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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2347 matches for " Abu Bakar Siddik "
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Descriptive Epidemiology of Multidrug Resistance Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Bangladesh  [PDF]
Abu Bakar Siddik, Muhammad Maqsud Hossain, Sanjana Zaman, Basana Marma, Gias Uddin Ahsan, Mohammad Rashed Uzzaman, Arman Hossain, Mohammad Delwer Hossain Hawlader
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2018.64026
Abstract: Background: The number of reported MDR-TB cases has been increasing in recent years. Objectives: To describe the epidemiological profile of MDR-TB cases in Bangladesh. Design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Settings: The study was conducted among the multi drug resistant tuberculosis patient admitted in the National Institute of Diseases of the Chest and Hospital (NIDCH) Dhaka, Bangladesh. Samples: 148 confirmed cases of MDR-TB. Materials and Methods: Hospital admitted MRD-TB cases were randomly chosen from the above mentioned hospital. Semi-structured and pretested questionnaire were introduced by researcher. Clinical and treatment data i.e. duration of TB drug intake, report of sputum, X-ray and blood test etc. were extracted from the hospital record. Results: Study found, majority of the participants (56.1%) were in the age group of 16 - 30 years. 64.2% of the study subjects were married. Majority of the participants education were whether under primary or primary level. 24.3% participant’s family member and 14.5% of neighbor were having TB. Most common comorbidity were diabetes, pulmonary infection, hearing loss, psychiatric symptoms, chest pain, joint pain etc. 63.5% respondent had high degree of AFB for sputum positivity and more than 98% had positive finding in X-ray chest. On an average ESR was low and also few cases of extremely low ESR were found. 71.6% were under twenty four months regimen. Conclusion: We can conclude that, many possible factors for MDR-TB. There is an urgent need for further study to confirm the exact factors in Bangladesh and address those immediately.
Conservation of Critically Endangered Olive Barb Puntius sarana (Hamilton, 1822) through Artificial Propagation
Muhammad Abu Bakar Siddik,Ashfaqun Nahar,Ferdous Ahamed,Zubia Masood,Md. Yeamin Hossain
Our Nature , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/on.v11i2.9534
Abstract: The Olive barb Puntius sarana (Hamilton, 1822) is a member of the family Cyprinidae and its conservational status has been referred as critically endangered in Bangladesh and vulnerable in India. An experiment on artificial propagation of the critically endangered fish P . sarana was carried out to determine the suitable dose of pituitary gland (PG) hormone as well as to determine the effective breeding season for the conservation of this critically endangered fish species. Three breeding trials (April 2010, June 2010 and July 2010) have been taken into consideration with PG doses in three different treatments (4.5, 5.5, 6.5 mg/kg body weight, respectively) having three replications of each. Brood fishes were collected from the Kangsha River (Netrokona) and reared in the experimental ponds, providing special diet upto their maturation. A total of 18 broods (9 female and 9 male) were selected for induced breeding in each trial. To observe the effective dose for induced breeding, the females were first injected at the rate of 4.5, 5.5 and 6.5 mg PG/kg body weight in T 1 , T 2 and T 3 , respectively in each trial. On the other hand, the males were administrated at the rate of 2 mg PG/kg body weight. The breeding performance in terms of ovulation, fertilization and hatching rate were studied. Induced breeding, in trial-2 obtained the better result in terms of ovulation, fertilization and hatching rate compared to other two trials. In trial-2 among the treatments, T 2 with doses of 5.5 mg/kg body weight showed better result than other two treatments where 4.5 and 6.5 mg/kg body weight PG doses were used in T 1 and T 3 , respectively. The findings of the present study can be used in induced breeding of P. sarana for the development of hatchery propagation as well as to conserve this valuable critically endangered species. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/on.v11i2.9534 Our Nature 2013, 11(2): 96-104
“Digital Classroom”: An Innovative Teaching and Learning Technique for Gifted Learners Using ICT  [PDF]
Abu Yazid Abu Bakar
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.71006
Abstract: Gifted student population is a group of individuals with specific and unique learning needs. Due to their uniqueness, the students always face problems in mainstream educational system. Teachers of gifted students need to be proactive and creative in preparing their teaching plans, methodologies, and materials, in order to ensure that the learning process is going to be effective to the students. This article discusses the concept of “digital classroom”—an innovative technique using integration of information and communication technology (ICT)—used at the “laboratory school” of National Gifted Center, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia as teaching and learning strategy for local gifted students. The teachers integrate the use ICT such as the electronic mail, social media applications, and online learning portals as platforms to effectively teach the students. In comparison to the conventional way of teaching, this technique creates a borderless classroom which enables the students to freely explore knowledge without limit or boundary.
Developing Gifted and Talented Education Program: The Malaysian Experience  [PDF]
Abu Yazid Abu Bakar
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.81001
Abstract:
The Malaysian Education Act 550 (1996) outlines six dimensions of national education system namely, the pre-school, elementary, secondary, post-secondary, higher, and special education. Thus, the other paradigms of education; for instance, gifted education, are not considered as mainstreams and do not give considerable attention towards their holistic growth. Even though initiatives to cater for the needs of local population of gifted students or students with high potentials were in existence since the 1960s’, such efforts were short-lived due to factors such as lack of instructions, training, leadership, and resources. As such, the direction of Malaysian gifted education program—especially in the setting of school environment—has never been officially established and the effort to design appropriate curriculum for this population of students has never become a national agenda at the ministry of education (MOE) level. This article shares the experience of Pusat PERMATApintarTM Negara, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (also known as the National Gifted Center) in developing its’ own gifted education school program, which officially started in 2011.
Young Children’s Representations of Addition in Problem Solving  [PDF]
Kamariah Abu Bakar
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.814153
Abstract: Representation is crucial for both learning and solving mathematics problems. This paper explores young children’s representations (aged 6 years old) in addition activities in Malaysia. Six children were purposely selected representative of different ability groups. First, a pre-test was administered. Then, the children practiced using multiple representations to solve addition problems after being introduced to the addition concept concretely. Following the children’s success in utilizing multiple representations to solve practice tasks, the final problems were posed. Analysis of the children’s artefacts, in combination with the children’s behaviours and informal interviews revealed insight into their understanding of the addition concepts.
Integration of Spatial Analysis for Tsunami Inundation and Impact Assessment  [PDF]
Abu Bakar Sambah, Fusanori Miura
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2014.61002
Abstract:

Disaster mitigation and reconstruction plan due to tsunami can be implemented with various actions. An integration of spatial analysis through Geographical Information System (GIS) application and multi-criteria analysis through Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is one of the methods for tsunami inundation and impact assessment. In this study, vulnerability, inundation and impact assessment due to tsunami hazard in Ofunato city, Iwate Prefecture, Japan was carried out. Appropriate input parameters were derived from Digital Elevation Model data, and satellite remote sensing and field data were analyzed through GIS. We applied the parameter of elevation and slope created from Aster GDEM version 2, coastline distance created from vector map of the study area and vegetation density created from ALOS ANVIR-2 image. We applied AHP process for weighting the parameter through pair-wise comparison using five iterations of normalized matrix. Five classes of vulnerability were defined and analyzed for tsunami inundation mapping. We used weighted overlay through spatial analyst in GIS to create the final map of tsunami vulnerability. The assessment results indicate that 7.39 square kilometer of the study area was under the high vulnerability zone due to tsunami, and 8.13 square kilometer of building area was under the inundation area. Our result showed good agreement with the observed data and historical map. The result presented here can aid as preliminary information for the coastal zone management related to disaster mitigation and for the evacuation process and management strategy during disaster.


The Impact of Adoption of Flexible Manufacturing Technology on Price Cost Margin of Malaysian Manufacturing Industry  [PDF]
Don Ajith Rohana Dolage, Abu Bakar Sade
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2012.31005
Abstract: This paper explores the impact of the adoption of Flexible Manufacturing Technology (FMT) on the Malaysian Manu-facturing Industry. The Principal Component Analysis has been adopted to extract the most appropriate underlying dimensions of FMT to use in place of the eight FMT variables owing to the potential multicollinearity. The study has been conducted within FMT intensively adopted 16 three-digit industries that encompass 50 five-digit industries cover-ing the years 2000-2005. The results obtained from the two scenarios, one, including the industry fixed effects dummy variables and the other without these, are contrasted. It is established that the model that included the industry fixed effect dummy variables has a greater explanatory power. The two principal components that account for the greater variation in FMT show positive and moderately significant relationship with PCM. The study provides sufficient evi-dence to conclude that FMT has a direct and moderately significant relationship with PCM.
A Frontier Approach to Measuring Impact of Adoption of Flexible Manufacturing Technology on Technical Efficiency of Malaysian Manufacturing Industry  [PDF]
Don Ajith Rohana Dolage, Abu Bakar Sade
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2012.34037
Abstract: This paper examines the impact of the adoption of Flexible Manufacturing Technology (FMT) on the Technical Efficiency of Malaysia Manufacturing Industry. Owing to the potential multicollinearity, the Principal Component Analysis has been adopted to extract the most appropriate underlying dimensions of FMT in an effort to substitute the eight FMT variables. The study has been conducted within FMT intensively adopted 16 three-digit industries that encompass 50 five-digit industries covering the years 2000-2005. The results obtained from the two situations, one, including the industry fixed effects dummy variables and the other without these, are contrasted. It is found that the model that included the industry fixed effect dummy variables possesses a greater explanatory power. The two principal components that account for the greater variation in FMT show positive and moderately significant relationship with TE. The study concludes with sufficient evidence that FMT has a direct and moderately significant relationship with TE.
Synthesis of Barium Nickel Titanium Oxide Stabilized by Citric Acid  [PDF]
K. Y. Chew, M. Abu Bakar, N.H.H. Abu Bakar
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science (MNSMS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/mnsms.2013.31B007
Abstract: Barium nickel titanium oxide particles (Ba2NiTi5O13) were synthesized in the presence of citric acid by using a two step sol-gel method followed by calcination. The addition of citric acid as a stabilizer (mole ratio of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0) resulted in the formation of Ba2NiTi5O13 particles with various morphology (i.e. sphere, cube, rod). These various morphology changes were deduced to be caused by citric acid that tends to absorbed on certain dimension of the Ba2NiTi5O13 particles when different concentration of citric acid was added. Besides that, the growth of Ba2NiTi5O13 particles from incorporation of bulky micelles which act as a protective 'shell' that control particle sizes by attaching on the surfaces of particles.
Human Suffering in Muslim Divine Theological Sources
Ibrahim Abu Bakar
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.875.878
Abstract: Muslim divine theological sources are two; namely, the Koran and the Prophetic tradition. Both sources explain about human suffering in this world and the coming suffering for some human beings in the hereafter. Some of the human sufferings are caused by their own thoughts, decisions and actions such as adulterers, polytheists and hypocrites while some other sufferings are inflicted by other human beings who decide to become evil doers such as thieves, rapists, robbers, cheaters and killers. The human evil doers make other humans their victims and inflict suffering on them. This study focuses on human suffering based on the Koran and the Prophetic traditions. Some of the sufferings take place in this world while some other sufferings are going to be in the hereafter for some human beings.
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