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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5931 matches for " Abdul Hadi Nawawi "
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Consensual Experts’ Opinion in Forecasting
Abdul Hadi Nawawi
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v4n9p64
Abstract: In forecasting rental levels, different experts may have different opinions. Subjective expert forecasts would be useful but the platform for discussions may not be readily available let alone mechanism for reconciling the differences of opinions. The viability of aggregating and pooling anonymous opinions of experts in making forecasts of rental levels of purpose-built office space in Kuala Lumpur was investigated by empirical work. The Delphi technique was utilized to study the extent of movement of opinions towards consensus, and validation of answers by experts. The experts included in the Delphi process were private valuers/consultants, Government valuers and economic planning unit officers. The actual rental level was compared with experts’ pooled opinion through the technique. The technique adopted in this research had provided an instrument for experts to arrive at a consensual opinion on future rental level of office space in Kuala Lumpur.
Performance Analysis of Government and Public Buildings via Post Occupancy Evaluation
Natasha Khalil,Abdul Hadi Nawawi
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v4n9p103
Abstract: The government has an important obligation to ensure that the public buildings and facilities should be well managed to maintain building sustainability. Evaluation after occupancy in buildings is vitally needed to ensure that building performance is sustained. Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) of buildings is of utmost importance in building performance evaluation as it comprises the technique that is used to evaluate whether a building meets the user’s requirement. By using occupants as benchmark in evaluation, the potential of improving the performance of building is enormous. This paper discusses about a research with the broad aim of developing a general guideline for the POE practice specifically for government and public buildings in Malaysia. The entailing objectives are firstly, to review and analyze the government and public building performance, secondly, to determine the occupants’ satisfaction level, and thirdly, to determine the correlation between building performance and occupants’ satisfaction level. The study has revealed that 74% of the aspects of building performance are in high correlation with the occupants’ satisfaction. The study concludes that the proposed guideline of POE is effective, relevant and beneficial to be used by public sector in evaluating the performance of government and public buildings in Malaysia.
A Public Sector Comparator (PSC) for Value for Money (VFM) Assessment Tools
Kharizam Ismail,Roshana Takim,Abdul Hadi Nawawi
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n7p192
Abstract: In a generic sense, when procuring Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects, value for money (VFM) assessment could be determined through a comparative analysis of contractors’ proposals against Public Sector Comparator (PSC) documentation. A PSC is a hypothetical framework used as a procurement strategy tool in evaluating VFM and has been a trademark for most countries across the globe such as UK, Australia, Hong Kong and Canada. However, this strategy has not been systematically formulated and applied in Malaysia. The probable reasons for this predicament could be due to the controversy in risk calculation; lacking of non- financial aspects and future cash flow, inappropriate discounted rate used and the difficulty in the PSC calculation. Hence, the aim of this study is to ascertain a complete PSC framework for PPP projects embracing financial and non-financial aspects across project phases (i.e., strategy formulation; procurement; construction and operation phase). The empirical research via questionnaire survey was conducted among PPP stakeholders. The results indicated that the development of PSC framework would facilitate a comprehensive dimension of VFM evaluation for PPP projects in Malaysia.
International Technology Transfer (ITT) Projects and Development of Technological Capabilities in Malaysian Construction Industry: A Conceptual Framework
Roshana Takim,Roshartini Omar,Abdul Hadi Nawawi
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v4n8p38
Abstract: The International Technology Transfer (ITT) projects has emerged as an important business and managerial concern to many developing countries across the globe as well as Malaysia. ITT projects according to many researchers involve the cross-boarder transfer of technology with the main purpose to enhance the local technology capabalities in response to a changing economic environment. These technology transfer projects could be viewed in the form of knowledge (soft technology), skill, and tools (hard technology) which usually congregate from advanced countries to the developing countries through construction project development. Numerous modes (known as channels) of ITT could occur from the public and private firms of advanced countries to private and public sector locally. Some of the channels are considered effective while others are regarded as less effective. Therefore, the objectives of this paper are three folds; to investigate the major channels of international technology transfer (ITT) projects in Malaysia and how these channels and technology capabilities are diffused within the Malaysian construction industry. Finally, a conceptual framework is proposed for a successful ITT and development of technological capabilities for the Malaysian construction industry.
Measuring of Technological Capabilities in Technology Transfer (TT) Projects
Roshartini Omar,Roshana Takim,Abdul Hadi Nawawi
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n15p211
Abstract: Technology Transfer (TT) projects involve the cross-boarder transfer of technology with the main purpose of enhancing the local technological capabalities in response to a changing economic environment. Technological capability refers to an organisation’s capacity to deploy, develop and utilise technological resources and integrate them with other complementary resources to supply the differentiated products and services. Technological capability is embodied not only in the employees’ knowledge and skills and the technical system, but also in the managerial system, values and norms. Therefore, the phenomena of TT projects occur at the macro and micro level in organisations. The main problem identified in international TT is the lack of managerial capabilities. The common question is how to measure technological capabilities from the perspective of technology receivers. The objective of this paper is to measure the level of technological capabilities in TT projects. The empirical research was undertaken by means of Case Studies using semi-structured interviews with Human Resource Management officers from six (6) Category of G7 contractor companies in Malaysia. . A total of six organisations (currently engaged in overseas projects) were involved representing 100% response rate. The results were analysed using of NVivo software version 8. The findings revealed that, three components for measuring the level of technological capabilities in TT projects are production performance (i.e., construction cost, time, product quality, safety, productivity, profitability, and client satisfaction); technology utilisation (i.e., labour force and organisation & management); and firm’s/orgaisation’s capability (i.e., tools & equipment, research input and development output). These measurements could be used as a guideline for measuring technological capabilities in TT projects for construction organisations.
Assessment of Property Management Service Quality of Purpose Built Office Buildings
Zarita Ahmad Baharum,Abdul Hadi Nawawi,Zainal Mat Saat
International Business Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v2n1p162
Abstract: Service quality has many benefits including achieving and sustaining a competitive advantage as determinant of business success and failure and as a barometer of corporate performance. In the service industry like the property management, quality and perception of quality is essential. Thus, the need to deliver quality service is imperative in order to retain tenants as services is the criteria upon which clients, customers and users of real estate product and services differentiate one organization from another. The purpose of the study discussed in this paper is to develop PropertyQual, a service quality instrument for property management profession and to contribute to research that analyses the relationship between expectations and perceptions of service quality. It also aims to use a gap analysis based model to measure tenants’ perceptions of service quality in the property management of purpose built office buildings in Malaysia. This study utilizes a combination of quantitative and qualitative approach to research which allow triangulation of the findings and also enable the use of one method to inform the other, reveal paradox or contradictions, and extend the breadth of inquiry. The Cronbach alpha and CFA analysis confirmed that PropertyQual is a robust instrument to measure service quality in the property management services. The current findings do provide some important insights of understanding the variables that contribute to service quality and tenants satisfaction of property management services. This research has added to the base of knowledge regarding the assessment of service quality and tenant satisfaction in property management services and highlights areas for future research.
The Malaysian Private Finance Initiative and Value for Money
Roshana Takim,Kharizam Ismail,Abdul Hadi Nawawi,Aini Jaafar
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v5n3p103
Abstract: The concept of value for money (VFM) is the fundamental reason for most PFI projects to be attractive in many developed and developing countries. The concept encourages governments to deliver Mega projects by using PFI procurement method. The aims of this paper are to investigate the notion of VFM for PFI projects by different countries (i.e. UK, Australia and Japan) and to discover the detailed components of Public Sector Comparator ( PSC ) protocol to evaluate VFM. Based on the consideration of these models, the paper proposes a framework of VFM assessment for PFI projects in Malaysia. The proposed framework outlines six processes to be considered: key assessment criteria (affordability, risk sharing and competition) of VFM assessment; VFM assessment approach by using PSC; VFM appraisal by application of three tests (financial, qualitative and cost benefit analysis); VFM drivers; benefits; and barriers that could affect the VFM assessment process. Hence, achieving VFM can be described in terms of three core components; economic, efficiency and effectiveness of PFI projects. The framework developed in this paper will help to gain a better understanding of VFM in PFI projects and to establish PSC guideline in the evaluation of VFM.
Urban Sprawl and Its Financial Cost: - A Conceptual Framework
Shahriza bt Osman,Abdul Hadi Nawawi,Jamalunlaili Abdullah
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v4n10p39
Abstract: Urban sprawl has been recognized as an urban expansion which leads to undesirable impacts in terms of sacrifice of farmland and loss of amenity benefits from open space on the urban fringe. Integral to the negative impacts of sprawl is the higher financial costs that have to be incurred mainly through expenses related to the physical development in an unplanned manner. A framework of understanding sprawl and its financial cost in a developing country’s context namely Malaysia is proposed based on four (4) strategic steps namely, sprawl identification, measurement, decision and financial analysis utilizing the differential costs approach by comparing financial costs of development under unplanned sprawl and a planned strategy. The framework would provide a structured insight into quantifying the financial costs of sprawl to guide economists and urban planners in making a decision pertaining to urban development.
Energy Savings Benefit from Passive Architecture
Wan Rahmah Mohd Zaki,Abdul Hadi Nawawi,Sabarinah Sh Ahmad
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v1n3p51
Abstract: Passive Architecture is a climate responsive building that provides comfortable indoor conditions, naturally. In hot and humid tropics, this can be achieved by strategising the building elements namely: orientation, form, opening and sun shading devices to avoid solar radiation, promote ventilation from the prevailing wind and ensure daylight into the building. Consequently, the building operation would require less mechanical cooling and artificial lighting to be independent from commercially supplied energy. The resultant “savings” in the operational energy is termed as Energy Savings Benefit. This idea was demonstrated by comparing the energy use of a house built without any consideration of Passive Architecture (Actual Case) and a simulated version that incorporated Passive Architecture design strategies (Improved Case). It was found that the living/dining area in the Improved Case claimed significant Energy Savings Benefit from mechanical cooling and artificial lighting. Such information can be used to anticipate the long term benefits of a property that applies Passive Architecture design strategies.
The Integration of 3D GIS and Virtual Technology in the Design and Development of Residential Property Marketing Information System (GRPMIS)
Siti Aekbal Salleh,Wan Mohd Naim Wan Salleh,Abdul Hadi Nawawi,Eran Sadek Said Md. Sadek
Computer and Information Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/cis.v1n4p37
Abstract: This paper discusses about a research with the aim of investigating the potential integration of 3D GIS and virtual technology in designing and developing residential property marketing information system. The method adopted in this research is a standard system development lifecycle; commencing with the user requirements study, followed by the system design, the system development, the system implementation and finally the system evaluation. This research uses an informal method i.e. semi-structured interview, survey questionnaire and review of the existing information system to establish the user requirements. Ten user requirements were outlined alongside with the examination of four 3D integration and three virtual reality methods. Three out four methods of 3D features integration are selected for the system development. The developed system is tested using the black box and white box testing methods. The prototype system can be used by the real estate agents and property developer as the concept, framework and references for future development of a better conducive property marketing information system as well as simplifying the traditional flow of housing selection which gives positive impacts in the marketing transaction.
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