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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4897 matches for " Abdul Hameed "
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Information and Communication Technologies as a New Learning Tool for the Deaf
Abdul Hameed
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2007,
Abstract:
Isolation, Characterization and Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns of Lactose-Fermenter Enterobacteriaceae Isolates from Clinical and Environmental Samples  [PDF]
Israa Abdul Jabbar Ibrahim, Tuqa Abdul Kareem Hameed
Open Journal of Medical Microbiology (OJMM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojmm.2015.54021
Abstract: The lactose-fermenter Enterobacteriaceae are the most frequent cause of clinical infection in our country. The objective of this study was to isolate and identify the most common lactose-fermenter Enterobacteriaceae from clinical samples, including urine, blood, wounds, and sputum, obtained from the local hospital and from environmental samples from a chicken farm, agriculture soil, and water from the Tigris River in Baghdad City. The study also aimed at establishing the antibiotic resistance patterns of the isolated bacteria. A total of 155 bacterial isolates were identified from 10 genera according to the Vitek 2 system. The most common bacterial isolates from the clinical and environmental samples were Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, respectively. The antibiotic resistance patterns showed that all clinical and environmental isolates were multidrug resistant to β-lactam (except carbapenems) drug and aminoglycosides and more sensitive to carbapenems.
Erratum to “Isolation, Characterization and Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns of Lactose-Fermenter Enterobacteriaceae Isolates from Clinical and Environmental Samples” [Open Journal of Medical Microbiology 5 (2015) 169-176]  [PDF]
Israa Abdul Jabbar Ibrahim, Tuqa Abdul Kareem Hameed
Open Journal of Medical Microbiology (OJMM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojmm.2016.61001
Abstract: The lactose-fermenter Enterobacteriaceae are the most frequent cause of clinical infection in our country. The objective of this study was to isolate and identify the most common lactose-fermenter Enterobacteriaceae from clinical samples, including urine, blood, wounds, and sputum, obtained from the local hospital and from environmental samples from a chicken farm, agriculture soil, and water from the Tigris River in Baghdad City. The study also aimed at establishing the antibiotic resistance patterns of the isolated bacteria. A total of 155 bacterial isolates were identified from 10 genera according to the Vitek 2 system. The most common bacterial isolates from the clinical and environmental samples were Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, respectively. The antibiotic resistance patterns showed that all clinical and environmental isolates were multidrug resistant to β-lactam (except carbapenems) drug and aminoglycosides and more sensitive to carbapenems.
The Use of ICT in Developing Reading and Writing Skills in Children with Hearing Impairment
Humara Bano,Abdul Hameed
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2007,
Abstract:
CATARACT SURGERY
ABDUL HAMEED BHATTI
The Professional Medical Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: To compare the effects of spontaneous versus controlled ventilation on IntraocularPressure (IOP) with concomitant haemodynamic changes during cataract extraction and intraocular (IOL) implantsurgery under anaesthesia. Design: Comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted atdepartment of Anesthesiology Combined Military Hospital Jhelum Cantt from Jan 2005 to Oct 2005. Subjects andMethods: 40 ASA I and II patients of both sexes aged 40-68 years, undergoing surgical cataract extraction werestudies. In 20 patients ventilation was controlled while the other 20 patients breathed spontaneously during surgery.IOP was measured preoperatively in non-operated eye. Results: Intraocular pressure (IOP) decreased below the baseline after induction of anaesthesia but it markedly increased after intubation in both group. During operation IOPdecreased more in controlled ventilation group than spontaneous ventilation group. At the end of surgery beforeextubation, IOP increased in both groups with a greater rise in spontaneous ventilation group and extubation wasfollowed by a further rise in IOP in both groups. Heart rate (HR) and arterial blood pressure (BP) changes followedalmost the same pattern as IOP. Conclusion: General anaesthetics decrease IOP in general. Laryngoscopy andintubation are anaesthesia-related events, which cause rise in IOP. In appropriate patients, general anaesthesia withcontrolled ventilation is an acceptable technique for intraocular surgery offering advantages in terms of intraocularpressure and cardiovascular stability compared to spontaneous ventilation.
INTRA OCULAR PRESSURE
ABDUL HAMEED BHATTI
The Professional Medical Journal , 2004,
Abstract: Objective: To compare the effects of Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) and trachealintubation on Intra Ocular Pressure (IOP) with concomitant haemodynamic changes during cataract extractionand intra ocular lens (IOL) implant surgery under general anaesthesia. Design: Comparative study. Place andDuration of Study: The study was conducted at department of Anaesthesiology Combined Military HospitalJhelum from April 2003 to December 2003. Subjects and Methods: 40 ASA I and II patients of both sexesaged 40-68 years, undergoing surgical cataract extraction were studied. 20 patients were intubated endotrachealywhile LMA was inserted in other 20 patients. Ventilation was controlled in both groups. IOP was measuredpreoperatively in non-operated eye. Results: Intra ocular pressure (IOP) decreased below the base line afterinduction of anaesthesia but it markedly increased after intubation in tracheal tube (TT) group whilst there wasless increase in LMA group. During operation IOP decreased to near pre-induction value in both groups. Atthe end of surgery, before extubation . IOP increased significantly in TT group with a small rise in LMA groupand extubation was followed by a further rise in IOP in TT group. while removal of LMA was not accompaniedby increase in IOP. Heart rate (HR) and arterial blood pressure (BP) changes followed the same pattern as IOP.Conclusion: General anaesthetics decrease IOP in general. Laryngoscopy and intubation are anaesthesiarelatedevents, which cause rise in IOP. In appropriate patients LMA is an acceptable technique for intra ocularsurgery offering advantages in terms of intra ocular pressure and cardiovascular stability compared to trachealintubation.
PULSE OXIMETRY
ABDUL-HAMEED CHOHEDRI
The Professional Medical Journal , 2006,
Abstract: Background/Aim: Pulse oximetry has emerged as a clinical tool inanesthesia and is becoming popular in developing countries. Unfortunately, its use is usually not accompanied byappropriate staff training. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge about pulse oximetry among the 7th yearmedical student Interns (MS) and nursing staff (NS) of Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Coronary Care Unit (CCU) andRecovery Room (RR) of four medical-school affiliated hospitals in Shiraz, Iran. Study Period: Feb 2001- Feb 2002Materials and Methods: A 14-item questionnaire (4 demographic and 10 knowledge), multiple-choice and open ended,was developed to assess knowledge of pulse oximetry. Among 150 7th year medical students and 200 nursing staff,40 from each group was randomly selected and invited to complete the questionnaire. Results: A 100% response ratewas achieved. All of the participants used pulse oximetry regularly in their daily work. The mean test scores for MS andNS were 60.5 ± 21 and 49 ± 17%, respectively (p < 0.05). None of the participants had adequate training in the useof pulse oximetry. Conclusion: Our study revealed that medical students and staff nurses were untrained in pulseoximetry, lacked knowledge of basic principles, and made serious errors in interpretation of readings. Therefore, werecommend that medical schools and nurse training programs place emphasis on teaching the principles andapplications of pulse oximetry and the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve.
PROPOFOL INDUCED PAIN
ABDUL HAMEED CHOHEDRI
The Professional Medical Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Introduction: Propofol causes pain on injection in 28% - 90% ofpatients. A number of techniques have been tried for minimizing propofol-induced pain with variable results. Objectives:To compare the use of premixed lidocaine-propofol with metoclopramide pretreatment for the reduction of pain duringinjection of propofol in adult patients. Design: A prospective, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study.Setting: Shiraz University Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology, Shiraz, Iran. Period: From Jan 2007 to Dec 2007.Materials & Methods: 202 subjects (ASA I-II) scheduled for elective operations under general anesthesia wereallocated into three groups and treated as follows: Group A: 20 ml propofol mixed with 20mg lidocaine %1 following 2mlnormal saline; Group B: 20 ml propofol mixed with 2ml normal saline following 5 mg metoclopramide; Group C (controlgroup): 20 ml propofol mixed with 2 ml normal saline following 2 ml normal saline. Pain intensity was graded by a single,blinded observer and recorded as either severe, moderate, mild or no pain according to the response of the patientsto the injection. Results: The incidence of pain was 72% in placebo group compared to 58.7% in the metoclopramideand 28.8% in the lidocaine group. Conclusion: Propofol-lidocaine admixture is more effective than metoclopramidepre treatment in decreasing the pain of propofol injection.
EPHEDRINE FOR PREVENTION HYPOTENSION
ABDUL-HAMEED CHOHEDRI
The Professional Medical Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Background/Aim:. To ameliorate post spinal anesthesia hypotensionin patients undergoing cesarean section. To compare the incidence of maternal hypotension associated withspinal anesthesia for cesarean section when intravenous (IV), intramuscular (IM) or oral prophylactic boluses ofephedrine were used. Design: Prospective randomized double blind study. Setting: Department of anesthesiology,Zainibiae Hospital, Shiraz University, Iran. Period: From: June 2004 to November 2005. Materials and Methods:60 ASA grade I-II pregnant mothers were enrolled. Spinal anesthesia was performed using 60-70 mg of 5% solutionof lidocaine. The patients were divided into three equal groups (n=20). Oral and IM ephedrine (25 mg) wasadministered to the first two groups 30 to 60 minutes before induction of anesthesia (Group A and B, respectively). Inthe last 20 patients, IV Ephedrine (25 mg) was administered immediately after induction of spinal anesthesia (GroupC). Maternal blood pressure and pulse rate was checked every 2 minutes. Hypotension was promptly treated with 10-mg ephedrine boluses. Results: Both IM and IV prophylactic doses of ephedrine significantly decreased the incidenceof hypotension, compared to oral prophylactic dose of ephedrine [4/20 and 0/20 in the IM and IV ephedrine groups,respectively vs. 9/20 in the oral ephedrine group (p < 0.05)]. Conclusion: Oral prophylactic dose of ephedrine is noteffective in preventing hypotension in pregnant women undergoing cesarean section with spinal anesthesia. Therefore,we only recommend a single bolus of IV ephedrine with a dose of 25mg.
THE UPPER LIP BITE TEST
ABDUL-HAMEED CHOHEDRI
The Professional Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Objective: We conducted a prospective, double-blind study todetermine whether a difficult endotracheal intubation could be predicted preoperatively by a simple new technique, theupper lip bite test and compared it with three other tests used for prediction of difficult intubation: Modified Mallampaticriteria (MMC), Thyromental distance (TM) and Mouth opening (MO). Materials and Methods: Five hundred patients,aged above 16 years, and presenting for elective surgery were subjected to the following assessments: (1) Upper lipbite test (ULBT), class I: lower incisors can bite the upper lip above the vermilion line; class II: lower incisors can bitethe upper lip below the vermilion line; class III: lower incisors cannot bite the upper lip; (2) Oropharyngeal classaccording to the MMC. (3) The distance between the chin and thyroid cartilage (thyromental distance). (4) Extend ofmaximum mouth opening test. Results: ULBT had significantly higher accuracy (96%) and specificity (98.3%) and thelowest rate of false positive (p< 0.001). The most sensitive test was the TM test (42%). Conclusion: We concludedthat comparison of the three tests, UPBT has sufficient value in predicting difficult intubation in adults
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