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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461784 matches for " A.Eskandari "
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A comparative Survey on the Effect of Enamel Matrix Protein in Treatment of Two Wall Intrabony Periodontal Defects (Alone or in Combination with Autogenous Bone Graft)
N.Abolfazli,A.Eskandari
Journal of Dental Medicine , 2005,
Abstract: Statement of Problem: Regenerative periodontal procedures are one mode of therapy that attempts to restore the lost supporting structures of the dentition around a previously diseased root surface.Purpose: The purpose of this study was comparison between Enamel matrix proteins (EMP) used alone or in combination with autogenous bone graft (ABG) in the treatment of human intrabony periodontal defects.Materials and Methods: This clinical trial study, was done on 8 pairs of matched two wall intrabony periodontal defects with 5 mm or more probing depth and 3 mm or more depth of intrabony componentfollowing phase I therapy. In control sites Enamel matrix proteins (EMP) and in lest sites EMP with autogenous bone graft (ABG) was used.Results: No differences were found in terms of oral hygiene and defect characteristics, at baseline. Six months after treatment, both procedures significantly improved the clinical probing depth and clinical attachment level. Although bone fill was significant for both groups but EMP+ABG significantly showed more bone fill and defect resolution (bone fill 2.75mm versus 3.67mm). Crestal resorption was the same for both groups and its difference was not significant.Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrates that both procedures improves clinical parameters and combined use of EMP with autogenous bone graft will promote more bone fill and more defect resolution. A difficulty in obtaining sufficient amounts of autogenous bone from intra oral sites is one of the limitations ofthis procedure.
Anti-Inflamnatey Effect of 15 Percent Benzydamin Mouth Wash on Moderate Periodontits Patients
A - Mogharehabed,S Amin Eskandari
Journal of Isfahan Dental School , 2005,
Abstract: Introduction. The periodontal inflammation is one of the most common oral and dental diseases. Periodontitis is advanced periodontal bacterial infection. At present treatment of this disease is oral hygiene instructions, scaling and root planning, plaque control with different mouth washes and in some cases, periodontal surgery. In this investigation, Benzydamin was used as mouth wash which has anti pain and anesthetic properties. The purpose of this research was to study anti-inflammatory effects of using Benzydamin mouth wash 0.15 percent on moderate periodontitis.Material and Methods. This was a clinical test study, which has been done in Isfahan University (School of Dentistry). Sample included 80 patients, (52 female and 28 male) with an average age of 27 years. Patients who had moderate periodontitis were tested and divided into 40 person group (case and control). In both groups before performing the firt phase of treatment, index of gingival inflammation and bleeding index was determined. In case group, patients were given both oral hygience instructions and oral Bensydamin month wash. In control group only oral hygiene instructions were given to them. After one week, both case and control groups were recalled and once more indexes determined and then average was made. Acording to statistical formulas descriptive statistic and t-tests, curves and tables were made.Results. The mean for bleeding index before clinical test were 2.01 and 1.7 and after clinical test were 1.22 and 1.27 for both case and control groups. These differences between two groups were significant. But the mean for gingival inflamation index before and after clinical test were 2.18, 2.01 and 1.87, 2.03 which in both stages. Their differences were not significant.Discussion. Rsults indicate Benayamin month wash will decrease gingival bleeding and to lesser extend gingival inflamation. In control group, bleeding index was decreased slightly which can be due to oral hygiene instructions.Key words. Moderate periodontitis, Benzydamin hydrochloride 0.15%.
Simpson’s Method for Solution of Nonlinear Equation  [PDF]
Hamideh Eskandari
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/am.2017.87073
Abstract: The programs offered for solving nonlinear equations, usually the old method, such as alpha, chordal movement, Newton, etc. have been used. Among these methods may Newton’s method of them all be better and higher integration. In this paper, we propose the integration method for finding the roots of nonlinear equation we use. In this way, Newton’s method uses integration methods to obtain. In previous work, [1] and [2] presented numerical integration methods such as integration, trapezoidal and rectangular integration method that are used. The new method proposed here, uses Simpson’s integration. With this method, the approximation error is reduced. The calculated results show that this hypothesis is confirmed.
Reconstruction of Shape and Position for Scattering Objects by Linear Sampling Method
A.R. Eskandari,M. Naser-Moghaddasi,M. Eskandari
International Journal of Soft Computing & Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: This paper presents an approach for shape and position reconstruction of a scattering object using microwaves where the scatterer is assumed to be a homogenous dielectric medium. The employed technique assumes no prior knowledge of the scatter’s material properties like electric permittivity and conductivity, and the far-field pattern is used as the only primary information in identification. The approach proposed consists of retrieving the shape and the position of the scattering object using a linear sampling method. The technique results in high computational speed and efficiency. In addition, the technique can be generalized for any scatterer structure. Numerical results are used to validate the feasibility of the proposed approach.
Evaluation of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L. var. Karon dar Kavir) Stress Tolerance to Cl/SO4 Anionic Ratio of Irrigation Water
M Eskandari Torbaghan,A.L Astaraei,M Eskandari Torbaghan,A Ganjali
Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources , 2010,
Abstract: Chlorine and sulfate toxicity in water and soils are the main factors limiting growth and yield of most plants. Tolerance and sensitive indexes related to Cl and SO4 in irrigation water and effect of nitrogen fertilizer on barley were evaluated in a completely randomized design with three replications, under greenhouse conditions. Quantity salinity tolerance and susceptibility indices such as Mean Productivity (MP), Tolerance Index (TOL), Geometric Mean Productivity (GMP), Stress Susceptibility Index (SSI), Reduction Yield Ratio (Yr) and Stress Tolerance Index (STI) on the basis of plant yield with stress (Ys) and without stress (Yp) conditions were determined. Results showed that STI had a positive and highest significant correlation with grain and straw yields, compared to other indexes. Study of Standard Beta contents in grain and straw with STI index showed that the impact of Cl had a greater effect on reduction of salinity tolerance than SO4. Also Cl/SO4 ratios of 1:3 and 1:2 for grain and 1:2 and 1:1 for plant straw brought about highest tolerance to salinity, compared to non stress conditions. The scatter plot also confirmed such findings.
Flow Cytometric Analysis of Leishmania Reactive CD4+/CD8+ Lymphocyte Proliferation in Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
M Nateghi Rostami,A Khamesipour,SE Eskandari,A Miramin Mohammadi
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2008,
Abstract: Background: Determination of the division history of T cells in vitro is helpful in the study of effector mechanisms against infections. Technique described here uses the intracellular fluorescent label carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) to monitor the proliferation. Methods: In a cross sectional study, blood samples were collected from 7 volunteers with history of cutaneous leishmania-sis (CL) and one healthy control from endemic areas in Isfahan province who referred to the Center for Research and Training in Skin Diseases and Leprosy (CRTSDL), then CD4+/CD8+ lymphocytes and CD14+ monocytes were isolated from peri-pheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) using mAbs and magnetic nanoparticles. CFSE labeled CD4+ or CD8+ lympho-cytes cultured with autologous monocytes in the presence of PHA, SLA, live Leishmania major or as control with-out sti-mulation. Cells were harvested after 7 days and were analyzed using flow cytometry. Results: Five consecutive divisions were monitored separately. Stimulation of CD4+ or CD8+ lymphocytes from CL sub-jects with SLA showed a significant difference in proliferation comparing with unstimulated cells (P< 0.05). The signifi-cant difference in the percentages of CD4+ cells stimulated with SLA was revealed at different divisions for each subject. In CD8+ lymphocyte, significant stronger stimulation of SLA was evident later in the proliferation process. The mean number of divisions in both CD4+/CD8+ lymphocytes stimulated with SLA was significantly greater than when stimulated with live L. major (P=0.007 / P=0.012, respectively) Conclusion: The percentage of divided cells might be calculated separately in each division. The cells remained active following CFSE staining and there is possibility of functional analysis simultaneously.
Efficacy of Microwave and Infrared Radiation in the Treatment of the Skin Lesions Caused by Leishmania major in an Animal Model
SE Eskandari,A Azimzadeh,M Bahar,Z Safai Naraghi
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by L. major is an important public health problem in endemic areas. The aim of this study was to explore the therapeutic effect of microwave and or infrared radiation in the treatment of lesion induced in BALB/c mice by L. major inoculation.Methods: The footpad lesion was induced in BALB/c mice by inoculation of L. major promastigotes subcutaneously. The lesion was treated with 600 watts power, 2.450 GHz frequency and/or infrared device with 150 watts and a wave length of 890 nanometres. The size of the lesion was recorded by footpad swelling measurement every 10 days. Results: The lesion growth was significantly hampered in treated mice compared with the untreated control group (P<0.05). Infrared radiation was more effective than microwave in inhibiting ulcer enlargement.Conclusion: Infrared radiation and microwave significantly hampered L. major lesion growth in BALB/c mice. This therapeutic effect was more in infrared radiation treated mice than microwave treated mice.
Evaluation of Reasons of Permanent Teeth Extraction in Iranian People (2009)
Kakoei S.,Fatemian M.,Eskandari Zadeh A.,Parirokh M.
Journal of Dentistry , 2012,
Abstract: Statement of Problem: Everyday, many people lose their teeth because of various reasons. Knowing the reasons of tooth extraction would help officials to make decisions for helping patients saving their teeth.Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the reasons of teeth extraction in dental clinics and some private offices in the city of Kerman in November 2009- February 2010.Materials and Method: In this cross-sectional study, the reasons of teeth extraction in 2076 teeth from 1500 patients selected by simple sampling from Kerman dental clinics were evaluated. Personal data such as gender, age, educational level, occupation, and family size as well as the main reason of tooth extraction (decay, periodontal diseases, prosthesis, tooth impaction, orthodontic reasons, and patient’s request) and the type of tooth were collected by a checklist. Data were analyzed in SPSS, version 11.5 using χ2 test.Results: The two main reasons of tooth extraction were dental caries (43.6%) and patient request (30.6%), respectively. Overall, the first and third molars of the lower jaw were the most commonly extracted teeth. There was a significant relationship between gender and tooth extraction because of caries and orthodontic reasons ( p <0.0001). Meanwhile, the patients’ age had a significant relationship with most teeth extraction reasons ( p <0.0001). Except for patient’s request, educational level had a significant impact on other teeth extraction reasons ( p <0.0001). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the most common reasons of tooth extraction were dental caries and patient request despite their restorability. Preventive programs and routine dental examination are recommended.
A Comparison Of Metoclopramide And Lidocaine For Preventing Pain On Injection Of Propofol
Movafegh A,Mir Eskandari M,Eghtesadi Araghi P
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2003,
Abstract: One of the disturbing complications of propofol is pain on injection and the incidence ranges from 28% to 90%. Metoclopromide is commonly used as an anti emetic drug. Some investigators reported that this drug could reduce the pain on injection of propofol. The aim of this study was to assess and comparison of the efficacy of propofol pretreatment with metoclopromide in incidence and severity of its pain on injection."nMaterials and Methods: In a randomized, prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trail, 150 patients 18 to 40 yr old were randomly allocated in one three groups. C group (2ml of normal saline), L group (40mg lidocaine in 2ml), M group (l0mg metoclopromide in 2ml). Immediately after injection of study or placebo drugs, 10 mg of propofol with injection rate of 0.5 ml/s (In 4 Seconds) were injected in to the same vein that was inserted to the most prominent dorsal hand vein. Pain severity was measured using Visual Analogue Pain Scale that were educated to the patients before the trail (0 for no pain and 100 for the most aggressive pain in life) and values other than zero was encountered pain appearance. Patients with signs of sedation were excluded."nResults: There was no statistically significant difference between patients in three groups in number of men and women (P = 0.66), age (P = 0.29) and weight (P = 0.49). Furthermore severity (P = differences (C = 41.18, L - 25.4 and M = 13.1, P < 0.001) and patients in metoclopromide group experiences lower pain than other two groups (P < 0.001). Pain incidence in Control group was 77.1% and it was significantly reduced in lidocaine and metoclopromide group (P = 0.002), but there were no significant difference between them (P = 0.051). The 0.69) and incidence (P ~ 0.29) of pain has no significant difference between men and women. Pain severity between three groups has significant results showed that metoclopromide could significantly reduce the seventy of pain on injection of propofol more than lidocaine (opposite to diazepam), but they had no difference in pain incidence. It might lie on the different mechanisms that they produce pain. Pain on injection of diazepam is primarily attributed to propylene glycol, as a vehicle, but the pain mechanism in propofol is remaining unknown."nConclusion: Finally as regards to other useful effects of metoclopromide including postoperative nausea and vomiting and propofol induction dose reduction, especially when there is a medical condition where lidocaine is contraindicated, it may be a reasonable alternative before injection of propofol.
Correlation of the intraocular pressure with increased intracranial pressure in rabbits
Eskandari H,Hamzeimoghadam A,Fatolahpour E,Sheibani E
Acta Medica Iranica , 2000,
Abstract: Although measurement of intracranial pressure by noninvasive methods has been suggested, but mainly invasive methods are used for this purpose-Increase in episcleral venous pressure can be expected to result in a linear increase in intraocular pressure. Congested oculat veins with capillary leakage and hemorrhage are seen when the ICP is increased, thus theoretically measurement of intraocular pressure can be a procedure for estimation of the ICP. This study was performed to find whether there is andy relationship between intraocular pressure and ICP, so we used 12 albino rabbits in two divided groups. Our study was not designed to elucidate the mechanism of change but merely to record any changes observed. All measures except an increase in ICP were applied on the test group as well as on the control group. After general anesthesia with the combination of ketamin, rampune, and pentobarbital a burr hole was made in the lambda region of the skull and a cannula was placed in the subdural space. The ICP in the test group increased up to 15 mmHg and was constant throughout the experiment. Intraocular pressure was measured by Schiotz tonometers afte general anesthesia, after cannulation of the skull, and immediately after increasing the ICP which was repated in 15 minutes interval for 4 hours. There was no statistical difference between the two groups (P:0.997) . results show that neither cannulation nor general anesthesia for 4 hours produce alteration in IOP in the control group nor increasing of the ICP to level of 15 mmHg produces any alteration in IOP on the test group.
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