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PSYCHOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
Anida Fazlagi?
Acta Medica Medianae , 2011,
Abstract: Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), postpartum depression may include any nonpsychotic depressive disorder during the first four weeks of postpartum, according to research criteria during the first year after birth. The exact cause of postpartum depression is not yet known, and most researchers believe that postpartum depression is a bio-psycho-social problem. So far, the biological aspect of the disease is explained by changing the levels of estrogen and progesterone during pregnancy, and by decrease of hormone levels after birth. Psychological correlates are often associated with low selfesteem, pessimism as a personality trait, bad strategies of coping with stress, mood swings and emotional reactions. The social aspect of the disease is associated with the existential conditions of pregnant woman, support of partners and education level. This paper will include issues like hereditary causes and possible psychological factors of postpartum depression prevention. Nowadays, it is estimated that on average 15% of women, regardless of the pregnancy outcome, are suffering from postpartum depression. However, this information includes only those women who were diagnosed with postpartum depression and who themselves reported about it. Almost every woman receives basic care during pregnancy to prevent complications in the physiological level. This paper has shown possible psychological factors of postpartum depression prevention, the impact of optimism, self-esteem and coping skills.
COMPATIBILITY STUDIES OF INTERSPECIFIC IN VITRO MICROGRAFTING OF AGARWOOD ( Aquilaria malaccensis LAMK.)
NURITA TORUAN-MATHIUS,JONNER SITUMORANG,DEWI RACHMAWATI,ANIDA
BIOTROPIA : the Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Biology , 2008,
Abstract: Aquilaria spp produced agarwood as nonwood forest production, and has high economic value. A. malaccensis is susceptible to white rot diseases and termites. On the other hand most of the community plantations are a mixed culture with rubber trees, oil palms and with high risk of con-tamination causing white root diseases. Besides that, vegetative propagation by cuttings, stumping or air layering are still very diffi cult with low percentage of growth. h e objectives of this research were to analyze the best suitable micrograft type, changes of SDS-PAGE protein band patterns of compatible and incompatible micrografts with several combinations of gaharu planlets in in vitro condition, and histology of union area between rootstocks and scion. h e results showed that wedge or V type was the best of the micrografs. MS medium with the addition of 3 mg/L IBA was the best medium for gaharu planlet growth after micrografting. Acclimatization was conducted in husk chacoal and top soil (1:1) medium and grown under plastic house of 70% shading with paranet. Compatible combination (Ac/Am) of micrografting showed that anatomy structure of union area is the same as anatomy structure of non micrograftd planlet. While incompatible (Gv/Am) mi-crografting produced necrotic layer growth from pith and parenchymateous tissues of the wood in union area along the middle of radial shoot. Recovery period of union area between stocks and scion is initiated by callus formation from the pith and parenchymatous tissues of the wood. Callus will diff erentiate into mature cells or tissue and become combined phloem and xylem vessels be-tween rootstocks and scion. SDS-PAGE protein band pattern on compatible combination was the same as plants originated from seedlings. While, incompatible combination produced new protein bands with molecular weight around 21 and 30 kD.
Production of Blackberry Wine by Microfermentation using Commercial Yeasts Fermol Rouge and Fermol Mediterranée
Vlatka Petravi?-Tominac,Anida Mesihovi?,Sven Mujad?i?,Josipa Lisi?ar
Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus (ACS) , 2013,
Abstract: The aim of this paper was to determine the enological traits of two commercial yeasts (Fermol Rouge and Fermol Mediterranée ) in a small scale and to evaluate the possibility of their application in commercial production of blackberry wine. Fermentation activity was monitored by measuring CO2 evolution and CO2 production rate during microfermentation of blackberry juice performed at 23°C. Blackberry wines produced by two different yeasts were analyzed in order to compare their composition differences. Fermentations were carried on to complete sugar consumption by both yeast strains. Levels of volatile acids formed by the two yeasts were significantly different and differences in concentrations of residual sugars, malic acid, lactic acid and pH-value were highly significant. There were no significant differences between concentrations of ethanol, total acids and glycerol in blackberry wines produced by both yeasts. Chemical composition of the produced blackberry wines was in accordance with the Croatian fruit wine legislation. Good fermentative properties and low potential of H2S production of both commercial yeasts could be beneficial for blackberry wine production.
Network Topology Reveals Key Cardiovascular Disease Genes
Anida Sarajli?, Vuk Janji?, Neda Stojkovi?, Djordje Radak, Nata?a Pr?ulj
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071537
Abstract: The structure of protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks has already been successfully used as a source of new biological information. Even though cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a major global cause of death, many CVD genes still await discovery. We explore ways to utilize the structure of the human PPI network to find important genes for CVDs that should be targeted by drugs. The hope is to use the properties of such important genes to predict new ones, which would in turn improve a choice of therapy. We propose a methodology that examines the PPI network wiring around genes involved in CVDs. We use the methodology to identify a subset of CVD-related genes that are statistically significantly enriched in drug targets and “driver genes.” We seek such genes, since driver genes have been proposed to drive onset and progression of a disease. Our identified subset of CVD genes has a large overlap with the Core Diseasome, which has been postulated to be the key to disease formation and hence should be the primary object of therapeutic intervention. This indicates that our methodology identifies “key” genes responsible for CVDs. Thus, we use it to predict new CVD genes and we validate over 70% of our predictions in the literature. Finally, we show that our predicted genes are functionally similar to currently known CVD drug targets, which confirms a potential utility of our methodology towards improving therapy for CVDs.
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