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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9510 matches for " Abdul Mohammed "
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A New Expression for Rhotrix  [PDF]
Abdul Mohammed
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory (ALAMT) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/alamt.2014.42011
This paper presents a new technique for expressing rhotrices in a generalize form. The method involves using multiple array indexes as analogous to matrix expressions, unlike the earlier method in the literature, which can only be functional in a single array computational environment. The new rhotrix look will encourage the study of rhotrix algebra and analysis from a better perspective. In addition, computing efficiency and accuracy will also be improved, particularly when the operations in rhotrix space over the new expression are algorithmatized for computing machines.
Pattern, Precipitants and Short Term Outcome of Heart Failure Patients Managed at Federal Medical Centre Nguru, a Tertiary Health Centre in Yobe State Northeastern Nigeria  [PDF]
Musa Mohammed Baba, Faruk Buba, Mohammed Abdullahi Talle, Habu Abdul
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2018.95037
Abstract: Heart Failure (HF) is a syndrome characterized by typical symptoms (e.g. breathlessness, ankle swelling and fatigue) that may be accompanied by signs (e.g. elevated jugular venous pressure, pulmonary crackles and peripheral oedema) caused by a structural and/or functional cardiac abnormality, resulting in a reduced cardiac output and/or elevated intracardiac pressures at rest or during stress. Clinical studies investigating the aetiological patterns of heart failure in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) revealed that hypertension, cardiomyopathy and rheumatic heart disease account for more than two-thirds of cardiac disease cases. The objective of this study therefore is to assess the pattern, precipitating factors and short term outcome of heart failure among patients admitted into our hospital. Method: The study was a prospective cross-sectional type conducted among in patients with heart failure in the medical ward of the hospital. Results: A total of three and fifty four (354) subjects were recruited into the study, comprising one hundred and twenty nine males (36.4%) and two hundred and twenty five (63.4%) females. Majority of the patients were admitted in NYHA functional class IV. This however improved to class II at discharge though few were discharged in NYHA class III. Heart failure secondary to progressive hypertensive heart disease was the most common (39.0%) followed by peripartum cardiomyopathy (22.6%) while idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (11.0%) and rheumatic heart disease (7.3%) were the third and fourth causes of heart failure respectively. The most common precipitating factor for heart failure in this study was chest infection (44.9%). In conclusion, the study revealed that progressive hypertensive heart disease was the leading cause of heart failure, followed by peripartum cardiomyopathy while idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and rheumatic heart disease were ranked third and fourth causes of heart failure respectively. Though myocardial infarction is on the increase, it was found to be the fifth cause of heart failure. The study also identified the following precipitants of heart failure in decreasing order of occurrence: chest infection, non-adherence to prescription, and urinary tract infection.
Rhotrix Linear Transformation  [PDF]
Abdul Mohammed, Musa Balarabe, Abdussamad Tanko Imam
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory (ALAMT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/alamt.2012.24007
Abstract: This paper considers rank of a rhotrix and characterizes its properties, as an extension of ideas to the rhotrix theory rhomboidal arrays, introduced in 2003 as a new paradigm of matrix theory of rectangular arrays. Furthermore, we present the necessary and sufficient condition under which a linear map can be represented over rhotrix.
An Efficient Acceleration of Solving Heat and Mass Transfer Equations with the Second Kind Boundary Conditions in Capillary Porous Composite Cylinder Using Programmable Graphics Hardware  [PDF]
Hira Narang, Fan Wu, Abdul Rafae Mohammed
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2018.69003
Abstract: With the recent developments in computing technology, increased efforts have gone into simulation of various scientific methods and phenomenon in engineering fields. One such case is the simulation of heat and mass transfer in capillary porous media, which is becoming more and more important in analysing various scenarios in engineering applications. Analysing such heat and mass transfer phenomenon in a given environment requires us to simulate it. This entails simulation of coupled heat mass transfer equations. However, this process of numerical solution of heat and mass transfer equations is very much time consuming. Therefore, this paper aims at utilizing one of the acceleration techniques developed in the graphics community that exploits a graphics processing unit (GPU) which is applied to the numerical solutions of heat and mass transfer equations. The nVidia Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) programming model caters a good method of applying parallel computing to program the graphical processing unit. This paper shows a good improvement in the performance while solving the heat and mass transfer equations for capillary porous composite cylinder with the second kind of boundary conditions numerically running on GPU. This heat and mass transfer simulation is implemented using CUDA platform on nVidia Quadro FX 4800 graphics card. Our experimental results depict the drastic performance improvement when GPU is used to perform heat and mass transfer simulation. GPU can significantly accelerate the performance with a maximum observed speedup of more than 7-fold times. Therefore, the GPU is a good approach to accelerate the heat and mass transfer simulation.
Comparison of Superficial Mycosis treatment using Butenafine and Bifonazole nitrate Clinical Efficacy
Mohammed A Abdul Bari
Global Journal of Health Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v5n1p150
Abstract: Superficial fungal infections are commonly encountered by the physician. And the continuously changing epidemiology of invasive fungal infections results in the need for an expanded armamentarium of antifungal therapies. This study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Butenafine (BTF) versus Bifonazole (BFZ) in the treatment of superficial mycosis in a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group trial. Of 96 patients, 48 applied (BTF) cream and 48 applied (BFZ) cream for 2 weeks to tinea versicolor, corporis and cruris treat, while tinea of feet & hands was treated for 4 weeks duration. Efficacy was assessed after the end of treatment and 2 weeks later. At the end of therapy, we find somewhat more patients using (BTF) than using (BFZ) had a mycologic cure ((BTF), 87.5%; (BFZ) 83.3%) and effective clinical response ((BTF), 91.7%; (BFZ), 83.3%). (BTF) provides rapid and persistent antifungal activity and symptom relief in patients with superficial mycosis during treatment. And patients continued to improve for at least 2 weeks after treatment. The Rates of mycologic cure and effective treatment with (BTF) were higher than with (BFZ) at cessation of treatment and 2 weeks later. However, no significant difference found between the two drugs (p> 0.05).
Application of ANN technique for rainfall forecasting over Iraq
Bashair Abdul Rahman Mohammed
International Journal of Energy and Environment , 2012,
Abstract: Rainfall prediction for 5 climatic stations covering Iraq using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) technique has presented. Data records extend for the period 1937 to 2010 was used to forecast the next ten years for each station. Two prediction approaches were used with the ANN, Bipolar Sigmoid (BS) and Hyperbolic Tangent (HT) to simulate the predication with Mean Square Error (MSE) of 0.1. It reveals the possible success for 4 years is more successful than 10 years forecasting .This conclusion is compatible with continuity of the Autocorrelation Function (ACF) lag graph for the time series. HT found to give better estimation than BS activation function.
Importance of confirmatory testing in donated blood
Arif Mohammed Abdul
Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology , 1998,
Abstract: During the period from January 1995 to January 1996 blood units from 8747 blood donors were screened for blood-borne viruses at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. These tests included HBsAg, antibodies to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV), antibodies to human immunodeficiency viruses (anti-HIV-1/2). During the same period 1500 blood units were screened for antibodies to human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (anti-HTLV-1). Among the 8747 blood donors, 2.7% were found to be HBsAg-positive on initial screening but 2.2% were confirmed as HBsAg-positive. Regarding HCV, 2.8% were anti-HCV-positive on initial screening but the percentage dropped down to 1.6% on confirmation and only 12 (0.14%) were considered indeterminant by line immunoassay. None of the donors was confirmed anti-HIV- positive but five were diagnosed as indeterminant by western blot. Only four were anti-HTLV- I - positive on initial screening but were diagnosed as indeterminant by western blot. In total, 492 (5.6%) of the blood units tested were reactive for any one of the four viruses on screening but only 327 (3.7%) were confirmed positive. All 492 blood units were not recommended for transfusion. This raises the question of the usefulness of confirmatory testing in blood donation. We believe the confirmation is only important for counseling the donor and a non-reactive result on confirmation should not interfere with the decision of not recommending the blood for transfusion.
Allocation of Repairable and Replaceable Components for a System Availability Using Selective Maintenance with Probabilistic Maintenance Time Constraints  [PDF]
Irfan Ali, Mohammed Faisal Khan, Yashpal Singh Raghav, Abdul Bari
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2011.13016
Abstract: In this paper, we obtain optimum allocation of replaceable and repairable components in a system design. When repair and replace time are considered as random in the constraints. We convert probabilistic constraint into an equivalent deterministic constraint by using chance constrained programming. We have used the selective maintenance policy to determine how many components to be replaced & repaired within the limited maintenance time interval and cost. A Numerical example is presented to illustrate the computational procedure and problem is solved by using LINGO Software.
Allocation in Multivariate Stratified Surveys with Non-Linear Random Cost Function  [PDF]
Mohammed Faisal Khan, Irfan Ali, Yashpal Singh Raghav, Abdul Bari
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2012.21012
Abstract: In this paper, we consider an allocation problem in multivariate surveys with non-linear costs of enumeration as a problem of non-linear stochastic programming with multiple objective functions. The solution is obtained through Chance Constrained programming. A different formulation of the problem is also presented in which the non-linear cost function is minimised under the precision constraints on estimates of various characters. The solution is then obtained by using Modified E-model. A numerical example is solved for both the formulations.
Modeling a General Equation for Pool Boiling Heat Transfer  [PDF]
Mohammed Salah Hameed, Abdul Rahman Khan, A. A. Mahdi
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science (ACES) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aces.2013.34037
Abstract: It is recognized that the nucleate pool boiling data available in literature are mainly related to four known correlations, each differs from the other by a varying magnitude of constant coefficients, depending on restrictive experimental conditions. The present work is concerned in developing an empirically generalized correlation, which covers the entire range of nucleate boiling with a minimum possible deviation from experimental data. The least squares multiple regression technique is used to evaluate the best coefficient value used in the correlations. An empirical correlation that fits a broader scope of available data has been developed by a non-linear solution technique leading to the following equation: where the coefficients R1 and R3 both represent the effect of surface-liquid combination. They are assessed independently for the used surface material and liquid.

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