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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2331 matches for " Abu Bakar Sambah "
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Integration of Spatial Analysis for Tsunami Inundation and Impact Assessment  [PDF]
Abu Bakar Sambah, Fusanori Miura
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2014.61002
Abstract:

Disaster mitigation and reconstruction plan due to tsunami can be implemented with various actions. An integration of spatial analysis through Geographical Information System (GIS) application and multi-criteria analysis through Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is one of the methods for tsunami inundation and impact assessment. In this study, vulnerability, inundation and impact assessment due to tsunami hazard in Ofunato city, Iwate Prefecture, Japan was carried out. Appropriate input parameters were derived from Digital Elevation Model data, and satellite remote sensing and field data were analyzed through GIS. We applied the parameter of elevation and slope created from Aster GDEM version 2, coastline distance created from vector map of the study area and vegetation density created from ALOS ANVIR-2 image. We applied AHP process for weighting the parameter through pair-wise comparison using five iterations of normalized matrix. Five classes of vulnerability were defined and analyzed for tsunami inundation mapping. We used weighted overlay through spatial analyst in GIS to create the final map of tsunami vulnerability. The assessment results indicate that 7.39 square kilometer of the study area was under the high vulnerability zone due to tsunami, and 8.13 square kilometer of building area was under the inundation area. Our result showed good agreement with the observed data and historical map. The result presented here can aid as preliminary information for the coastal zone management related to disaster mitigation and for the evacuation process and management strategy during disaster.


“Digital Classroom”: An Innovative Teaching and Learning Technique for Gifted Learners Using ICT  [PDF]
Abu Yazid Abu Bakar
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.71006
Abstract: Gifted student population is a group of individuals with specific and unique learning needs. Due to their uniqueness, the students always face problems in mainstream educational system. Teachers of gifted students need to be proactive and creative in preparing their teaching plans, methodologies, and materials, in order to ensure that the learning process is going to be effective to the students. This article discusses the concept of “digital classroom”—an innovative technique using integration of information and communication technology (ICT)—used at the “laboratory school” of National Gifted Center, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia as teaching and learning strategy for local gifted students. The teachers integrate the use ICT such as the electronic mail, social media applications, and online learning portals as platforms to effectively teach the students. In comparison to the conventional way of teaching, this technique creates a borderless classroom which enables the students to freely explore knowledge without limit or boundary.
Developing Gifted and Talented Education Program: The Malaysian Experience  [PDF]
Abu Yazid Abu Bakar
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.81001
Abstract:
The Malaysian Education Act 550 (1996) outlines six dimensions of national education system namely, the pre-school, elementary, secondary, post-secondary, higher, and special education. Thus, the other paradigms of education; for instance, gifted education, are not considered as mainstreams and do not give considerable attention towards their holistic growth. Even though initiatives to cater for the needs of local population of gifted students or students with high potentials were in existence since the 1960s’, such efforts were short-lived due to factors such as lack of instructions, training, leadership, and resources. As such, the direction of Malaysian gifted education program—especially in the setting of school environment—has never been officially established and the effort to design appropriate curriculum for this population of students has never become a national agenda at the ministry of education (MOE) level. This article shares the experience of Pusat PERMATApintarTM Negara, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (also known as the National Gifted Center) in developing its’ own gifted education school program, which officially started in 2011.
Young Children’s Representations of Addition in Problem Solving  [PDF]
Kamariah Abu Bakar
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.814153
Abstract: Representation is crucial for both learning and solving mathematics problems. This paper explores young children’s representations (aged 6 years old) in addition activities in Malaysia. Six children were purposely selected representative of different ability groups. First, a pre-test was administered. Then, the children practiced using multiple representations to solve addition problems after being introduced to the addition concept concretely. Following the children’s success in utilizing multiple representations to solve practice tasks, the final problems were posed. Analysis of the children’s artefacts, in combination with the children’s behaviours and informal interviews revealed insight into their understanding of the addition concepts.
The Impact of Adoption of Flexible Manufacturing Technology on Price Cost Margin of Malaysian Manufacturing Industry  [PDF]
Don Ajith Rohana Dolage, Abu Bakar Sade
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2012.31005
Abstract: This paper explores the impact of the adoption of Flexible Manufacturing Technology (FMT) on the Malaysian Manu-facturing Industry. The Principal Component Analysis has been adopted to extract the most appropriate underlying dimensions of FMT to use in place of the eight FMT variables owing to the potential multicollinearity. The study has been conducted within FMT intensively adopted 16 three-digit industries that encompass 50 five-digit industries cover-ing the years 2000-2005. The results obtained from the two scenarios, one, including the industry fixed effects dummy variables and the other without these, are contrasted. It is established that the model that included the industry fixed effect dummy variables has a greater explanatory power. The two principal components that account for the greater variation in FMT show positive and moderately significant relationship with PCM. The study provides sufficient evi-dence to conclude that FMT has a direct and moderately significant relationship with PCM.
A Frontier Approach to Measuring Impact of Adoption of Flexible Manufacturing Technology on Technical Efficiency of Malaysian Manufacturing Industry  [PDF]
Don Ajith Rohana Dolage, Abu Bakar Sade
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2012.34037
Abstract: This paper examines the impact of the adoption of Flexible Manufacturing Technology (FMT) on the Technical Efficiency of Malaysia Manufacturing Industry. Owing to the potential multicollinearity, the Principal Component Analysis has been adopted to extract the most appropriate underlying dimensions of FMT in an effort to substitute the eight FMT variables. The study has been conducted within FMT intensively adopted 16 three-digit industries that encompass 50 five-digit industries covering the years 2000-2005. The results obtained from the two situations, one, including the industry fixed effects dummy variables and the other without these, are contrasted. It is found that the model that included the industry fixed effect dummy variables possesses a greater explanatory power. The two principal components that account for the greater variation in FMT show positive and moderately significant relationship with TE. The study concludes with sufficient evidence that FMT has a direct and moderately significant relationship with TE.
Synthesis of Barium Nickel Titanium Oxide Stabilized by Citric Acid  [PDF]
K. Y. Chew, M. Abu Bakar, N.H.H. Abu Bakar
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science (MNSMS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/mnsms.2013.31B007
Abstract: Barium nickel titanium oxide particles (Ba2NiTi5O13) were synthesized in the presence of citric acid by using a two step sol-gel method followed by calcination. The addition of citric acid as a stabilizer (mole ratio of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0) resulted in the formation of Ba2NiTi5O13 particles with various morphology (i.e. sphere, cube, rod). These various morphology changes were deduced to be caused by citric acid that tends to absorbed on certain dimension of the Ba2NiTi5O13 particles when different concentration of citric acid was added. Besides that, the growth of Ba2NiTi5O13 particles from incorporation of bulky micelles which act as a protective 'shell' that control particle sizes by attaching on the surfaces of particles.
Human Suffering in Muslim Divine Theological Sources
Ibrahim Abu Bakar
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.875.878
Abstract: Muslim divine theological sources are two; namely, the Koran and the Prophetic tradition. Both sources explain about human suffering in this world and the coming suffering for some human beings in the hereafter. Some of the human sufferings are caused by their own thoughts, decisions and actions such as adulterers, polytheists and hypocrites while some other sufferings are inflicted by other human beings who decide to become evil doers such as thieves, rapists, robbers, cheaters and killers. The human evil doers make other humans their victims and inflict suffering on them. This study focuses on human suffering based on the Koran and the Prophetic traditions. Some of the sufferings take place in this world while some other sufferings are going to be in the hereafter for some human beings.
Nozzle Holes Effect on Unburned Fuel in Injected and In-Cylinder Fuel of Four Stroke Direct Injection Diesel Engine
Semin,Rosli Abu Bakar
Research Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The fuel nozzle is an important aspect for diesel engine combustion performance. The model of four-stroke direct-injection diesel engines is developed in the research to investigate the injected and in-cylinder fuel diesel engine in unburned fuel effect from the fuel nozzle multi holes geometries. Model and simulation in this research is using GT-POWER from the GTise-6.2 software were specially development for internal combustion engines performance simulation. The selected diesel engine is opened, breakdown and measurement of all its components size to input to the window engines component menu of the model. The investigation results output of the simulation is focuses on nozzle holes effect in unburned fuel in injected and in-cylinder fuel process of diesel engine. The holes nozzles from 1 hole until 10 holes in difference orifice diameter have been examined using GT-POWER model simulation and the results shown that the 5 holes nozzle provided the best burning fuel results in any variation engine speeds.
Vendor development program among small and medium industries (SMIS): A Malaysian experience
Abu Bakar Abdul Hamid
Jurnal Kemanusiaan , 2003,
Abstract: The supplier-buyer relationship has been increasingly undertaken in recent years, by academics, consultants and operations management. Present and especially future development strongly urge for more systematic and transparent decision-making. Developing longer-term relationships and using longer-term contracts, are additional ways to manage, develop and improve supplier performance (Monczka et.al 1998) who, often becomes partner with the purchaser. This paper investigates the supplier development programme initiated by the government of Malaysia to stimulate the economic growth through SMIs sector in co-operation with the large firms (LFs). The economic and industrialisation development propelled by the goverment has encouraged the development of SMIs working closely with large firms (LFs). This programme was seccussfully implemented when the goverment introduced it in the heavy industrial program - the manufacturing of national car PROTON in 1988. The success story of PROTON has initiated the government to disseminate this programme into other industries. Empirical findings from a survey of 15 SMIs and 6LFs (from 4 different industrial sectors) within the Klang valley in the supplier development programme indicated that the success rate is not encouraging. Suppliers lack skills and financing to make the necessary indicated that the success rate is not encouraging. Suppliers lack skills and financing to make the necessary investments in training, new technology, research and development to make an effective partnership with final producers.
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