Abstract:
The transmission poles of $N$ number of identical Dirac delta potentials placed periodically in one-dimension are examined in the complex-energy plane. The numerical results show that the imaginary part of the poles scales with 1/N. An approximate form of the poles is derived which supports the scaling behaviour of the poles found numerically. It is shown that the imaginary part of the poles are proportional to their real part for the poles close to the ends of the bands.

Abstract:
An effective random matrix theory description is developed for the universal gap fluctuations and the ensemble averaged density of states of chaotic Andreev billiards for finite Ehrenfest time. It yields a very good agreement with the numerical calculation for Sinai-Andreev billiards. A systematic linear decrease of the mean field gap with increasing Ehrenfest time $\tau_E$ is observed but its derivative with respect to $\tau_E$ is in between two competing theoretical predictions and close to that of the recent numerical calculations for Andreev map. The exponential tail of the density of states is interpreted semi-classically.

Abstract:
We calculate the phase, the temperature and the junction length dependence of the supercurrent for ballistic graphene Josephson-junctions. For low temperatures we find non-sinusoidal dependence of the supercurrent on the superconductor phase difference for both short and long junctions. The skewness, which characterizes the deviation of the current-phase relation from a simple sinusoidal one, shows a linear dependence on the critical current for small currents. We discuss the similarities and differences with respect to the classical theory of Josephson junctions, where the weak link is formed by a diffusive or ballistic metal. The relation to other recent theoretical results on graphene Josephson junctions is pointed out and the possible experimental relevance of our work is considered as well.

Abstract:
We study theoretically the minimal conductivity of monolayer graphene in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling. The Rashba spin-orbit interaction causes the low-energy bands to undergo trigonal-warping deformation and for energies smaller than the Lifshitz energy, the Fermi circle breaks up into parts, forming four separate Dirac cones. We calculate the minimal conductivity for an ideal strip of length $L$ and width $W$ within the Landauer--B\"uttiker formalism in a continuum and in a tight binding model. We show that the minimal conductivity depends on the relative orientation of the sample and the probing electrodes due to the interference of states related to different Dirac cones. We also explore the effects of finite system size and find that the minimal conductivity can be lowered compared to that of an infinitely wide sample.

Abstract:
Comparing the results of exact quantum calculations and those obtained from the EBK-like quantization scheme of Silvestrov et al [Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 116801 (2003)] we show that the spectrum of Andreev billiards of mixed phase space can basically be decomposed into a regular and an irregular part, similarly to normal billiards. We provide the first numerical confirmation of the validity of this quantization scheme for individual eigenstates and discuss its accuracy.

Abstract:
We demonstrate that the exact quantum mechanical calculations are in good agreement with the semiclassical predictions for rectangular Andreev billiards and therefore for a large number of open channels it is sufficient to investigate the Bohr-Sommerfeld approximation of the density of states. We present exact calculations of the classical path length distribution $P(s)$ which is a non-differentiable function of $s$, but whose integral is a smooth function with logarithmically dependent asymptotic behavior. Consequently, the density of states of rectangular Andreev billiards has two contributions on the scale of the Thouless energy: one which is well-known and it is proportional to the energy, and the other which shows a logarithmic energy dependence. It is shown that the prefactors of both contributions depend on the geometry of the billiards but they have universal limiting values when the width of the superconductor tends to zero.

Abstract:
We examine the density of states of an Andreev billiard and show that any billiard with a finite upper cut-off in the path length distribution $P(s)$ will possess an energy gap on the scale of the Thouless energy. An exact quantum mechanical calculation for different Andreev billiards gives good agreement with the semi-classical predictions when the energy dependent phase shift for Andreev reflections is properly taken into account. Based on this new semi-classical Bohr-Sommerfeld approximation of the density of states, we derive a simple formula for the energy gap. We show that the energy gap, in units of Thouless energy, may exceed the value predicted earlier from random matrix theory for chaotic billiards.

Abstract:
We describe the influence of hard wall confinement and lateral dimension on the low temperature transport properties of long diffusive channels and ballistic crosses fabricated in an InSb/InxAl1-xSb heterostructure. Partially diffuse boundary scattering is found to play a crucial role in the electron dynamics of ballistic crosses and substantially enhance the negative bend resistance. Experimental observations are supported by simulations using a classical billiard ball model for which good agreement is found when diffuse boundary scattering is included.

Abstract:
We study the Josephson current in long ballistic superconductor-monolayer graphene-superconductor junctions. As a first step, we have developed an efficient computational approach to calculate the Josephson current in tight-binding systems. This approach can be particularly useful in the long junction limit, which has hitherto attracted less theoretical interest but has recently become experimentally relevant. We use this computational approach to study the dependence of the critical current on the junction geometry, doping level, and an applied perpendicular magnetic field. In zero magnetic field we find a good qualitative agreement with the recent experiment of Ben Shalom et al. (Reference[12]) for the length dependence of the critical current. For highly doped samples our numerical calculations show a broad agreement with the results of the quasiclassical formalism. In this case the critical current exhibits Fraunhofer-like oscillations as a function of the magnetic field. However, for lower doping levels, where the cyclotron orbit becomes comparable to the characteristic geometrical length scales of the system, deviations from the results of the quasiclassical formalism appear. We argue that due to the exceptional tunability and long mean free path of graphene systems a new regime can be explored where geometrical and dynamical effects are equally important to understand the magnetic field dependence of the critical current.

Abstract:
We derive the boundary conditions for MoS$_2$ and similar transition-metal dichalcogenide honeycomb (2H polytype) monolayers with the same type of $\mathbf{k}\!\cdot\!\mathbf{p}$ Hamiltonian within the continuum model around the K points. In an effective 2-band description, the electron-hole symmetry breaking quadratic terms are also taken into account. We model the effect of the edges with a linear edge constraint method that has been applied previously to graphene. Focusing mainly on zigzag edges, we find that different reconstruction geometries with different edge-atoms can generally be described with one scalar parameter varying between 0 and $2\pi$. We analyze the edge states and their dispersion relation in MoS$_2$ in particular, and we find good agreement with the results of previous density functional theory calculations for various edge types.