Abstract:
Despite the invertible setting, Anosov endomorphisms may have infinitely many unstable directions. Here we prove, under transitivity assumption, that an Anosov endomorphism on a closed manifold $M,$ is either special (that is, every $x \in M$ has only one unstable direction) or for a typical point in $M$ there are infinitely many unstable directions. Other result of this work is the semi rigidity of the unstable Lyapunov exponent of a $C^{1+\alpha}$ codimension one Anosov endomorphism and $C^1$ close to a linear endomorphism of $\mathbb{T}^n$ for $(n \geq 2).$ In the appendix we give a proof for ergodicity of $C^{1+\alpha}, \alpha > 0,$ conservative Anosov endomorphism.

Abstract:
In this work we obtain a new criterion to establish ergodicity and non-uniform hyperbolicity of smooth measures of diffeomorphisms. This method allows us to give a more accurate description of certain ergodic components. The use of this criterion in combination with topological devices such as blenders lets us obtain global ergodicity and abundance of non-zero Lyapunov exponents in some contexts. In the partial hyperbolicity context, we obtain that stably ergodic diffeomorphisms are C^1-dense among volume preserving partially hyperbolic diffeomorphisms with two-dimensional center bundle. This is motivated by a well known conjecture of C. Pugh and M. Shub.

Abstract:
In this work we prove that each C^r conservative diffeomorphism with a pair of hyperbolic periodic points of co-index one can be C^1-approximated by C^r conservative diffeomorphisms having a blender.

Abstract:
We show stable ergodicity of a class of conservative diffeomorphisms which do not have any hyperbolic invariant subbundle. Moreover the uniqueness of SRB measures for non-conservative $C^1$ perturbations of such diffeomorphisms. This class contains strictly non-partially hyperbolic robustly transitive diffeomorphisms by Bonatti-Viana and so we answer their question about the stable ergodicity of such systems.

Abstract:
In this paper we show the relation between robust transitivity and robust ergodicity for conservative diffeomorphisms. In dimension 2 robustly transitive systems are robustly ergodic. For the three dimensional case, we define it almost robust ergodicity and prove that generically robustly transitive systems are almost robustly ergodic, if the Lyapunov exponents are nonzero. We also show in higher dimensions, that under some conditions robust transitivity implies robust ergodicity.

Abstract:
In this work we exhibit a new criteria for ergodicity of diffeomorphisms involving conditions on Lyapunov exponents and general position of some invariant manifolds. On one hand we derive uniqueness of SRB-measures for transitive surface diffeomorphisms. On the other hand, using recent results on the existence of blenders we give a positive answer, in the $C^1$ topology, to a conjecture of Pugh-Shub in the context of partially hyperbolic conservative diffeomorphisms with two dimensional center bundle.

Abstract:
We obtain the following dichotomy for accessible partially hyperbolic diffeomorphisms of 3-dimensional manifolds having compact center leaves: either there is a unique entropy maximizing measure, this measure has the Bernoulli property and its center Lyapunov exponent is 0 or, there is a finite number of entropy maximizing measures, all of them with nonzero center Lyapunov exponent (at least one with negative exponent and one with positive exponent), that are finite extensions of a Bernoulli system. In the first case of the dichotomy we obtain that the system is topologically conjugated to a rotation extension of a hyperbolic system. This implies that the second case of the dichotomy holds for an open and dense set of diffeomorphisms in the hypothesis of our result. As a consequence we obtain an open set of topologically mixing diffeomorphisms having more than one entropy maximizing measure.

Abstract:
We give a description of ergodic components of SRB measures in terms of ergodic homoclinic classes associated to hyperbolic periodic points. For transitive surface diffeomorphisms, we prove that there exists at most one SRB measure.

Abstract:
We prove that a $C^1-$generic symplectic diffeomorphism is either Anosov or the topological entropy is bounded from below by the supremum over the smallest positive Lyapunov exponent of the periodic points. We also prove that $C^1-$generic symplectic diffeomorphisms outside the Anosov ones do not admit symbolic extension and finally we give examples of volume preserving diffeomorphisms which are not point of upper semicontinuity of entropy function in $C^1-$topology.

Abstract:
In this paper we study the effect of a homoclinic tangency in the variation of the topological entropy. We prove that a diffeomorphism with a homoclinic tangency associated to a basic hyperbolic set with maximal entropy is a point of entropy variation in the $C^{\infty}$-topology. We also prove results about variation of entropy in other topologies and when the tangency does not correspond to a basic set with maximal entropy. We also show an example of discontinuity of the entropy among $C^{\infty}$ diffeomorphisms of three dimensional manifolds.