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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1671 matches for " AO Ashaye "
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Modified Bare Sclera method for the treatment of primary pterygium: A preliminary report
AO Ashaye
West African Journal of Medicine , 2005,
Abstract: Introduction: The bare sclera technique is still in use by many surgeons worldwide in spite of the attendant high recurrence rate. Any modification of this well known procedure may be more widely acceptable if associated with lower recurrence. Method: The bare sclera technique was modified by performing a partial thickness sclerectomy from the pterygium bed. This modified technique was applied to 23 eyes of 17 patients with primary pterygium. The subjects were followed up for varying periods between 8 to 31months to determine the recurrence rate of pterygium after surgical excision and other complications. Results: Initial observation showed that the recurrence occurred in two eyes of two patients of a series who were followed up for a minimum of six months and up to thirty-one months. Two other eyes developed suture granuloma. There were no other complications observed in the remaining twenty eyes of fifteen patients. Conclusion: Partial thickness sclerectomy when performed with standard bare sclera technique seems promising and may improve the results of pterygium excision by bare sclera method.
Presumed hereditary retinal degenerations: Ibadan experience
AO Ashaye
West African Journal of Medicine , 2005,
Abstract: Background: Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a hereditary retinal degenerative condition with no known treatment. Associated ocular conditions, such as cataract and glaucoma, when present further worsen vision, but these conditions are often treatable. There are, however, no known reports of cataract or glaucoma surgery in subjects with RP in Nigeria. This study describes the clinical presentation of RP, the prevalence of associated treatable disorders and the characteristics of patients with severe visual impairment and blindness. Method: A retrospective review of 52 cases presumed and diagnosed to have RP was performed on patients who presented at the Eye Clinic, University College Hospital, Ibadan over a three-year period. The cases were classified into clinical types; those with associated treatable eye conditions were identified and those with severe visual impairment and blindness were further evaluated. Results: Retinitis pigmentosa was an uncommon clinical condition in patients who presented at the Eye Clinic being 0.69% (n = 52) of a total of 7,520 new outpatients recorded during a 3-year period. Typical RP were 44 in number representing 84.0% of these cases. Those diagnosed with very early onset RP, with severe visual impairment and nystagmus may have been congenital Leber's amaurosis. Retinitis pigmentosa with systemic features and atypical RP were uncommon. However, 34.5% had cataract (mostly posterior subcapsular cataract), while 11.4% had high intraocular pressure and these were mostly in couched eyes. Risk factors for severe visual disability and blindness were cataract, age and secondary glaucoma as a result of couching. Conclusion: Treatable ocular conditions associated with RP are not uncommon. RP patient tend to have cataract which if neglected may result in total blindness.
Combined central retinalartery and vein occlusion complicating orbital cellulitis
OO Komolafe, AO Ashaye
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2008,
Abstract: Orbital Cellulitis is a dreaded ophthalmologic disease. Itmay destroy vision and the eye andmay even become life threatening. Often visual loss is the result of exposure and subsequent destruction of ocular tissue commonly the cornea and the uvea. We report a case of combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion complicating orbital cellulitis in a 35 year old patientwho was 37 weeks pregnant resulting in loss of vision in the affected eye. There have been fewcase reports of this type of complication of orbital cellulitis.
Ocular findings seen among the staff of an institution in Lagos, Nigeria
AO Ashaye, MC Asuzu
West African Journal of Medicine , 2005,
Abstract: Background:The degree to which ocular morbidity affects workers productivity in the developing countries has not been studied adequately. A federal government research institute based in Lagos introduced an annual health screen for all its workers, which included eye tests. This provided an opportunity to study the pattern of ocular conditions among workers who were 30 years and above, and to determine the effect of eye diseases on the workers productivity. Study design: Detailed eye examination including refraction, was done on every respondent at the institution\'s clinic by an ophthalmologist. A questionnaire on ocular health status and occupational history was administered independently by an ophthalmic nurse. Sickness absenteeism, use of the clinic were obtained from clinic records, and the results were analysed. Results: The common ocular conditions were uncorrected or poorly corrected refractive error, uncorrected or poorly corrected presbyopia and allergic conjunctivitis. Glaucoma, maculopathy and optic atrophy were causes of severe visual impairment or blindness in 1.9% of the subjects. Absenteeism and clinic use were more common in subjects with ocular morbidity than those with non-ocular morbidity. Subjects with ocular morbidity had more illnesses, absenteeism and used the clinic more. Conclusion: Ocular problems which reduce worker\'s productivity are prevalent among the staff of the institution studied. They are mostly unrecognised.
Wound dehiscences following cataract surgery in children: a report of seven cases
AO Ashaye, BA Olusanya
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2006,
Abstract:
Risk factors for visually disabling age-related cataracts in Ibadan
CO Bekibele, AO Ashaye, BGK Ajayi
Annals of African Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: Objective: To assess the risk factors for visually disabling age related cataracts. Methods: A hospital based case-control study carried out at the university College Hospital Ibadan between May 1996 and March 1997. Three hundred and eighty three cases were matched for age and sex with five hundred and ninety nine controls. Subjects aged 50 years and above were examined for visual disabling central lens opacities, which were graded on a scale of 0-3, through undilated pupil with direct ophthalmoscope set at +2.00 Diopters, and held 1/3 meter away. Grades 2a or more with visual acuity less than 6/18 only were selected as cases. Both cases and controls were examined and the risk for development of cataract determined. Results: The analysis revealed a strong association between uncontrolled diabetes and cataracts (O.R 2.03, P < 0.021). A risk was seen to exist between visually disabling cataract and ultraviolet exposure (O.R 1.45; P <0.003), uncontrolled hypertension (O.R 1.3, p>0.05) and topical steroid use (O.R 1.57; p>0.05). Exposure to alcohol was found to be protective (O.R 0.66; P < 0.05) while no risk was observed with severe diarrhoea (O.R 0.85; P >0.05) and heavy smoking (O.R 0.81; P > 0.05). Conclusion: The study confirms an association between cataract and exposure to diabetes, ultraviolet irradiation, hypertension, corticosteroids, and cigarette smoking. There is therefore a need for introduction of intervention measures aimed at reducing exposure to these risk factors.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Seropositivity In African Patients Presenting To The Eye Clinic - A Preliminary To Prevention Of Occupational Exposure
CO Adeoti, AO Ashaye, MA Isawumi
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology , 2008,
Abstract: A seroprevalence study of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in new patients attending the eye clinic of LAUTECH Teaching Hospital in Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria showed that twenty-nine patients 2.7%) were positive to HIV1. No patient was positive to HIV 2. There were 21 males (72.4%) and 8 females (27.6%). The clinical diagnosis in the HIV positive patients was as shown in Table 1. Cataract was found in nine cases (31.03%), herpes zoster 4 (13.79%), glaucoma, optic atrophy (nonglaucomatous) and corneal abscess were responsible for 3 (10.35%) of cases each; presbyopia, bacterial conjunctivtis 2 (6.89%) while maculopathy, orbital cellulitis and adherent leucoma were found in 1 (3.45%) patient each. These findings suggest that, patients with ocular disorders and who are otherwise healthy looking may infact be HIV seropositive and as such it may be necessary to observe all rules relating to HIV transmission so as to prevent occupational exposure and cross infection in our clinics and operating theatres. Necessary measures to reduce occupational HIV infection and post exposure treatment if exposure occurs are discussed.
Respiratory arrest after retrobulbar anaesthesia
AO Ashaye, JN Ubah, PT Sofumbi
West African Journal of Medicine , 2002,
Abstract: This is a report of a patient who developed respiratory arrest some minutes after retrobulbar block was given for ocular anesthesia before cataract extraction. She was managed by artificial ventilation and haemodynamic support without any cardiac or neurological sequelae. This report highlights this rare but fatal complication of suspected brain stem anaesthesia after retrobulbar anaesthesia. Retrobulbar and peribulbar blocks should be performed in safe situations where individuals trained in airway maintenance and ventilatory support should be immediately available.
Erratum
Adeoti CO, Afolabi AA, Ashaye AO, Adeoye AO
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S22935
Abstract: Erratum Erratum (2769) Total Article Views Authors: Adeoti CO, Afolabi AA, Ashaye AO, Adeoye AO Published Date August 2011 Volume 2011:5 Pages 1107 - 1108 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S22935 Adeoti CO, Afolabi AA, Ashaye AO, et al Bilateral sporadic aniridia: review of management Clinical Ophthalmology 2010;4:1085-1089 The second and third authors' names should be Adebimpe A Afolabi and Adeyinka O Ashaye. The article should also be a review, not a case report, and the full title should read, ‘Bilateral sporadic aniridia - a case report and review of management'. Read the original article Post to: Cannotea Citeulike Del.icio.us Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Other articles by Dr Carol Adeoti Bilateral sporadic aniridia: review of management The anterior segment of the eye in diabetes Readers of this article also read: Imaging of peripheral vascular disease Etravirine (TMC-125): The evidence for its place in the treatment of HIV-1 infection Nanoparticle-labeled stem cells: a novel therapeutic vehicle Pharmacoeconomic considerations in the treatment of breast cancer Visual prognosis and vitreous molecules after vitrectomy for macular edema with branch retinal vein occlusion Rehabilitating a brain with Alzheimer's: a proposal Protection of neurons in the retinal ganglion cell layer against excitotoxicity by the N-acylethanolamine, N-linoleoylethanolamine The first report on intermediate-term outcome of Ex-PRESS glaucoma filtration device implanted under scleral flap in Japanese patients Ocular argyrosis secondary to long-term ingestion of silver nitrate salts Dexmedetomidine sedation in painful posterior segment surgery
Erratum
Adeoti CO,Afolabi AA,Ashaye AO,Adeoye AO
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2011,
Abstract: Adeoti CO, Afolabi AA, Ashaye AO, et alBilateral sporadic aniridia: review of managementClinical Ophthalmology2010;4:1085-1089The second and third authors' names should be Adebimpe A Afolabi and Adeyinka O Ashaye. The article should also be a review, not a case report, and the full title should read, ‘Bilateral sporadic aniridia - a case report and review of management'.Original article
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