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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2567 matches for " Abdel Babiker "
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Some Chemical and Microbiological Characteristics of Agashi Meat Product  [PDF]
Abdel Moneim E. Sulieman, Mandour H. Abdelhai, El Rakha B. Babiker
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.36113
Abstract: This study aimed to determine the chemical characteristics and the microbiological quality of Agashi sliced meat product which is consumed largely as snack food in Sudan. The study addressed the contents of moisture (32.76% ± 0.30% to 72.37% ± 0.21%), ash (0.97% ± 0.4% to 8.55% ± 0.2%), proteins (10.5% ± 0.45% to 30.7% ± 0.5%), fibers (0.20% ± 0.3% to 0.81% ± 0.6%), fats (3.34% ± 0.32% to 11.9% ± 0.1%) carbohydrates (0.39% ± 0.83 to 45.93% ± 0.84%). The concentrations of macro minerals Fe, Na, K were higher in cooked Agashi compared to those of raw Agashi samples, these macro minerals contained a range of 21.5 - 95, 30.6 - 90 and 0.1 - 1.5 mg/100g, respectively. The microbiological analyses revealed presence of high levels of total viable count, coliforms, yeast and mould, Staphylococcus spp. E. coli (about 75% positive samples) in the product, moreover, salmonella was detected in most of the raw and cooked Agashi samples. This high contamination of Agashi with food spoilage organisms and pathogens decrease the quality and constitute a public health hazard.
Effect of Diet Supplementation with Food Industry By-Products on Diabetic Rats  [PDF]
Sirekhatim B. Elhardallou, Wisal A. M. Babiker, Abdel Moneim E. Sulieman, Adil Abdalla Gobouri
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.610092
Abstract: The present research work aimed to study the effects of 3 nutritional food industry by-products (orange peels, peanut skin peels and pomegranate peel) on regulating blood glucose level. 66 male adult Sprague-Dawely rats weighing 125 ± 5 g each were used. These rats were injected with alloxan for inducing diabetes. The negative control group consisted of rats fed on basal diet, while the positive control group consisted of (3 - 11) sub-groups fed on basal diet in addition to 5%, 7.5% and 10% of nutritional food industry by-products. After 4 weeks the effect of the different experimental diets on body weight gain, organs relative weight, blood glucose level, liver functions and kidney functions was recorded for the negative group and all the positive sub-groups. The results revealed that there was non-significant difference between all relative organ weights of liver, kidney and pancreas compared to control negative. Blood glucose level significantly decreased in all sub-groups compared to the control positive group.
Chemical and Microbiological Properties of Sudanese White Soft Cheese Made by Direct Acidification Technique
Kamal Awad Abdel Razig,Nagla Ali Ahmed Babiker
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: The chemical and microbiological properties of Sudanese white soft cheese made by direct acidification technique were investigated. Three kinds of acidulant, namely lemon, orange and grapefruit juices were used to assess some quantitative and qualitative properties of white soft cheese. The parameters evaluated included yield of cheese, physicochemical composition and microbiological analyses. Cheese made by the use of lemon juice recorded the highest yield (18.5%), but values of 16.0 and 14.8% were obtained for orange and grapefruit juices, respectively. Both kinds of acidulants and storage period imparted negative effects by causing highest loss of weight (28.35%), using lemon juice; lowest (25.79%) in case of grapefruit. The loss of weight (27.03%) accounted for orange juice occurred at an intermediate position. Storage period significantly (p<0.05) caused loss of weight that showed a trend of gradual increase until the end of the storage period, being the lowest (26.40%) after 15 days and highest (38.23%) after 60 days. The total solids recorded 53.32, 51.70 and 49.48%, for lemon, orange and grapefruit juices, respectively. Similarly, the storage period caused significant (p<0.05) and consistent increase as the storage period progressed. The protein content indicated significant amount being 22.91, 22.51 and 22.10%; for lemon, orange and grapefruit and interrupted by decrease after 45 days of storage, before that a steady increase was attained. Significant increase in the fat content occurred at highest level (23.82%) when lemon juice was used but 22.10 and 20.08% were recorded for orange and grapefruit. The significantly enhanced fat concentration occurred from 19.38% at the beginning to 23.77% once the time elapsed after 60 days. The orange and grapefruit juices had similar leftover ash content lower than that obtained from lemon. The ash content increased with time until the end of the storage period. The highest pH-value (3.74) was recorded by adding grapefruit juice; other values got less 3.48 and 3.28 for orange and lemon, respectively. The storage period has given the highest pH-value (5.20) at the beginning and lowest (2.73) at the end. The total bacterial count decreased during storage of the three types of cheese, while the coliform, yeast and mould and Staphylococcus aureus recorded nil in all cheese samples during storage.
Development and Reliability Assessment of Trilogy Scale with Practicability, Competence & Importance of Patient Oriented Services
Azmi Sarriff,Wasif S Gillani,Ghada Abdel Raheem M. Babiker
International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: In order to explore pharmacists’ perceived practicability, importance, and their competence towards achieving and developing the pharmaceutical care practice, we aimed to develop a scale to predict the trilogy of professional skills.Methodology: The process of instrument construction and development was carried out in four stages. Validity Phase: The opinions of the lecturers of the School of Pharmaceutical Sciences (USM). Phase criteria of item done by mean and standard deviations with pharmacists at national poison center and postgraduate students of Malaysia. Reliability Phase: The Reliability Test with pharmacists at National Poisoning Center and postgraduate students of Malaysia. Finally Pilot Phase: The pilot test with the pharmacists at Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. Data analysis was done by using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS 13 ) for windows, both descriptive and inferential statistics used to present findings of this study.Results: For section exploring the pharmacists’ perception on their understanding and comprehension of pharmaceutical care, the items means were in range of 1.88 to 3.88 which indicated a midrange sense of disagreement / agreement with all statements. Items with a mean of greater than 4.00 or less than 2.00 indicated and standard deviation less than 1.00 indicated inadequate variability.Items with a mean of greater than 4.00 or less than 2.00 indicated skewness, and standard deviation of less than 1.00 indicated inadequate variability. For the importance scale, the items means were ranged from 2.84 to 3.78 which showed a midrange sense of not important / important in all statements. The data from the 32 pharmacists was used for the internal consistency. The internal consistency coefficient of importance scale was 0.868 and there were 15 items in scale. The modified questionnaire was mailed to 53 community pharmacists and 13 sets were sent to the hospital pharmacists at the General Hospital (GH) of Pulau Pinang.Conclusion: The findings of study concluded the good internal consistency and reliable tool to assess the relative professional skills of pharmacists involved in either community or hospital base practice.
Composition, Total Protein Structure and Physicochemical Properties of Meals Prepared from Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Cultivars
Samia M. Abdel Rahaman,Isam A. Mohamed Ahmed,Elfadil E. Babiker,Salah A. Mahgoub
Journal of Food Technology , 2013,
Abstract: The composition, structure of proteins and some physicochemical properties of meals prepared from three sunflower cultivars (G100, 6431 and PAC2594) were studied. The cultivars meals were very rich in protein, ash, fiber and carbohydrates. The protein of the cultivars had five fractions when detected by SDS-PAGE electrophoresis. However, PAC 2594 cultivars had more two additional fractions. The meals protein had maximum fluorescence emission spectra at 336, 334 and 334 nm for the cultivars G100, 6431 and PAC 2594, respectively. G100 cultivar had ? maxima at 292 and 326nm and that of 6431 were 294 and 328nm while for PAC2594 were 296 and 330 nm. The meals were least soluble at pH 4 (isoelectric region) and on either side of this pH, the solubility started to increase especially towards the alkaline region. The foaming capacity was lower at pH 4 and increased gradually on either side of this pH. However, addition of salt had no adverse effect on the foaming capacity of the meals protein. The foam of the protein was stable at the alkaline region. The meal of the cultivars had water absorption capacity of 211.0 gm/100gm, water retention ranged from 731.9 to 733.3 gm/100gm, fat absorption capacity ranged from 274.9 to 300 gm/100gm and bulk density ranged from 0.35 to 0.44 gm mL 1.
Improvement of the Frying Quality and Storage Stability of the Sudanese Groundnut Oil
Dena Omer Mohammed Ali,Abdel Halim R. Ahmed,Babiker E. Mohammed
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2011,
Abstract: The improvement of the frying quality and storage stability of the groundnut oil by adding 30% palm olein were studied during the frequent frying and different storage periods: 12 days, 40 days and 96 days at room temperature (373oC). The physiochemical parameters used in this study showed significant (p<0.05) changes in the viscosity of the ground oil and the oil blend during the frequent frying but after 40 days of storage the viscosity of the 2 samples was decreased and then increased by the end of the storage (96 days). Also the results showed significant (p<0.05) increase in the free fatty acid during the frying and the three periods of storage. However the Peroxide Value (P.V) increased significantly (p<0.05) during the 4th time of frying from 11.167 mqu/kg to 31.00 and from 11.933 to 21.200 for the groundnut oil and the oil blend respectively the increase in the (P.V) continued up to the end of the storage for the both samples but the oil blend recorded the lower values from 31.100 mequ/kg to 148.100 and from 21.867 to 41.100 for the groundnut oil and the oil blend respectively. On the other hand, the Polymer Content (P.C) of the 2 samples was found to increase significantly (p<0.05) from 0.537-2.440% and from 0.437-1.383% for the groundnut and the oil blend respectively, these values during the frequent frying, wear as during the storage the P.C continued to increase till recorded 7.773% and 6.450% for the groundnut oil and the oil blend respectively in general, the results obtained in this study indicated that adding palm olein to the groundnut oil at a ratio of 70% groundnut oil 30% palm olein greatly improved the frying quality and storage stability of the latter oil.
A field survey of some camel productive and reproductive traits in the Butana area, Sudan
Babiker E. A,,Abdel-Aziz B. E,,Husna M. Elbashir,Ahmed A. I
Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: This field survey study was conducted to investigate major constraints facing camel herd growth and reproduction in the Butana area. Data were collected during the study period from July 2009 to June 2010. Forms of questionnaires distributed, included different productive and reproductive characters, where a total of 321 camels were surveyed. The results showed that the number of pregnant she-camels was found positively correlated with age. Seventy percent of delivered females were recorded during August. General reproductive traits recorded during the survey period revealed that mean age at puberty was 40.5 months, while full reproductive potential was reached at a mean of 60 months. Age at first calving was recorded to be 72 months, while calving interval was observed at a mean of 30.5 months. Daily milk yield surveyed was higher (P<0.05) during winter and autumn (3.16 ± 2.41 and 2.88 ± 2.41 L, respectively), while lower daily milk production was recorded during summer (1.23 ± 1.22 L). Milk production was found positively correlated with age.
Serum testosterone and progesterone levels and ovarian activity as indicators for seasonal breeding in dromedary camels in Sudan
Babiker, E. A,,Ahmed, A. I,,Husna M. E,Abdel-Aziz B. E
Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The present work was done to investigate the effect of season on level of testosterone, progesterone hormone and ovarian activity in Arabian dromedary camels. Over a period of one year (July 2009–June 2010), jugular blood samples were collected monthly from 7 mature male camels and 12 females at late pregnancy to detect the levels of testosterone and progesterone hormones. A total of 900 ovarian follicles were measured in the slaughterhouses of Tamboul and Um-Elgura to define the effect of season on ovarian activity. The obtained results showed that plasma testosterone levels greatly varied among months of the year. It increased during July and August and decreased during the period from September to February. The level started to increase again during March and remained high until the end of the study in June. Plasma progesterone level was high during July, while it dropped at parturition during August. The level of progesterone remained low during the period from September to February, before it started to rise again in March and remained high until the end of the study in June. The rise of progesterone level in females coincided with the rise of testosterone in males. Ovarian activity was observed throughout the different seasons with a maximum activity during autumn. According to the hormonal findings and ovarian activity, there is a clear breeding season in Arabian dromedary camel in the Butana area, northeast of Sudan extending throughout summer (March – June) and autumn (July–October).
Functional Analysis of Fusarium oxysporum Nitric Oxide Reductase Expressed in Plant Suspension-Cultured Cells
Babiker M.A. Abdel-Banat,Suaad E.H. Adam,Hiromichi Morikawa
Biotechnology , 2009,
Abstract: The biological function of Reactive Nitrogen Species (RNS) is not well understood, however, they actively contribute to the effect of green house gases. Development of plants that could efficiently denitrify intermediates of the RNS to the dinitrogen (N2) is a rationale that could help amelioration the effect of these gases. Fusarium oxysporum cytochrome P-450 nor gene (Fnor) was constitutively expressed in tobacco BY-2 cells. The gene product functions as nitric oxide reductase (nor), which catalyzes the reduction of nitric oxide (NO) to nitrous oxide (N2O) in the fungal denitrification pathway. Intact transgenic BY-2 cells cultured in 15N-labeled nitrate (15NO3ˉ) actively produced 15N2O gas up to 59 folds higher than the wild-type cells. Activity of the enzyme was also confirmed by an in vitro nor activity assay. Tungstate (a nitrate reductase inhibitor) and cyanide (an inhibitor of the last protein complex of electron transport chain) strongly inhibited 15N2O production. These observations together suggest that Fnor enhanced the reduction of nitrate to N2O in plant cells. This finding indicates that plant cells are capable to tackle the denitrification pathway.
A Fungal Cytochrome P-450nor Confers Denitrifying Ability to Tobacco By-2 Cells
Babiker M.A. Abdel-Banat,Suaad E.H. Adam,Misa Takahashi,Atsushi Sakamoto
Biotechnology , 2008,
Abstract: Reactive nitrogen gases progressively contribute to the global warming. Development of gas-gas denitrifying plants that can efficiently reduce reactive nitrogen gases to dinitrogen (N2) could help to mitigate the effect of these gases. Taking the advances in gene manipulation technology, tobacco BY-2 cells were transformed with the fungus Cylindrocarpon tonkinense cytochrome P-450nor2 (Cnor2) gene. The product of this gene acts as nitric oxide reductase (nor). Transgenic BY-2 cell clones cultured in 15N-labelled nitrate (15NO3-) actively evolved 15N2O gas up to 35-folds compared to the wild-type cells. In 15N-labelled ammonium (15NH4+), the transgenic and wild-type cells produced comparable amounts of 15N2O. This indicates that ammonium is not a direct substrate for nor and the small amount of N2O observed may be due to the nitrification of ammonium to nitrite. Addition of tungstate (a nitrate reductase inhibitor) and cyanide to the transgenic cell cultures strongly inhibited 15N2O production. Activity of nor enzyme was also confirmed by in vitro activity assay. These observations together suggest that Cnor2 is actively expressed and enhanced the reduction of nitrate to N2O in plant cells. This finding indicates that plant cells are capable to tackle the denitrification pathway.
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