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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 109 matches for " ARIEF BOEDIONO "
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BIOTROPIA : the Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Biology , 2006,
Abstract: In an attempt to produce the interspecies embryo transfer, this study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of the production of reconstructed blastocyst by transferring the donor ICM into the recipient trophoblast. ICM cells were isolated from the donor blastocyst by immunosurgery method. Zona-free blastocysts were incubated in the medium (TCM-199) containing 20% of the heat-inactivated rabbit anti-bovine-serum. The embryo reconstruction was produced by three different methods. Recipient blastocyst was maintained on the holding pipette by gentle suction, with the ICM in a 9 o'clock position to have the possibility of developing incor porate ICMs (Method I), the ICM was in a 3 o'clock position to break the original ICM during injection (Method 2); cutting the original recipient ICM followed by insertion of the donor ICM (Method 3). Reconstructed blastocysts were then cultured overnight and examined morphologically according to the re-expansion of the reconstructed blastocyst with or without developed donor ICM. According to morphological observation in this study, 37.9% of the reconstructed blastocyst developed with the incorporation of two ICM originally from recipient and donor (Method I), 66.7% of the reconstructed blastocysts developed with a single ICM (Method 2), and 80.0% of the reconstructed blastocyst developed from the ICM originally from donor ICM (Method 3). These results showed that the reconstructed blastocyst is better produced by cutting the original recipient ICM followed by the insertion of the donor ICM (Method 3).
BIOTROPIA : the Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Biology , 2004,
Abstract: This study was conducted to examine the quality of ejaculated sperm by Garut rams to be used for artificial insemination (AI) and viability of sperm that were collected from preserved cauda epididymis (4°C up to 12 days) for assisted reproductive technology. The semen was collected by artificial vagina, with the sperm motility, live sperm, acrosomal intact, and intact plasma membrane observed. Sperm motility was 75%, while for the live sperm, intact plasma membrane and sperm abnormality were 91.5%, 90.0%, and 1.8%, respectively. In the other study, sperm was collected from cauda epididymis by aspiration method and diluted in different media: 1) Brackett Oliphant (BO) media and 2) modified Phosphate Buffer Saline (mPBS). Evaluation of sperm motility and intact plasma membrane were conducted after washing, counting and dilution of the sperm. The results of this study showed that the sperm motility and intact plasma membrane could be maintained better in BO rather than PBS medium although they were not statistically different (P>0.05). At day 12 of preservation, the motility and intact plasma membrane of sperm collected from cauda epididymis were 0.7% and 1.33% for motility and plasma membrane intact, respectively. These findings showed that the Garut rams semen was qualified for AI and frozen processing; in vitro embryo production by introducing the assisted reproductive technology such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) could be applied by using the sperm collected from preserved cauda epididymis until 12 days of preservation at 4°C.
Maturation Rate of Ovine Oocytes from Different Reproductive Status and Maturation Medium
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2006,
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to determine the number of follicles, oocyte quality and maturation rate of oocytes from pairs of ovary with different reproductive status in two maturation medium, TCM-199 as control and CR1aa as treatment. The pairs of ovary were classified into four groups: (i) ovaries with corpus luteum (CL) and dominant follicle (DF), (ii) ovaries with CL, without DF, (iii) ovaries with DF, without CL, (iv) ovaries without both CL and DF. Results of the experiment revealed that the greatest number of follicles was observed from ovary with CL without DF (15.88 + 10.68), although not significantly different (P > 0.05) with other status of ovaries. The lowest number (P < 0.05) of A grade oocytes was found from ovary with DF without CL (1.20 + 1.10). The percentage of Metaphase II was highest in TCM-199 (75.51%) with oocytes from ovaries with CL and DF, and the lowest with oocytes from ovaries with DF without CL in TCM-199 and CR1aa (42.86 and 30.95%). The study suggested that the number of oocytes with A grade were influenced by the reproductive status of ovaries. The maturation rate of A grade oocytes was influenced by the quality of oocytes and the composition of maturation medium.
In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Development of Vitrified Ovine Oocytes Stressed in Sucrose
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2005,
Abstract: Experiments were conducted on the morphology, fertilization and embryo development rate of vitrified ovine oocytes matured in vitro. Three vitrification solutions were used for vitrification. PBS supplemented with 1% BSA, 30% ethylene glycol was added by one of three different sucrose concentrations, 1.00 M (VS1), 0.50 M (VS2), and 0.25 M (VS3). The results showed that the percentages of normal vitrified oocytes after warming were 78 and 63% in VS1 and VS2, respectively, which was significantly higher as compared for VS3. The fertilization rates were 59 and 66% in VS1 and VS2, respectively, which were also significantly higher as compared with VS3 (35%). Zygote viability after 18 h was 57; 43; and 40%, for VS1,VS2, and VS3, respectively, which was not significantly different. The incidence of polyspermic penetration increased with increasing sucrose concentration, i.e 23, 11, and 9% in VS1, VS2, and VS3, respectively, as compared with unvitrified oocytes (4%). The cleavage rate of vitrified oocytes in VS1 was 13.2% which was significantly lower (p<0.05) compared to those of unvitrified control oocytes (70.0%). Hence, a high sucrose concentration is beneficial for maintaining the oocyte structure during the processes of vitrification and thawing, which ultimately results in increased in vitro fertilization rates.
Development of Domestic Cat Embryo Produced by Preserved Sperms
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2008,
Abstract: The ability to mature and fertilize oocytes of endangered species may allow us to sustain genetic and global biodiversity. Epididymis sperms may be the last chance to ensure preservation of genetic materials after injury or death of a valuable animal. Studies have been conducted to determine wether both epididymis sperms and oocytes can be used to produce viable embryos and offspring. The purpose of this study was to determine how long cats sperms contained in epididymis were remain motile and had intact membranes when preserved at 4 oC, and to determine whether such those preserved sperms are able to fertilize oocytes. Epididymis was preserved immediately in phosphate buffer saline at 4 oC for 1, 3, and 6 days. The observation of sperm quality and viability after preservation was performed by vital staining acrosom and Hoechst-Propidium Iodine. Biological functions of sperms were evaluated by in vitro culture technique for fertilization, micro fertilization and embryonic development rate in CR1aa medium. The results showed that average motility of sperms collected from ductus deferens, cauda and corpus epididymis decreased not significantly (P > 0.05) from 0, 1, 3, and 6 days of preservation times (from 83.0%, 80.2%, 79.0%; 80.9%, 75.0%, 75.5%; 52.0%, 63.2%, 55.0% to 34.6%, 34.6%, 33.3%, respectively). The general results showed that sperms from epididymis preserved for 1, 3, and 6 days can be used for IVF. The rate of embryonal cleavage produced by IVF technique using sperms collected from epididymis preserved for 1-, 3- and 6-days were 33.3, 26.7, and 20.0%, respectively and significantly different (P < 0.05) from that of controll (50.0%). In conclusion, sperms contained in epididyimis preserved at 4 oC in PBS (Phospate Buffer Saline) for 1-6 days can be used to IVF and in vitro production of cat embryos.
Isolation and Identification of Transforming Growth Factor β from In Vitro Matured Cumulus Oocyte Complexes
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2012,
Abstract: Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a two-chain polypeptide with molecular weight of 25 kDa which takes significant role in the steroidogenesis process. In the ovarian oocyte in particular, TGF-β has an important role in regulating reproductive function. TGF-β represents a key intrafollicular protein that regulates follicle development and aromatization process. The purpose of this research was to characterize and identify a protein fraction of TGF-β from the bovine isolated oocytes, which is synthesized during in vitro oocyte maturation process. Oocytes were collected from follicles with diameter of 3-8 mm. Oocytes were then matured in TCM 199 media supplemented with 5 μg/mg LH, 3% BSA, and 50 μg/ml gentamicin sulfate, and cultured in CO2 incubator (5%, 38.5 oC) for 20 hours. TGF-β receptors were identified immunohistochemically. Characteristics of the TGF-β protein were determined using SDS PAGE and TGF-β specification was tested using Western Blotting. The results showed that TGF-β receptors were identified and found in cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs). TGF-β protein was isolated from bovine oocytes with molecular weight 25 kDa and it was identified by Western blotting methods in the same molecular weight.
Pediatric Retinal Detachment in Indonesia: Clinical Characteristics, Risk Factors, and Treatment Outcomes  [PDF]
Irawati Irfani, Arief S. Kartasasmita
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2017.74033
Purpose: To describe the clinical features and risk factors of pediatric retinal detachment among patients in Indonesia. Methods: This is a retrospective study involving 46 eyes of 34 children (younger than 18 years) diagnosed with pediatric retinal detachment. A detailed history was taken and a complete ophthalmic examination and a systemic examination were performed as required. Clinical characteristics, risk factors, and treatment choices were noted. Retinal detachment was categorized as tractional, exudative, or rhegmatogenous. Results: Mean patient age was 8.5 years (range, 0–18 years). Most patients (70%) were boys. Twelve (35%) patients had bilateral involvement at presentation. Tractional retinal detachment was found in 17 eyes (37%) and in this study was caused by retinopathy of prematurity (grade IV-V) in all cases. Exudative retinal detachment was found in 12 eyes (26%), the most common causes of which were panuveitis and Coat’s disease (both 50%). Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment was found in 17 eyes (37%), the most common risk factor for which was trauma (58%). Conclusions: Different approaches are needed to treat pediatric retina detachment in patients with different risk factors. Recognition of risk factors and early management will help to prevent childhood blindness due to retinal detachment.
Karakteristik Individu, Karakteristik Pekerjaan, Karakteristik Organisasi dan Kepuasan Kerja Pengurus yang Dimediasi oleh Motivasi Kerja (Studi pada Pengurus KUD di Kabupaten Sleman)
Arief Subyantoro
Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan , 2009,
Abstract: KUD’s success in making the members prosperous depends very much on the management satisfaction. The management work satisfaction are influenced by the management job characteristic. Sample are taken by cluster sampling with 137 samples, covering management of some KUD in Sleman district consisting of supervisors, chairmen, treasurers, secretaries, managers. Individual caracteristic, job characteristic and organizational characteristic are directly influential to the management satisfaction, with management motivation as mediator.
Arief Daryanto
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis , 2006,
Abstract: Pada tulisanini diajukan alternative kemitraan dalam bentuk contract farming untukmemadukan berbagai potensi yang dimiliki oleh pemerintah daerah, swasta, danakademisi untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Model yang dikenaldengan ABG (Academician, Business, and Government) ini belajar dari kelemahanprogram kemitraan-kemitraan sebelumnya yang cenderung gagal atau tidaksustainable. Model alternatif ini dimungkinkan dengan meningkatkan kemampuankeuangan dan otoritas pemerintah daerah di era otonomi dan tersedianya lahandan perusahaan swasta serta akademisi yang memiliki kompetensi untukmemanfaatkan potensi tersebut.
Releasing Pattern of Applied Phosphorus and Distribution Change of Phosphorus Fractions in the Acid Upland Soils with Successive Resin Extraction
Arief Hartono
Jurnal Tanah Tropika , 2008,
Abstract: The releasing pattern of applied P in the acid upland soils and the soil properties influencing the pattern were studied. Surface horizons of six acid upland soils from Sumatra, Java and Kalimantan were used in this study. The releasing pattern of applied P (300 mg P kg-1) of these soils were studied by successive resin extraction. P fractionation was conducted to evaluate which fractions released P to the soil solution after successive resin extraction. The cumulative of resin-Pinorganic (Pi) release of soils was fitted to the first order kinetic. Regression analyses using factor scores obtained from the previous principal components analyses was applied to determine soil properties influencing P releasing pattern. The results suggested that the maximum P release was significantly (P < 0.05) increased by acidity plus 1.4 nm mineral-related factor (PC2) i.e. exchangeable Al and 1.4 nm minerals (smectite and vermiculite) and decreased by oxide related factor (PC1) i.e. aluminum (Al) plus 1/2 iron (Fe) (by ammonium oxalate), crystalline Al and Fe oxides, cation exchange capacity, and clay content. P fractionation analysis after successive resin extraction showed that both labile and less labile in the form of NaHCO3-Pi and NaOH-Pi fractions, respectively, can be transformed into resin-Pi when in the most labile resin-Pi is depleted. Most of P released in high oxides soils were from NaOH-Pi fraction while in low oxides soils were from NaHCO3-Pi. P release from the former fraction resulted in the maximum P release lower than that of the latter one. When NaHCO3-Pi was high, NaOH-Pi was relatively more stable than NaHCO3-Pi despite resin-Pi removal. NaHCO3-Pi and NaOH-Pi are very important P fractions in replenishing resin-Pi in these acid upland soils.
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