Abstract:
The symmetry algebra $P_\infty = W_\infty \oplus H \oplus I_\infty$ of integrable systems is defined. As an example the classical Sophus Lie point symmetries of all higher KP equations are obtained. It is shown that one (``positive'') half of the point symmetries belongs to the $W_\infty$ symmetries while the other (``negative'') part belongs to the $I_\infty$ ones. The corresponing action on the tau-function is obtained for the positive part of the symmetries. The negative part can not be obtained from the free fermion algebra. A new embedding of the Virasoro algebra into $gl(\infty )$n describes conformal transformations of the KP time variables. A free fermion algebra cocycle is described as a PDO Lie algebra cocycle.

Abstract:
The relation between the $\widehat\gl(\infty)$ symmetry of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy and the Kac-Moody-Virasoro Lie point symmetries of the individual equations is established. The Lie point symmetries are shown to be the only local ones.

Abstract:
The relation between the $\widehat{\Sl}(\infty)$ algebra of flows commuting with the KP hierarchy and the Kac-Moody-Virasoro Lie point symmetries of individual equations is established. This is used to calculate the point symmetries for all equations in the hierarchy.

Abstract:
It is well-known that the algebra of vector fields on the circle acts on the space of Riemann surfaces with a marked point and a local parameter at this point. We show that this action has a natural realization in the soliton theory, indeed it coincides with the action of some non-isospectral Kadomtsev-Petviashvili symmetries on the finite-gap solutions. A technique based on the so-called Cauchy-Baker-Akhiezer kernel is developed. The deformations of the \tau-function corresponding to the Baker-Akhiezer forms of tensor weight j generate representations of the Virasoro algebra with a central charge 6j^2-6j+1. A system including the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy and the Toda lattice simultaneously is considered. The Virasoro representations corresponding to such a system explicitly depend on an extra discrete time t_0. The tau-function for this system is defined in terms of infinite dimensional flag spaces, generalizing the grassmanians.

Abstract:
We analyse the critical behavior of two-dimensional N-vector spin systems with noncollinear order within the five-loop renormalization-group approximation. The structure of the RG flow is studied for different N leading to the conclusion that the chiral fixed point governing the critical behavior of physical systems with N = 2 and N = 3 does not coincide with that given by the 1/N expansion. We show that the stable chiral fixed point for $N \le N^*$, including N = 2 and N = 3, turns out to be a focus. We give a complete characterization of the critical behavior controlled by this fixed point, also evaluating the subleading crossover exponents. The spiral-like approach of the chiral fixed point is argued to give rise to unusual crossover and near-critical regimes that may imitate varying critical exponents seen in numerous physical and computer experiments.

Abstract:
We theoretically demonstrate the strong Purcell effect in $\varepsilon$-near-zero ultra-anisotropic uniaxial metamaterials with elliptic isofrequency surface. Contrary to the hyperbolic metamaterials, the effect does not rely on the diverging density of states and evanescent waves. As a result, both the radiative decay rate and the far-field emission power are enhanced. The effect can be realized in the periodic layered metal-dielectric nanostructures with complex unit cell containing two different metallic layers.

Abstract:
A pronounced asymmetry of magnetoresistance with respect to the magnetic field direction is observed for NbSe$_3$ crystals placed in a magnetic field perpendicular to their conducting planes. It is shown that the effect persists in a wide temperature range and manifests itself starting from a certain magnetic induction value $B_0$, which at $T=4.2$ K corresponds to the transition to the quantum limit, i.to the state where the Landay level splitting exceeds the temperature.

Abstract:
We studied the c-axis transport of Bi$_2$Sr$_2$CaCu$_2$O$_{8+\delta}$ (Bi2212) cross-whisker junctions formed by annealing ``naturally'' formed whisker junctions. These frequently appear during growth when the $ab$-faces of neighboring whiskers come in contact. We obtained Fraunhofer patterns of the cross-junction critical currents in a parallel magnetic field, and found a sharp increase in the quasiparticle tunneling conductance at $eV=50-60$ mV, indicating high junction quality. For our weak junctions, the interface critical current density is about 0.03 of the critical current density across the stack of bulk intrinsic junctions, as is the room temperature conductivity, and is independent of the twist angle, in contrast to most of the data reported on ``artificial'' cross-whisker junctions [Y. Takano {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. B {\bf 65}, 140513(R) (2002)]. Our results provide strong evidence of incoherent interface tunneling and for at least a small s-wave order parameter component in the bulk of Bi2212 for $T\le T_c$. They are also consistent with the bicrystal twist experiments of Li {\it et al.} [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 83}, 4160 (1999)].

Abstract:
We study the guided modes in the wire medium slab taking into account both the nonlocality and losses in the structure. We show that due to the fact that the wire medium is an extremeley spatially dispersive metamaterial, the effect of nonlocality plays a critical role since it results in coupling between the otherwise orthogonal guided modes. We observe both the effects of strong and weak coupling, depending on the level of losses in the system.

Abstract:
The regular structure of superconducting nanoislands of alloy W-Ga-C was fabricated on nanothin graphite using focused ion beam. The resistance vs temperature dependence down to 1.7K and the magnetoresistance in field up to 24T were measured both for the bridge containing nanoislands and for the reference bridge without islands. The difference between those measurements demonstrates the proximity effect on a regular structure of superconducting W-Ga-C nanoislands on nanothin graphite layer.