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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1291 matches for " Abdoulaye Camara "
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Right Internal Jugular Vein Ectasia in African Woman: A Report of 2 Cases  [PDF]
Seydou Togo, Moussa Abdoulaye Ouattara, Sékou Koumaré, Mody Abdoulaye Camara, Sadio Yena
Surgical Science (SS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2015.610062
Abstract: Internal jugular vein (IJV) ectasia is a rare benign disease. It commonly presents as a unilateral, soft, compressible neck swelling that mostly involves the right side. It is usually a childhood disease and believed to be of congenital origin. Accurate diagnosis from careful history, physical examination and radiological study can be made. We report here two cases of IJV ectasia in African adults with right lateral neck mass dilating when increase intrathoracic pressure. Because of its rarity, this entity is frequently ignored or misdiagnosed. This case report intends to stress the importance of keeping IJV ectasia as differential diagnosis in mind in case of lateral neck swellings to avoid invasive investigations and inappropriate treatment. The asymptomatic case management of IJV ectasia is conservative with long-term surveillance.
Behavior of a very large magneto-optical trap
Abdoulaye Camara,Robin Kaiser,Guillaume Labeyrie
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.90.063404
Abstract: We investigate the scaling behavior of a very large magneto-optical trap (VLMOT) containing up to $1.4 \times 10^{11}$ Rb$^{87}$ atoms. By varying the diameter of the trapping beams, we are able to change the number of trapped atoms by more than 5 orders of magnitude. We then study the scaling laws of the loading and size of the VLMOT, and analyze the shape of the density profile in this regime where the Coulomb-like, light-mediated repulsive interaction between atoms is expected to play an important role.
Compressif Giant Segmental Congenital Emphysema: Diagnosis and Traitment  [PDF]
Moussa Abdoulaye Ouattara, Seydou Togo, Abdoul Aziz Diakité, Ibrahima Sankaré, Bourama Kané, Sekou Koumaré, Mody Abdoulaye Camara, Zimogo Ziè Sanogo, Sadio Yena
Surgical Science (SS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2016.74027
Abstract: The giant congenital lobar emphysema is a rare malformation infant pathology. The authors report a similar case which is distinguished by its segmental location even rare with its compressive character in which segmentectomy was successful performed to lift emergency distress in a developing country.
Management of Inflammatory Breast Cancers in Subsaharian Africa Context  [PDF]
Jean Marc Dia, Lydie Estelle Djanhan, C. Saki, Mouhideen Oyéladé, Gérard Okon, Abdoulaye Camara, Abdoulaye Diallo, Privat Guié, Simplice Anongba
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.81003
Abstract: Objective: To report the experience of Gynecology Department of the University Hospital of Treichville in the management of the inflammatory breast cancers. Methodology: We conducted a retrospective and descriptive study on cases of the inflammatory breast cancers managed in the Gynecology Department of the University Hospital of Treichville, from January 2011 to December 2015. Results: We collected 44 cases of inflammatory breast cancer representing 17.9% of all breast cancers. The average age of patients was 46.5 years (32 - 70 years) and among them, the majority had inadequate socioeconomic level (90.9%). The risk factor for cancer found in the majority of patients was the age of first menstrual periods before the age of 12 years (52.3%). The average consultation time was long (10 months) and several patients had extensive inflammatory signs (38.6%), with lymph node involvement (84.1%) and metastases (36.4%). At the histological analysis, the most common type was invasive ductal carcinoma (81.8%), SBR grade III (54.5%). Regarding treatment, mastectomy according to Patey associated with a chemotherapy was performed in 22.7% cases. The evolution has been marked by an overall 5-year survival of 20%. Conclusion: The management of inflammatory breast cancers was late and incomplete in our service making poor prognosis.
Morphometry of the Portal Vein: Ultrasound Anatomy about 1000 Cases  [PDF]
Abdoulaye Kanté, Abdoulaye Koné, Daouda Camara, Bréhima Bengaly, Bréhima Coulibaly, Drissa Traoré, Babou Ba, Mariam Daou, Nouhoum Ongo?ba
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2019.72007
Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study is to determine from a series of 1000 cases the usual dimensions of the portal vein according to the medical ultrasound. Methodology: We realized a transverse study over 2 years (from January 2015 to December 2017). It concerned an ultrasound exploration of the portal vein. The studied population was healthy voluntary subjects visible without history of abdominal trauma and abdominal operating scar. Results: The average age was 39 years ± 12.16 with extremes of 19 years and 70 years. The decade of 21 - 29 years represented 46.2%. The transverse diameter of the portal vein in its origin varied between 8 and 10 mm in 57.9% of the cases. The average was 9.05 ± 2.82 mm with extremes of 5 and 16 mm. The transverse diameter of the portal vein in its ending varied between 8 and 10 mm in 56.9%. In 29.8% of the cases, the length of the portal vein was between 61 and 70 mm and in 8.8% between 81 and 100 mm. The average length was 58 ± 22.3 mm. Before its penetration in the liver, the portal vein divided into 2 branches in 967 cases (96.7%) and in 3 branches in 33 cases (3.3%). Conclusion: This original study shows the normal dimensions of the portal vein to Malian.
Deep Vein Thrombosis in HIV and Tuberculosis Treatment in a Case of a 19-Year-Old Guinean Student  [PDF]
Djibril Sylla, Amadou Kake, Abdoulaye Camara, Ibrahima Sory Barry, Ibrahima Camara, Boh Fanta Diane, Fodé Amara Traore, Mariame Beavogui, Mamadou Dadhi Balde
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2019.91001
Abstract: The objective of this study was to describe Thrombotic manifestations and therapeutic management during HIV infection and tuberculosis in a 19-year-old male student. The objective of this study was to describe Thrombotic manifestations and therapeutic management during HIV infection and tuberculosis in a 19-year-old student. Observation: It is Mr. S. C., aged 19, admitted for pain and swelling of the right lower limb, physical asthenia and notion of fever. Evolution 5 days, with no particular history of cardiovascular disease, anti-retroviral treatment for 1 year and anti-tuberculosis treatment for 3 months. On clinical examination heart sounds are irregular with a heart rate at 115 bpm, blood pressure at 110/70 mmhg. A febrile red painful swelling at right lower limb with positive Homans sign. 0°C (Temperature 37.7°C), Weight at 58 Kg. The rest of the clinical examination is without particularity. Venous Doppler echo of the lower limbs: shows the presence of acute deep vein thrombosis of the right lateral vein. Mr. S. C. to benefit the following Medical Treatment: lovenox 0.6 UI subcutaneously morning and evening, Sintrom 4 mg 1 comprimed at night, Tramadol 50 mg morning and evening; with a good clinical evolution. CONCLUSION: TB and HIV are chronic infections that result in widespread inflammation predisposing patients to a MTVE (Venous thromboembolic disease) table as well as rifampicin and anti-proteases.
Fertility after Neosalpingostomy through Laparoscopic Way in Point “G” Teaching Hospital  [PDF]
Kéita Soumaila, Traoré Youssouf, Soumaré Lamine, Koumaré Sekou, Sacko Oumar, Camara Aboubacar, Camara Moussa, Sissoko Moussa, Abdoulaye Sissoko, Koita Adama, Sanogo Z. Zimogo
Surgical Science (SS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2019.102007
Abstract: The endoscopic surgery is actually the golden standard for the management of infertility. Its results look better than classical surgery. The aim of the study was to assess the fertility rate among infertile women who have undergone a laparoscopic distal tubal plasty and to estimate factors influencing this fertility. From January 2007 to December 2016 a descriptive and analytical cross sectional retrospective study was conducted in the departments of general and laparoscopic surgery of the Point “G” Teaching Hospital in Bamako, Mali. Clinical records of 120 laparoscopic patients with distal tubal occlusion who have undergone a neosalpingostomy were collected. Average period of infertility was 6.7 years (from 1 to 25 years), and the average duration before laparoscopic surgery was 5 years. Main abnormalities were: 50 cases of bilateral tubal distal occlusion (41.7%), 14 patients with unilateral tubal distal occlusion (11.7%), 44 cases of bilateral hydrosalpinx (36.6%) and 12 cases with unilateral occlusion (10.0%). Seventeen patients had adhesions (14.1%) including 4.0% of tubo-peritoneal adhesions, 35.5% of tubo-ovary adhesions and Fitz Hugh and Curtis syndrom adhesions in 17.7% of cases. More than half of the patients (58.0%) had a grade II tubal score. Neosalpingostomy had led to bilateral tubal repermeabilization among 60.0% of the patients. Thirty two point five percent (39/120) pregnancies have been observed after the management. Conception probability was null after the 4th post operative year. The majority of pregnancies have been observed in the 11th month after laparoscopic management. During the follow-up, thirty one patients had intrauterine pregnancy (79.5%), four ectopic pregnancies and three miscarriages. The occurrence of pregnancy was influenced by the desire of the woman, the absence of co-morbidity, the tubal score, the result and the quality of the laparoscopic gesture and the duration of the fertility. Conclusion: In our working setting, neosalpingostomy by laparoscopic surgery is an accessible and feasible method in the management of distal tubal infertility. It has permit to treat infertile patients with more chance of success. The occurrence of pregnancy is associated to tubal disease thoroughness, endoscopic gestures quality and the duration of the fertility.
Ectopic Pregnancy Combined with Intra-Uterine Pregnancy with a Full-Term Live Baby: A Case Report and Review of Literature  [PDF]
Mamadou Almamy Keita, Daouda Camara, Abdoulaye Kanté, Assitan Koné, Abdoulaye Diarra, Bréhima Coulibaly, Zoseph Koné, Seydou Fané, Cheick Fantamady Camara, Assitan Traoré, Bakary Danfaga, Moussa Sogoba, Ismaila Simaga, Bakary Keita, Moussa Konaré, Jules Sangala, Drissa Traoré, Nouhoum Ongoiba
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2019.81004
Abstract: Heterotopic pregnancy is no more a medical breakthrough. It combines intrauterine pregnancy and extra-uterine pregnancy regardless of location. We report a case of intra-uterine pregnancy associated with a ruptured abdominal ectopic pregnancy located on the pelvic colon in a 29-year-old patient, third gestation, primigravida, having a live baby and a prior history of two abortions. She has blood group O negative of Rhesus. It has been diagnosed at the stage of the rupture of ectopic pregnancy. An emergency laparotomy performed under blood transfusion has revealed heavy hemoperitoneum (1100 ml), a ruptured abdominal extra-uterine localized on the pelvic under blood transfusion and a bulging uterus. We have proceeded with the aspiration of hemoperitoneum, the ablation of the extra-uterine pregnancy and the hemostasis of the section part. The post-operative follow-up has been easy. The intra-uterine pregnancy has developed normally and has given birth to a full-term live, and healthy baby.
Pyramidal and Granule Cells Distribution through Hippocampal Fields: An Index for Sensory Information Processing  [PDF]
Abdoulaye Ba
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.55018
Abstract: Background: This work aims at investigating the histology of hippocampus formation as structural model of information processing. The study addressed the question whether the pattern of cellular type distribution within hippocampal fields could be used as support of information processing in the hippocampus. Method: Pyramidal-shaped neurons presenting both cytoplasm and nucleus outlined clearly were measured systematically on brain slides, using a light microscope connected to a microcomputer equipped with a scanner software for measuring particles. Morphological types of cells were identified following class sizes and their distribution determined through hippocampal fields. Results: A battery of statistical tests: Sturges’ classification, class sizes distribution around overall mean, Bartlett’s sphericity test, principal components analysis (PCA) followed by correlations matrix analysis and ANOVA allowed two cellular groups to be identified in the hippocampus: large and small pyramidal-shaped cells. Conclusion: The results show that sensory information processing in the hippocampus could be built on two classes of pyramidal neurons that differed anatomically with probably different physiological functions. The study suggests combination ensembles clustering large and small pyramidal cells at different rates, as fundamental signaling units of the hippocampus.
Multi-Scale Characteristics of Precipitation and Temperature over West Africa Using SMHI-RCA Driven by GCMs under RCP8.5  [PDF]
Abdoulaye Sarr
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2017.63024
Abstract: In this paper, we use simulations from the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) regional climate model (RCM) version 3.5 (SMHI-RCA3.5) following a multi-GCM boundary forcing approach. The model is run at a horizontal resolution of 50 km on the CORDEX-AFRICA domain. Key characteristics of precipitation, mean temperature and its extremes (minimum and maximum temperature) have been investigated over West Africa and on 3 designed sub-domains, the Sahel (SAH), the Senegal-Gambia (SEN) and the Gulf of Guinea (GOG). The analysis covers a historical period 1981-2005 and two future time slices, an intermediate term (IT) 2031-2055 and a fat term (FT) 2071-2095, under the Representative Concentration Pathways 8.5 (RCP8.5). The regional climate model RCA, forced by the reanalysis ERA-Interim, 6 CMIP5 GCMs and their ensemble, reproduces realistically the climatology of precipitation and temperatures over West Africa. Compared to observed datasets GPCP for precipitation and CRU for temperature, the ensemble outperforms both other GCMs and the verification model (ERA-Interim). The major biases in precipitation are the early onset over the Sahel and the little dry season (LDS), from mid-July to mid-September over the Gulf of Guinea, and a few models either overestimate and/or reflect rather poorly. The strong warming in extreme temperatures (minimum and maximum) combined with the drying mainly over Western Sahel (SEN) found in this study will very likely impact notably a vital sector like agriculture, both during the near and far terms.
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