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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5728 matches for " Abdullahi Hassan Abdinur "
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The Importance of Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio and Peripheral Blood Eosinophilia in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients with Acute Exacerbation: Recent Studies  [PDF]
Abdullahi Hassan Abdinur, Yadong Gao
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2019.92004
Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic, progressive respiratory disease and the third leading cause of respiratory disease mortality. The diagnosis of COPD is changed to acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) when respiratory symptoms become worse, beyond normal day-to-day variations and severely enough that changes in medication are required. Both neutrophils to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and peripheral blood eosinophilia (PBE) are rapid and relatively inexpensive tests that can be easily applied in the clinical practice for the diagnosis and treatment of AECOPD patients. Furthermore, current studies found that NLR and PBE had a higher accuracy rate than other traditional markers (Leukocyte count and C-reactive protein) for the diagnosis and management of AECOPD. Besides, recent studies determined that NLR and PBE can be used for prediction of future exacerbations in COPD patients. This review aims to explore the current knowledge about the significance of NLR and PBE in AECOPD patients.
Prevalence of Rifampicin Resistance and Associated Risk Factors among Suspected Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Cases in TB Centers Mogadishu-Somalia: Descriptive Study  [PDF]
Ahmed Y. Guled, Ayub Hassan Elmi, Bashir Mohamud Abdi, Abdihamid Mohamed Ali Rage, Fartun Mohamed Ali, Abdullahi Hassan Abdinur, Abdullahi Abdulle Ali, Anab Adam Ahmed, Khadra Abdullahi Ibrahim, Salah Osman Mohamed, Fos Ali Mire, Omar Abdi Adem, Ali Dirie Osman
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2016.62003
Abstract: Introduction and Background: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has emerged as a significant global health concern. Patients who had failed previous TB treatment, relapsed after treatment, contacted known MDRTB patients or defaulted during previous treatment, and HIV patients are considered to be suspected and at high risk for developing drug resistant TB specially MDR-TB. However, there is little data available on the prevalence and trends of MDR tuberculosis in national level but luck of it in Mogadishu is our main concern. Methodology: This was a crosssectional, descriptive study involving all suspected MDR TB patients attended at the Mogadishu three Tb centers. Results: A total of 138 cases of suspected MDRTB patients were included in the study. Of these, 70 patients (51%) had rifampicin resistant-TB. Of the 138 study participants, 94 (68.62%) were between 21 - 40 years old that indicates the dominance of productive age group (21 - 40 years). Previous Tuberculosis treatment has been noted to be a major risk factor for development of multidrug resistance tuberculosis. MDR-TB prevalence is significantly higher in male than female patients. Conclusion and Interpretation: The prevalence of Rifampicin resistance among these high risk groups was significant. The high association of previous TB treatment to MDR-TB might be explained due to inappropriate anti-tubercular regimens, sub-optimal drugs, inadequate or irregular drug supply, unsatisfactory patient or clinician compliance, lack of supervision of treatment and absence of infection control measures in healthcare facilities. As the prevalence of MDRTB is high and yet the cases remain un-isolated in the community we recommend the MOH/NTP and funding agencies to facilitate establishment of MDRTB management centers earlier in Mogadishu in order to treat the MDRTB case otherwise it might Amplify of the incidence of this Emerging Disease.
Clinical and Histological Patterns of Oropharyngeal Tumors in Selected Health Institutions in North Western Nigeria  [PDF]
Kufre Robert Iseh, Mohammed Abdullahi, Daniel Jiya Aliyu, Stanley Amutta, Stephen Semen Yikawe, Joseph Hassan Solomon
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2015.42010
Abstract: Background: Tumors of the oropharynx affect a common pathway for deglutition, respiration and speech and therefore pose a challenge to both the patient and clinician. This paper attempts to present clinical and histologic patterns, and therapeutic challenges of oropharyngeal tumors from three selected health facilities in North Western Nigeria. Materials and Methods: The medical records of patients seen in the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Federal Medi- cal Centre Birnin Kebbi and Shepherd Specialist Hospital, Sokoto with oropharyngeal tumors over a fourteen-year period were reviewed (January 2000 to December 2013). Results: A total of 36 patients were seen. Twenty (56%) were males and 16 (44%) were females, making the male:female ratio, 1.3:1, (P value of 0.004 for the null hypothesis). The age range was 3 to 80 years, with a mean age of 45.5 years. Majority of patients were in their 5th decade of life (33%). Nineteen (53%) patients presented with dysphagia, 11 (28%) with mass in the mouth (soft palate), 7 (17%) with neck swelling, while 3 patients (7%) presented with upper airway obstruction. Twenty-six patients (72%) presented at an advanced stage. Squamous cell carcinoma accounted for 31% of the cases, followed by lymphoma 14%, adenoid cystic carcinoma 8%, pleomorphic adenoma 5%, mucoepidermoid carcinoma 5%, peripheral nerve sheath tumour 3%, alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (3%), tuberculoma (3%) and inflammatory polyp (3%). Surgery was carried out in 31 cases (86.1%) for the purpose of obtaining biopsy and removal of tumour, followed by chemotherapy (5.5%) and radiotherapy (5.5%) where histologic diagnosis was malignant. Five (13.9%) did not consent for any intervention. Conclusion: Oropharyngeal tumours are varied in presentation. Squamous cell carcinoma (31%) was the commonest histologic type followed by lymphoma (14%) and adencystic carcinoma (8%). About 72% of the cases were in advanced stages (T4). More than half of the tumours (53%) were of soft palate origin.
Groundwater Potentials Estimation of a Basement Terrain Using Pumping Test Data for Parts of Sanga Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Northwestern Nigeria  [PDF]
Hamidu Hassan, Sidi Muhammad Waru, Garga Ali Bukar, Kana Muhammad Abdullahi
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology (OJMH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojmh.2016.64018
Abstract: Aquifers derived from the crystalline basement rocks for parts of Sanga Local Government area of Kaduna State, Nigeria consist of clay, silt, sand, gravel and laterite materials which may be in various proportions. Using Cooper-Jacobs non-equilibrium graphical method, the hydraulic properties were estimated from pumping test data of 18 boreholes. Conductivity varies from 1.02 × 102 m/s to 4.07 × 102 m/s and transmissivity varies from 1.14 × 101 m2/s to 4.40 × 101 m2/s. The values of specific capacity range between 1.03 × 101 m2/s/m and 9.00 × 102 m2/s/m, and these values indicate that the aquifers in the area have low to moderate ground water potentials. The low yield range of between 0.45 l/s and 1.00 l/s recorded in the area shows the heterogeneous and anisotropy nature of the basement aquifer system in terms of groundwater discharge. On the average, the boreholes assessed have potentials to sustain local to regional supply provided the best drilling method and materials are used and well completion properly done.
Scrotal Circumference and Testicular Morphometric Characteristics of the Camel (Camelus Dromedarius) in the Semi-Arid Environment of Northern Nigeria Circunferencia Escrotal y Características Testiculares Morfométricas del Camello (Camelus Dromedarius) en el Ambiente Semiárido del Norte de Nigeria
Ibrahim Ali Abdullahi,Hassan Al-Hassan Musa,Aliyu Jibril
International Journal of Morphology , 2012,
Abstract: Reproductive tract of 12 camels (Camelus dromedarius) were used to evaluate testicular morphometry. The testicular morphometric characteristics measured were scrotal circumference (in situ), paired testis weight, epididymal weight and mean epididymal length, testis volume, and testis density. There were no significant difference (p >0.05) between the left and right organs, but there were numerical differences between all the parameters. A highly significant positive correlations (p <0.05, p <0.01, p <0.001) exist between the scrotal circumference, testicular and epididymal morphometry, except for testis density which is non- significant (p >0.05). It was concluded that testicular morphometry would provide reliable information in predicting sperm production of camels in the semi arid environment. El tracto reproductivo de 12 camellos (Camelus dromedarius) fue utilizado para evaluar la morfometría testicular. Las características morfométricas testiculares medidas fueron la circunferencia escrotal (in situ), peso testicular pareado, peso epididimario y longitud media del epidídimo, volumen y densidad testicular. No hubo diferencias significativas (p> 0,05) entre los órganos del lado izquierdo y derecho, aunque se observaron diferencias numéricas entre todos los parámetros. Correlaciones positivas altamente significativas (p <0,05, p <0,01, y p <0,001) existen entre la circunferencia escrotal, morfometría testicular y del epidídimo, a excepción de la densidad testicular que no fue significativa (p> 0,05). Se concluyó que la morfometría testicular podría proporcionar información fiable para predecir la producción espermática de camellos en el ambiente semiárido.
PHYTOCHEMICAL AND MICROBIAL SCREENING OF PARKINSONIA ACULEATA L. LEAVES
ABDULLAHI SHAFIU KAMBA1 AND LAWAL GUSAU HASSAN2
International Journal of Drug Development & Research , 2010,
Abstract: Preliminarily phytochemical and antimicrobial investigation of the crude extract of the leaves of parkinsoniaaculeata leaves showed the presence tannin, alkoloids,glycoside,terpenoids flavonoid, terpenes, streriodsvolatile oil and saponin.The presence of these secondary metabolites indicates the pharmacological property ofthe plant leaves. The crude ethanolic extract, petroleum ether and chloroform extracts were also found toinhibit pseudomonas aeruginosa, streprococcus faecalis staphylococcus aureus, escherichia coli, and salmonellatyphimurium and klebsiella sp. The tin layer chromatography(TLC) revealed four spots, three spots and twospots for ethanol, petroleum ether and chloroform extract respectively using ethyl acetate: hexane solventmixture. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the crude extracts were determined for the variousorganisms which ranged between 35 and 50 mg/ml while the minimum bactericidal concentration ( MBC)ranged between 45 and 60 mg/ml. parkinsonia aculeata could be a potential source of antimicrobial agents.
Effect of Malt Pretreatment on Antinutritional Factors and HCl Extractability of Minerals of Sorghum Cultivars
Wisal H. Idris,Amro B. Hassan,Elfadil E. Babiker,Abdullahi H. El Tinay
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2005,
Abstract: Sorghum grains of cultivars Wad Ahmed and Tabat were germinated for 1, 2 and 4 days to obtain 1-, 2- and 4- day-old malts. About 1% of sorghum malt was added to sorghum flour. The mixtures were incubated at 30oC with shaking for 30, 60, 90 and 120 min. Phytic acid and tannin contents and minerals extractability (as an index for minerals bioavaliability) were assayed for all treatments. The results revealed that phytate and tannin contents were significantly (P = 0.05) reduced when sorghum flour was pretreated with malt. When a mixture containing 4-days-old malt was incubated for 120 min significantly (P < 0.05) reduced phytate and tannin contents by 39.9% and 26.7%, respectively for Wad Ahmed cultivar while for Tabat cultivar they were reduced by 36.6% and 23.8%, respectively. HCl extractability of both major and trace minerals was also significantly (P = 0.05) improved as a result of malt pretreatment especially when sorghum flour was mixed with 4-days malt and incubated for 120 min.
Proximate Composition, Antinitritional Factors and Mineral Content and Availability of Selected Legumes and Cereals Grown in Sudan
Samia M. A/Rahaman,Hagir B. ElMaki,I. Wisal Hassan,Elfadil E. Babiker,Abdullahi H. El Tinay
Journal of Food Technology , 2013,
Abstract: The proximate composition, antinutritional factors and mineral content and availability of various cereals and legumes cultivars were studied. Legumes include faba bean and white bean while cereals includes millet and sorghum. Results showed that, on average, apart from protein and carbohydrate, the proximate composition of all legumes and cereals were slightly differed. The protein content of faba bean cultivars was significantly higher (p # 0.05) than those of white bean and cereals. Sorghum cultivars had significantly higher values of carbohydrate (p # 0.05) than millet and legumes cultivars. Antinutritional factors varied between cultivars and even within cereals and legumes. Phytate content varied from 233 to 991.11 mg/100g and phytate/phosphorus percent varied from 82 to 225% while polyphenols varied from 198.43 to 676.21 mg/100g. Minerals content and availability differed between the cultivars. Ca content and availability were higher in legumes compared to cereals while phosphorus content and availability were higher in cereals. White bean and millet had higher Fe content compared to other cultivars with higher availability recorded in millet. Among trace minerals, Co had a higher availability (87%) in millet cultivars compared to other ones.
Psychological effects of parenting children with autism prospective study in Kuwait  [PDF]
Abdullahi Fido, Samira Al Saad
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.32A002
Abstract:

Background: Recent reports suggest that the prevalence of autism in the Arab world ranges from 1.4 cases per 10,000 children inOmanto 29 per 10,000 children in theUnited Arab Emirates. While these rates are lower than those of the developed world, which are 39 per 10,000 for autism and 77 per 10,000 for all forms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), it does not necessarily mean the condition is less prevalent in the Arab world. Objectives: Studies of parents with children with autism suggest that 35% - 53% of mothers with children show various degrees of depressive symptoms. However, many of these studies were conducted in western countries which still make little inferences about the prevalence of these stresses in Arab countries uncertain. No data are available on the use of the BDI on parents of children with autism in Kuwait. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of parental depression in families of children with autism and in control families. Subjects and Methods: The participants in this study were 120 mothers and fathers of autistic children whose children were attending the Kuwait Autism Center at the time of this study. They were asked to complete the Arabic translated version of the Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI). It consists of 21 symptoms or attitudes commonly seen in patients suffering from depression. The symptoms are rated from “0”to “3”in intensity. The following cut-off points of depressive symptoms were used when interpreting the results in the present study: the range of scores from 0 to 9 indicates no depression, 10 - 20 dysphoria and over 20 depression. Results: The mean standard deviation scores for the mothers of autistic children were 21.2 ÷ 2.9 and 10.3 ÷ 2.1, (p = 0.001) for the control mothers respectively. No significant difference were observed across the samples of fathers other than slight increase for the autistic group. Marital status did not affect the number of mothers of the autism groups who had elevated depression scores, but single mothers in both groups had higher elevated depression scores than mothers living with partners, (x2 = 6.4, p < 0.005). Out of mothers with autistic children, 32.3% had depression and 41.5% had dysphoria while, 10% of control mothers had depression and 16% had dysphoria, x2 = 6.3 (p < 0.001). Conclusion: It is clear from our findings that mothers of autistic children have higher parenting-related stress and psychological distress as compared to

Collective Action, and the Problems of Short-Term Government of Somalia  [PDF]
Abdullahi Ali Mohamed, Lihua Yang
Open Journal of Leadership (OJL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojl.2015.43007
Abstract: Since the end of the Said Barre era in Somalia, the country has been in constant political chaos. Among causes of the problems is a draft constitution with ambiguities in its clauses, power struggle between different political and clan leaders, lack of good leadership to steer the country forward and foreign intervention that at most times leads to problems within the government. Given these problems, the country has been operating in a short-term mode. Some of the problems the short-term government faces are high insecurity mainly because of terrorism, corruption fueled by non-accountability, lack of trust amongst the leaders and politicians and an economic recession. At the center of these problems are the President and the Prime Minister. The paper applies the game theory of collective action to solve the problem between “the President” and “the Prime Minister”.
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