oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2020 ( 9 )

2019 ( 687 )

2018 ( 818 )

2017 ( 752 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461903 matches for " A. Mugford "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /461903
Display every page Item
Prevalence of Depression among Households in Three Capital Cities of Pakistan: Need to Revise the Mental Health Policy
Amin A. Muhammad Gadit, Gerry Mugford
PLOS ONE , 2007, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000209
Abstract: Background Pakistan, among the other developing countries, has a higher prevalence rate of depression because of the current social adversities. There is, thus, a great need for systematic studies on prevalence of depression. The current study aims at exploring the prevalence of depression among households in three capital cities of Pakistan. Methodology and Principal Findings A sample of N = 820 was randomly selected, and a cross sectional telephone-based study was conducted for a duration of six months. It was found that there was a regional variation in prevalence rates for depression among the three cities. Lahore had the highest number of depressives (53.4%), as compared to Quetta (43.9%) and Karachi (35.7%). Middle age, female gender and secondary school level of education were significantly associated with depression among the study group. Conclusions/Significance The different rates of prevalence among the three cities could be attributed to local cultural influence, geographical locations and social adversities. There is a need for revision of existing health policy by the government.
Experiences in applying skills learned in a mental health first aid training course: a qualitative study of participants' stories
Anthony F Jorm, Betty A Kitchener, Stephen K Mugford
BMC Psychiatry , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1471-244x-5-43
Abstract: Former course participants were contacted and sent a questionnaire either by post or via the internet. Responses were received from 94 out of the 131 trainees who were contacted. The questionnaire asked about whether the participant had experienced a post-training situation where someone appeared to have a mental health problem and, if so, asked questions about that experience.Post-training experiences were reported by 78% of respondents. Five key points emerged from the qualitative data: (1) the majority of respondents had had some direct experience of a situation where mental health issues were salient and the course enabled them to take steps that led to better effects than otherwise might have been the case; (2) positive effects were experienced in terms of increased empathy and confidence, as well as being better able to handle crises; (3) the positive effects were experienced by a wide range of people with varied expectations and needs; (4) there was no evidence of people over-reaching themselves because of over-confidence and (5) those who attended were able to identify quite specific benefits and many thought the course not only very useful, but were keen to see it repeated and extended.The qualitative data confirm that most members of the public who receive Mental Health First Aid training subsequently provide support to people with mental health problems and that this support generally has positive effects.Community surveys in a range of countries show a high prevalence of mental disorders, but with many cases not receiving appropriate professional help [1]. As well as this unmet need with clinical disorders, there is the problem of how to help the large number of people with sub-clinical symptoms. These people are a source of considerable disability in the population and have a high risk of progressing on to clinical disorders [2]. The problem of unmet need is not uniform within the community. Some sub-groups, such as people living in rural areas, have ev
Keeping a Critical Eye on "Lexical Friends": Cognates as Critical Pedagogy in Pre-Service Teacher Education
Mugford,Gerrard;
Profile Issues in Teachers` Professional Development , 2008,
Abstract: this research project investigates more productive, critical and reflective ways of teaching cognates and loan words. the main objective of the research is aimed at making teacher trainees aware of different ways of presenting and practising cognates and loan words in the second-language classroom. the participants in the investigation were studying in a ba programme in teaching english as a foreign language in a mexican public university. this study argues that cognates are a productive resource for second-language users at all stages and levels of language learning and are not just a tool for the random recognition of words. furthermore, i describe activities that offer ways for language learners to take control of language learning and not just rely on given knowledge from teachers and textbooks.
Keeping a Critical Eye on “Lexical Friends”: Cognates as Critical Pedagogy in Pre-Service Teacher Education
Mugford Gerrard
Profile Issues in Teachers` Professional Development , 2008,
Abstract: This research project investigates more productive, critical and reflective ways of teaching cognates and loan words. The main objective of the research is aimed at making teacher trainees aware of different ways of presenting and practising cognates and loan words in the second-language classroom. The participants in the investigation were studying in a BA programme in Teaching English as a Foreign Language in a Mexican public university. This study argues that cognates are a productive resource for second-language users at all stages and levels of language learning and are not just a tool for the random recognition of words. Furthermore, I describe activities that offer ways for language learners to take control of language learning and not just rely on given knowledge from teachers and textbooks. Key words: Vocabulary, cognates, loan words, critical pedagogy Este proyecto de investigación tiene como propósito buscar métodos productivos, críticos y reflexivos en la ense anza de cognados y préstamos léxicos. El objetivo principal consiste en crear maestros más conscientes sobre las diferentes maneras de presentar y practicar los cognados y los préstamos. Los participantes en este estudio están cursando la Licenciatura de la Ense anza de Inglés como Lengua Extranjera en una universidad pública en México. Este estudio argumenta que los cognados son un recurso productivo para el alumno que estudia en cualquier nivel y no solamente una herramienta aleatoria para reconocer palabras. Detallo actividades que ofrecen diferentes maneras para que los alumnos asuman el control del proceso de aprendizaje y que no dependan solamente de los conocimientos dados por maestros y libros de texto. Palabras clave: Vocabulario, cognados, préstamos y pedagogía crítica
Keeping a Critical Eye on "Lexical Friends": Cognates as Critical Pedagogy in Pre-Service Teacher Education Manteniendo una mirada crítica a los "amigos léxicos": los cognados como pedagogía crítica en la formación inicial del profesorado
Gerrard Mugford
Profile Issues in Teachers` Professional Development , 2008,
Abstract: This research project investigates more productive, critical and reflective ways of teaching cognates and loan words. The main objective of the research is aimed at making teacher trainees aware of different ways of presenting and practising cognates and loan words in the second-language classroom. The participants in the investigation were studying in a BA programme in Teaching English as a Foreign Language in a Mexican public university. This study argues that cognates are a productive resource for second-language users at all stages and levels of language learning and are not just a tool for the random recognition of words. Furthermore, I describe activities that offer ways for language learners to take control of language learning and not just rely on given knowledge from teachers and textbooks. Este proyecto de investigación tiene como propósito buscar métodos productivos, críticos y reflexivos en la ense anza de cognados y préstamos léxicos. El objetivo principal consiste en crear maestros más conscientes sobre las diferentes maneras de presentar y practicar los cognados y los préstamos. Los participantes en este estudio están cursando la Licenciatura de la Ense anza de Inglés como Lengua Extranjera en una universidad pública en México. Este estudio argumenta que los cognados son un recurso productivo para el alumno que estudia en cualquier nivel y no solamente una herramienta aleatoria para reconocer palabras. Detallo actividades que ofrecen diferentes maneras para que los alumnos asuman el control del proceso de aprendizaje y que no dependan solamente de los conocimientos dados por maestros y libros de texto.
Specific Heat of the Dilute Ising Magnet LiHo$_x$Y$_{1-x}$F$_4$
J. A. Quilliam,C. G. A. Mugford,A. Gomez,S. W. Kycia,J. B. Kycia
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.037203
Abstract: We present specific heat data on three samples of the dilute Ising magnet $\HoYLF$ with $x = 0.018$, 0.045 and 0.080. Previous measurements of the ac susceptibility of an $x = 0.045$ sample showed the Ho$^{3+}$ moments to remain dynamic down to very low temperatures and the specific heat was found to have unusually sharp features. In contrast, our measurements do not exhibit these sharp features in the specific heat and instead show a broad feature, for all three samples studied, which is qualitatively consistent with a spin glass state. Integrating $C/T$, however, reveals an increase in residual entropy with lower Ho concentration, consistent with recent Monte Carlo simulations showing a lack of spin glass transition for low x.
Observation of Spin Glass Dynamics in Dilute LiHo$_x$Y$_{1-x}$F$_4$
J. A. Quilliam,S. Meng,C. G. A. Mugford,J. B. Kycia
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.187204
Abstract: AC susceptibility measurements are presented on the dilute, dipolar coupled, Ising magnet LiHo$_x$Y$_{1-x}$F$_4$ for a concentration $x = 0.045$. The frequency and temperature dependences of the susceptibility show characteristic glassy relaxation. The absorption spectrum is found to broaden with decreasing temperature suggesting that the material is behaving as a spin glass and not as an exotic spin liquid as was previously observed. A dynamical scaling analysis suggests a spin glass transition temperature of 42.6 mK $\pm 2$ mK with an exponent $z\nu = 7.8 \pm 0.23$.
Phylogeny of the plant genus Pachypodium (Apocynaceae)
Dylan O. Burge,Kaila Mugford,Amy P. Hastings,Anurag A. Agrawal
PeerJ , 2013, DOI: 10.7717/peerj.70
Abstract: Background. The genus Pachypodium contains 21 species of succulent, generally spinescent shrubs and trees found in southern Africa and Madagascar. Pachypodium has diversified mostly into arid and semi-arid habitats of Madagascar, and has been cited as an example of a plant group that links the highly diverse arid-adapted floras of Africa and Madagascar. However, a lack of knowledge about phylogenetic relationships within the genus has prevented testing of this and other hypotheses about the group. Methodology/Principal Findings. We use DNA sequence data from the nuclear ribosomal ITS and chloroplast trnL-F region for all 21 Pachypodium species to reconstruct evolutionary relationships within the genus. We compare phylogenetic results to previous taxonomic classifications and geography. Results support three infrageneric taxa from the most recent classification of Pachypodium, and suggest that a group of African species (P. namaquanum, P. succulentum and P. bispinosum) may deserve taxonomic recognition as an infrageneric taxon. However, our results do not resolve relationships among major African and Malagasy lineages of the genus. Conclusions/Significance. We present the first molecular phylogenetic analysis of Pachypodium. Our work has revealed five distinct lineages, most of which correspond to groups recognized in past taxonomic classifications. Our work also suggests that there is a complex biogeographic relationship between Pachypodium of Africa and Madagascar.
Spectroscopic observation of resonant electric dipole-dipole interactions between cold Rydberg atoms
K. Afrousheh,P. Z. Bohlouli,D. Vagale,A. Mugford,M. Fedorov,J. D. D. Martin
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.233001
Abstract: Resonant electric dipole-dipole interactions between cold Rydberg atoms were observed using microwave spectroscopy. Laser-cooled Rb atoms in a magneto-optical trap were optically excited to 45d Rydberg states using a pulsed laser. A microwave pulse transferred a fraction of these Rydberg atoms to the 46p state. A second microwave pulse then drove atoms in the 45d state to the 46d state, and was used as a probe of interatomic interactions. The spectral width of this two-photon probe transition was found to depend on the presence of the 46p atoms, and is due to the resonant electric dipole-dipole interaction between 45d and 46p Rydberg atoms.
Resonant electric dipole-dipole interactions between cold Rydberg atoms in a magnetic field
K. Afrousheh,P. Bohlouli-Zanjani,J. D. Carter,A. Mugford,J. D. D. Martin
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.73.063403
Abstract: Laser cooled Rb atoms were optically excited to 46d Rydberg states. A microwave pulse transferred a fraction of the atoms to the 47p Rydberg state. The resonant electric dipole-dipole interactions between atoms in these two states were probed using the linewidth of the two-photon microwave transition 46d-47d. The presence of a weak magnetic field (approximately 0.5 G) reduced the observed line broadening, indicating that the interaction is suppressed by the field. The field removes some of the energy degeneracies responsible for the resonant interaction, and this is the basis for a quantitative model of the resulting suppression. A technique for the calibration of magnetic field strengths using the 34s-34p one-photon transition is also presented.
Page 1 /461903
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.