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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1653 matches for " AO Angba "
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Effect of rural-urban migration of youths on agricultural labour supply in Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria
AO Angba
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) , 2003,
Abstract: Effect of rural-urban migration of youths on agricultural labour supply in Umuahia north local government area of Abia State, Nigeria was examined. Data for the study were collected from 100 respondents selected from three the three wards in the area. Data analysis was by use of frequencies, percentages and chi-square statistic. The study found that employment and education were the major reasons for rural-urban migration. It was also found that the migration affected various agricultural activities seriously. The study found that with the absence of youths in the area, agriculture labour force is continually costly and this has a negative effect on agricultural production. (J Agric & Soc Res:2003 3(2): 77-83)
Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Farmers’ Participation in Community Development Organizations in Obubra Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria
Augustine O. Angba,Paul Itari
Canadian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/2317
Abstract: This study was carried out to determine the factors that influence farmers’ participation in social organizations in Obubra LGA in Cross River State. To achieve this, a multistage random sampling technique was used to select five out of 27 clans. Two local organizations were randomly selected from each of the five clans and finally 6 members were also randomly selected from each of the organization, resulting in a total of 60 respondents. The results indicate that half of the respondents (50%) were young people (below 30 years) and they were majority (93.3%) Christians who mostly cultivate small farm holdings of less than 2ha. Majority (68.3) belonged to just one organization, while 20 percent belonged to two organizations. Majority (56.7%) also earned less than N4,000 per month. The members joined local organizations basically for economic benefits and farm supports. Their participation was affected by mutual distrust among members and lack of confidence in their leadership. They were also not sure of having expected organizational benefits. Chi-square (χ2) test result indicated a significant relationship between farm size, educational level, income and participation (P>0.05; 56.0, 9.623 and 7.607). Organizational environment that will encourage effective participation should be encouraged by ensuring due enforcement of organisation’s code of conduct, rules and regulations. Local organizations should also be used as a channel to assist farmers in micro-credit and input delivery. This will be made possible by ensuring good organizational leadership. Key words: Community; Development; organization and Participation Résumé Cette étude a été réalisée afin de déterminer les facteurs qui influencent la participation des agriculteurs dans les organisations sociales dans l’Obubra à l’état de Cross River. Pour ce faire, une technique d'échantillonnage à plusieurs degrés au hasard a été utilisée pour sélectionner cinq des 27 clans. Deux organisations locales ont été choisis au hasard dans chacune des cinq clans et enfin 6 membres ont également été choisis au hasard dans chacune des organisation, résultant en un total de 60 répondants. Les résultats indiquent que la moitié des répondants (50%) étaient des jeunes (moins de 30 ans) et ils étaient la majorité (93,3%) qui pour la plupart chrétiens cultivent de petites exploitations agricoles de moins de 2 ha. La majorité (68,3) appartenait à une seule organisation, tandis que 20 pour cent appartiennent à deux organisations. La majorité (56,7%) ont également gagné moins de N4, 000 par mois. Les membres qui ont rejoint
The Impact of Cross-Cultural Communication on Foreign Managers’ Leadership Style in China-Based International Organization  [PDF]
Ying Ao
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.49010
Abstract: In order to make a clear identification about which leadership style can be appropriate and effective for foreign leaders in China, a specific focus has put on the Chinese natives’ cultural values and its influence on foreign manager’s leadership styles. Six foreign leaders from two China-based international organizations in Chengdu and Shen-zhen were interviewed on several issues, including decision-making, conflict management and work distribution. A qualitative analysis has been conducted through theme categorization which responds that transformational leadership style can be effective and appropriate for foreign leaders to strengthen their relationship with Chinese employees.
On Practice of the Effect of Systematic Family Nursing Guidance on the Quality of Life of Elderly Patients with Implanted Cardiac Pacemaker  [PDF]
Xin Ao
Yangtze Medicine (YM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ym.2018.23018
Abstract: Objective: To inquire into the effect of systematic family nursing guidance on improving the Quality of Life for elderly patients with implanted cardiac pacemaker. Methods: 41 elderly patients in accordance with the corresponding requirements were studied after offering systematic family nursing guidance and surveyed through the questionnaires about the QOL (quality of life) respectively 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after leaving hospital. Results: Compared with that of 1 month and 3 months after the operation, the questionnaire scores for 6 months after the operation were found to have significant improvement, and the differences were statistically significant. Conclusion: Systematic family nursing guidance can effectively improve the QOL for elderly patients with implanted cardiac pacemaker, which makes them spend their old age in comfort and happiness.
Factors Responsible for Drop out of Youths from the National Poverty Alleviation Programme in Cross River State, Nigeria
A.O. Angba,O.M. Adesope
Research Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study examined factors responsible for drop out of youths from the National Poverty Alleviation Programme (NAPEP) in Cross river State, Nigeria. Data for the study was collected with the aid of questionnaire administered to 16 staff of the programme in the study area. It was found that drop out rate was not as high as assumed. However reasons adduced for drop out of youths from the programme were inadequate understanding of the programme, lack of discipline, financial reason, family problems, returning to school and lack of interest. It is therefore recommended that there should be a mechanism to assist the NAPEP graduates in securing jobs or settling down independently on their job should be put into consideration, with the aid of the Ministry of employment. Adequate facilities and equipments should be provided at the various training centers in order to make the participation worthwhile to the participants. A follow-up scheme should be made for the drop-outs to ensure that all those who register and started successfully complete the programme. The training centre should be monitored more than twice a month to ensure proper management. Disbursement of fund for the programmes should be done accurately and funds should not be siphoned for personal usage, also the account balance of expense and incomes made should be drafted out monthly and reviewed regularly.
Journal of International Social Research , 2008,
Abstract: This study investigated the performance of employees of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) with respect to rural development in Cross River State. The factors that enhance job performance and attitudes of workers as well as the constraints to their job performance were also studied. Information derived from a sample of 45 respondents; representing 15 of the 60 registered NGOs in the study area showed that majority of the respondents (77.7%) were within the age bracket of 31 – 50 years with about two-thirds of the sample being males. The educational level was relatively high as only 4.4% had First School Leaving Certificate. Only 4.4% said their income was very adequate. However, the job performance score was high as only 2.2 percent of the respondents had low score. The respondents were almost equally divided in their opinions about some constraints that affected their job performance such as unsatisfactory condition of service, low and irregular wages, and non-availability of appropriate materials and tools to carry out work. However, other constraints either affected only a few respondents or did not affect them at all. The attitude of majority of the respondents towards their job was found to be on the average and above average (positive). A chi-square analysis revealed that there was a significant relationship between level of education and attitude and the job performance of respondents (p < 0.05). It is expected that if the various constraints that affect NGO workers’ performance are specifically addressed, job performance will increase. It is also expected that an improvement in attitude will result in a remarkable improvement in job performance.
Differential Evolution Using Opposite Point for Global Numerical Optimization  [PDF]
Youyun Ao, Hongqin Chi
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications (JILSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jilsa.2012.41001
Abstract: The Differential Evolution (DE) algorithm is arguably one of the most powerful stochastic optimization algorithms, which has been widely applied in various fields. Global numerical optimization is a very important and extremely dif-ficult task in optimization domain, and it is also a great need for many practical applications. This paper proposes an opposition-based DE algorithm for global numerical optimization, which is called GNO2DE. In GNO2DE, firstly, the opposite point method is employed to utilize the existing search space to improve the convergence speed. Secondly, two candidate DE strategies “DE/rand/1/bin” and “DE/current to best/2/bin” are randomly chosen to make the most of their respective advantages to enhance the search ability. In order to reduce the number of control parameters, this algorithm uses an adaptive crossover rate dynamically tuned during the evolutionary process. Finally, it is validated on a set of benchmark test functions for global numerical optimization. Compared with several existing algorithms, the performance of GNO2DE is superior to or not worse than that of these algorithms in terms of final accuracy, convergence speed, and robustness. In addition, we also especially compare the opposition-based DE algorithm with the DE algorithm without using the opposite point method, and the DE algorithm using “DE/rand/1/bin” or “DE/current to best/2/bin”, respectively.
Evaluation of Clinical Efficacy on Acute Pancreatitis Treated with Combination of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine: A Meta-Analysis  [PDF]
Jixiang Ao, Hui Long
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2018.94022
Abstract: Objective: Meta-analysis was conducted to assess whether combination of traditional Chinese and western medicine could enhance clinical outcomes compared to single western medicine in the treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP). Methods: This systematic review will include prospective and retrospective comparative studies in all languages and evaluate the clinical efficacy of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine versus single western medicine in treatment AP. Animal studies will not be considered. Published articles were acquired from Jan. 2001 to Dec. 2017 by a comprehensive search in Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database (CNKI), Chinese WANFANG database. Exclusion criteria were non-comparative studies, hybrid treatment. The main points include clinical efficacy; carefully evaluating and reviewing the literature and filtering the literature according to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Statistical analyses were performed using software Review Manager (Version 5.0). Publication biases of main results were examined by Stata 12.0. Results: 1262 cases of 1342 cases were effective and the effective rate reaches 94.04% in the group of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine, while 949 cases of 1223 cases were effective and its effective rate can be up to 77.60% in the group of single western medicine (P > 0.05%, I2 = 0%, Odds Ratio (OR) = 4.98, 95% CI = 3. 79 - 6.54, P < 0.01.). Conclusion: These results suggest that the therapeutic effects of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine on AP are better in treatment of AP than that of western medicine alone.
Capitalism, Globalisation and the Underdevelopment Process in Africa: History in Perpetuity
AO Olutayo, AO Omobowale
Africa Development , 2007,
Abstract: Since the incorporation of the Third World nations into the world capitalist system, the underdevelopment process seems to have commenced through the use of liberal economic principles. In spite of the obvious pauperisation of these nations, it seems as if there is no alternative even when indigenous governments are in control of affairs. This paper attempts to show why the underdevelopment process has persisted with capitalism entrenched in the garb of globalisation. It suggests that the way out is for the developing world to control and own their means of survival without which the underdevelopment process shall continue. Of utmost significance however is the need to control the intellectual domain.
Microbiological profile of bacterial conjunctivitis in Ibadan, Nigeria
AO Okesola, AO Salako
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: Objective : In bacterial conjunctivitis, clinical presentations are not diagnostic of the causative agent, therefore, microbiological analysis is mandatory for specific treatment option. This study was undertaken to determine the microbiology profile of bacterial conjunctivitis in our environment. Methodology: This is a laboratory-based study carried out in the Medical Microbiology Laboratory of University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Conjunctival swabs collected from 365 patients with clinically diagnosed conjunctivitis, were analysed by standard bacteriological methods. Results: Bacterial pathogens were detected in 342 (93.7%) conjunctival samples while 23(6.3%) were sterile. Of the pathogens, 256 (74.9%) were Staphylococcus aureus, 35(10.2%) Coagulase- negative staphylococci, 22 (6.4%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa , 11(3.2%) Escherichia coli, 7(2.1%) Klebsiella species, 5(1.5%) Streptococcus pneumoniae , 4(1.2%) Haemophilus influenzae, 1(0.3%) Proteus mirabilis and 1(0.3%)Neisseria gonorrhoeae . The highest rate of conjunctivitis 96(26.3%) was found among infants and children (0-10years).Resistance rates to most of the tested antibiotics were high. However, 67% of them were susceptible to ceftriaxone while only 39.2% were susceptible to chloramphenicol. Conclusions: This study has recorded high antibiotic resistance in bacterial pathogens of conjunctivitis in this environment; therefore, determining the susceptibility pattern of these pathogens to available antibiotics is crucial to effective management of bacterial conjunctivitis.
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