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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 103 matches for " AILENEI DOREL "
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Economic Politics, between Individual Interest and Public Interest
Dorel Ailenei
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2006,
Abstract: According with A. Smith “by pursuing his own interest individual frequently promotes that of society more effectually than when he really intends to promote it.” But what is the passing way from individual interest to public interest? If there is such a way then there is a strong base for economic policy. We intent to analyse the modality of passing from individual interest to group interest and forward to public interest. But, what is the nature of public interest?
Inflation Targeting in the Romanian Banking Brushwood
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2012,
Abstract: As a result of joining the global trend of the monetary policy modernization, Romania has adopted the inflation targeting strategy in August 2005. Although the implementation conditions have been prepared in advance on the background of a medium-term disinflation process, the National Bank of Romania (NBR) succeeded in reaching the inflation target only in one year (2006). Beyond the inevitable difficulties specific to emerging countries, the implementation of this strategy, that has proved to be effective even in conditions of crisis, was hampered by an unfavourable economic and political environment. In this paper, the authors aim to analyse the responses of the Romanian banking system to the signals of monetary policy sent by the NBR. In order to do this, the dynamics of the non-governmental domestic credit and the interest rates channel have been econometrically tested. The results of the analysis showed a chaotic growth in lending over the last years (2005-2011) in Romania, respectively an uncooperative attitude of the commercial banks on reaching the objectives of the monetary polic.
Inflation Game Redistributions and Economic Crisis Path
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2012,
Abstract: Starting from the effects of the socially redistribution of wealth generated by inflation, the authors aim to identify the system of interests that supports this process, namely the connections with the economic crisis. In this aim, this work launches the hypothesis that the contagious disease of the market imbalances represents the basis for the manifestation of the inflationary process. By analyzing the assumptions and the causes of the market imbalances manifestation, the authors reveal a system of interest alliances that added to the complicit attitude of the consumers supports the manifestation of the inflationary process. The confrontation between this hypothesis and the inflationary trends in developed countries over the last four decades, respectively the recent lesson of the global economic crisis, leads to the confirmation of a common root of the inflationary phenomenon and the economic crises. The authors think that in order to avoid the emergence of new global economic crises and the negative effects of inflation, a radical behavioural change is required from both consumers and other economic agents.
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: Modern economies have a high dynamics because of the rapid fluctuations of macroeconomic variables and parameters. Moreover, globalization emphasises the interdependencies among national economies, increasing their production capacities but, at the same time, making them more vulnerable to external perturbations. Shocks resulting from this turmoil can be absorbed depending on the degree of macromarket flexibility: goods market, labour market and money market. This flexibility becomes even more important for the member states of some optimal currency areas (OCA) because it considers both the mobility of production factors and the symmetry of business cycle transmission; i.e. the correlation of macroeconomic policies. The authors of this paper intend to analyse the situation of the internal mobility of workers as a basis for labour market flexibility.
Dachin Anca,Ailenei Dorel
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: The post-accession programs supported mainly by the European Union create a better chance for the modernization of the agricultural sector and the rural area in Romania. However the funding process depends highly on the absorption capacity of the potential beneficiaries. The paper focuses on the regional distribution of financial allocations for rural development, especially for agricultural holdings, by correlating them to the determinant factors of the absorption capacity. The distribution of selected applications at regional NUTS3 level reveals that poorer regions with high employment in agriculture have no advantage in the access to development funds.
Behavioral Motivations of Gender Discrimination on the Labor Market in Romania
Mihaela Hrisanta DOBRE,Dorel AILENEI
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2010,
Abstract: Gender discrimination can be explained at the level ofsegregation on the labor market by the employers' perceptions about maleand female workforce, by the level of development of a country, employersand employees. In any society, people are categorized from the attributes(stereotypical or not) which are supposed to be shared with their owngroup. Usually these attributes are anticipated based on stereotypesconveyed on behalf of different groups (Goffman, 1974). Stereotypes arethose beliefs and opinions about the characteristics of men and women.The features associated with the two groups generally show us not onlyhow men and women are perceived, and also how it should be.Stereotyping can be the basis for the discriminatory treatment in mostcases (Linville, Salovey, Fisher, 1986). In this article we presented the main theories that can explain thewage discrimination and we analyzed the discriminatory attitudes ofgender on the Romanian labor market using the Economic and socialcohesion survey.
Ailenei Dorel,Mosora Liviu - Cosmin
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: Romania has the highest share of European Union rural areas (44.9% in 2009), which generates and maintains a long series of regional disparities. Because of these disparities, the economy faces a number of elements that undermine the quality of human and social capital and reduces the potential for growth: precarious social and economic infrastructure, reduced access to markets and thus to goods, a low level of both economic cohesion and living standards, and a difficult access to education and training (leading to the underutilization of labor in rural areas, while major shortages in the labor market and increased migration phenomenon manifests). In these circumstances the European Union LEADER initiative is an important chance for the development and tightening of the rural - urban continuum in Romania. A fundamental element of this initiative are the local action groups. These local action groups are conceived rather as an ad hoc framework for exchanging ideas, for debate on matters of local interest, on initiatives to boost economic activities. Thus, these local partnership structures can be self-organized by very real problems and directions: to promote a brand of product made in a certain area, the image of a tourist attraction, of traditional occupations, crafts of products, etc. In this paper, the authors aim to highlight the difficulties of European integration for rural areas in the new Member States, considering that the LEADER initiative would be a good opportunity to accelerate this process. To emphasize this, a review of the progress in implementing the LAGs program in Central and Eastern Europe was undertake. Also, we identified the success factors of this program based on the experience of the European Union developed countries. Finally, we provide arguments in favor of local action groups as the solution to the rural problem of Romania.
Dorel Ailenei,Valentina Elena Tartiu
Romanian Journal of Regional Science , 2008,
Abstract: In the context of complexity in permanent growing of the problems and standards, the area ofmunicipal waste management is in an accelerated evolution process. As the number of municipalwaste management alternatives increase, the selection of the best waste management system- that isto decide on the combination of collection, processing and disposal techniques that will best servethe present and future needs of a community- become a more difficult task for local authorities.Consequently, mathematical modelling techniques have been introduced to waste management inorder to help the decision makers from this area. This paper presents a fuzzy optimization model forthe development of an integrated waste management system at the regional level. Based on theoptions investigated in the model the end-users will be able to select and develop investmentsprojects at local and county level in the aim of achieving the targets of the region.
Mihaela Hrisanta Dobre,Dorel Ailenei,Amalia Cristescu
Romanian Journal of Regional Science , 2011,
Abstract: A highly segmented labour market usually favours a mismatch between supplyand demand, significantly limiting the functional flexibility and the resilience of markets tomacroeconomic shocks. Labour market segmentation can be done according to several criteria: type of employment, length of employment, salary level, gender, ethnicity, age, etc. When the labour market segmentation is based on discriminatory attitudes, the propagated effects may adversely affect the economic, social and territorial cohesion status of a country.In this paper, authors analyze the main forms of discrimination at regional level, using the following indicators for the time horizon 1992-2008: the Duncan Index, The Moir and Selby-Smith segregation indicator (MSS), The Karmel and Maclachan index (IP) for wage gap and occupational segregation by gender. Although virulent discrimination does not occur on the Romanian labourmarket, this phenomenon may delay the process of modernization and effective integration in the single European market.
Economics of Sustainable Development. Competitiveness and Economic Growth
Dorel AILENEI,Liviu-Cosmin MOSORA
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2011,
Abstract: Economic growth is one of the most important issues of humanity. Both in national economies and world economy, recession and prosperity periods are regularly succeeding with different amplitudes. But beyond these fluctuations and their effects, the results are important: performance and economic growth. Because of the problematical issue of economic growth, the authors are trying to critically reflect on the economic growth concept and on its implications on the praxis area. Although there is a large literature about economic growth modeling, it is intriguing that there still are some serious obstacles for conceptualization and praxis. Only the simple fact that the economic growth process needs serious thinking on the time dimension is sufficient for understanding the real difficulties of this problematical issue. As for the economic growth praxis, a clear analysis of the interests system within an economy is needed. Without trying to find miraculous solutions for the economic growth issue, the authors suggest a clear and correct analysis of this important subject.
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