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Skin Histology and Microtopography of Papuan White Snake (Micropechis ikaheka) in Relation to Their Zoogeographical Distribution
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2013,
Abstract: Papuan white snake (Micropechis ikaheka) is endemic to New Guinea (the region of the Papua and Papua New Guinea). Internal histology of skin layer and the microtopography structure on the surface scales of M. ikaheka were the aims of the study. This study also related to zoogeographical of the snake in Papua. Geographical skin color variation of M. ikaheka can be described in three groups, i.e. brown, yellow and black group. The three groups of the snake have specific zoogeography in the mainland of Papua and satellite islands to Papua New Guinea. Paraffin method used in this work showed approximately five layers i.e. oberhautchen, the beta ( )-layer, the mesos layer, the alpha ( )-layer, and the dermis in the snake skin. Although the paraffin method cannot explain the arrangement of pigment cells, however, the dark color on the dermis might contain melanophores that might cause dark color of the snake body. Overlapping scales formed the hinge region were flexible to assist the snakes when they moved across substrate. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the oberhautchen of all of M. ikaheka revealed no microornamentation. However, dorsal and ventral scales showed many follicles on the entire surface of the boundary scales.
Basic Level of Categorization in Macaca fascicularis
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2011,
Abstract: Human brain posseses the ability to create a concept to assist the process of grouping individual object or events into different classes or categories. We call this grouping process as categorization. In addition to humans, the ability to categorize has also been proposed for animals. Being able to identify, visually or otherwise, a new object as a member of a category is an advantage for animals. Present experiment aims to test the categorization ability in discriminating species by Macaca fascicularis. Using match-to-sample task with photographs of monkeys and human as stimuli, we tested whether monkeys able to categorize monkey individuals as a class against human individuals as another class. We found that monkeys categorized humans differently from monkeys. The monkeys used physical characteristic such as shape and colors from the photographs to create different concepts of human and monkeys.
Achmad Achmad
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora , 2015, DOI: 10.12962/j24433527.v7i2.588
Abstract: Pluralisme yang dimaksudkan dalam tulisan ini adalah pluralisme agama. Pluralisme dalam bidang itu telah lama diperdebatkan oleh sebagian cendekiawan agama. Hampir di setiap agama besar semisal Yahudi, Kristen, dan Islam muncul tokoh pluralisme yang berjuang dengan tulisannya menawarkan dan meyakinkan setiap pemeluk agama apapun, bahwa semua agama hakekatnya sama. Pluralisme beda dengan pluralitas, pluralitas ada yang sunnatullah yang memang terjadinya dikehendaki oleh Allah swt. dan pluralitas yang dikehendaki oleh manusia atau pluralitas yang anthroposentris, artinya bersumber dari manusia dan untuk manusia.Dengan landasan teori theologi global atau theologi universal konsep pluralisme diupayakan ingin menyelamatkan manusia dan peradabannya dari kerusakan yang disebabkan oleh pemeluk agama yang bermusuhan, menyerang bahkan membunuh pihak yang berbeda keyakinan keagamannya. Muslim yang berpaham pluralisme berarti seorang yang ragu terhadap ajaran agamanya dan disebut musyrik karena mempercayai sama hakekat ajaran Tuhan dalam agamanya dengan Tuhan agama lain. Dosa besar bagi muslim yang berpaham pluralisme bila sebelum mati dosanya tidak ditaubati, selamanya tidak mendapatkan ampunan Allah swt. Seorang muslim imannya harus kokoh dan khalis serta yakin agamanya satu-satunya yang benar yang mengantarkan kesematan hidup di dunia dan di akhirat.
Achmad Achmad, Muhtarom Ilyas
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora , 2015, DOI: 10.12962/j24433527.v8i1.1243
Abstract: Nur Muhammad adalah suatu ajaran tentang keyakinan bahwa Allah SWT menciptakan Nabi Muhammad SWA dari NurNya [Allah SWT]. Sejak semula dari Nur Allah itu dicipta Nur Muhammad, hal ini telah menjadi aqidah para penganut thariqat atau mereka yang bertasawuf dalam Islam. Bila Nabi Muhammad SWA diciptakan berasal dari NurNya, demikian halnya seluruh makhluk juga diciptakan dari Nur Muhammad. Dari NurNya, Allah SWT menciptakan Nur Muhammad dan dari Nur Muhammad, Allah SWT menciptakan seluruh makhluq. Keyakinan tentang Nur Muhammad mempunyai konsekwensi terhadap wujud yang satu, yaitu wihdatul wujud, kesatuan wujud Khaliq dan makhluq, kesatuan wujud Allah SWT dengan alam semesta. Sebagaimana Al Bushthami mengatakan,” Aku heran kepada orang yang mengenal Allah, bagaimana mungkin dia menyembahNya?” Juga Al Bushthami mengatakan,”Mahasuci aku, mahasuci aku, alangkah agungnya aku.” Jadi siapa yang telah mengenal Allah swt., dia merupakan emanasi dari Allah swt. sehingga melekat padanya sifat-sifat ketuhanan yaitu rububiyah dan uluhiyah. Oleh karenanya mana mungkin Allah menyembah Allah? Itulah wihdatul wujud sebagai salah satu konskwensi dari ajaran tentang Nur Muhammad.
Human Short Tandem Repeat (STR) Markers for Paternity Testing in Pig-Tailed Macaques
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2007,
Abstract: This study investigated the use of human short tandem repeat (STR) or microsatellite loci markers for assessing paternity and genetic structure of pig-tailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina) breeding colony. Four human microsatellite primer pairs located at human map position D1S548, D3S1768, D5S820, and D2S1777, were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for pig-tailed macaques. Four loci were found to be clearly and reliably amplified, and three loci exhibited high levels of genetic heterogeneity. These loci were sufficiently informative to differentiate discretely between related and unrelated pairs.
BIOTROPIA : the Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Biology , 2009,
Abstract: Currently orangutans are found in widely fragmented and isolated populations. Sumatran orangutan is primarily found in northern Sumatra, and the Bornean orangutans is distributed in Central, West, and East Kalimantan, Sarawak and Sabah. The determination of intra- and inter-species variation between Bornean and Sumatran orangutans is been stated to be essential for both the management of orangutan reintroduction projects and the planning of conservation strategies to preserve the remaining wild populations. This study aimed to identify two species of Orangutans (Pongo sp.) by means of RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms) analyses of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). An approximately 540 bp single fragment of the ND5 gene near the 5'-region was PCR amplified for all samples tested. Digestion pattern for both AluI and MseI were different between two groups of ND5 fragments in this study. Present result showed a rapid protocol to identify these two species by means of RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) analyses of mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA). This technique can be applied easily to rehabilitation centres and zoos to resolve species discrimination problem.
Achmad Sudiro
Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan , 2008,
Abstract: This study is aimed at knowing the effect of the relationship between the job satisfaction with family satisfaction and the working Commitement and its effect on the performace and the lecturer's career. The objective of this study is analyzing the effect of relationship between job satisfaction with family satisfaction and the working commitment. Besides, this study also analyzes the effect of job satisfaction on the performance and the effect of the working commitment on the performance. Further, it also analyzes the effect of performance on the lecturer's Career. The samples of this study are permanent lecturers who have family at state Universities in east Java. In addition, they also have to get Lector, Head lector and Professor. The respondents are taken from 200 out of 2,812 population based on the maximum likelihood. Form the stated number, those who fulfill the analysis requirements are only 173 people. In order to test each of the effect, analysis technique SEM (Amos 5,0) is used. The results of the study indicates that each variable has relationship and efect. Based on standardized cooeficient, there is positive and significant relationship between family satisfaction and job satisfacion. Besides, there is also positive and significant relationship between job satisfaction and the working commitment. Besides, this study also shows that based on the standardized coefficient, there is positive and significant effect of working satisfaction on performance, working Commitment on the performance, and performance on the lecturer's Career. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penelitian ini mengkaji pengaruh timbal-balik antara kepuasan kerja dengan kepuasan keluarga dan komitmen kerja serta dampaknya terhadap prestasi kerja dan karier Dosen. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis pengaruh timbal balik antara kepuasan kerja dengan kepuasan keluarga dan komitmen kerja. Di samping itu penelitian ini juga menganalisis pengaruh kepuasan kerja terhadap prestasi kerja dan pengaruh komitmen kerja terhadap prestasi kerja, serta menganalisis pengaruh prestasi kerja terhadap karier dosen. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah Dosen tetap pada Universitas Negeri di Jawa Timur yang sudah berkeluarga dan menduduki jabatan Lektor, Lektor Kepala dan Guru Besar dari 2.812 orang populasi diambil sebanyak 200 responden sesuai ketentuan maximum likelihood. Dari jumlah itu yang memenuhi syarat analisis adalah 173 orang. Untuk menguji masing-masing pengaruh digunakan teknik analisis SEM (Amos 5,0). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa masing-masing variabel berhubungan d
Hybrid De-embedding Technique for Microwave Absorber Characterization
Achmad Munir
Abstract: In this paper, a data processing technique to obtain the true characteristic of microwave absorber material characterization is proposed. This technique addressed to overcome the limitations of port extension is known as hybrid de-embedding technique, which in principle is carried out by combining the structure model data of test fixture that is used with simulated data or experimental measurements. In this technique, the test fixture is simulated numerically to get S (scattering) parameter data. Then the S parameter is converted into the T parameter (transfer) to be used for de-embedding process by removing the characteristic of test fixture used so that the true characteristics of a microwave absorber material can be revealed. To verify the accuracy of technique proposed, the characteristics of a microwave absorber is simulated numerically and measured experimentally. The simulation and measurements results are then processed using the proposed technique to be compared with its ideal model. In general, the result of de-embedding process shows that the proposed technique has high accuracy.
Study About High Influence Doping to Base Resistance and Bandgap Narrowing at Si/Si1-xGex/Si Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor
Achmad Fadhol
Makara Seri Teknologi , 2003,
Abstract: Heterojunction is a link formed bedween two semiconductor materials and differend bandgap which has thinness under 50nm and grow the mixture of plate SiGe as bases. The link is an abrupt link or graded one. In this research learnt formulation of doping concentration influence to basis resistance and bandgap narrowing through Si/Si1-xGex/Si Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor with abrupt emitter-basis link, besides taking care to mobility and basis wide to basis resistance, it is also influence of mole fraction to bandgap power. From the result shows that doping concentration addition of NB=5.1018 cm-3 to NB=5.1020 cm-3 in basis can decrease resistance basis value about 3.6%, increase bandgap narrowing about 0.126, and increase collector current density for about 1.36 times to Ge 24%.
Model and Practice of Strategic Policy Process in Indonesia: Case Study Strategic Management in Indonesian Central Government (2009-2012)
Achmad Nurmandi
Journal of Management and Strategy , 2012, DOI: 10.5430/jms.v3n4p65
Abstract: Since 1998, the Indonesian government had introduced an approach for Strategic Management under Government Regulation No. 108/200 the government has not evaluated experiences with this strategy. However, in 2009, the administration of President Yudhoyono introduced a new approach entitled Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah (RPJMD) –Medium Term Development Planning. The interesting question regards the compliance of government with this strategic plan. In other words, is the implementation of the strategic plan proceeding? In this paper, both writers investigate experiences with the attempt to introduce the model and practice of Strategic Management in the Indonesian public sector, particularly the aspects of process and tools. The Research method used in this research is historical and descriptive using the casual loop model of system dynamics method. The study found that the model of strategic planning applied by the government was a linear process model a linked to key success factors of leadership, professional coordination among governmental units, and monitoring of the complete process and its instruments: planning, implementation and evaluation.
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