging knowledge as the most effective source of innovation. Success of the business depends on how successfully knowledge is used for innovation. As a result, organizations are increasingly embracing knowledge strategy for their innovation scheme. Incorporating knowledge in the innovation process; building innovative capabilities and identifying essential features of a knowledge innovative organization are the key concerns of this study. Knowledge is a context specific notion. In this case study, the use of knowledge for innovation has been analyzed from an individual organization point of view so that contextual elements of a knowledge in-novative organization can be identified more precisely along with the institutional implications. Thus, this article would be able to provide a good number of meaningful indications in using knowledge for innovation; it would also shed light on constant capability building for innovation; nurturing of creativity and developing of knowledge infrastructure of a knowledge innovative organization. In addition, this study will be revealing the true nature of knowledge strategy and its application in the context of a developing country.
Evolution of Service: Importance, Competitiveness and Sustainability in the New Circumstances  [PDF]
Abu Saleh Md. Sohel-Uz-Zaman, Umana Anjalin
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2011.43030
Abstract: In the complex business word, service is increasingly getting the centre stage in the economies across the world. The exponential necessity of innovative service in one hand is providing excellent opportunity and on other hand, posing a number of challenges to the firms. In this circumstance, the policy makers of the businesses are aware about the challenges and are keenly interested to develop a general strategy which will enhance their competency in rapidly changing business context. They are actively trying to identify the resources and competencies that are necessary for their competitiveness. This study will investigate and examine the factors that are responsible for the growth of service sector in the increasingly complex business world and propose a strategic direction to harness the competitive edge by configuring their resources with the help of real world example; especially, in developing country context. Growth and sustainability through innovative service is the central theme of this paper.
Trace Gas Detection from Plant Leaves, Flowers and Seeds Using Conventional and Photothermal Light Deflection Spectroscopy  [PDF]
Mohammad Ibrahim Abu-Taha, Yasmeen Abduljaleel Abu-Rayan
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2011.12005
Abstract: Photothermal deflection spectroscopy is a method used indirectly to measure optical absorption of a sample. Different techniques can be employed to measure the amount of deflection, hence evaluate optical absorption of sample. This work investigates an alternative method both in principle and technique to measure sample’s optical absorption. The new method employed for the first time, relies on the simple idea of light beam deflection from the medium under investigation as a result of change in the index of refraction in its vicinity. The amount of deviation executed by the deviated beam is estimated using new technique that is used for the first time in deflection spectroscopy. As the deviated beam is allowed to pass through a single slit, the value of beam deflection is estimated from the resulting diffraction pattern, i.e. indicating the value of changes taking place in the sample and or measure sample’s optical absorption. The new detection technique used in the estimation of probe beam deflection was also applied in photothermal spectroscopy. Results from both methods were compared and revealed the ease of use of the new method, in addition it cuts cost and experimental efforts although its sensitivity is less than the conventional photothermal method.
Lennox gastaut syndrome, review of the literature and a case report
Tareq Abu Saleh, Lawrence Stephen
Head & Face Medicine , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1746-160x-4-9
Abstract: A twenty six year old female, presented with anterior open bite, macroglossia, supragingival as well as subgingival calculus. The gingiva was red, swollen and friable and there was generalized bleeding and localized suppuration. The patient had gingival recession. After periodontal therapy a remarkable improvement in oral health status was noted.The clinical findings in LGS included facial deformities, periodontitis and gingival swellings. Interdisciplinary treatment of these patients is fundamental and oral attention is of outstanding importance. Non-surgical periodontal therapy was effective in controlling periodontal disease in the reported case, but prevention of periodontal and dental diseases is preferable for this high-risk group of patients.Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is one of the catastrophic childhood epilepsies. It is defined by a triad of symptoms:- Multiple types of generalized seizures, which are difficult to control.- Slowness of intellectual growth, often accompanied by mental retardation and behavioral problems.- A specific electroencephalogram (EEG) pattern called a slow spike-and-wave pattern (< 2.5 Hz), which is present when the child is awake [1-4].Seizures most often present between the second and sixth year of life, however; they can start a little earlier or later. They rarely start after the age of eight [2,3].William Lennox described the clinical features of the syndrome in 1930s, and then Lennox and Davis reported the symptomatic triad of the syndrome. Later, Gastaut expanded on the original observations of Lennox and Davis [5,6].The diagnostic criteria of the syndrome have been refined by researchers, but the basic characteristics of the syndrome remained unchanged since Lennox and Davis [7-11].Distinguishing LGS syndrome from other epilepsy syndromes has been challenging as it is characterized by plethora of underlying causes, multiple types of seizures, and cognitive impairment. Seizures are classified according to the International
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