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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 297468 matches for " Abdulqadir J. Nashwan "
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Development of Nursing Research in Qatar: 15-Year Status Report  [PDF]
Abdulqadir J. Nashwan, Dana B. Mansour, Abdulkarim Alzayyat, Sindhumole K. Nair, Amer I. Zawahreh
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.72020
Abstract: Purpose: The aim was to provide an overview of nursing research in Qatar over the previous 15 years. Methods: Several online databases were searched for published articles between 2000 and 2015 related to nursing research in Qatar. Findings: The initial search identified 6540 articles, whose titles, abstracts, and texts were screened for satisfying the eligibility criteria. Only 57 articles met the eligibility criteria. The highest percentage of studies (42%) focused on clinical practice issues. Eighty-seven percent (87%) were published in peer-reviewed journals; 84% (N = 48) were conducted between 2011 and 2015 with 16-fold growth rate compared to 2000-2005. The majority of authors were postgraduate qualified nurses, mainly 67% of them with hospital and academic affiliation (88%). The vast majority of identified studies were conducted in hospital settings (63%), and only 14% of the studies used a nursing theory or conceptual framework. Sixty-three percent (63%) of the studies were quantitative, and 25% were funded mostly by hospitals. The majority of the included studies have been done in collaboration with other disciplines (60%), especially with physicians (65%). Conclusion: Nursing research in Qatar has dramatically developed and improved over the last 15 years. However, nurses need to be more motivated to conduct and publish research in collaboration with national, regional, and international research bodies. Implications for Nursing & Health Policy: Building and sustaining nursing research infrastructure considered as a top priority for nursing leaders, academic, and ministry of public health in Qatar. Furthermore, preparing nurses with higher academic degrees is an essential step in advancing research utilization in Qatar and the region.
The Burnout among Multinational Nurses in Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Maram Hani Batayneh, Shaukat Ali, Abdulqadir J. Nashwan
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.97049
Abstract: Aim: To examine the relationship between workplace stress, job satisfaction, intention-to-leave and the development of burnout among multinational nurses in Saudi Arabia (SA). Background: Burnout among healthcare workers is a critical issue that has negative impacts on staff well-being, turnover rate, patients’ care quality, and the overall organizations’ performance. Moreover, Saudi Arabia’s reliance on overseas nurses forms a unique working environment, where most nurses are working outside their home countries. The study was conducted at KFMC in Riyadh; a MOH affiliated tertiary care hospital with a 3000 multinational nursing workforce. Methods: A correlational, cross-sectional study was conducted over the period 1 August to 30 December 2016 to identify demographics, causes of job stress, burnout, job satisfaction, and nurses’ intention-to-leave. Two hundred and twenty-four nurses completed the survey. Results: 313 responses were collected (RR: 10.5%); of the total responses, 224 met the inclusion criteria. Workplace stress and nurses’ intention-to-leave have a positive correlation with the development of burnout symptoms. While job satisfaction levels had a negative correlation with the development of burnout symptoms. Overall, nurses’ demographics had no significant effect on the development of burnout. Conclusion: Multinational nurses in Saudi Arabia suffer from work-related stress and burnout that can translate into high turnover, which in turn can be detrimental to the health organizations in the country. Implications for Nursing Management: Vigilant strategies and interventions are required to improve the nurses working environment.
Pulmonary Hypertension Induced by Thalidomide (and Derivatives) in Patients with Multiple Myeloma: A Systematic Review  [PDF]
Abdulqadir J. Nashwan, Nader I. Al-Dewik, Hisham M. Al Sabah, Mohamed A. Yassin, Shehab F. Mohamed, Nabil H. Omar, Dana B. Mansour
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2016.713094
Abstract: Thalidomide is widely used in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). In recent years, several cases of pulmonary hypertension have been reported following treatment with thalidomide. The aim of this review was to evaluate the published literature on multiple myeloma patients with pulmonary hypertension following thalidomide treatment. A literature search was performed between 2000 and 2016. A total of 7 eligible studies were identified and deemed eligible, including 11 cases—approximately 37% (4 cases) with IgA (k), 27% (3 cases) with IgG (λ) MM, 27% (3 cases) with IgG (k) MM, and one case (9%) with primary plasma cell leukemia (PPCL). The vast majority of cases—82% (9 cases)—are associated with thalidomide, while only 18% (2 cases) are related to thalidomide derivatives (lenalidomide and pomalidomide). In conclusion, pulmonary hypertension induced by thalidomide or derivatives in multiple myeloma (MM) patients is related to a multifactorial etiology including the pathophysiology of the disease, thromboembolic events, preexisted cardiovascular conditions, comorbidities, and combination with other chemo- or bio-therapeutic agents. MM patients should be evaluated for signs and symptoms underlying cardiopulmonary disease before initiating, and during treatment with thalidomide.
Experimental Strain Investigation of Bolt Torque Effect in Mechanically Fastened Joints  [PDF]
Nashwan Younis
Engineering (ENG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2012.47047
Abstract: In this study, a different issue of mechanical engineering interests is determined for threaded fastened joints. A series of photoelastic experiments were performed to determine the maximum strains for the holes in a tensile flat plate subjected to bolt-nut loads. Pertinent strain distributions were examined to determine the roll of the torques on the bolts in mini mizing the strain; hence stress concentration. The experimental determination of maximum strains is needed as a way to validate future theoretical and numerical results, and provide a valuable aid to their application. The emphasis of this paper is on deformation. The results indicate that strains can decrease significantly with the increase of the bolt's pre-load.
Implying an International Strategic Recruitment and Its Impact on Local Workers  [PDF]
Nashwan Ahmed Sharhan, Rashad Yazdanifard
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.43020
Abstract:

The close relationship among economic change, recruitment strategies and its impact on local workers whether they are highly skilled or not is showed and explained in this article. Population aging, the rising demand for talent in emerging economies and increasing cross-border employment opportunities is what drives global demand for highly skilled workers which are all intensifying the competition for talent. The variety of policies and practices reflecting corporation’s goals in the absence of an international consensus on global policy frameworks and national governments and values is discussed in this chapter. The supply and demand factors converge in the selection of foreign skills which is the trend in national recruitment strategies and shows clearly in the direction of hybrid arrangements and values migrants’ long-term contributions to the receiving country through the supply-driven point’s system values. The abilitiesy of migrants to fill labor shortages are emphasized by demand driven systems to fill labor shortages.

The Effect of Some Soil Physical and Chemical Properties on Soil Aggregate Stability in Different Locations in Sulaimani and Halabja Governorate  [PDF]
Salahaddin Abdulqadir Aziz, Saman Mahmood Karim
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2016.64009
Abstract: Some soil properties were studied in relation soil aggregate along a climatologically region and different crop land use in the Northeast of Sulaimani City/Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Five locations were selected along these regions ranging from semiarid to sub-humid climatologically conditions. The soil physical, chemical properties, aggregate stability and size distribution were analyzed. A mean-weight-diameter (MWD) value was determined on 5 soils, which was the sum of the percentage of soil on each sieve (6, 3, 1.5, 0.75, 0.375 and 0.125 mm). The results of the measurements could evaluated with linear correlation coefficients for the relationships between aggregate stability (MWD) and soil physical and chemical properties of the different crop land use. The correlation coefficient for the relationship between aggregate stability and organic matter was highly significant (P < 0.0l%) which is in agreement with the findings of [1]. Generally large aggregates (large 6, 3, 3 - 1.5 mm) were present in highest proportions in the most semiarid of the studied areas. Aggregates 0.75 - 0.125 mm were positively correlated to fine, very fine sand and silt fractions and to organic matter. Stability of aggregates showed a positive correlation with clay content and organic matter content, while the carbonate content was strongly correlated with aggregate stability. The land use history affecting soil overlaps the pattern of climatological situations and cultivated crop lands and has to be taken into account. Aggregate size distribution and stability can be used as indicator of soil conservation and productivity.
nicotineinducedhepatotoxicityanditspreventionwithdatepalmpitpowder
bushramunir,mohammadtahir,sobiamunir,muhammadnawazchaudhry,abdulqadir
应用与环境生物学报 , 2015, DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.09005
Abstract: cigarettesmokingiscommoninsocietiesworldwideandhasbeenidentifiedasinjurioustohumanhealth.nicotineisthemostabundantcomponentinthecigarettesmoke.itisfirstmetabolizedintheliver.thenaturaldietcontainsavarietyofcompounds,suchasdatepalm(phoenixdactyliferal.).itexhibitsprotectiveeffectagainstdifferenttoxins.theaimsofpresentstudyweretoinvestigatethedamagingeffectsofnicotineontheliverandthepreventiveroleofdatepalmagainstsuchdamage.datepalmpitpowderwasusedtostudyitsprotectiveeffectonnicotineinducedhepatotoxicity.threegroupsofadultmalealbinomicewereused,eachcontainingeightanimals.groupaservedasacontrol;groupbwasusedasanexperimentalgrouptreatedwithnicotine(0.3mg/kg)intraperitoneallyforforty-fivedays;groupcreceivednicotine(0.3mg/kg)intraperitoneallyalongwithdatepalmpitpowder(500mg/kg)orallyforforty-fivedays.histopathologicalexaminationrevealedthatthegeneralarchitecturewasdamagedwithincreaseinsizeofhepatocytes,centralveinandnumberoffatvacuolesandperiportalinfiltrationoflymphocytes.thenicotinetreatedmiceshoweddecreasedlevelofcytoplasmicvacuolization,necrosisandinflammation.datepalmpitpowderadministrationtonicotine-treatedmiceshowedreversionofthedamagedfeaturetonearlynormal.theseresultsalongwithpreviousstudysuggestthatdatepalmpitpowderisusefulincombatingnicotineinducedhepatotoxicity.
Assessment of Some Immunological Parametrs in Respect to Glycemic Control in Type 1 and 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Comparative Study
Zhian M. Ibrahim Dezayee,Abdulqadir A. Alnakshabandi
Research Journal of Medical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjmsci.2011.119.121
Abstract: Changes in immunological parameters are observed in Type 1 (T1D) and Type 2 (T2D) diabetes. Some of them are linked with diabetic complications this study aimed to assess some components of complement system (notably C3 and C4) and immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgM) in T1D and T2D in reference to their glycemic control. A total number of 160 (70 male and 90 female) T1D and 75 T2D (25 male and 50 female) patients who allocated randomly as well as 40 healthy subjects are enrolled in the study. Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c%) and serum glucose, complements C3, C4 and immunoglobulins IgA, IgG and IgM were measured. On 4 out of 160 T1D patients have HbA1c >7% and none of T2D patients havely than HbA1c >11%. Serum C3 and C4 of T1D patients is significantly less than corresponding value of healthy subjects and the lowest value of C3 is observed in patients with HbA1c >11%. Only serum IgM is significantly decreased in T1D and T2D patients compared with healthy subjects and there is no significant differences between T1D and T2D patients. Some immunological parameters are depressed in poor-controlled diabetes. The difference in immune response between T1D and T2D patients is observed in serum C3.
Green Synthesis of New Tetra Schiff Bases and Bis-Azo Bis-Schiff Bases Derived from 2,6-Diaminopyridine as Promising Photosensitizers  [PDF]
Nihad I. Taha, Nashwan O. Tapabashi, Marwa N. El-Subeyhi
International Journal of Organic Chemistry (IJOC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijoc.2018.83023
Abstract: Nine new tetra Schiff bases (M2 - M9) were prepared in moderate yields via the condensation of different aromatic amines and bis-Schiff base (M1) in microwave synthesizer. Also five new azo-Schiff bases (M16 - M20) were prepared by the condensation of (M1) with the azo-salicylaldehyde (M11 - M15) using the same method. The green synthesis by microwave irradiation was chosen as route due to its novelty, cleanliness, efficiency, time and solvent saving properties compared with the conventional methods which lack these advantages; such as time consume and wasting environment polluting organic solvents to achieve the same efficiency in synthesis. The prepared compounds which are believed by us to be competent as photosensitizers in photochemical systems were identified by IR and NMR spectroscopy besides elemental analysis.
Abattoir as a Tool for Veterinary Extension and Communication Services: A Practical Demonstration of Its Implementation  [PDF]
Shehu AbdulQadir Zailani, Sani Bello Nma, Nuhu Abubakar, Hassan Kanti Madu, Ahmad Tijjani Tinau
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2019.91001
Abstract: Considering the widespread disease transmission among butchers/meat inspectors and a possible risk of exposure to diseases due to the attitude of some butchers and nature of meat inspector’s jobs. Ignorance and lack of awareness of such dangers has also been identified to be responsible for some of the problems encountered in most instances as well as the presence of some predisposing factors for diseases. In view of the above, this model is developed as a means of demonstrating the use of the abattoir and other registered related slaughter premises in the provision of the physical facility, where the primary role of extension personnel to develop the capacity and capability of target groups in the abattoir and livestock producing community, in order to enhance animal/zoonotic disease surveillance and control. The model if adopted and fully utilized will create awareness among target groups of dangers of disease transmission and ways of curtailing such problems, government through their agencies, professionals and private organizations should be involved in the implementation of this model in order to achieve the desired response.
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