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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461986 matches for " A. Remoto "
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New antineutrino energy spectra predictions from the summation of beta decay branches of the fission products
M. Fallot,S. Cormon,M. Estienne,A. Algora,V. M. Bui,A. Cucoanes,M. Elnimr,L. Giot,D. Jordan,J. Martino,A. Onillon,A. Porta,G. Pronost,A. Remoto,J. L. Taín,F. Yermia,A. -A. Zakari-Issoufou
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.202504
Abstract: In this paper, we study the impact of the inclusion of the recently measured beta decay properties of the $^{102;104;105;106;107}$Tc, $^{105}$Mo, and $^{101}$Nb nuclei in an updated calculation of the antineutrino energy spectra of the four fissible isotopes $^{235, 238}$U, and $^{239,241}$Pu. These actinides are the main contributors to the fission processes in Pressurized Water Reactors. The beta feeding probabilities of the above-mentioned Tc, Mo and Nb isotopes have been found to play a major role in the $\gamma$ component of the decay heat of $^{239}$Pu, solving a large part of the $\gamma$ discrepancy in the 4 to 3000\,s range. They have been measured using the Total Absorption Technique (TAS), avoiding the Pandemonium effect. The calculations are performed using the information available nowadays in the nuclear databases, summing all the contributions of the beta decay branches of the fission products. Our results provide a new prediction of the antineutrino energy spectra of $^{235}$U, $^{239,241}$Pu and in particular of $^{238}$U for which no measurement has been published yet. We conclude that new TAS measurements are mandatory to improve the reliability of the predicted spectra.
The Waveform Digitiser of the Double Chooz Experiment: Performance and Quantisation Effects on PhotoMultiplier Tube Signals
Y. Abe,T. Akiri,A. Cabrera,B. Courty,J. V. Dawson,L. F. G. Gonzalez,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,H. de Kerret,D. Kryn,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,S. Perasso,A. Remoto,R. Roncin
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/8/08/P08015
Abstract: We present the waveform digitiser used in the Double Chooz experiment. We describe the hardware and the custom-built firmware specifically developed for the experiment. The performance of the device is tested with regards to digitising low light level signals from photomultiplier tubes and measuring pulse charge. This highlights the role of quantisation effects and leads to some general recommendations on the design and use of waveform digitisers.
Result of the search for neutrinoless double-$β$ decay in $^{100}$Mo with the NEMO-3 experiment
R. Arnold,C. Augier,J. D. Baker,A. S. Barabash,A. Basharina-Freshville,S. Blondel,S. Blot,M. Bongrand,V. Brudanin,J. Busto,A. J. Caffrey,S. Calvez,C. Cerna,J. P. Cesar,A. Chapon,E. Chauveau,D. Duchesneau,D. Durand,V. Egorov,G. Eurin,J. J. Evans,L. Fajt,D. Filosofov,R. Flack,X. Garrido,H. Gómez,B. Guillon,P. Guzowski,R. Hodák,A. Huber,P. Hubert,C. Hugon,S. Jullian,A. Klimenko,O. Kochetov,S. I. Konovalov,V. Kovalenko,D. Lalanne,K. Lang,Y. Lemière,T. Le Noblet,Z. Liptak,P. Loaiza,G. Lutter,F. Mamedov,C. Marquet,F. Mauger,B. Morgan,J. Mott,I. Nemchenok,M. Nomachi,F. Nova,F. Nowacki,H. Ohsumi,R. B. Pahlka,F. Perrot,F. Piquemal,P. Povinec,P. P?idal,Y. A. Ramachers,A. Remoto,J. L. Reyss,B. Richards,C. L. Riddle,E. Rukhadze,R. Saakyan,X. Sarazin,Yu. Shitov,L. Simard,F. Simkovic,A. Smetana,K. Smolek,A. Smolnikov,S. S?ldner-Rembold,B. Soulé,I. ?tekl,J. Suhonen,C. S. Sutton,G. Szklarz,J. Thomas,V. Timkin,S. Torre,Vl. I. Tretyak,V. I. Tretyak,V. I. Umatov,I. Vanushin,C. Vilela,V. Vorobel,D. Waters,A. ?ukauskas
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The NEMO-3 detector, which had been operating in the Modane Underground Laboratory from 2003 to 2010, was designed to search for neutrinoless double $\beta$ ($0\nu\beta\beta$) decay. We report final results of a search for $0\nu\beta\beta$ decays with $6.914$ kg of $^{100}$Mo using the entire NEMO-3 data set with a detector live time of $4.96$ yr, which corresponds to an exposure of 34.3 kg$\cdot$yr. We perform a detailed study of the expected background in the $0\nu\beta\beta$ signal region and find no evidence of $0\nu\beta\beta$ decays in the data. The level of observed background in the $0\nu\beta\beta$ signal region $[2.8-3.2]$ MeV is $0.44 \pm 0.13$ counts/yr/kg, and no events are observed in the interval $[3.2-10]$ MeV. We therefore derive a lower limit on the half-life of $0\nu\beta\beta$ decays in $^{100}$Mo of $T_{1/2}(0\nu\beta\beta)> 1.1 \times 10^{24}$ yr at the $90\%$ Confidence Level, under the hypothesis of light Majorana neutrino exchange. Depending on the model used for calculating nuclear matrix elements, the limit for the effective Majorana neutrino mass lies in the range $\langle m_{\nu} \rangle < 0.33$--$0.62$ eV. We also report constraints on other lepton-number violating mechanisms for $0\nu\beta\beta$ decays.
Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay of $^{100}$Mo with the NEMO-3 Detector
NEMO-3 Collaboration,:,R. Arnold,C. Augier,J. D. Baker,A. S. Barabash,A. Basharina-Freshville,S. Blondel,S. Blot,M. Bongrand,V. Brudanin,J. Busto,A. J. Caffrey,C. Cerna,A. Chapon,E. Chauveau,D. Duchesneau,D. Durand,V. Egorov,G. Eurin,J. J. Evans,R. Flack,X. Garrido,H. Gómez,B. Guillon,P. Guzowski,R. Hodák,P. Hubert,C. Hugon,S. Jullian,A. Klimenko,O. Kochetov,S. I. Konovalov,V. Kovalenko,D. Lalanne,K. Lang,Y. Lemière,Z. Liptak,P. Loaiza,G. Lutter,F. Mamedov,C. Marquet,F. Mauger,B. Morgan,J. Mott,I. Nemchenok,M. Nomachi,F. Nova,F. Nowacki,H. Ohsumi,R. B. Pahlka,F. Perrot,F. Piquemal,P. Povinec,Y. A. Ramachers,A. Remoto,J. L. Reyss,B. Richards,C. L. Riddle,E. Rukhadze,R. Saakyan,X. Sarazin,Yu. Shitov,L. Simard,F. ?imkovic,A. Smetana,K. Smolek,A. Smolnikov,S. S?ldner-Rembold,B. Soulé,I. ?tekl,J. Suhonen,C. S. Sutton,G. Szklarz,J. Thomas,V. Timkin,S. Torre,Vl. I. Tretyak,V. I. Tretyak,V. I. Umatov,I. Vanushin,C. Vilela,V. Vorobel,D. Waters,A. ?ukauskas
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.111101
Abstract: We report the results of a search for the neutrinoless double-$\beta$ decay (0$\nu\beta\beta$) of $^{100}$Mo, using the NEMO-3 detector to reconstruct the full topology of the final state events. With an exposure of 34.7 kg.y, no evidence for the 0$\nu\beta\beta$ signal has been found, yielding a limit for the light Majorana neutrino mass mechanism of $T_{1/2}(0\nu\beta\beta)>1.1 \times 10^{24}$ years (90% C.L.) once both statistical and systematic uncertainties are taken into account. Depending on the Nuclear Matrix Elements this corresponds to an upper limit on the Majorana effective neutrino mass of $< m_{\nu} > < 0.3-0.9$ eV (90% C.L.). Constraints on other lepton number violating mechanisms of 0$\nu\beta\beta$ decays are also given. Searching for high-energy double electron events in all suitable sources of the detector, no event in the energy region [3.2-10] MeV is observed for an exposure of 47 kg.y.
Reactor electron antineutrino disappearance in the Double Chooz experiment
Y. Abe,C. Aberle,J. C. dos Anjos,J. C. Barriere,M. Bergevin,A. Bernstein,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukhov,E. Blucher,N. S. Bowden,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,P. Chimenti,T. Classen,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. Cucoanes,M. V. D'Agostino,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,S. Dazeley,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,V. Durand,J. Ebert,Y. Efremenko,M. Elnimr,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,M. Fechner,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,D. Franco,A. J. Franke,M. Franke,H. Furuta,R. Gama,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. Goger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,M. C. Goodman,J. TM. Goon,D. Greiner,N. Haag,C. Hagner,T. Hara,F. X. Hartmann,J. Haser,A. Hatzikoutelis,T. Hayakawa,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,C. L. Jones,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,G. Keefer,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,Y. Kibe,T. Konno,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,C. Langbrandtner,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Castan?,J. M. LoSecco,B. K. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,D. McKee,J. Maeda,C. N. Maesano,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,H. Miyata,Th. A. Mueller,Y. Nagasaka,K. Nakajima,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,L. Oberauer,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,I. Ostrovskiy,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Perrin,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,W. Potzel,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,A. Remoto,M. Rohling,R. Roncin,S. Roth
Statistics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.052008
Abstract: The Double Chooz experiment has observed 8,249 candidate electron antineutrino events in 227.93 live days with 33.71 GW-ton-years (reactor power x detector mass x livetime) exposure using a 10.3 cubic meter fiducial volume detector located at 1050 m from the reactor cores of the Chooz nuclear power plant in France. The expectation in case of theta13 = 0 is 8,937 events. The deficit is interpreted as evidence of electron antineutrino disappearance. From a rate plus spectral shape analysis we find sin^2 2{\theta}13 = 0.109 \pm 0.030(stat) \pm 0.025(syst). The data exclude the no-oscillation hypothesis at 99.8% CL (2.9{\sigma}).
First Test of Lorentz Violation with a Reactor-based Antineutrino Experiment
Double Chooz Collaboration,Y. Abe,C. Aberle,J. C. dos Anjos,M. Bergevin,A. Bernstein,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukhov,E. Blucher,N. S. Bowden,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,P. Chimenti,T. Classen,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. Cucoanes,M. V. D'Agostino,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,S. Dazeley,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,V. Durand,J. Ebert,Y. Efremenko,M. Elnimr,A. Erickson,M. Fallot,M. Fechner,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,V. Fischer,D. Franco,A. J. Franke,M. Franke,H. Furuta,R. Gama,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,M. C. Goodman,J. TM. Goon,D. Greiner,N. Haag,S. Habib,C. Hagner,T. Hara,F. X. Hartmann,J. Haser,A. Hatzikoutelis,T. Hayakawa,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,C. L. Jones,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Katori,T. Kawasaki,G. Keefer,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,T. Konno,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Casta?o,J. M. LoSecco,B. K. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,D. McKee,J. Maeda,C. N. Maesano,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,M. Meyer,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,H. Miyata,Th. A. Mueller,Y. Nagasaka,K. Nakajima,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,L. Oberauer,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,I. Ostrovskiy,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Perrin,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,W. Potzel,G. Pronost,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,A. Remoto
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.112009
Abstract: We present a search for Lorentz violation with 8249 candidate electron antineutrino events taken by the Double Chooz experiment in 227.9 live days of running. This analysis, featuring a search for a sidereal time dependence of the events, is the first test of Lorentz invariance using a reactor-based antineutrino source. No sidereal variation is present in the data and the disappearance results are consistent with sidereal time independent oscillations. Under the Standard-Model Extension (SME), we set the first limits on fourteen Lorentz violating coefficients associated with transitions between electron and tau flavor, and set two competitive limits associated with transitions between electron and muon flavor.
The Spread of Infectious Disease on Network Using Neutrosophic Algebraic Structure  [PDF]
A. Zubairu, A. A. Ibrahim
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2017.72009
Abstract: Network theory and its associated techniques has tremendous impact in various discipline and research, from computer, engineering, architecture, humanities, social science to system biology. However in recent years epidemiology can be said to utilizes these potentials of network theory more than any other discipline. Graph which has been considered as the processor in network theory has a close relationship with epidemiology that dated as far back as early 1900 [1]. This is because the earliest models of infectious disease transfer were in a form of compartment which defines a graph even though adequate knowledge of mathematical computation and mechanistic behavior is scarce. This paper introduces a new type of disease propagation on network utilizing the potentials of neutrosophic algebraic group structures and graph theory.
A Comparative Investigation of Lead Sulfate and Lead Oxide Sulfate Study of Morphology and Thermal Decomposition  [PDF]
S. A. A. Sajadi
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.22024
Abstract: The compound lead oxide sulfate PbSO4.PbO was prepared in our laboratory. The Thermal behavior of PbSO4 was studied using techniques of Thermogravimetry under air atmosphere from 25 to 1200°C. The identity of both compounds was confirmed by XRD technique. Results obtained using both techniques support same decomposition stages for this compound. The electron microscopic investigations are made by SEM and TEM. The compound is characterized by XRD and the purity was determined by analytical Methods. Also a series of thermogravimetric analysis is made and the ideal condition is determined to convert this compound to pure lead oxide.
Metal ion-binding properties of L-glutamic acid and L-aspartic acid, a comparative investigation  [PDF]
S. A. A. Sajadi
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.22013
Abstract: A comparative research has been developed for acidity and stability constants of M(Glu)1, M(Asp)2 and M(Ttr)3 complexes, which have been determined by potentiometric pH titration. Depending on metal ion-binding properties, vital differences in building complex were observed. The present study indicates that in M(Ttr) com-plexes, metal ions are arranged to the carboxyl groups, but in M(Glu) and M(Asp), some metal ions are able to build chelate over amine groups. The results mentioned-above demonstrate that for some M(Glu) and M(Asp) complexes, the stability constants are also largely determined by the affinity of metal ions for amine group. This leads to a kind of selectivity of metal ions, and transfers them through building complexes accompanied with glutamate and aspartate. For heavy metal ions, this building complex helps the absorption and filtration of the blood plasma, and consequently, the excursion of heavy metal ions takes place. This is an important method in micro-dialysis. In this study the different as-pects of stabilization of metal ion complexes regarding to Irving-Williams sequence have been investigated.
Determining the Basaltic Sequence Using Seismic Reflection and Resistivity Methods  [PDF]
A. Alanezi, A. Qadrouh
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32B004
Abstract:

This study was carried out in Harat Rahat (south of Almadinah Almonwarah) using seismic reflection and resistivity methods. The main objectives of this study are to determine the extent of the basaltic layer and to define the subsurface faults and fractures that could affect and control the groundwater movement in the study area. A 2D seismic profile was acquired and the result shows that the subsurface in the study area has a major fault. We obtained a well match when the seismic result was compared with drilled wells. As a complementary tool, the resistivity method was applied in order to detect the groundwater level. The results of the resistivity method showed that six distinct layers have been identified. The interpretation of these six layers show that the first three layers, the fourth layer, the fifth layer and the bottom of the section indicated various subsurface structures and lithologies; various basaltic layers, fractured basalt, weathered basement and fresh basaltic layers, respectively. It is obvious that the eventual success of geophysical surveys depend on the combination with other subsurface data sources in order to produce accurate maps.

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