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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461775 matches for " A. Meregaglia "
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First results from a Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber in a Magnetic Field
A. Badertscher,M. Laffranchi,A. Meregaglia,A. Mueller,A. Rubbia
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.09.031
Abstract: A small liquid argon Time Projection Chamber (LAr TPC) was operated for the first time in a magnetic field of 0.55 Tesla. The imaging properties of the detector were not affected by the magnetic field. In a test run with cosmic rays a sample of through going and stopping muons was collected. The chamber with the readout electronics and the experimental setup are described. A few selected events were reconstructed and analyzed and the results are presented. The magnetic bending of the charged particle tracks allows the determination of the electric charge and the momentum, even for particles not fully contained in the drift chamber. These features are e.g. required for future neutrino detectors at a neutrino factory.
First operation of a liquid Argon TPC embedded in a magnetic field
A. Badertscher,M. Laffranchi,A. Meregaglia,A. Rubbia
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/7/1/063
Abstract: We have operated for the first time a liquid Argon TPC immersed in a magnetic field up to 0.55 T. We show that the imaging properties of the detector are not affected by the presence of the magnetic field. The magnetic bending of the ionizing particle allows to discriminate their charge and estimate their momentum. These figures were up to now not accessible in the non-magnetized liquid Argon TPC.
A new anti-neutrino detection technique based on positronium tagging with plastic scintillators
G. Consolati,D. Franco,C. Jollet,A. Meregaglia,A. Minotti,S. Perasso,A. Tonazzo
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.06.021
Abstract: The main signature for anti-neutrino detection in reactor and geo-neutrino experiments based on scintillators is provided by the space-time coincidence of positron and neutron produced in the Inverse Beta Decay reaction. Such a signature strongly suppresses backgrounds and allows for measurements performed underground with a relatively high signal-to-background ratio. In an aboveground environment, however, the twofold coincidence technique is not sufficient to efficiently reject the high background rate induced by cosmogenic events. Enhancing the positron-neutron twofold coincidence efficiency has the potential to pave the way future aboveground detectors for reactor monitoring. We propose a new detection scheme based on a threefold coincidence, between the positron ionization, the ortho-positronium (o-Ps) decay, and the neutron capture, in a sandwich detector with alternated layers of plastic scintillator and aerogel powder. We present the results of a set of dedicated measurements on the achievable light yield and on the o-Ps formation and lifetime. The efficiencies for signal detection and background rejection of a preliminary detector design are also discussed.
Measurement of ortho-Positronium Properties in Liquid Scintillators
S. Perasso,G. Consolati,D. Franco,S. Hans,C. Jollet,A. Meregaglia,A. Tonazzo,M. Yeh
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/9/03/C03028
Abstract: Pulse shape discrimination in liquid scintillator detectors is a well-established technique for the discrimination of heavy particles from light particles. Nonetheless, it is not efficient in the separation of electrons and positrons, as they give rise to indistinguishable scintillator responses. This inefficiency can be overtaken through the exploitation of the formation of ortho-Positronium (o-Ps), which alters the time profile of light pulses induced by positrons. We characterized the o-Ps properties in the most commonly used liquid scintillators, i.e. PC, PXE, LAB, OIL and PC + PPO. In addition, we studied the effects of scintillator doping on the o-Ps properties for dopants currently used in neutrino experiments, Gd and Nd. Further measurements for Li-loaded and Tl-loaded liquid scintillators are foreseen. We found that the o-Ps properties are suitable for enhancing the electron-positron discrimination.
Characterization of positronium properties in doped liquid scintillators
G. Consolati,D. Franco,S. Hans,C. Jollet,A. Meregaglia,S. Perasso,A. Tonazzo,M. Yeh
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.88.065502
Abstract: Ortho-positronium (o-Ps) formation and decay can replace the annihilation process, when positron interacts in liquid scintillator media. The delay induced by the positronium decay represents either a potential signature for anti-neutrino detection, via inverse beta decay, or to identify and suppress positron background, as recently demonstrated by the Borexino experiment. The formation probability and decay time of o-Ps depend strongly on the surrounding material. In this paper, we characterize the o-Ps properties in liquid scintillators as function of concentrations of gadolinium, lithium, neodymium, and tellurium, dopers used by present and future neutrino experiments. In particular, gadolinium and lithium are high neutron cross section isotopes, widely used in reactor anti-neutrino experiments, while neodymium and tellurium are double beta decay emitters, employed to investigates the Majorana neutrino nature. Future neutrino experiments may profit from the performed measurements to tune the preparation of the scintillator in order to maximize the o-Ps signature, and therefore the discrimination power.
Nucleon Decay Searches with large Liquid Argon TPC Detectors at Shallow Depths: atmospheric neutrinos and cosmogenic backgrounds
Bueno, A.;Dai, Z.;Ge, Y.;Laffranchi, M.;Melgarejo, A. J.;Meregaglia, A.;Navas, S.;Rubbia, A.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/1126-6708/2007/04/041
Abstract: Grand Unification of the strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions into a single unified gauge group is an extremely appealing idea which has been vigorously pursued theoretically and experimentally for many years. The detection of proton or bound-neutron decays would represent its most direct experimental evidence. In this context, we studied the physics potentialities of very large underground Liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers (LAr TPC). We carried out a detailed simulation of signal efficiency and background sources, including atmospheric neutrinos and cosmogenic backgrounds. We point out that a liquid Argon TPC, offering good granularity and energy resolution, low particle detection threshold, and excellent background discrimination, should yield very good signal over background ratios in many possible decay modes, allowing to reach partial lifetime sensitivities in the range of $10^{34}-10^{35}$ years with exposures up to 1000 kton$\times$year, often in quasi-background-free conditions optimal for discoveries at the few events level, corresponding to atmospheric neutrino background rejections of the order of $10^5$. Multi-prong decay modes like e.g. $p\to \mu^- \pi^+ K^+$ or $p\to e^+\pi^+\pi^-$ and channels involving kaons like e.g. $p\to K^+\bar\nu$, $p\to e^+K^0$ and $p\to \mu^+K^0$ are particularly suitable, since liquid Argon imaging (...)
Mass hierarchy discrimination with atmospheric neutrinos in large volume ice/water Cherenkov detectors
Franco, D.;Jollet, C.;Kouchner, A.;Kulikovskiy, V.;Meregaglia, A.;Perasso, S.;Pradier, T.;Tonazzo, A.;Van Elewyck, V.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013,
Abstract: Large mass ice/water Cherenkov experiments, optimized to detect low energy (1-20 GeV) atmospheric neutrinos, have the potential to discriminate between normal and inverted neutrino mass hierarchies. The sensitivity depends on several model and detector parameters, such as the neutrino flux profile and normalization, the Earth density profile, the oscillation parameter uncertainties, and the detector effective mass and resolution. A proper evaluation of the mass hierarchy discrimination power requires a robust statistical approach. In this work, the Toy Monte Carlo, based on an extended unbinned likelihood ratio test statistic, was used. The effect of each model and detector parameter, as well as the required detector exposure, was then studied. While uncertainties on the Earth density and atmospheric neutrino flux profiles were found to have a minor impact on the mass hierarchy discrimination, the flux normalization, as well as some of the oscillation parameter (\Delta m^2_{31}, \theta_{13}, \theta_{23}, and \delta_{CP}) uncertainties and correlations resulted critical. Finally, the minimum required detector exposure, the optimization of the low energy threshold, and the detector resolutions were also investigated.
Mass hierarchy discrimination with atmospheric neutrinos in large volume ice/water Cherenkov detectors
D. Franco,C. Jollet,A. Kouchner,V. Kulikovskiy,A. Meregaglia,S. Perasso,T. Pradier,A. Tonazzo,V. Van Elewyck
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP04(2013)008
Abstract: Large mass ice/water Cherenkov experiments, optimized to detect low energy (1-20 GeV) atmospheric neutrinos, have the potential to discriminate between normal and inverted neutrino mass hierarchies. The sensitivity depends on several model and detector parameters, such as the neutrino flux profile and normalization, the Earth density profile, the oscillation parameter uncertainties, and the detector effective mass and resolution. A proper evaluation of the mass hierarchy discrimination power requires a robust statistical approach. In this work, the Toy Monte Carlo, based on an extended unbinned likelihood ratio test statistic, was used. The effect of each model and detector parameter, as well as the required detector exposure, was then studied. While uncertainties on the Earth density and atmospheric neutrino flux profiles were found to have a minor impact on the mass hierarchy discrimination, the flux normalization, as well as some of the oscillation parameter (\Delta m^2_{31}, \theta_{13}, \theta_{23}, and \delta_{CP}) uncertainties and correlations resulted critical. Finally, the minimum required detector exposure, the optimization of the low energy threshold, and the detector resolutions were also investigated.
A non-conventional neutrino beamline for the measurement of the electron neutrino cross section
A. Berra,S. Cecchini,F. Cindolo,C. Jollet,A. Longhin,L. Ludovici,G. Mandrioli,N. Mauri,A. Meregaglia,A. Paoloni,L. Pasqualini,L. Patrizii,F. Pupilli,M. Pozzato,M. Prest,G. Sirri,F. Terranova,E. Vallazza,L. Votano
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Absolute neutrino cross section measurements at the GeV scale are ultimately limited by the knowledge of the initial $\nu$ flux. In order to evade such limitation and reach the accuracy that is needed for precision oscillation physics ($\sim 1$%), substantial advances in flux measurement techniques are requested. We discuss here the possibility of instrumenting the decay tunnel to identify large-angle positrons and monitor $\nu_e$ production from $K^+ \rightarrow e^+ \nu_e \pi^0$ decays. This non conventional technique opens up opportunities to measure the $\nu_e$ CC cross section at the per cent level in the energy range of interest for DUNE/HK. We discuss the progress in the simulation of the facility (beamline and instrumentation) and the ongoing R&D.
Probes of Lorentz Violation in Neutrino Propagation
John Ellis,Nicholas Harries,Anselmo Meregaglia,Andre Rubbia,Alexander Sakharov
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.78.033013
Abstract: It has been suggested that the interactions of energetic particles with the foamy structure of space-time thought to be generated by quantum-gravitational (QG) effects might violate Lorentz invariance, so that they do not propagate at a universal speed of light. We consider the limits that may be set on a linear or quadratic violation of Lorentz invariance in the propagation of energetic neutrinos, v/c=[1 +- (E/M_\nuQG1)] or [1 +- (E/M_\nu QG2}^2], using data from supernova explosions and the OPERA long-baseline neutrino experiment. Using the SN1987a neutrino data from the Kamioka II, IMB and Baksan experiments, we set the limits M_\nuQG1 > 2.7(2.5)x10^10 GeV for subluminal (superluminal) propagation, respectively, and M_\nuQG2 >4.6(4.1)x10^4 GeV at the 95% confidence level. A future galactic supernova at a distance of 10 kpc would have sensitivity to M_\nuQG1 > 2(4)x10^11 GeV for subluminal (superluminal) propagation, respectively, and M_\nuQG2 > 2(4)x10^5 GeV. With the current CNGS extraction spill length of 10.5 micro seconds and with standard clock synchronization techniques, the sensitivity of the OPERA experiment would reach M_\nuQG1 ~ 7x10^5 GeV (M_\nuQG2 ~ 8x10^3 GeV) after 5 years of nominal running. If the time structure of the SPS RF bunches within the extracted CNGS spills could be exploited, these figures would be significantly improved to M_\nuQG1 ~ 5x10^7 GeV (M_\nuQG2 ~ 4x10^4 GeV). These results can be improved further if similar time resolution can be achieved with neutrino events occurring in the rock upstream of the OPERA detector: we find potential sensitivities to M_\nuQG1 ~ 4x10^8 GeV and M_\nuQG2 ~ 7x10^5 GeV.
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