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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 265 matches for " Abeer Alawad "
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Considerations of Interior Design in Domestic Space between Multiplicity of the Concepts and Determination of Constants  [PDF]
Donia M. Bettaieb, Abeer A. Alawad
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2018.61005
Abstract: Developing a design for a domestic space is associated with the evolution of the needs of both individuals and societies. Hence, the problem has emerged through multiple different types, names, various considerations of its design and many dimensions associated with it, including psychological, social, cultural and economic dimensions. The purpose of this study is to establish a conceptual frame for design considerations regarding domestic space emerges, with the determination of the common constants between different types of domestic space, and reorganizing these constants so an interior designer can apply them can help achieve the desired physical and psychological comfort for the users. This can only occur if we consider that achievement of the physical and psychological comfort for the users is usually a result of the efficiency of design of the Functionality and Aesthetic System of space. Through this study, the conceptual constants of domestic space are determined to include the concepts of Family, Social Relationship/Community, Privacy, Security, Safety, Protection, Comfort/Relaxation/Warmth, wellbeing, Emotional territory, Control and agency, Familiarity, Centrality/Continuity, Freedom, Self-expression/Self-identity/Expression and Personal Identity/Personal character/Practices of personalization and Place attachment. The results of this study can be considered a scientific addition in the field of domestic space design because they discuss the basic concepts associated with the domestic space from the perspective of specialists in the field of interior design. In addition, they represent a rich guide for architects, designers and students in this field and serve as an important reference for education and awareness of society members about the basic concepts associated with domestic space.
Beyond Geographical and Cultural Barriers: The Concept of a Virtual Gallery for Arts, Design & Architecture Schools in Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Abeer Alawad, Mohammed Aljoufie, Alok Tiwari, Lamya Daghestani
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2015.34012
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to examine the advantages and disadvantages of a virtual gallery as a substitute for the Saudi Arabian schools of higher education in Arts, Design & Architecture which frequently organise exhibitions. Virtual galleries provide new opportunities for architects, designers, artists and experts of other disciplines to lay foundation for new social networks. These networks may establish interdisciplinary knowledge collaborations beyond global geographical barriers. Additionally, it will be an excellent opportunity for students at Saudi Arabian universities to lower the cultural barriers that separate male and female students. Virtual galleries can enrich students’ learning, enhance professional skills and also offer savings in term of practical costs (time, money and efforts) required to visit physical exhibitions.
Examining the Effectiveness of Fingerspelling in Improving the Vocabulary and Literacy Skills of Deaf Students  [PDF]
Hadeel Alawad, Millicent Musyoka
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.93032
Abstract: This article provides a narrativereview ofjournal articles on the use of fingerspelling to support the vocabulary and literacy development of deaf students. The role of fingerspelling in decoding written English and supporting vocabulary development has become an increasingly relevant topic in the bilingual education of deaf students. Search limiters included written English, full-text articles that were published in peer-reviewed journalsafter 2005. A total of eleven articles were reviewed. The findings from the review indicated that the use of fingerspelling could support vocabulary and literacy development among bilingual deaf students. The current review discusses the findings?and offers recommendations for future research.
Grape Seed Extract (Vitisvinifera) Alleviate Neurotoxicity and Hepatotoxicity Induced by Lead Acetate in Male Albino Rats  [PDF]
Abeer M. Waggas
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2012.22021
Abstract: Grape seed extracts (GSE) are very potent antioxidant and exhibit numerous interesting pharmacologic activities, including an antioxidant property, and has been suggested to be of use in treatment of several diseases. The present study has been undertaken to investigate the protective and therapeutic effect of GSE against lead-induced neuro and hepatotoxicity in rat. Male albino rats were divided into six groups: the 1st group, rats were injected daily with saline vehicle and served as negative control, the 2nd group (positive control group), the rats were injected (i.p.) with subacute dose (100 mg/kg b·w/day) of lead acetate (LA). The 3rd group (protective group), the rats were injected (i.p.) with LA (100 mg/kg b·w/day) for 7 days after treatment with GSE (100 mg/kg b·w/day) for 3 weeks. The 4th, 5th and 6th groups (therapeutics groups), rats were injected (i.p.) with subacut dose (100 mg/kg b·w/day) of lead acetate for 7 days, then treated with GSE (100 mg/kg b·w/day) for one, two and three weeks, respectively. The level of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindol acetic acid (5-HIAA) were evaluated in brain regions (cerebellum, brainstem, striatum, cerebral cortex, hypothalamus and hippocampus). The result indicated that the administration of subacute dose of LA (100 mg/kg/day, i.p.) induce a significant decrease in NE, DA, 5-HT and 5-HIAA content in all tested brain regions. Also the obtained data showed significant increase in liver enzymes: serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT), serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) and Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level in group 2 (positive control). There is an improvement in neurotransmitters content. Also the obtained data showed significant in- crease in liver enzymes of protective (G3) and therapeutics groups (G4, G5 and G6) which received GSE compared with animal group that received lead acetate (G2). This is may be the presence of proanthocyanidins and procyanidins which have antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities. The result suggests that grape seed extract may prevent lead-induced neurotoxicity and hepatotoxicity.
Applying the WHO instead of CDC growth charts may double obesity rates  [PDF]
Abeer Yasin, Guido Filler
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2013.32025

Aims: This study compares the WHO (2007) and the National Health Examination Survey (NHANES III) reference intervals and investigates the differences when applied on a Canadian cohort of older children and adolescents. Methods: We calculated height, weight and BMI z-scores of 4375 consecutive patients (1993 female, 45.6%) aged 5 - 20 years attending outpatient clinics at a single tertiary care centre using reference data of the latest NHANES (III) survey and the WHO (2007) growth charts. To address age dependency, data was stratified into age groups. Results: Using the NHANES III reference intervals, medians of weight (+0.46), height (+0.29) and BMI z-scores (+0.46) were significantly non-zero. The WHO (2007) growth charts yielded medians of +2.05, +0.32, +0.53 for weight, height and BMI z-scores respectively, all significantly non-zero. When comparing both growth charts, Canadian children had significantly different weight and BMI z-scores (p < 0.0001) with WHO growth charts whereas height z-score did not differ. Obesity rates (BMI z-score > 95th percentile) doubled from 8.6% to 16.0%. A significant age dependency was observed with higher WHO (2007) weight z-scores (>7 years) and higher BMI z-scores (7 to 13 years) and no significant difference was observed for height z-scores across all age groups. Gender differences were observed for weight z-scores (>9 years) and BMI (males: 9 - 11 years, p = 0.0118; 11 - 13 years, p = 0.0069) whereas no significant difference was found in height z-scores across all age groups. Conclusion: Our results reveal substantial differences between both reference populations and thus interpretation needs be done with caution, especially when labelling results as abnormal.

Changes in plasma IL4, TNFá and CRP in response to regular passive smoking at home among healthy school children in Khartoum, Sudan
TH Merghani, A Saeed, A Alawad
African Health Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Regular exposure to tobacco smoke at home causes airway inflammation and altered cytokine regulation; however, there is variation between individuals of different countries. Objective: To determine effects of passive smoking on plasma IL4, TNFá, and CRP in healthy male school-children in Khartoum. Methods: A total of 135 male school-pupils (69 passive smokers and 66 non-smokers) were selected randomly from three primary schools for boys in Khartoum. Information about smoking history was collected from each pupil and his parents using a questionnaire. Plasma CRP, IL4 and TNFá were measured using commercially available ELISA kits. Results: Plasma IL4 and TNFá in the passive smokers (mean ± SEM) is at 2.92 ± 0.93 and 19.78 ± 4.67 pg/ml respectively; whereas in the non-smokers . It is at 0.45 ± 0.28 and 5.05 ± 1.54 pg/ml respectively. The difference between the two groups is statistically significant (p <0.05). The mean plasma IL4 and TNFá were lowest with no exposure, higher with moderate exposure, and highest with heavy exposure (P < 0.05). Plasma CRP showed insignificant difference between the two groups. Conclusion: Passive smoking causes significant rise in plasma TNFá and IL4 with a dose dependent effect among schoolpupils in Khartoum.
Temraz Abeer
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: Chromatographic purification of methanolic extract of Vangueria infausta leaves grown in Egypt led to isolation of five flavonoids namely luteolin-7-O- rutinoside, apigenin- 7-O- rutinoside, luteolin-4` -O- glucoside, quercetin-3-O-glucoside and quercetin. Also, the extract revealed both free radical (DPPH), H2O2 scavenging activities and reducing power potential as compared to rutin. The extract showed promising activity that may limit free radical and oxidative damage.
Global Development of Pharmacy Education
Abeer Zeitoun
Archives of Pharmacy Practice , 2011,
Abstract: Pharmacists can influence health outcomes and public healthin a variety of ways. Pharmacists in community, hospital, andother settings promote cost-effective use of medicines, reducemorbidity and mortality, reduce avoidable hospital admissions,reduce medication errors, improve rational use andprescribing of medicines, and increase access to healthcare andmedicines, particularly for underserved populations [1-11].Because of their knowledge of medicines and clinicaltherapeutics, pharmacists are suitably placed for task shiftingin health care and could be further trained to undertakefunctions such as clinical management [5, 6].
Scheduling real-time indivisible loads with special resource allocation requirements on cluster computing
Abeer Hamdy
Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics , 2010,
Abstract: The paper presents a heuristic algorithm to schedule real time indivisible loads represented as directed sequential task graph on a cluster computing. One of the cluster nodes has some special resources (denoted by special node) that may be needed by one of the indivisible loads
Dogs: Active Role Model for Cancer Studies—A Review  [PDF]
Sana Munaf Hawai, M. Al-Zayer, Mohammed M. Ali, Yuanjie Niu, A. Alawad, M. Aljofan, A. Aljarbou, S. Altuwaijri
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2013.45113

Many studies have been done and many results have been established for studying cancers in human and the ways of treating it. However, one thing that remains relevant is the study model that is used to diagnose, cure or conclude treatment methods for human cancers. The scientists have tried some ways to link the data and tried to analyze the malicious disease in various animal models in order to solve the problem for humans. Out of all the models, scientists have preferred dogs as the most suitable model and conducted studies on them. Our article will review the reason for preferences given to dog as a study model and what the previous studies have tried to conclude by considering the dreaded disease in dogs. Our article has focused on most of the recent observations and tried to elucidate the reasons/preferences for studying cancer disease in dogs (scientific name; Canis Lupus familiaris). We will also talk about the idea of comparative oncology programs that many centers adapt in order to study the disease called cancer.

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